List of birds of Lithuania
This is a list of the bird species recorded in Lithuania. The avifauna of Lithuania includes a total of 342 species, of which 2 have been introduced by humans, and 23 are rare or accidental in Lithuania and are not included in the species count. 8 species are globally threatened.
This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of Clements's 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Lithuania.
The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. The commonly occurring, native, species do not fall into any of these categories.
- (A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Lithuania.
- (I) Introduced A species introduced to Lithuania as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.
Loons, known as Divers in Europe, are group of aquatic birds found in many parts of North America and northern Europe. They are the size of a large duck or small goose, which they somewhat resembles in shape when swimming, but they completely unrelated to these waterfowl. There are 5 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata
- Arctic Loon Gavia arctica
- Common Loon Gavia immer (A)
- Yellow-billed Loon Gavia adamsii (A)
Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
- Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena
- Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
- Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus
- Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis
The storm petrels are relatives of the petrels, and are the smallest of sea-birds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Leach's Storm Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa (A)
Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus
Boobies and gannets
- Northern Gannet Morus bassanus
The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
- European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis (A)
- Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus (A)
Bitterns, herons and egrets
The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Gray Heron Ardea cinerea
- Purple Heron Ardea purpurea (A)
- Great Egret Ardea alba
- Little Egret Egretta garzetta (A)
- Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis (A)
- Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
- Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris
Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Lithuania.
Ibises and spoonbills
The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus (A)
- Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus (A)
- Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia (A)
Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet high, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are 6 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus (A)
Ducks, geese and swans
The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 41 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Mute Swan Cygnus olor
- Black Swan Cygnus atratus (I)
- Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus
- Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus
- Bean Goose Anser fabalis
- Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus (A)
- Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons
- Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus
- Greylag Goose Anser anser
- Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
- Snow Goose Chen caerulescens
- Brant Branta bernicla
- Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis
- Canada Goose Branta canadensis
- Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis
- Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
- Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
- Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
- American Wigeon Anas americana
- Gadwall Anas strepera
- Eurasian Teal Anas crecca
- Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
- Northern Pintail Anas acuta
- Garganey Anas querquedula
- Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
- Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
- Common Pochard Aythya ferina
- Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca
- Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
- Greater Scaup Aythya marila
- Common Eider Somateria mollissima
- King Eider Somateria spectabilis
- Steller's Eider Polysticta stelleri
- Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus (A)
- Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis
- Black Scoter Melanitta nigra
- White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca
- Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
- Smew Mergellus albellus
- Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator
- Common Merganser Mergus merganser
The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.
- Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Hawks, kites and eagles
Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in Lithuania.
- European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus
- Red Kite Milvus milvus
- Black Kite Milvus migrans
- White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla
- Eurasian Griffon Gyps fulvus
- Short-toed Snake Eagle Circaetus gallicus
- Western Marsh-Harrier Circus aeruginosus
- Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
- Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus
- Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus
- Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
- Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
- Eurasian Buzzard Buteo buteo
- Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus
- Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina
- Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga
- Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca
- Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
- Booted Eagle Aquila pennatus
Caracaras and falcons
Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni
- Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
- Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus
- Merlin Falco columbarius
- Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo
- Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus
- Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Grouse are game birds, similar to quails and partridge. There are 18 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Willow Ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus
- Eurasian Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus
- Black Grouse Tetrao tetrix
- Hazel Grouse Bonasa bonasia
Pheasants and partridges
The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, partridges, snowcocks, francolins, spurfowls, tragopans, monals, pheasants, peafowls and jungle fowls. In general, they are plump (although they may vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings. There are 156 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Gray Partridge Perdix perdix
- Common Quail Coturnix coturnix
- Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus (I)
Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". There are 15 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Common Crane Grus grus
Rails, crakes, gallinules, and coots
Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
- Corn Crake Crex crex
- Little Crake Porzana parva
- Spotted Crake Porzana porzana
- Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
- Eurasian Coot Fulica atra
Bustards are large terrestrial birds mainly associated with dry open country and steppes in the Old World. They are omnivorous and nest on the ground. They walk steadily on strong legs and big toes, pecking for food as they go. They have long broad wings with "fingered" wingtips, and striking patterns in flight. Many have interesting mating displays. There are 26 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Great Bustard Otis tarda
- Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata
- Macqueen's Bustard Chlamydotis macqueenii (A)
- Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
Avocets and stilts
Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus
Plovers and lapwings
The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
- European Golden-Plover Pluvialis apricaria
- Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola
- Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
- Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
- Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus (A)
- Eurasian Dotterel Charadrius morinellus
Sandpipers and allies
The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 28 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
- Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus
- Great Snipe Gallinago media
- Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
- Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
- Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
- Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
- Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
- Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
- Common Redshank Tringa totanus
- Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
- Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
- Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
- Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
- Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus
- Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
- Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
- Red Knot Calidris canutus
- Sanderling Calidris alba
- Little Stint Calidris minuta
- Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii
- Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
- Dunlin Calidris alpina
- Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima (A)
- Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus
- Ruff Philomachus pugnax
- Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
- Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius (A)
Skuas and jaegers
The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Great Skua Stercorarius skua
- Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus
- Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus
- Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus
Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 14 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Mew Gull Larus canus
- Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus
- Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus
- Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides
- Herring Gull Larus argentatus
- Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus
- Heuglin's Gull Larus heuglini
- Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis
- Great Black-headed Gull Larus ichthyaetus
- Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
- Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus
- Little Gull Larus minutus
- Ross's Gull Rhodostethia rosea (A)
- Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla
Terns are a group of generally general medium to large sea-birds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
- Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis
- Common Tern Sterna hirundo
- Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea
- Little Tern Sterna albifrons
- Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus
- White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
- Black Tern Chlidonias niger
Auks, Murres, and Puffins
Alcids are superficially similar to penguins due to their black-and-white colours, their upright posture and some of their habits, however they are not related to the penguins bnd differ in being able to fly. Auks live on the open sea, only deliberately coming ashore to nest. There are 24 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Dovekie Alle alle
- Common Murre Uria aalge
- Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia (A)
- Razorbill Alca torda
- Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle
Sandgrouse have small, pigeon like heads and necks, but sturdy compact bodies. They have long pointed wings and sometimes tails and a fast direct flight. Flocks fly to watering holes at dawn and dusk. Their legs are feathered down to the toes. There are 16 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Pallas's Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus
Pigeons and doves
- Rock Pigeon Columba livia
- Stock Dove Columba oenas
- Common Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus
- European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur
- Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Cuckoos and anis
The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Barn Owl Tyto alba
Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Lithuania.
- European Scops-Owl Otus scops (A)
- Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo
- Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus
- Tawny Owl Strix aluco
- Ural Owl Strix uralensis
- Great Gray Owl Strix nebulosa
- Northern Hawk-Owl Surnia ulula
- Eurasian Pygmy Owl Glaucidium passerinum
- Little Owl Athene noctua
- Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus
- Long-eared Owl Asio otus
- Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Eurasian Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus
Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Common Swift Apus apus
Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long, pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds in the family Meropidae. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colorful and have long downturned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar. There are 26 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- European Bee-eater Merops apiaster
Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not. There are 12 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- European Roller Coracias garrulus
Hoopoes have black, white and orangey-pink colouring with a large erectile crest on their head. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Hoopoe Upupa epops
Woodpeckers and allies
Woodpeckers are small to medium-sized birds with chisel-like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla
- Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor
- Middle Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius
- White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos
- Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
- Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus
- Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius
- European Green Woodpecker Picus viridis
- Gray-faced Woodpecker Picus canus
Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds. There are 91 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Crested Lark Galerida cristata
- Wood Lark Lullula arborea
- Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis
- Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris
Swallows and martins
The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Lithuania.
Wagtails and pipits
The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Lithuania.
- White Wagtail Motacilla alba
- Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola
- Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
- Gray Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
- Richard's Pipit Anthus richardi (A)
- Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris
- Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
- Pechora Pipit Anthus gustavi
- Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
- Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus
- Rock Pipit Anthus petrosus
- Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta
The kinglets or crests are a small group of birds often included in the Old World warblers, but frequently given family status because they also resemble the titmice. There are 7 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Lithuania.
The waxwings are a group of passerine birds characterized by soft silky plumage and unique red tips to some of the wing feathers. In the Bohemian and Cedar Waxwings, these tips look like sealing wax, and give the group its name. These are arboreal birds of northern forests. They live on insects in summer and berries in winter. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus
Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe, and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements. There are 5 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- White-throated Dipper Cinclus cinclus
The wrens are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 80 species worldwide (of which all but one are New World species) and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
The accentors are in the only bird family, Prunellidae, which is completely endemic to the Palearctic. They are small, fairly drab species superficially similar to sparrows. There are 13 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Lithuania.
Thrushes and allies
The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus
- Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula
- Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
- Redwing Turdus iliacus
- Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
- Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
Old World warblers
The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. The Sylviidae mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs. There are 291 species worldwide and 28 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia
- Pallas's Warbler Locustella certhiola (A)
- Eurasian River Warbler Locustella fluviatilis
- Savi's Warbler Locustella luscinioides
- Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon
- Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola
- Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
- Paddyfield Warbler Acrocephalus agricola
- Eurasian Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
- Blyth's Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum
- Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris
- Great Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus
- Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina
- Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
- Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
- Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix
- Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus
- Radde's Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi (A)
- Lemon-rumped Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus
- Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus
- Hume's Warbler Phylloscopus humei
- Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis
- Greenish Warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides
- Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
- Garden Warbler Sylvia borin
- Greater Whitethroat Sylvia communis
- Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca
- Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria
Old World flycatchers
Old World flycatchers are a large group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. They are mainly small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is very varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls. There 274 species worldwide and 14 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
- European Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca
- Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis
- Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva
- European Robin Erithacus rubecula
- Thrush Nightingale Luscinia luscinia
- Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos
- Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
- Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus
- Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
- Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
- Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
- European Stonechat Saxicola rubicola
- Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
The parrotbills are a group of birds native to East and Southeast Asia, though feral populations are known from elsewhere. They are generally small, long-tailed birds which inhabit reedbeds and similar habitats. There are 20 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Bearded Reedling Panurus biarmicus
Long-tailed tits are a group of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They make woven bag nests in trees. Most eat a mixed diet that includes insects. There are 9 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus
Chickadees and titmice
The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. There are species 59 worldwide and 7 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Marsh Tit Poecile palustris
- Willow Tit Poecile montana
- Coal Tit Periparus ater
- Crested Tit Lophophanes cristatus
- Great Tit Parus major
- Eurasian Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus
- Azure Tit Cyanistes cyanus
Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails and powerful bills and feet. There are 24 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea
Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees. There are 6 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Lithuania.
The penduline tits are a group of small passerine birds, related to the true tits. They are insectivores. There are 13 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Eurasian Penduline-Tit Remiz pendulinus
Old World orioles
The Old World Orioles are colourful passerine birds. They are not related to the New World orioles. There are 29 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Lithuania.
- Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A typical shrike's beak is hooked, like a bird of prey. There are 31 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Lithuania.
Crows, jays, ravens and magpies
The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show high levels of learning behavior. There are 120 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius
- Eurasian Magpie Pica pica
- Eurasian Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes
- Eurasian Jackdaw Corvus monedula
- Rook Corvus frugilegus
- Carrion Crow Corvus corone
- Common Raven Corvus corax
Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct, and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. There are 125 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Lithuania.
Buntings, sparrows, seedeaters and allies
The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 8 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
- Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana
- Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla
- Rustic Bunting Emberiza rustica
- Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
- Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra
- Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus
- Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis
Siskins, crossbills and allies
Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
- Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
- Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator
- Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus
- Parrot Crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus
- Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
- White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera
- European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
- Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea
- Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni
- Eurasian Siskin Carduelis spinus
- European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
- Twite Carduelis flavirostris
- Eurasian Linnet Carduelis cannabina
- European Serin Serinus serinus
- Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
- Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Lithuania.
- Lepage, Denis. "Checklist of birds of Lithuania". Bird Checklists of the World. Avibase. Retrieved 26 April 2007.
- Clements, James F. (2000). Birds of the World: a Checklist. Cornell University Press. p. 880. ISBN 0-934797-16-1.