List of birds of Micronesia
This is a list of the bird species recorded in Micronesia. The avifauna of Micronesia includes a total of 225 species, of which 18 are endemic, 13 have been introduced by humans, and 88 are rare or accidental. 18 species are globally threatened.
This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of Clements's 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Micronesia.
The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. The commonly occurring, native, species do not fall into any of these categories.
- (A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Micronesia.
- (E) Endemic A species endemic to Micronesia.
- (I) Introduced A species introduced to Micronesia as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.
|Table of contents|
Non-passerines: Albatrosses . Shearwaters and Petrels . Storm-Petrels . Tropicbirds . Pelicans . Boobies and Gannets . Cormorants . Frigatebirds . Bitterns, Herons and Egrets . Ducks, Geese and Swans . Osprey . Hawks, Kites and Eagles . Caracaras and Falcons . Megapodes . Pheasants and Partridges . Rails, Crakes, Gallinules, and Coots . Oystercatchers . Avocets and Stilts . Pratincoles and Coursers . Plovers and Lapwings . Sandpipers and allies . Skuas and Jaegers . Gulls . Terns . Pigeons and Doves . Cockatoos . Parrots, Macaws and allies . Cuckoos and Anis . Typical owls . Nightjars . Swifts . Kingfishers . Bee-eaters . Typical Rollers .
Passerines: Swallows and Martins . Wagtails and Pipits . Cuckoo-shrikes . Thrushes and allies . Old World warblers . Old World flycatchers . Fantails . Monarch flycatchers . White-eyes . Honeyeaters . Shrikes . Drongos . Woodswallows . Starlings . Waxbills and allies . Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters and allies . Sparrows .
The albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses from the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant birds. There are 21 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Short-tailed Albatross Phoebastria albatrus
- Laysan Albatross Phoebastria immutabilis (A)
- Black-footed Albatross Phoebastria nigripes
Shearwaters and petrels
The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with a medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Tahiti Petrel Pterodroma rostrata (A)
- Kermadec Petrel Pterodroma neglecta (A)
- Juan Fernandez Petrel Pterodroma externa
- White-necked Petrel Pterodroma cervicalis (A)
- Bonin Petrel Pterodroma hypoleuca
- Black-winged Petrel Pterodroma nigripennis
- Stejneger's Petrel Pterodroma longirostris (A)
- Bulwer's Petrel Bulweria bulwerii (A)
- Streaked Shearwater Calonectris leucomelas (A)
- Flesh-footed Shearwater Puffinus carneipes (A)
- Wedge-tailed Shearwater Puffinus pacificus
- Buller's Shearwater Puffinus bulleri (A)
- Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus (A)
- Short-tailed Shearwater Puffinus tenuirostris
- Christmas Shearwater Puffinus nativitatis
- Townsend's Shearwater Puffinus auricularis (A)
- Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri
The storm-petrels are relatives of the petrels, and are the smallest of seabirds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Wilson's Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus (A)
- Polynesian Storm-Petrel Nesofregetta fuliginosa
- Band-rumped Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma castro (A)
- Leach's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa
- Matsudaira's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma matsudairae
Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings. There are 3 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Micronesia.
Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.
- Australian Pelican Pelecanus conspicillatus (A)
Boobies and gannets
The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating seabirds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Micronesia.
Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Micronesia.
Bitterns, herons and egrets
The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 14 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Gray Heron Ardea cinerea (A)
- Great Egret Ardea alba
- Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia (A)
- Little Egret Egretta garzetta
- Pacific Reef-Heron Egretta sacra
- Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
- Striated Heron Butorides striata (A)
- Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax (A)
- Rufous Night-Heron Nycticorax caledonicus
- Japanese Night-Heron Gorsachius goisagi (A)
- Malayan Night-Heron Gorsachius melanolophus (A)
- Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
- Schrenck's Bittern Ixobrychus eurhythmus (A)
- Black Bittern Ixobrychus flavicollis (A)
Ducks, geese and swans
The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Snow Goose Chen caerulescens (A)
- Cackling Goose Branta hutchinsii (A)
- Canada Goose Branta canadensis (A)
- Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
- American Wigeon Anas americana (A)
- Gadwall Anas strepera (A)
- Eurasian Teal Anas crecca
- Mallard Anas platyrhynchos (A)
- Pacific Black Duck Anas superciliosa
- Northern Pintail Anas acuta
- Garganey Anas querquedula (A)
- Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
- Common Pochard Aythya ferina (A)
- Canvasback Aythya valisineria (A)
- Redhead Aythya americana
- Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
- Greater Scaup Aythya marila
The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.
- Osprey Pandion haliaetus (A)
Hawks, kites and eagles
Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus (A)
- Chinese Goshawk Accipiter soloensis
- Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis
Caracaras and falcons
Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Micronesia.
The Megapodiidae are stocky, medium-large chicken-like birds with small heads and large feet. All but the Malleefowl occupy jungle habitats, and most have brown or black colouring. There are 21 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.
- Micronesian Scrubfowl Megapodius laperouse
Pheasants and partridges
The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, partridges, snowcocks, francolins, spurfowls, tragopans, monals, pheasants, peafowls and jungle fowls. In general, they are plump (although they may vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings. There are 156 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus (I)
- Blue-breasted Quail Coturnix chinensis (I)
- Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus (I)
Rails, crakes, gallinules, and coots
Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Red-legged Crake Rallina fasciata (A)
- Slaty-legged Crake Rallina eurizonoides
- Buff-banded Rail Gallirallus philippensis
- Plain Bush-hen Amaurornis olivaceus (A)
- Rufous-tailed Bush-hen Amaurornis moluccanus (A)
- Spotless Crake Porzana tabuensis
- White-browed Crake Porzana cinerea
- Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio
- Mariana Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
- Eurasian Coot Fulica atra (A)
- Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus (A)
Avocets and stilts
Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.
- White-headed Stilt Himantopus leucocephalus (A)
Pratincoles and coursers
Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings and long pointed bills which curve downwards. There are 17 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.
- Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum (A)
Plovers and lapwings
The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva
- Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola
- Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula (A)
- Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius (A)
- Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus (A)
- Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus
- Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii
- Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus (A)
Sandpipers and allies
The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 37 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Latham's Snipe Gallinago hardwickii (A)
- Swinhoe's Snipe Gallinago megala
- Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago (A)
- Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
- Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
- Little Curlew Numenius minutus (A)
- Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
- Bristle-thighed Curlew Numenius tahitiensis
- Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata (A)
- Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis
- Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus (A)
- Common Redshank Tringa totanus
- Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
- Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
- Nordmann's Greenshank Tringa guttifer (A)
- Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca (A)
- Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
- Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus
- Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
- Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia (A)
- Gray-tailed Tattler Heterosceles brevipes
- Wandering Tattler Heterosceles incanus
- Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
- Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris (A)
- Red Knot Calidris canutus (A)
- Sanderling Calidris alba
- Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis
- Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii (A)
- Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta
- Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos
- Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata
- Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
- Dunlin Calidris alpina (A)
- Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus (A)
- Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis (A)
- Ruff Philomachus pugnax
- Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius (A)
Skuas and jaegers
The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Micronesia.
Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Herring Gull Larus argentatus (A)
- East Siberian Gull Larus vegae (A)
- Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
- Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan (A)
Terns are a group of generally general medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 14 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Great Crested Tern Sterna bergii
- Black-naped Tern Sterna sumatrana
- Common Tern Sterna hirundo
- Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea (A)
- Little Tern Sterna albifrons
- Gray-backed Tern Sterna lunata
- Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus
- Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata
- Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus (A)
- White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
- Black Noddy Anous minutus
- Brown Noddy Anous stolidus
- Blue Noddy Procelsterna cerulea
- White Tern Gygis alba
Pigeons and doves
- Rock Pigeon Columba livia (I)
- Island Collared-Dove Streptopelia bitorquata (I)
- Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica
- Caroline Islands Ground-Dove Gallicolumba kubaryi (E)
- White-throated Ground-Dove Gallicolumba xanthonura
- Friendly Ground-Dove Gallicolumba stairi (I)
- Crimson-crowned Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus porphyraceus
- Mariana Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus roseicapilla (E)
- Micronesian Imperial-Pigeon Ducula oceanica
The cockatoos share many features with other parrots including the characteristic curved beak shape and a zygodactyl foot, with two forward toes and two backwards toes. They differ, however in a number of characteristics, including the often spectacular movable headcrest. There are 21 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.==== Promeropidae
- Sulphur-crested Cockatoo Cacatua galerita (I)
Parrots, macaws and allies
Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and they have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Micronesia.
Cuckoos and anis
The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Chestnut-winged Cuckoo Clamator coromandus (A)
- Northern Hawk-Cuckoo Cuculus hyperythrus (A)
- Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus (A)
- Horsfield's Cuckoo Cuculus horsfieldi
- Brush Cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus (A)
- Long-tailed Koel Eudynamys taitensis
Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.
- Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.
- Gray Nightjar Caprimulgus indicus
Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Mariana Swiftlet Aerodramus bartschi (E)
- Caroline Islands Swiftlet Aerodramus inquietus (E)
- Fork-tailed Swift Apus pacificus (A)
Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Micronesian Kingfisher Todirhamphus cinnamominus
- Collared Kingfisher Todirhamphus chloris
- Sacred Kingfisher Todirhamphus sanctus
The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds in the family Meropidae. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colorful and have long downturned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar. There are 26 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.
- Rainbow Bee-eater Merops ornatus
Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not. There are 12 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.
- Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis (A)
Swallows and martins
The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Micronesia.
Wagtails and pipits
The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
- Gray Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
- Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus (A)
The cuckoo-shrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some species are brightly coloured. There are 82 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.
- Cicadabird Coracina tenuirostris
Thrushes and allies
The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Blue Rock-Thrush Monticola solitarius (A)
- Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus (A)
- Dusky Thrush Turdus naumanni (A)
Old World warblers
The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. The Sylviidae mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs. There are 291 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Lanceolated Warbler Locustella lanceolata (A)
- Nightingale Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus luscinia
- Caroline Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus syrinx (E)
Old World flycatchers
Old World flycatchers are a large group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. They are mainly small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is very varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls. There 274 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Gray-spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta (A)
- Narcissus Flycatcher Ficedula narcissina (A)
- Siberian Rubythroat Luscinia calliope (A)
The Fantails are small insectivorous birds which are specialist aerial feeders. There are 44 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Micronesia.
The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines, which hunt by flycatching. There are 99 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Truk Monarch Metabolus rugensis (E)
- Yap Monarch Monarcha godeffroyi (E)
- Pohnpei Flycatcher Myiagra pluto (E)
- Oceanic Flycatcher Myiagra oceanica (E)
The white-eyes are small and are mostly of undistinguished appearance, the plumage above being generally either some dull color like greenish olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. As their name suggests many species have a white ring around the eyes. There are 96 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Caroline Islands White-eye Zosterops semperi
- Plain White-eye Zosterops hypolais (E)
- Gray White-eye Zosterops cinereus (E)
- Yap White-eye Zosterops oleagineus (E)
- Truk White-eye Rukia ruki (E)
- Long-billed White-eye Rukia longirostra (E)
- Golden White-eye Cleptornis marchei (E)
The honeyeaters are a large and diverse family of small to medium-sized birds most common in Australia and New Guinea. They are nectar feeders and closely resemble other nectar-feeding passerines. There are 174 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.
- Micronesian Myzomela Myzomela rubratra
Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A typical shrike's beak is hooked, like a bird of prey. There are 31 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.
- Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus (A)
The drongos are mostly are black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. They have long forked tails, and some Asian species have elaborate tail decorations. They have short legs and sit very upright whilst perched, like a shrike. They flycatch or take prey from the ground. There are 24 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.
- Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus (I)
The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. They are smooth, agile flyers with moderately large, semi-triangular wings. There are 11 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.
- White-breasted Woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus (A)
Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct, and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. There are 125 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Micronesian Starling Aplonis opaca
- Pohnpei Starling Aplonis pelzelni (E)
- Chestnut-cheeked Starling Sturnia philippensis (A)
- White-cheeked Starling Sturnus cineraceus (A)
Waxbills and allies
The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have a wide variation in plumage colours and pattern. There are 141 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Micronesia.
- Blue-faced Parrotfinch Erythrura trichroa
- Nutmeg Mannikin Lonchura punctulata (I)
- Chestnut Munia Lonchura atricapilla (I)
- Mottled Munia Lonchura hunsteini (I)
Buntings, sparrows, seedeaters and allies
The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.
- Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala (A)
Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Micronesia.
- Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus (I)