List of birds of Poland

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White-tailed eagle, the national bird

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Poland. The avifauna of Poland include a total of 446 species, of which six have been introduced by humans and seven have not occurred since 1950.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of the Polish Fauna Commission (Komisja Faunistyczna).

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.

  • (B) Historical - species that have not occurred in Poland since 1950
  • (C) Introduced - species introduced to Poland as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions
  • (*) Rare - species that are rare or accidental in Poland

Table of contents

See also          References

Ducks, geese and swans[edit]

Order: Anseriformes Family: Anatidae

Common name Binomial Status
Mute swan Cygnus olor
Bewick's swan Cygnus columbianus
Whooper swan Cygnus cygnus
Bean goose Anser fabalis
Pink-footed goose Anser brachyrhynchus *
White-fronted goose Anser albifrons
Lesser white-fronted goose Anser erythropus
Greylag goose Anser anser
Canada goose Branta canadensis C *
Barnacle goose Branta leucopsis *
Brent goose Branta bernicla *
Red-breasted goose Branta ruficollis *
Egyptian goose Alopochen aegyptiaca C *
Ruddy shelduck Tadorna ferruginea *
Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Mandarin duck Aix galericulata C *
Wigeon Anas penelope
Gadwall Anas strepera
Teal Anas crecca
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Blue-winged teal Anas discors *
Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested pochard Netta rufina
Pochard Aythya ferina
Ring-necked duck Aythya collaris *
Ferruginous duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted duck Aythya fuligula
Lesser scaup Aythya affinis *
Scaup Aythya marila
Eider Somateria mollissima
King eider Somateria spectabilis *
Steller's eider Polysticta stelleri *
Harlequin duck Histrionicus histrionicus *
Long-tailed duck Clangula hyemalis
Common scoter Melanitta nigra
Black scoter Melanitta americana *
Surf scoter Melanitta perspicillata *
Velvet scoter Melanitta fusca
White-winged scoter Melanitta deglandi *
Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Smew Mergus albellus
Red-breasted merganser Mergus serrator
Goosander Mergus merganser
White-headed duck Oxyura leucocephala *
Ruddy duck Oxyura jamaicensis C *


Order: Galliformes Family: Tetraonidae

Common name Binomial Status
Hazel grouse Bonasa bonasia
Willow grouse Lagopus lagopus B *
Black grouse Tetrao tetrix
Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus

Pheasants and partridges[edit]

Order: Galliformes Family: Phasianidae

Common name Binomial Status
Partridge Perdix perdix
Quail Coturnix coturnix
Pheasant Phasianus colchicus C


Order: Gaviiformes Family: Gaviidae

Common name Binomial Status
Red-throated diver Gavia stellata
Black-throated diver Gavia arctica
Great northern diver Gavia immer *
White-billed diver Gavia adamsii *


Order: Podicipediformes Family: Podicipedidae

Common name Binomial Status
Pied-billed grebe Podilymbus podiceps *
Little grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great crested grebe Podiceps cristatus
Red-necked grebe Podiceps grisegena
Slavonian grebe Podiceps auritus
Black-necked grebe Podiceps nigricollis

Shearwaters and petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes Family: Procellariidae

Common name Binomial Status
Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis *
Cory's shearwater Calonectris diomedea *
Sooty shearwater Puffinus griseus *
Balearic shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus *


Order: Procellariiformes Family: Hydrobatidae

Common name Binomial Status
Wilson's storm-petrel Oceanites oceanicus *
Storm-petrel Hydrobates pelagicus *
Leach's storm-petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa *


Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Sulidae

Common name Binomial Status
Gannet Morus bassanus *


Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Common name Binomial Status
Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis *
Pygmy cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus *


Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Pelecanidae

Common name Binomial Status
Great white pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus *
Dalmatian pelican Pelecanus crispus *

Bitterns, herons and egrets[edit]

Order: Ciconiiformes Family: Ardeidae

Common name Binomial Status
Bittern Botaurus stellaris
Little bittern Ixobrychus minutus
Night heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Squacco heron Ardeola ralloides *
Cattle egret Bubulcus ibis *
Little egret Egretta garzetta *
Great white egret Egretta alba *
Grey heron Ardea cinerea
Purple heron Ardea purpurea *


52,000 pairs of white storks breed in Poland

Order: Ciconiiformes Family: Ciconiidae

Common name Binomial Status
Black stork Ciconia nigra
White stork Ciconia ciconia

Ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Order: Ciconiiformes Family: Threskiornithidae

Common name Binomial Status
Glossy ibis Plegadis falcinellus *
Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia *


Order: Phoenicopteriformes Family: Phoenicopteridae

Common name Binomial Status
Greater flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus *


Order: Falconiformes Family: Pandionidae

Common name Binomial Status
Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Eagles, kites and allies[edit]

Order: Falconiformes Family: Accipitridae

Common name Binomial Status
European honey buzzard Pernis apivorus
Black-winged kite Elanus caeruleus *
Black kite Milvus migrans
Red kite Milvus milvus
Pallas's fish eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus B *
White-tailed eagle Haliaeetus albicilla
Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus B *
Egyptian vulture Neophron percnopterus *
Griffon vulture Gyps fulvus *
Black vulture Aegypius monachus *
Short-toed eagle Circaetus gallicus
Marsh harrier Circus aeruginosus
Hen harrier Circus cyaneus
Pallid harrier Circus macrourus *
Montagu's harrier Circus pygargus
Northern goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Levant sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes *
Buzzard Buteo buteo
Long-legged buzzard Buteo rufinus *
Rough-legged buzzard Buteo lagopus
Lesser spotted eagle Aquila pomarina
Spotted eagle Aquila clanga
Steppe eagle Aquila nipalensis *
Imperial eagle Aquila heliaca *
Golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Booted eagle Aquila pennata *


Order: Falconiformes Family: Falconidae

Common name Binomial Status
Lesser kestrel Falco naumanni *
Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Red-footed falcon Falco vespertinus
Merlin Falco columbarius
Hobby Falco subbuteo
Eleonora's falcon Falco eleonorae *
Saker falcon Falco cherrug *
Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus *
Peregrine Falco peregrinus

Rails, crakes, gallinules and coots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes Family: Rallidae

Common name Binomial Status
Water rail Rallus aquaticus
Spotted crake Porzana porzana
Little crake Porzana parva
Baillon's crake Porzana pusilla *
Corncrake Crex crex
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Coot Fulica atra


Order: Gruiformes Family: Gruidae

Common name Binomial Status
Crane Grus grus
Demoiselle crane Grus virgo *


Order: Gruiformes Family: Otididae

Common name Binomial Status
Little bustard Tetrax tetrax *
Houbara bustard Chlamydotis macqueenii *
Great bustard Otis tarda *


Order: Charadriiformes Family: Haematopodidae

Common name Binomial Status
Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus

Avocets and stilts[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes Family: Recurvirostridae

Common name Binomial Status
Black-winged stilt Himantopus himantopus *
Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta *


Order: Charadriiformes Family: Burhinidae

Common name Binomial Status
Stone curlew Burhinus oedicnemus

Pratincoles and coursers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes Family: Glareolidae

Common name Binomial Status
Collared pratincole Glareola pratincola *
Black-winged pratincole Glareola nordmanni *

Plovers and lapwings[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes Family: Charadriidae

Common name Binomial Status
Little ringed plover Charadrius dubius
Ringed plover Charadrius hiaticula
Kentish plover Charadrius alexandrinus *
Lesser sand plover Charadrius mongolus *
Greater sand plover Charadrius leschenaultii *
Dotterel Charadrius morinellus
American golden plover Pluvialis dominica *
Pacific golden plover Pluvialis fulva *
Golden plover Pluvialis apricaria
Grey plover Pluvialis squatarola
Sociable plover Vanellus gregarius *
White-tailed plover Vanellus leucurus *
Lapwing Vanellus vanellus

Sandpipers and allies[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes Family: Scolopacidae

Common name Binomial Status
Great knot Calidris tenuirostris *
Knot Calidris canutus
Sanderling Calidris alba
Semipalmated sandpiper Calidris pusilla *
Little stint Calidris minuta
Temminck's stint Calidris temminckii
Least sandpiper Calidris minutilla *
White-rumped sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis *
Baird's sandpiper Calidris bairdii *
Pectoral sandpiper Calidris melanotos *
Curlew sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Purple sandpiper Calidris maritima *
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Broad-billed sandpiper Limicola falcinellus
Buff-breasted sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis *
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Jack snipe Lymnocryptes minimus
Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Great snipe Gallinago media
Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
Black-tailed godwit Limosa limosa
Bar-tailed godwit Limosa lapponica
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Slender-billed curlew Numenius tenuirostris *
Curlew Numenius arquata
Spotted redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis *
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Greater yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca *
Lesser yellowlegs Tringa flavipes *
Green sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood sandpiper Tringa glareola
Terek sandpiper Xenus cinereus *
Common sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Spotted sandpiper Actitis macularius *
Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Red-necked phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
Grey phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius *


Order: Charadriiformes Family: Stercorariidae

Common name Binomial Status
Pomarine skua Stercorarius pomarinus *
Arctic skua Stercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed skua Stercorarius longicaudus *
Great skua Stercorarius skua *


Order: Charadriiformes Family: Laridae

Common name Binomial Status
Great black-headed gull Larus ichthyaetus *
Mediterranean gull Larus melanocephalus *
Little gull Larus minutus
Sabine's gull Larus sabini *
Black-headed gull Larus ridibundus
Slender-billed gull Larus genei *
Ring-billed gull Larus delawarensis *
Common gull Larus canus
Lesser black-backed gull Larus fuscus
Herring gull Larus argentatus
Caspian gull Larus cachinnans
Yellow-legged gull Larus michahellis
Iceland gull Larus glaucoides *
Glaucous gull Larus hyperboreus *
Great black-backed gull Larus marinus
Ross's gull Rhodostethia rosea *
Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla *
Ivory gull Pagophila eburnea *


Order: Charadriiformes Family: Sternidae

Common name Binomial Status
Gull-billed tern Gelochelidon nilotica *
Caspian tern Hydroprogne caspia
Sandwich tern Sterna sandvicensis
Roseate tern Sterna dougallii *
Common tern Sterna hirundo
Arctic tern Sterna paradisaea
Little tern Sternula albifrons
Whiskered tern Chlidonias hybrida
Black tern Chlidonias niger
White-winged tern Chlidonias leucopterus


Order: Charadriiformes Family: Alcidae

Common name Binomial Status
Guillemot Uria aalge
Brunnich's guillemot Uria lomvia *
Razorbill Alca torda
Black guillemot Cepphus grylle
Little auk Alle alle *
Puffin Fratercula arctica *


Order: Pterocliformes Family: Pteroclidae

Common name Binomial Status
Pallas's sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus *

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Order: Columbiformes Family: Columbidae

Common name Binomial Status
Rock dove Columba livia C
Stock dove Columba oenas
Woodpigeon Columba palumbus
Collared dove Streptopelia decaocto
Turtle dove Streptopelia turtur
Rufous turtle dove Streptopelia orientalis *


Order: Cuculiformes Family: Cuculidae

Common name Binomial Status
Great spotted cuckoo Clamator glandarius *
Cuckoo Cuculus canorus

Barn owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes Family: Tytonidae

Common name Binomial Status
Barn owl Tyto alba

Typical owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes Family: Strigidae

Common name Binomial Status
Scops owl Otus scops *
Eagle owl Bubo bubo
Snowy owl Bubo scandiacus *
Northern hawk-owl Surnia ulula *
Pygmy owl Glaucidium passerinum
Little owl Athene noctua
Tawny owl Strix aluco
Ural owl Strix uralensis
Great grey owl Strix nebulosa *
Long-eared owl Asio otus
Short-eared owl Asio flammeus
Tengmalm's owl Aegolius funereus


Order: Caprimulgiformes Family: Caprimulgidae

Common name Binomial Status
Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus


Order: Apodiformes Family: Apodidae

Common name Binomial Status
Alpine swift Tachymarptis melba *
Swift Apus apus


Order: Coraciiformes Family: Alcedinidae

Common name Binomial Status
Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Pied kingfisher Ceryle rudis B *


Order: Coraciiformes Family: Meropidae

Common name Binomial Status
Bee-eater Merops apiaster


Order: Coraciiformes Family: Coraciidae

Common name Binomial Status
Roller Coracias garrulus


Order: Coraciiformes Family: Upupidae

Common name Binomial Status
Hoopoe Upupa epops


Order: Piciformes Family: Picidae

Common name Binomial Status
Wryneck Jynx torquilla
Grey-headed woodpecker Picus canus
European green woodpecker Picus viridis
Black woodpecker Dryocopus martius
Great spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos major
Syrian woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus
Middle spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos medius
White-backed woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos
Lesser spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos minor
Three-toed woodpecker Picoides tridactylus


Order: Passeriformes Family: Alaudidae

Common name Binomial Status
Calandra lark Melanocorypha calandra B *
White-winged lark Melanocorypha leucoptera *
Black lark Melanocorypha yeltoniensis *
Short-toed lark Calandrella brachydactyla *
Crested lark Galerida cristata
Woodlark Lullula arborea
Skylark Alauda arvensis
Shore lark Eremophila alpestris

Swallows and martins[edit]

Order: Passeriformes Family: Hirundinidae

Common name Binomial Status
Sand martin Riparia riparia
Swallow Hirundo rustica
Red-rumped swallow Cecropis daurica *
Common house martin Delichon urbicum

Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes Family: Motacillidae

Common name Binomial Status
Richard's pipit Anthus richardi *
Tawny pipit Anthus campestris
Olive-backed pipit Anthus hodgsoni *
Tree pipit Anthus trivialis
Pechora pipit Anthus gustavi *
Meadow pipit Anthus pratensis
Red-throated pipit Anthus cervinus
Water pipit Anthus spinoletta
Rock pipit Anthus petrosus
Yellow wagtail Motacilla flava
Citrine wagtail Motacilla citreola *
Grey wagtail Motacilla cinerea
White wagtail Motacilla alba


Order: Passeriformes Family: Bombycillidae

Common name Binomial Status
Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus


Order: Passeriformes Family: Cinclidae

Common name Binomial Status
Dipper Cinclus cinclus


Order: Passeriformes Family: Troglodytidae

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian wren Troglodytes troglodytes


Order: Passeriformes Family: Prunellidae

Common name Binomial Status
Dunnock Prunella modularis
Siberian accentor Prunella montanella *
Alpine accentor Prunella collaris

Thrushes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes Family: Turdidae

Common name Binomial Status
Robin Erithacus rubecula
Rufous-tailed robin Luscinia sibilans *
Thrush nightingale Luscinia luscinia
Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
Red-flanked bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus *
Black redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
Stonechat Saxicola rubicola
Siberian stonechat Saxicola maurus *
Isabelline wheatear Oenanthe isabellina *
Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
Pied wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka *
Black-eared wheatear Oenanthe hispanica *
Desert wheatear Oenanthe deserti *
Rock thrush Monticola saxatilis
White's thrush Zoothera dauma *
Siberian thrush Zoothera sibirica *
Ring ouzel Turdus torquatus
Blackbird Turdus merula
Eyebrowed thrush Turdus obscurus *
Naumann's thrush Turdus naumanni *
Dusky thrush Turdus eunomus *
Red-throated thrush Turdus ruficollis *
Black-throated thrush Turdus atrogularis *
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
Song thrush Turdus philomelos
Redwing Turdus iliacus
Mistle thrush Turdus viscivorus
American robin Turdus migratorius *

Old World warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes Family: Sylviidae

Common name Binomial Status
Pallas's grasshopper warbler Locustella certhiola *
Grasshopper warbler Locustella naevia
River warbler Locustella fluviatilis
Savi's warbler Locustella luscinioides
Moustached warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon *
Aquatic warbler Acrocephalus paludicola
Sedge warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield warbler Acrocephalus agricola *
Blyth's reed warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum *
Marsh warbler Acrocephalus palustris
Reed warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Great reed warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus
Icterine warbler Hippolais icterina
Melodious warbler Hippolais polyglotta *
Subalpine warbler Sylvia cantillans *
Sardinian warbler Sylvia melanocephala *
Barred warbler Sylvia nisoria
Lesser whitethroat Sylvia curruca
Whitethroat Sylvia communis
Garden warbler Sylvia borin
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
Greenish warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides *
Arctic warbler Phylloscopus borealis *
Pallas's warbler Phylloscopus proregulus *
Yellow-browed warbler Phylloscopus inornatus *
Hume's leaf warbler Phylloscopus humei *
Radde's warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi *
Dusky warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus *
Bonelli's warbler Phylloscopus bonelli *
Wood warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Willow warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
Goldcrest Regulus regulus
Common firecrest Regulus ignicapilla

Old World flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes Family: Muscicapidae

Common name Binomial Status
Spotted flycatcher Muscicapa striata
Red-breasted flycatcher Ficedula parva
Collared flycatcher Ficedula albicollis
Pied flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca


Order: Passeriformes Family: Paradoxornithidae

Common name Binomial Status
Bearded tit Panurus biarmicus

Long-tailed tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes Family: Aegithalidae

Common name Binomial Status
Long-tailed tit Aegithalos caudatus


Order: Passeriformes Family: Paridae

Common name Binomial Status
Marsh tit Parus palustris
Willow tit Parus montanus
Crested tit Parus cristatus
Coal tit Parus ater
Eurasian blue tit Parus caeruleus
Azure tit Parus cyanus *
Great tit Parus major


Order: Passeriformes Family: Sittidae

Common name Binomial Status
Nuthatch Sitta europaea


Order: Passeriformes Family: Tichodromidae

Common name Binomial Status
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria


Order: Passeriformes Family: Certhiidae

Common name Binomial Status
Treecreeper Certhia familiaris
Short-toed treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla

Penduline tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes Family: Remizidae

Common name Binomial Status
Penduline tit Remiz pendulinus


Order: Passeriformes Family: Oriolidae

Common name Binomial Status
Golden oriole Oriolus oriolus


Order: Passeriformes Family: Laniidae

Common name Binomial Status
Isabelline shrike Lanius isabellinus *
Red-backed shrike Lanius collurio
Lesser grey shrike Lanius minor
Great grey shrike Lanius excubitor
Woodchat shrike Lanius senator

Crows and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes Family: Corvidae

Common name Binomial Status
Jay Garrulus glandarius
Siberian jay Perisoreus infaustus *
Magpie Pica pica
Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes
Alpine chough Pyrrhocorax graculus *
Jackdaw Corvus monedula
Rook Corvus frugilegus
Carrion crow Corvus corone
Hooded crow Corvus cornix
Raven Corvus corax


Order: Passeriformes Family: Sturnidae

Common name Binomial Status
Starling Sturnus vulgaris
Rose-coloured starling Sturnus roseus *


Order: Passeriformes Family: Passeridae

Common name Binomial Status
House sparrow Passer domesticus
Tree sparrow Passer montanus
Rock sparrow Petronia petronia B *
Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis B *


Order: Passeriformes Family: Vireonidae

Common name Binomial Status
Red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus *


Order: Passeriformes Family: Fringillidae

Common name Binomial Status
Common chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
Serin Serinus serinus
Citril finch Serinus citrinella *
Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Siskin Carduelis spinus
Linnet Carduelis cannabina
Twite Carduelis flavirostris
Redpoll Carduelis flammea
Arctic redpoll Carduelis hornemanni *
Two-barred crossbill Loxia leucoptera *
Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
Parrot crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus *
Scarlet rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus
Pine grosbeak Pinicola enucleator *
Eurasian bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes


Order: Passeriformes Family: Emberizidae

Common name Binomial Status
Dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis *
Lapland bunting Calcarius lapponicus
Snow bunting Plectrophenax nivalis
Pine bunting Emberiza leucocephalos *
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
Cirl bunting Emberiza cirlus *
Rock bunting Emberiza cia *
Ortolan bunting Emberiza hortulana
Rustic bunting Emberiza rustica *
Little bunting Emberiza pusilla *
Yellow-breasted bunting Emberiza aureola *
Reed bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
Black-headed bunting Emberiza melanocephala *
Corn bunting Emberiza calandra

See also[edit]