List of birds of West Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Over 300 species of birds can be found in the state of West Virginia during some seasons. Of these species, only around 75 actually breed within the state; the remainder are migrating or wintering species that are only present during the spring or winter months.

In West Virginia, bird diversity is highest from late spring to early fall, but around 50 species can be encountered in the state during the cold winter months.[1]

The IUCN classifies eleven species as "Near Threatened" (Black Scoter,[2] Northern Bobwhite,[3] Piping Plover,[4] Semipalmated Sandpiper,[5] Buff-breasted Sandpiper,[6] Chimney Swift,[7] Red-headed Woodpecker,[8] Olive-sided Flycatcher,[9] Golden-winged Warbler,[10] Bachman's Sparrow,[11] and Henslow's Sparrow[12]) and four species as "Vulnerable" (Oldsquaw,[13] Bicknell's Thrush,[14] Cerulean Warbler,[15] and Rusty Blackbird[16]).

An asterisk (*) beside a species' name indicates that there are fewer that five accepted records of that species in West Virginia.[17]

Contents

Order Gaviiformes (Loons)[edit]

Family Gaviidae[edit]

Order Podicipediformes (Grebes)[edit]

Family Podicipedidae[edit]

Order Pelecaniformes[edit]

Family Pelecanidae (Pelicans)[edit]

Family Ardeidae (Herons)[edit]

Family Threskiornithidae (Ibises)[edit]

Order Suliformes (Gannets and Relatives)[edit]

Family Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants)[edit]

Order Ciconiiformes (Storks)[edit]

Family Ciconiidae (Storks)[edit]

Order Incertae sedis[edit]

Family Cathartidae (New World Vultures)[edit]

Order Anseriformes (Waterfowl)[edit]

Family Anatidae[edit]

Order Accipitriformes (Birds of Prey)[edit]

Family Pandionidae (Osprey)[edit]

Family Accipitridae (Eagles and Hawks)[edit]

Order Falconiformes (Falcons)[edit]

Family Falconidae[edit]

Order Galliformes (Gamebirds)[edit]

Family Phasianidae (Pheasants)[edit]

Family Odontophoridae (New World Quail)[edit]

Order Gruiformes (Cranes and relatives)[edit]

Family Rallidae (Rails)[edit]

Family Gruidae (Cranes)[edit]

Order Charadriiformes (Shorebirds)[edit]

Family Charadriidae (Plovers)[edit]

Family Recurvirostridae (Avocets and Stilts)[edit]

Family Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Relatives)[edit]

Family Stercorariidae (Skuas)[edit]

Family Laridae (Gulls)[edit]

Family Sternidae (Terns)[edit]

Order Columbiformes (Doves)[edit]

Family Columbidae[edit]

Order Cuculiformes (Cuckoos)[edit]

Family Cuculidae[edit]

Order Strigiformes (Owls)[edit]

Family Tytonidae (Barn Owls)[edit]

Family Strigidae (True Owls)[edit]

Order Caprimulgiformes (Nightjars)[edit]

Family Caprimulgidae[edit]

Order Apodiformes (Swifts and Hummingbirds)[edit]

Family Apodidae (Swifts)[edit]

Family Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)[edit]

Order Coraciiformes (Kingfishers and Relatives)[edit]

Family Cerylidae (Water Kingfishers)[edit]

Order Piciformes (Woodpeckers and Relatives)[edit]

Family Picidae (Woodpeckers)[edit]

Order Passeriformes (Perching Birds)[edit]

Family Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)[edit]

Family Laniidae (Shrikes)[edit]

Family Vireonidae (Vireos)[edit]

Family Corvidae (Crows and Relatives)[edit]

Family Alaudidae (Larks)[edit]

Family Hirundinidae (Swallows and Martins)[edit]

Family Paridae (Chickadees)[edit]

Family Sittidae (Nuthatches)[edit]

Family Certhiidae (Treecreepers)[edit]

Family Troglodytidae (Wrens)[edit]

Family Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)[edit]

Family Regulidae (Kinglets)[edit]

Family Turdidae (Thrushes)[edit]

Family Mimidae (Mimids)[edit]

Family Sturnidae (Starlings)[edit]

Family Motacillidae (Pipits)[edit]

Family Bombycillidae (Waxwings)[edit]

Family Calcariidae (Longspurs and snow buntings)[edit]

Family Parulidae (New World Warblers)[edit]

Family Cardinalidae (Cardinals)[edit]

Family Emberizidae (American Sparrows)[edit]

Family Icteridae (New World Blackbirds)[edit]

Family Fringillidae (Finches)[edit]

Family Passeridae (Sparrows)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.wvdnr.gov/wildlife/birdwv.shtm
  2. ^ BirdLife International 2012. Melanitta americana. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/160031681/0>. Downloaded on 25 June 2012.
  3. ^ BirdLife International 2012. Colinus virginianus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/160030131/0>. Downloaded on 25 June 2012.
  4. ^ BirdLife International 2012. Charadrius melodus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106003127/0>. Downloaded on 25 June 2012.
  5. ^ BirdLife International 2012. Calidris pusilla. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106003043/0>. Downloaded on 25 June 2012.
  6. ^ BirdLife International 2012. Tryngites subruficollis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106003059/0>. Downloaded on 25 June 2012.
  7. ^ BirdLife International 2012. Chaetura pelagica. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106001758/0>. Downloaded on 25 June 2012.
  8. ^ BirdLife International 2012. Melanerpes erythrocephalus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/100600574/0>. Downloaded on 25 June 2012.
  9. ^ BirdLife International 2012. Contopus cooperi. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106004264/0>. Downloaded on 25 June 2012.
  10. ^ BirdLife International 2012. Vermivora chrysoptera. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106009086/0>. Downloaded on 25 June 2012.
  11. ^ BirdLife International 2012. Peucaea aestivalis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106009019/0>. Downloaded on 25 June 2012.
  12. ^ BirdLife International 2012. Ammodramus henslowii. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106008994/0>. Downloaded on 25 June 2012.
  13. ^ BirdLife International 2012. Clangula hyemalis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/100600490/0>. Downloaded on 25 June 2012.
  14. ^ BirdLife International 2012. Catharus bicknelli. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/160030034/0>. Downloaded on 25 June 2012.
  15. ^ BirdLife International 2012. Dendroica cerulea. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106009120/0>. Downloaded on 25 June 2012.
  16. ^ BirdLife International 2012. Euphagus carolinus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106009745/0>. Downloaded on 25 June 2012.
  17. ^ http://www.wvdnr.gov/Publications/PDFFiles/bird%20checklist2.pdf