List of bishops of Edessa
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Unless otherwise stated, the following list is based on the records of the Chronicle of Edessa (to c.540) and the Chronicle of Zuqnin. According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, the bishopric of Edessa continued into the eleventh century.
|Date became bishop (if known)||Date of death (or floruit)||Name of bishop||Comments|
|flourished c. 100||Thaddeus||According to Eusebius|
|flourished c. 190||Mar Aggai||According to Eusebius|
|flourished c. 200||Palut||According to Eusebius;
contemporary of Serapion of Antioch
|flourished 304||Conon of Edessa|
|Sha'ad of Edessa||The Chronicle of Edessa places him between Conon and Ethalaha|
|324||346?||Ethalaha of Edessa||The Chronicle of Edessa omits his date of death;
Abraham is said to have become bishop in 346
|346||361||Abraham of Edessa|
|361||March, 378||Barses of Edessa||Translated by imperial order from Haran to Edessa.|
|379||Good Friday, 387||Eulogius of Edessa||Said to have been ordained the same year Theodosius became Emperor|
|22 July 398||Cyrus I of Edessa|
|397||17 October 398||Silvanus of Edessa|
|23 November 398||the "neomenia of the month of Ab", 409||Pakida of Edessa|
|409||411||Diogenes of Edessa|
|411||8 August 435||Rabbula|
|435||28 October 457||Ibas||The Chronicle of Edessa states he was deposed 1 January 448, and restored 2 years later.|
|21 July 448||471||Nonnus||The Chronicle of Edessa states he left the see of Edessa in 450, but was restored to Edessa after Ibas' death in 457.|
|471||6 June 498||Cyrus II of Edessa||Cyrus convinced Emperor Zeno to close the School of the Persians in Edessa.|
|498||10 April 510||Peter of Edessa||Entered Edessa 12 September|
|510||27 July 522||Paul||Deposed by Patricius for his Monophysitism|
|23 October 522||27 June 526||Asclepius of Edessa||Died in Antioch
Paul had appointed him Bishop of Haran.
|8 March 526||30 October 526||Paul, restored||Accepted the Council of Chalcedon; was restored after Asclepius' death.|
|7 February 527||December 532||Andreas of Edessa|
|28 August 533||unknown||Addi of Edessa||Date of death fell after completion of the Chronicle of Edessa;
it is possible one bishop may have served between Addi and Jacob Bardaeus
|541||30 July 578||Jacob Baradaeus||Also abbot of Pesitta.
Dates taken from his Wikipedia article.
|578||602/603||Severus of Edessa||Stoned to death by Narses|
|The episcopal structure appears to have been disrupted due to war:
602/603 -- Edessa captured by the Persians; recovered by the Romans 604/605
May 611 -- Edessa recaptured by the Persians
627 -- Persians evacuate Edessa as part of treaty
638 -- Edessa surrenders to the Muslim general Yazid
|before 644||649/650||Simon of Edessa||Died in Amida|
|650/651||664/665||Cyriacus of Edessa|
|709/710||728/729||Habib of Edessa|
|728/729||after 745||Constantine of Edessa||Date of death missing from Chronicle of Zuqnin|
|before 755||754/755||Timothy of Edessa|
|754/755||760/761||Zacharias the Stylite|
|760/761||after 775||Elijah of Qartnim||The Chronicle of Zuqnin states he was not ordained.
Although the Chronicle of Zuqnin continues to 775, no further episcopal details are provided.