List of black Nobel Laureates
The Nobel Prize is an annual, international prize first awarded in 1901 for achievements in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. An associated prize in Economics has been awarded since 1969. Nobel Prizes have been awarded to over 800 individuals, of whom 15 have been Black.
Blacks have been the recipients in three of six award categories: Peace, Literature and Economics. The first Black recipient, Ralph Bunche, was awarded the Peace Prize in 1950. The most recent, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Leymah Gbowee, were awarded their Peace prizes in 2011.
|1950||Bunche, RalphRalph Bunche||United States||Peace||First black person to win a Nobel Prize|
|1960||Luthuli, Albert JohnAlbert John Luthuli||South Africa||Peace||First black African to win a Nobel Prize|
|1964||King, Jr, Martin LutherMartin Luther King, Jr||United States||Peace||The youngest African American to win a Nobel Prize|
|1978||Sadat, Anwar ElAnwar El Sadat (shared with Menachem Begin)||Egypt||Peace||Sadat's "blackness" was a matter of some controversy; he was the son of a Sudanese mother and a lighter-skinned Egyptian father. The Egyptian government protested when the African American Louis Gossett, Jr. played him in the TV miniseries Sadat. Sadat himself once commented, "I am most certainly not white but I am not completely black either. My blackness is tending to reddish."|
|1979||Lewis, Sir William ArthurSir William Arthur Lewis (shared with Theodore Schultz)||Saint Lucia||Economics||First and (so far) only black person to win a Nobel Prize other than Peace or Literature; first West Indian to win a Nobel Prize|
|1984||Tutu, DesmondDesmond Tutu||South Africa||Peace|
|1986||Soyinka, WoleWole Soyinka||Nigeria||Literature||First black person to win the Nobel Prize for Literature|
|1992||Walcott, DerekDerek Walcott||Saint Lucia||Literature|
|1993||Morrison, ToniToni Morrison||United States||Literature||First black woman to win a Nobel Prize|
|1993||Mandela, NelsonNelson Mandela (shared with Frederik Willem de Klerk)||South Africa||Peace|
|2001||Annan, KofiKofi Annan||Ghana||Peace|
|2004||Maathai, WangariWangari Maathai||Kenya||Peace||First African woman to win a Nobel Prize|
|2009||Obama, BarackBarack Obama||United States||Peace|
|2011||Johnson Sirleaf, EllenEllen Johnson Sirleaf
(shared with Leymah Gbowee and Tawakel Karman)
|2011||Gbowee, LeymahLeymah Gbowee
(shared with Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Tawakel Karman)
- "Nobel Prize" (2007), in Encyclopædia Britannica, accessed 14 November 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online:
An additional award, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, was established in 1968 by the Bank of Sweden and was first awarded in 1969
- "All Nobel Laureates". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2010-03-01.
- Ralph Bunche, PBS.
- Anwar Sadat: Visionary Who Dared By Joseph Finklestone pages 5–7,31 ISBN 0-7146-3487-5
- "Unsung Heroes". Time. 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- "Wole Soyinka Biography". Nobelprize.org.
- Grimes, William (1983-10-08). "Toni Morrison Is '93 Winner of Nobel Prize in Literature". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
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