List of bombings during the Northern Ireland Troubles and peace process

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A British Army ATO approaches a "suspect device" in Belfast, Northern Ireland

This is a list of notable bombings related to the Northern Ireland "Troubles" and their aftermath. It includes bombings that took place in Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and Great Britain since 1969. There were at least 10,000 bomb attacks during the conflict (1969–1998).[1]

1969[edit]

1971[edit]

1972[edit]

1973[edit]

  • 11 May A RUC officer, John Kirkpatrick, was seriously injured by a car bomb which detonated as he attempted to start his TVR 1600M outside of 79 Eglantine Avenue in Belfast.[6][7][8]
  • 17 May Five British soldiers were killed by a Provisional IRA (PIRA) bomb in Omagh, County Tyrone.
  • 12 June Six Protestant civilians were killed by a Provisional IRA (PIRA) bomb in Coleraine, County Antrim. The warning given prior to the explosion had been inadequate.

1974[edit]

1975[edit]

  • 17 July Four British soldiers were killed by a Provisional IRA bomb near Forkhill, County Armagh. The attack was the first major breach of the February truce.
  • 5 September Two killed and 63 injured when a bomb was detonated in the lobby of London's Hilton Hotel.[15]

1976[edit]

1978[edit]

1979[edit]

1980[edit]

  • 17 January Dunmurry train explosion - a Provisional IRA bomb prematurely detonated on a passenger train near Belfast, killing three and injuring five civilians.

1982[edit]

1983[edit]

1984[edit]

1985[edit]

1987[edit]

  • 8 November Remembrance Day bombing - 11 civilians were killed and sixty-three injured by a Provisional IRA bomb during a Remembrance Day service in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh. One of those killed was Marie Wilson. In an emotional BBC interview, her father Gordon Wilson (who was injured in the attack) expressed forgiveness towards his daughter's killer, and asked Loyalists not to seek revenge. He became a leading peace campaigner and was later elected to the Irish Senate. He died in 1995.[23]

1988[edit]

1989[edit]

1990[edit]

  • 9 April Four UDR soldiers were killed when the Provisional IRA detonated a culvert bomb under their patrol vehicle in Downpatrick, County Down. The bomb contained over 1,000 lb (450 kg) of explosive and was so powerful that the vehicle was blown into a nearby field.[25][26]
  • 20 July The Provisional IRA bombed the London Stock Exchange.[27]
  • 6 September The Provisional IRA planted two bombs aboard the Royal Fleet Auxiliary replenishment ship RFA Fort Victoria. One of them exploded, disabling the ship which had been constructed in Belfast and launched some weeks before. The second bomb failed to go off and was found and defused 15 days later.
  • 24 October Proxy bomb attacks - the Provisional IRA launched three "proxy bombs" or "human bombs" at British Army checkpoints. Three men (who were working with the British Army) were tied into cars loaded with explosives and ordered to drive to each checkpoint. Each bomb was detonated by remote control. The first exploded at a checkpoint in Coshquin, killing the driver and five soldiers. The second exploded at a checkpoint in Killean; the driver narrowly escaped but one soldier was killed. The third failed to detonate.[28]

1991[edit]

  • 3 February The Provisional IRA launched a 'proxy bomb' attack on a Ulster Defence Regiment base in Magherafelt, County Londonderry. The bomb caused major damage to the base and nearby houses, but the driver escaped before it exploded.
  • 18 February A Provisional IRA bomb exploded in a litter bin at Victoria Station, London, killing David Corner, and injuring 38. Since that time, there have been no litter bins anywhere on the station platform.[29]
  • 31 May Glenanne barracks bombing - the Provisional IRA launched a large truck bomb attack on a UDR barracks in County Armagh. Three soldiers were killed, whilst ten soldiers and four civilians were wounded.
  • 2 November Two British soldiers were killed when the IRA detonated a bomb at Musgrave Park British Army hospital in Belfast. A two storey building was destroyed by the blast.[30]
  • 15 November A provisional IRA bomb exploded in St Albans City Centre. Two fatalities, both members of the provisional IRA (Patricia Black and Frankie Ryan), were the only casualties.[31]

1992[edit]

  • 17 January Teebane bombing - A 600 pounds (270 kg) -1,500 pounds (680 kg) per another source[32]- roadside bomb detonated by the Provisional IRA destroyed a van and killed eight construction workers (one of them a soldier) on their way back from Lisanelly British Army barracks in Omagh, County Tyrone, where they were making repairs. Another eight were wounded.[33]
  • 10 April Baltic Exchange bombing - a van loaded with one-ton of home-made explosives went off outside the building of the Baltic Exchange company, at 30 St Mary Axe, London, killing three people and injuring other 91.[34] The Provisional IRA bomb caused £800 million worth of damage, £200 million more than the total damage caused by the 10,000 explosions that had occurred during the Troubles in Northern Ireland up to that point.[35]
  • 1 May Attack on Cloghogue checkpoint - the Provisional IRA, using a van modified to run on railway tracks, launched an unconventional bomb attack on a British Army checkpoint in South Armagh. The checkpoint was obliterated when the 1,000 kg bomb exploded, killing one soldier and injuring 23.
  • 12 May Coalisland riots - After a small Provisional IRA bomb attack in the village of Cappagh, in which a paratrooper lost both legs, British soldiers raided two public houses and caused considerable damage in the nearby town of Coalisland. This led five days later to a fist-fight between soldiers and local inhabitants. Shortly thereafter, another group of British paratroopers arrived and fired on a crowd of civilians, injuring seven. Two soldiers were hospitalized.
  • 23 September The Provisional IRA exploded a 3,700 lb bomb[36] at the Northern Ireland forensic science laboratory in south Belfast. The laboratory was obliterated, 700 houses were damaged, and 20 people were injured.[37] 490 owner and occupiers claim for damages.[38]

1993[edit]

  • 4 February Two IRA bombs exploded in the London area, one at a London Underground station and another on a Network Southeast train in Kent.[39]
  • 20 March Warrington bomb attacks - after a telephoned warning, the Provisional IRA exploded two bombs in Cheshire, England. Two children were killed and 56 people were wounded. There were widespread protests in Britain and the Republic of Ireland following the deaths.[40]
  • 24 April Bishopsgate bombing - after a telephoned warning, the Provisional IRA exploded a large bomb at Bishopsgate, London. It killed one civilian, wounded 30 others, and caused an estimated £350 million in damage.[41]
  • 6 July A large IRA bomb caused widespread damage to the centre of Newtownards, Co Down. The centre of the market town was devastated by a bomb which the IRA said contained 1,500 lbs of explosive. Seven people were injured, one seriously.[42]
  • 23 October Shankill Road bombing - eight civilians, one UDA member and one Provisional IRA member were killed when an IRA bomb prematurely exploded at a fish shop on Shankill Road, Belfast.

1996[edit]

  • 9 February London Docklands bombing - the Provisional IRA bombed the Docklands in London. The bomb killed two civilians, and brought to an end the ceasefire after 17 months and nine days.[43]
  • 15 June Manchester bombing - the Provisional IRA exploded a bomb in Manchester, England. It destroyed a large part of the city centre and injured over 200 people. To date, it is the largest bomb to be planted on the British mainland since the second world war. The devastation was so great, that several buildings were damaged beyond repair, and had to be demolished.[44]
  • 7 October The Provisional IRA exploded two car bombs at the British Army HQ in Thiepval Barracks, Lisburn. One soldier was killed and 31 injured.

1997[edit]

  • 16 September Markethill bombing - the dissident Continuity IRA (CIRA) planted a 400-lb van bomb in the village of Markethill, County Armagh, just outside the local RUC station, causing widespread damage but a few injures.[45] The bombing happened a day after Sinn Féin joined the political negotiations which led to the Good Friday Agreement.[46]

1998[edit]

  • 15 August Omagh bombing - a dissident republican group calling itself the Real IRA exploded a bomb in Omagh, County Tyrone. It killed 29 civilians, making it the worst single bombing of the Troubles, in terms of civilian life lost.

1999[edit]

2001[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ http://mcgurksbarmassacre.rushlightmagazine.com/
  3. ^ "1972: IRA bomb kills six at Aldershot barracks". BBC News. 22 February 1972. 
  4. ^ "Bloody Friday: What happened". BBC News. 16 July 2002. 
  5. ^ "Claudy bombing: Should there be an inquiry?". BBC News. 23 December 2002. 
  6. ^ Worthington, Dave (1988), "Tales of the Unexpected", Sprint (The TVR Car Club Magazine) (June 1988): 22 
  7. ^ Kirkpatrick, John (1988), Sprint (The TVR Car Club Magazine) (August 1988): 26 
  8. ^ The Troubles (May–June 1973) (21): 17 
  9. ^ "1974: Soldiers and children killed in coach bombing". BBC News. 4 February 1974. 
  10. ^ "1974: Bombs devastate Dublin and Monaghan". BBC News. 17 May 1974. 
  11. ^ http://www.londondrum.com/history/IRA-bombings.php
  12. ^ "1974: Four dead in Guildford bomb blasts". BBC News. 5 October 1974. 
  13. ^ "1974: Birmingham pub blasts remembered". BBC News. 21 November 1974. 
  14. ^ "1974: Heath's home is bombed". BBC News. 22 December 1974. 
  15. ^ bbc.co.uk,
  16. ^ "Memorial for ambassador". BBC News. 22 July 2001. 
  17. ^ "1979: Car bomb kills Airey Neave". BBC News. 30 March 1979. 
  18. ^ "1979: Soldiers die in Warrenpoint massacre". BBC News. 27 August 1979. 
  19. ^ "1979: IRA bomb kills Lord Mountbatten". BBC News. 27 August 1979. 
  20. ^ "1982: IRA bombs cause carnage in London". BBC News. 20 July 1982. 
  21. ^ "1984: Tory Cabinet in Brighton bomb blast". BBC News. 12 October 1984. 
  22. ^ [2]
  23. ^ "1987: Bomb kills 11 at Enniskillen". BBC News. 8 November 1987. 
  24. ^ "1989: Ten dead in Kent barracks bomb". BBC News. 22 September 1989. 
  25. ^ "A Chronology of the Conflict -1990". CAIN. 
  26. ^ McKittrick, David (2001). Lost Lives. Mainstream, pp. 1195–1196. ISBN 1-84018-504-X
  27. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1P2-1138417.html
  28. ^ http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p_mla_apa_research_citation/2/5/2/4/0/p252406_index.html
  29. ^ Schmidt, William E. (20 February 1991). "I.R.A. Bombs And Motives". The New York Times. 
  30. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1254–1255
  31. ^
  32. ^ Elliot, Sydney and Flackes, Williams (1999). Northern Ireland: a political directory, 1968-1999. Blackstaff Press, p.465. ISBN 0-85640-628-7
  33. ^ Peter Brooke statement in the House of Commons 20 January 1992
  34. ^ Oppenheimer, A. R. (2009). IRA: The Bombs and The Bullets. A History of Deadly Ingenuity. Irish Academic Press, p. 124. ISBN 978-0-7165-2895-1
  35. ^ De Baróid, Ciarán (2000). Ballymurphy And The Irish War. Pluto Press. p. 325. ISBN 0-7453-1509-7. 
  36. ^ Oppenheimer, A. R. (2009). IRA: The Bombs and The Bullets. A History of Deadly Ingenuity. Irish Academic Press, p. 132. ISBN 978-0-7165-2895-1
  37. ^ "IRA blast damages over 1,000 homes". The Independent (London). 24 September 1992. 
  38. ^ Oppenheimer, p. 133
  39. ^ Bennett, Will (4 February 1993). "IRA bombs train and Tube station: Two explosions bring disruption to the transport network in London as terrorists introduce new tactic". The Independent (London). 
  40. ^ "Warrington remembers IRA bombing victims". BBC News. 14 March 1998. 
  41. ^ "1993: IRA bomb devastates City of London". BBC News. 24 April 1993. 
  42. ^ "Town blasted by 1,500lb IRA bomb". The Independent (London). 6 July 1993. 
  43. ^ "1996: Docklands bomb ends IRA ceasefire". BBC News. 10 February 1996. 
  44. ^ "1996: Huge explosion rocks central Manchester". BBC News. 15 June 1996. 
  45. ^ Atkins, Stephen E. (2004). Encyclopedia of Modern Worldwide Extremists and Extremist Groups. Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 69. ISBN 0313324859
  46. ^ {{cite web | title = A Chronology of the Conflict - 1997 | author = | url = http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/chron/ch97.htm | publisher = ''CAIN'' | date = | accessdate = 2013-07-15}}
  47. ^ "Inquiry into Nelson murder opens". BBC News. 19 April 2005. 
  48. ^ "BBC bomb prompts terror warning". BBC News. 5 March 2001. 
  49. ^ "Ealing bombers 'will be caught'". BBC News. 5 August 2001.