List of bordering countries with greatest relative differences in GDP (PPP) per capita

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This is a list of bordering countries with the greatest relative differences in GDP (PPP) per person; specifically those pairs of neighbouring countries where the richer country is at least twice as wealthy on a per capita basis than the poorer. These statistics however do not consider differences in other economic indicators that measure welfare, such as their human development index, or inequality within countries.

Characteristics[edit]

The greatest cases of inequity typically would involve an impoverished and politically unstable country neighbouring a resource-rich and relatively stable one, although neither may be recognised as a high-income economy. As an extreme example, the GDP per capita for Botswana, a country which has enjoyed the highest rate of per capita growth out of any country in the world over a 35 year period,[1] is over 30 times greater to that of its neighbour Zimbabwe, whose economy has shrunk every year since 2000.[2]

Countries recognised by the World Bank as high income economies (HIC)[3] and which have a non-HIC neighbor that is over three times poorer include: South Korea (17.8 times wealthier than North Korea), Oman (11.7 times wealthier than Yemen), Israel (10.8 times wealthier than Palestine, 6.2 times wealthier than Syria, 5.2 times wealthier than Jordan and 4.8 times wealthier than Egypt), Kuwait (10.8 times wealthier than Iraq), Saudi Arabia (10.7 times wealthier than Yemen, 6.3 times wealthier than Iraq and 4.1 times wealthier than Jordan), Equatorial Guinea (8.5 times wealthier than Cameroon), Spain (6.1 times wealthier than Morocco), Hong Kong (5.9 times wealthier than China), Macau (3.9 times wealthier than China), France (3.7 times wealthier than Suriname), Greece (3.4 times wealthier than Albania), Brunei (3.2 times wealthier than Malaysia), United States (3.3 times wealthier than Mexico), Norway (3.2 times wealthier than Russia) and Slovakia (3.2 times wealthier than Ukraine).

The Burkina Faso-Benin, Guinea-Mali, Germany-Belgium, Argentina-Chile, Georgia-Armenia, Colombia-Peru, Germany-Denmark, Serbia-Macedonia, Switzerland-Austria, Andorra-France and Latvia-Belarus borders separate pairs of countries with the smallest differences in per capita wealth (the richer country is less than 5% richer than its neighbor).

Due to lack of economic data, the Vatican City (which is surrounded by Italy), Saint Martin (which shares the island of Saint Martin with Sint Maarten) and the British Overseas Territories of Akrotiri and Dhekelia located in the island of Cyprus, are not included in this list.

List of bordering countries with greatest relative differences in GDP (PPP) per capita[edit]

Rank Richer country GDP (PPP)
per capita
(Intl. $)[4]
Year Poorer country GDP (PPP)
per capita
(Intl. $)[4]
Year Ratio[5] Continent/
Region
1  Botswana 16,200 2011 est.  Zimbabwe 500 2011 est. 32.400 Africa
2  South Africa 11,100 2011 est.  Zimbabwe 500 2011 est. 22.200 Africa
3  Korea, South 32,100 2011 est.  Korea, North 1,800 2011 est. 17.833 Asia
4  Libya 14,100 2010 est.  Niger 800 2011 est. 17.625 Africa
5  Angola 6,000 2011 est.  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 400 2011 est. 15.000 Africa
6  Iran 13,200 2011 est.  Afghanistan 1,000 2011 est. 13.200 Asia
7  Oman 26,900 2011 est.  Yemen 2,300 2011 est. 11.696 Asia
8  Congo, Republic of the 4,600 2011 est.  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 400 2011 est. 11.500 Africa
9  Israel 31,400 2011 est.  Palestine 2,900 2008 est. 10.828 Asia
10  Kuwait 42,200 2011 est.  Iraq 3,900 2011 est. 10.821 Asia
11  Saudi Arabia 24,500 2011 est.  Yemen 2,300 2011 est. 10.652 Asia
12  South Africa 11,100 2011 est.  Mozambique 1,100 2011 est. 10.091 Africa
13  Russia 17,000 2011 est.  Korea, North 1,800 2011 est. 9.444 Asia
14  Algeria 7,400 2011 est.  Niger 800 2011 est. 9.250 Africa
15  Equatorial Guinea 19,600 2011 est.  Cameroon 2,300 2011 est. 8.522 Africa
16  China 8,500 2011 est.  Afghanistan 1,000 2011 est. 8.500 Asia
17  Turkmenistan 7,900 2011 est.  Afghanistan 1,000 2011 est. 7.900 Asia
18  Libya 14,100 2010 est.  Chad 1,900 2011 est. 7.421 Africa
19  Thailand 9,500 2011 est.  Burma 1,300 2011 est. 7.308 Asia
20  Dominican Republic 9,400 2011 est.  Haiti 1,300 2011 est. 7.231 Caribbean
21  Gabon 16,400 2011 est.  Cameroon 2,300 2011 est. 7.130 Africa
22  Algeria 7,400 2011 est.  Mali 1,100 2011 est. 6.727 Africa
23  China 8,500 2011 est.    Nepal 1,300 2011 est. 6.538 Asia
24  China 8,500 2011 est.  Burma 1,300 2011 est. 6.538 Asia
25  Saudi Arabia 24,500 2011 est.  Iraq 3,900 2011 est. 6.282 Asia
26  Israel 31,400 2011 est.  Syria 5,100 2011 est. 6.157 Asia
27  Spain 31,000 2011 est.  Morocco 5,100 2011 est. 6.078 Africa
28  Hong Kong 49,800 2011 est.  China 8,500 2011 est. 5.859 Asia
29  South Sudan[6] 2,300 2010  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 400 2011 est. 5.750 Africa
30  Congo, Republic of the 4,600 2011 est.  Central African Republic 800 2011 est. 5.750 Africa
31  South Africa 11,100 2011 est.  Lesotho 2,000 2011 est. 5.550 Africa
32  Kazakhstan 13,200 2011 est.  Kyrgyzstan 2,400 2011 est. 5.500 Asia
33  Israel 31,400 2011 est.  Jordan 6,000 2011 est. 5.233 Asia
34  Libya 14,100 2010 est.  Sudan 2,800 2011 est. 5.036 Africa
35  Swaziland 5,400 2011 est.  Mozambique 1,100 2011 est. 4.909 Africa
36  Israel 31,400 2011 est.  Egypt 6,600 2011 est. 4.758 Asia
37  China 8,500 2011 est.  Korea, North 1,800 2011 est. 4.722 Asia
38  Iran 13,200 2011 est.  Pakistan 2,800 2011 est. 4.714 Asia
39  Namibia 7,500 2011 est.  Zambia 1,600 2011 est. 4.688 Africa
40  Djibouti 2,700 2011 est.  Somalia 600 2010 est. 4.500 Africa
41  Thailand 9,500 2011 est.  Cambodia 2,200 2011 est. 4.318 Asia
42  Qatar 104,300 2011 est.  Saudi Arabia 24,500 2011 est. 4.257 Asia
43  Saudi Arabia 24,500 2011 est.  Jordan 6,000 2011 est. 4.083 Asia
44  China 8,500 2011 est.  Tajikistan 2,100 2011 est. 4.048 Asia
45  Kazakhstan 13,200 2011 est.  Uzbekistan 3,300 2011 est. 4.000 Asia
46  Sudan 2,800 2011 est.  Eritrea 700 2011 est. 4.000 Africa
47  Zambia 1,600 2011 est.  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 400 2011 est. 4.000 Africa
48  Macau 33,000 2009  China 8,500 2011 est. 3.882 Asia
49  Djibouti 2,700 2011 est.  Eritrea 700 2011 est. 3.857 Africa
50  Costa Rica 12,100 2011 est.  Nicaragua 3,200 2011 est. 3.781 Central America
51  Turkey 14,700 2011 est.  Iraq 3,900 2011 est. 3.769 Asia
52  Angola 6,000 2011 est.  Zambia 1,600 2011 est. 3.750 Africa
53  Tanzania 1,500 2011 est.  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 400 2011 est. 3.750 Africa
54  France 35,600 2011 est.  Suriname 9,600 2011 est. 3.708 South America
55  Romania 12,600 2011 est.  Moldova 3,400 2011 est. 3.706 Europe
56  Argentina 17,700 2011 est.  Bolivia 4,900 2011 est. 3.612 South America
57  Gabon 16,400 2011 est.  Congo, Republic of the 4,600 2011 est. 3.565 Africa
58  Chile 17,400 2011 est.  Bolivia 4,900 2011 est. 3.551 South America
59  Russia 17,000 2011 est.  Mongolia 4,800 2011 est. 3.542 Asia
60  China 8,500 2011 est.  Kyrgyzstan 2,400 2011 est. 3.542 Asia
61  Thailand 9,500 2011 est.  Laos 2,700 2011 est. 3.519 Asia
62  Rwanda 1,400 2011 est.  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 400 2011 est. 3.500 Africa
63  Sudan 2,800 2011 est.  Central African Republic 800 2011 est. 3.500 Africa
64  Ghana 3,100 2011 est.  Togo 900 2011 est. 3.444 Africa
65  Greece 26,600 2011 est.  Albania 7,800 2011 est. 3.410 Europe
66  Iran 13,200 2011 est.  Iraq 3,900 2011 est. 3.385 Asia
67  Algeria 7,400 2011 est.  Mauritania 2,200 2011 est. 3.364 Africa
68  Malaysia 15,800 2011 est.  Indonesia 4,700 2011 est. 3.362 Asia
69  Liechtenstein 141,100 2008 est.  Austria 42,400 2011 est. 3.328 Europe
70  United States 49,000 2011 est.  Mexico 14,800 2011 est. 3.311 North America
71  Uzbekistan 3,300 2011 est.  Afghanistan 1,000 2011 est. 3.300 Asia
72  Nigeria 2,600 2011 est.  Niger 800 2011 est. 3.250 Africa
73  Uganda 1,300 2011 est.  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 400 2011 est. 3.250 Africa
74  Slovakia 23,600 2011 est.  Ukraine 7,300 2011 est. 3.233 Europe
75  Argentina 17,700 2011 est.  Paraguay 5,500 2011 est. 3.218 South America
76  Liechtenstein 141,100 2008 est.   Switzerland 43,900 2011 est. 3.214 Europe
77  Zambia 1,600 2011 est.  Zimbabwe 500 2011 est. 3.200 Africa
78  Cote d'Ivoire 1,600 2011 est.  Liberia 500 2011 est. 3.200 Africa
79  Norway 54,200 2011 est.  Russia 17,000 2011 est. 3.188 Europe
80  Brunei 50,000 2011 est.  Malaysia 15,800 2011 est. 3.165 Asia
81  China 8,500 2011 est.  Laos 2,700 2011 est. 3.148 Asia
82  Lebanon 15,700 2011 est.  Syria 5,100 2011 est. 3.078 Asia
83  China 8,500 2011 est.  Pakistan 2,800 2011 est. 3.036 Asia
84  Russia 17,000 2011 est.  Georgia 5,600 2011 est. 3.036 Europe
85  Kenya 1,800 2011 est.  Somalia 600 2010 est. 3.000 Africa
86  France 35,600 2011 est.  Brazil 11,900 2011 est. 2.992 South America
87  Algeria 7,400 2011 est.  Western Sahara 2,500 2007 est. 2.960 Africa
88  Mexico 14,800 2011 est.  Guatemala 5,100 2011 est. 2.902 Central/North America
89  Turkey 14,700 2011 est.  Syria 5,100 2011 est. 2.882 Asia
90  Cameroon 2,300 2011 est.  Central African Republic 800 2011 est. 2.875 Africa
91  South Sudan[6] 2,300 2010  Central African Republic 800 2011 est. 2.875 Africa
92  India 3,700 2011 est.    Nepal 1,300 2011 est. 2.846 Asia
93  India 3,700 2011 est.  Burma 1,300 2011 est. 2.846 Asia
94  Poland 20,600 2011 est.  Ukraine 7,300 2011 est. 2.822 Europe
95  Pakistan 2,800 2011 est.  Afghanistan 1,000 2011 est. 2.800 Asia
96  Hungary 19,800 2011 est.  Ukraine 7,300 2011 est. 2.712 Europe
97  Turkey 14,700 2011 est.  Armenia 5,500 2011 est. 2.673 Asia
98  Turkey 14,700 2011 est.  Georgia 5,600 2011 est. 2.625 Asia
99  Sudan 2,800 2011 est.  Ethiopia 1,100 2011 est. 2.545 Africa
100  Greece 26,600 2011 est.  Macedonia 10,500 2011 est. 2.533 Europe
101  China 8,500 2011 est.  Vietnam 3,400 2011 est. 2.500 Asia
102  Tanzania 1,500 2011 est.  Burundi 600 2011 est. 2.500 Africa
103  Djibouti 2,700 2011 est.  Ethiopia 1,100 2011 est. 2.455 Africa
104  Brazil 11,900 2011 est.  Bolivia 4,900 2011 est. 2.429 South America
105  Iran 13,200 2011 est.  Armenia 5,500 2011 est. 2.400 Asia
106  Turkmenistan 7,900 2011 est.  Uzbekistan 3,300 2011 est. 2.394 Asia
107  Chad 1,900 2011 est.  Niger 800 2011 est. 2.375 Africa
108  Chad 1,900 2011 est.  Central African Republic 800 2011 est. 2.375 Africa
109  Egypt 6,600 2011 est.  Sudan 2,800 2011 est. 2.357 Africa
110  Rwanda 1,400 2011 est.  Burundi 600 2011 est. 2.333 Africa
111  Russia 17,000 2011 est.  Ukraine 7,300 2011 est. 2.329 Europe
112  China 8,500 2011 est.  India 3,700 2011 est. 2.297 Asia
113  Luxembourg 81,100 2011 est.  France 35,600 2011 est. 2.278 Europe
114  Egypt 6,600 2011 est.  Palestine 2,900 2008 est. 2.276 Asia
115  Croatia 18,400 2011 est.  Bosnia and Herzegovina 8,200 2011 est. 2.244 Europe
116  Mozambique 1,100 2011 est.  Zimbabwe 500 2011 est. 2.200 Africa
117  Guinea 1,100 2011 est.  Liberia 500 2011 est. 2.200 Africa
118  India 3,700 2011 est.  Bangladesh 1,700 2011 est. 2.176 Asia
119  Brazil 11,900 2011 est.  Paraguay 5,500 2011 est. 2.164 South America
120  Botswana 16,200 2011 est.  Namibia 7,500 2011 est. 2.160 Africa
121  Finland 36,700 2011 est.  Russia 17,000 2011 est. 2.159 Europe
122  Ukraine 7,300 2011 est.  Moldova 3,400 2011 est. 2.147 Europe
123  Austria 42,400 2011 est.  Hungary 19,800 2011 est. 2.141 Europe
124  Libya 14,100 2010 est.  Egypt 6,600 2011 est. 2.136 Africa
125  Luxembourg 81,100 2011 est.  Belgium 38,200 2011 est. 2.123 Europe
126  Luxembourg 81,100 2011 est.  Germany 38,400 2011 est. 2.112 Europe
127  Tajikistan 2,100 2011 est.  Afghanistan 1,000 2011 est. 2.100 Asia
128  South Sudan[6] 2,300 2010  Ethiopia 1,100 2011 est. 2.091 Africa
129  Belarus 15,200 2011 est.  Ukraine 7,300 2011 est. 2.082 Europe
130  Peru 10,200 2011 est.  Bolivia 4,900 2011 est. 2.082 South America
131  Laos 2,700 2011 est.  Burma 1,300 2011 est. 2.077 Asia
132  Jordan 6,000 2011 est.  Palestine 2,900 2008 est. 2.069 Asia
133  Ghana 3,100 2011 est.  Burkina Faso 1,500 2011 est. 2.067 Africa
134  South Africa 11,100 2011 est.  Swaziland 5,400 2011 est. 2.056 Africa
135  Morocco 5,100 2011 est.  Western Sahara 2,500 2007 est. 2.040 Africa
136  Mauritania 2,200 2011 est.  Mali 1,100 2011 est. 2.000 Africa
137  Israel 31,400 2011 est.  Lebanon 15,700 2011 est. 2.000 Asia
138  Central African Republic 800 2011 est.  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 400 2011 est. 2.000 Africa
139  Russia 17,000 2011 est.  China 8,500 2011 est. 2.000 Asia
140  Congo, Republic of the 4,600 2011 est.  Cameroon 2,300 2011 est. 2.000 Africa

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ An African Success Story: Botswana
  2. ^ Bloomberg News – "Zimbabwe’s Economy to Expand at Least 4% This Year", June 12, 2009
  3. ^ World Bank – Country and Lending Groups
  4. ^ a b GDP - per capita (PPP), The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 30 July 2012.
  5. ^ Land Boundaries, The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 30 July 2012.
  6. ^ a b c GDP (PPP) per capita obtained from: "Release of first Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Gross National Income (GNI) figures for South Sudan by the NBS". South Sudan National Bureau of Statistics. 2011-08-11. Retrieved 2012-06-01.  and "World Development Indicators & Global Development Finance". World Bank. 2011-04-17. Retrieved 2012-06-01.  Note: GDP figures were converted from Sudanese pounds to International dollars using the "PPP conversion factor, GDP (LCU per international $)" for Sudan for 2010 provided by the World Bank.