List of boycotts

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This is a list of boycotts.

Past boycotts[edit]

Time frame Participants Target Cause Main article References
617 Quraysh tribe Banu Hashim tribe Hashemite protection of Muhammad Meccan boycott of the Hashemites
March 1769 Philadelphia merchants
First Continental Congress
Kingdom of Great Britain Opposition to colonial taxation without representation Continental Association
1848 Milan Austrian Empire Austrian state monopolies Five Days of Milan
1880 Irish Land League Charles Boycott Desired land reform in Ireland [citation needed]
1891 Iranian Shia United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The Shah's granting of a tobacco monopoly to Britain Tobacco Protest
1904-1906 China United States The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1902, an extension of the original Act of 1882 [1][2]
1919 Republic of China Empire of Japan May Fourth Movement Chinese boycotts of Japanese products
March 1933 American Jewish Congress
International critics of Nazism
Nazi Germany Antisemitism in Nazi Germany Anti-Nazi boycott of 1933
April 1933 Nazi Germany German Jews Anti-Nazi boycotts Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses
1941–1951 Kingdom of Iraq Iraqi Jews Farhud [citation needed]
Mohandas Gandhi
Indian independence movement
British Raj Desired economic independence for India Swadeshi movement
1955–1968 African Americans Various Racial segregation in the United States U.S. civil rights movement
Montgomery Bus Boycott
1961–1983 West Berlin Berlin S-Bahn East German operation of the S-Bahn Berlin S-Bahn#Cold War
United Farm Workers Grapes and lettuce in retail grocery stores Labor disputes Delano grape strike
1960s–1990 Various academics South Africa universities Apartheid Academic boycott of South Africa
Various South African produce Apartheid [citation needed]
1973–1995 LGBT groups Coors Brewing Company Anti-gay hiring practices [3]
1990s–2000 Andrew Vachss Thailand Prostitution of children in Thailand Don't! Buy! Thai!
1998-2003 American gun owners Colt
Smith & Wesson
Colt and Smith & Wesson's cooperation with Bill Clinton's gun control efforts [4]
2001-2002 Greenpeace
Friends of the Earth
People & Planet
Esso/ExxonMobil Esso's climate change denial and lack of investment in renewable energy Stop Esso campaign
2003 US conservatives Various celebrities Celebrity opposition to the 2003 invasion of Iraq FireHollywood
2005 Association of University Teachers Bar-Ilan University
University of Haifa
Bar-Ilan's operations in the West Bank
Haifa's discipline of a lecturer
Association of University Teachers#Boycott of Israeli universities 2005
1 May 2006 Illegal immigrants in the United States US businesses and schools US immigration policy Great American Boycott
2008 German labor unions Nokia Nokia's closing of a German plant [5]
2008 Stonewall Heinz Heinz's pulling of a commercial featuring two men kissing [6]
2009 Various countries Durban Review Conference Scope of the conference Durban Review Conference#Boycotts
2010 Various BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill Reactions to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill#Public reaction
2010 Various Arizona Racial profiling law [citation needed]
5 November 2011 Various Commercial banks Debit card fees Bank Transfer Day
2014 Australian TV channel Channel 7 viewers Channel 7 TV show "My Kitchen Rules" Angry fans who planned to boycott the grand finale because a team that won "bullied other contestants" set up a Facebook page that got "over 500 likes" https://au.tv.yahoo.com/news-and-gossip/article/-/23055281/angry-fans-plan-mkr-final-boycott/ [7] and Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Boycott-MKR-Grand-Final-2014/570223346426096?fref=ts&_rdr

Sporting boycotts[edit]

Certain countries have declined to participate in international sporting events to protest the host nation's policies or actions.

Event Participants Host nation Cause Main article References
1936 Summer Olympics Athletes from 22 nations Nazi Germany German fascism People's Olympiad
1938 FIFA World Cup Various American nations France Selection of a second successive World Cup in Europe [citation needed]
1956 Summer Olympics Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, China Australia The Suez Crisis; The presence of the Soviet Union after the Hungarian Revolution; the presence of Taiwan [citation needed]
1976 Summer Olympics Various African nations Canada Participation of New Zealand, which had sporting contact with apartheid South Africa Sporting boycott of South Africa during the Apartheid era
1980 Summer Olympics United States
Various nations
Soviet Union Soviet war in Afghanistan 1980 Summer Olympics boycott
1984 Summer Olympics Warsaw Pact states except Romania
Cuba
United States 1980 Summer Olympics boycott 1984 Summer Olympics boycott
Friendship Games
1986 Commonwealth Games 32 nations Scotland The Thatcher Government's attitude towards sporting links with South Africa Sporting boycott of South Africa during the Apartheid era
1988 Summer Olympics North Korea
Albania, Cuba, Madagascar, Seychelles
South Korea State of war between North and South Korea, Korean War [citation needed]

Ongoing boycotts[edit]

Initiation Participants Target Cause Main article References
1949 Arab League Israel Arab League boycott of Israel
1977 Various Nestlé Nestlé's promotion of infant formula over breast milk in developing countries Nestlé boycott
1989 Liverpudlians The Sun The Sun's coverage of the Hillsborough disaster [8][9][not in citation given][10][not in citation given] [11][12]
Life Decisions International Pro-life activists Businesses supportive of Planned Parenthood [13]
2005 Various Muslims worldwide Denmark Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy Economic and social consequences of the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy
2008 Opponents of California Proposition 8 Supporters of California Proposition 8 Protests against Proposition 8 supporters
2008 Opponents of California Proposition 8 Utah LDS Church support for Proposition 8 Protests against Proposition 8 supporters [14]
2009 LGBT groups The Salvation Army The Salvation Army's opposition to homosexuality [15]
2010 Canvass for a Cause
Other LGBT groups
Target Corporation Target's donations to Tom Emmer [16][17][18][19]
2010 LGBT groups Best Buy Best Buy's donations to Tom Emmer [19]
2011 LGBT groups Chick-fil-A Chick-fil-A's CFO's support of politicians who oppose same-sex marriage Chick-fil-A same-sex marriage controversy [20]
2011 LGBT groups Schuyler County, Illinois County sheriff Don Schieferdecker's Facebook post with anti-gay and anti-Semitic content [21]
2013 International Labor Rights Forum Theo Chocolate Not living up to "fair trade" label because of proven union busting [22][23]
2013 Palestinians living in the United States Syria, Iran Syria and Iran's dismal treatment of Palestinians [24]
2013-2014 LGBT groups Russia, Stolichnaya vodka, 2014 Winter Olympics Russia's anti-LBGT policies [25]
2014- Citizens of Washington, D.C. Tourism to Maryland's 1st congressional district, Eastern Shore of Maryland Interference in District of Columbia home rule Boycott of Maryland's 1st District

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tsai, Jung-Fang (1993). "Chapter 7". Hong Kong in Chinese History: Community and Social Unrest in the British Colony, 1842–1913. New York: Columbia University Press. 
  2. ^ Bradley, James (2009). The Imperial Cruise: a secret history of empire and war. Little, Brown and Company. pp. 276–297. ISBN 978-0-316-00895-2. 
  3. ^ "Coors Brewing Company Boycott". glbtq.com. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  4. ^ Brown, Peter H.; Abel, Daniel G. (2003). Outgunned: Up Against the NRA—The First Complete Insider Account of the Battle Over Gun Control. Simon & Schuster. pp. 63–65. ISBN 978-0-7432-1561-9. 
  5. ^ Westall, Sylvia (17 January 2008). "German unions urge Nokia boycott over plant closure". Reuters. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  6. ^ Clout, Laura (24 June 2008). "Gay rights group boycotts Heinz after 'men kissing' row". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 31 March 2011. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ http://www.contrast.org/hillsborough/boycott-the-sun.shtm
  9. ^ Lister, Sam. "Ex-Sun editor: I was right on Hillsborough". Liverpool Daily Post. Retrieved 1 December 2006. 
  10. ^ Shennan, Paddy. "Alexi Sayle's Liverpool". Liverpool.com. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  11. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-lancashire-27761336
  12. ^ ww.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-merseyside-17113382
  13. ^ "Corporate Funding (BOYCOTT)". Life Decisions International. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  14. ^ Vergakis, Brock (9 November 2008). "Utah faces boycott after push by Mormons vs. gay marriage". Boston.com. Retrieved 1 April 2011. 
  15. ^ "Group urges Salvation Army boycott". WLUK-TV. 16 December 2009. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  16. ^ Vega, Jocelyn (9 March 2011). "Lady Gaga Dissolves Relationship with Target". MTV. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  17. ^ Cantor, Matt (25 March 2011). "Target Sues Gay Rights Group". Newser. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  18. ^ Lambert, Brian (25 March 2011). "What? Gov. Tim Pawlenty Supported Sharia Law?". MinnPost. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  19. ^ a b Christoper, Tommy (29 July 2010). "Best Buy Gay Rights Boycott Tests Citizens United Decision". Mediate. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  20. ^ Arnold, Lori (February 2011). "Chick-fil-A target of gay rights' boycott". Christian Examiner. Retrieved 30 March 2011. 
  21. ^ "Outrage as sheriff posts anti-Semitic homophobic slur on Facebook". Daily Mail. 29 March 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2011. 
  22. ^ "Are Theo's "Fair Trade" Chocolates Unfair to Seattle Workers?". 
  23. ^ "Aiding and Abetting: How Unaccountable Fair Trade Certifiers Are Destroying Workers’ Rights". Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  24. ^ Palestinians for Boycotting Syrian, Iranian Goods
  25. ^ Russian Vodka Boycott in Gay Bars Faces Predictable Backlash

External links[edit]