List of breweries in Australia
Beer production in Australia is traditionally dominated by a few major brewing companies, the Foster's Group, Lion Nathan and Coopers Brewery. Foster's Group, since December 2011, is a subsidiary of British multinational SABMiller (the second largest international brewing company). Lion Nathan, since October 2009, is a subsidiary of Japanese brewer, Kirin Holdings Company Limited (the ninth largest international brewing company in the world). These two companies account for 89% of beer volume sales in 2011, with Foster's market share at 48% (declining from a 55% market share in 2006) and Lion Nathan at 41% (increasing from 37%). Coopers is the largest Australian owned brewing company, with a market share of about 4% of total beer volume sales in Australia.
In May 2012 the dominant Australian produced beers were XXXX Gold, which accounted for 12.4% of all beer consumed in Australia, VB, with 12.3%, Carlton Draught 9.3%, Tooheys New 7.1%, Tooheys Extra Dry 4.4% and Carlton Mid 3.8%.
Beer consumption has steadily declined over twenty years, while wine consumption has increased. The Federal Government maintains a heavy tax on beer since it is produced by "faceless" corporations. Wine is produced by local "farmers" and is thus exempt from the tax. A 9 liter carton of 4.5% ABV beer is typically available for $45AUD, while a 5 liter wine cask, of 12% ABV, may be bought for less than $12AUD.
Major breweries 
A microbrewery, or craft brewery, is a modern brewery which produces a limited amount of beer, usually with an orientation toward distinctive and flavorful products. The maximum amount of beer a brewery can produce and still be classed as a microbrewery varies by region and by authority, though is usually around 15,000 barrels (18,000 hectolitres/ 475,000 US gallons) a year.
The following is a list of notable microbreweries in Australia, listed alphabetically.
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- Greenblat, Eli (30 May 2012). "VB:the sceond best cold beer". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 March 2013.