List of national capitals and largest cities by country

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This is a list of countries capitals in the world in alphabetical order by country:

Countries[edit]

In case the capital is not the largest city, the third column gives the cities that are larger.

Country Capital Cities larger than the capital
A
Afghanistan Kabul
Albania Tirana
Algeria Algiers
Andorra Andorra la Vella
Angola Luanda
Antigua and Barbuda St. John's
Argentina Buenos Aires
Armenia Yerevan
Australia Canberra Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Gold Coast, Newcastle
Austria Vienna
Azerbaijan Baku
B
Bahamas Nassau
Bahrain Manama
Bangladesh Dhaka
Barbados Bridgetown
Belarus Minsk
Belgium Brussels
Belize Belmopan Corozal Town, Dangriga, Orange Walk Town, San Ignacio Cayo, Belize City
Benin Porto-Novo (official), Cotonou (administrative) Cotonou
Bhutan Thimphu
Bolivia Sucre (official), La Paz (administrative) Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz is larger than La Paz; La Paz is larger than Sucre; metropolitan La Paz is larger than Santa Cruz)
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo
Botswana Gaborone
Brazil Brasília Sao Paulo City, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador (by city proper); Sao Paulo City, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Recife, Porto Alegre and Fortaleza (by metropolitan population);
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgaria Sofia
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou
Burma Naypyidaw (Pyinmana) Yangon, Mandalay.
Burundi Bujumbura
C
Cambodia Phnom Penh
Cameroon Yaoundé Douala
Canada Ottawa Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver (Metropolitan area), Calgary (City proper)
Cape Verde Praia
Central African Republic Bangui
Chad N'Djamena
Chile Santiago (official), Valparaíso (legislative) Santiago is the largest metropolitan area; Greater Concepción is larger than Greater Valparaíso
China Beijing Shanghai
Colombia Bogotá
Comoros Moroni
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Kinshasa
Congo, Republic of the Brazzaville
Costa Rica San José
Croatia Zagreb
Cuba Havana
Cyprus Nicosia
Czech Republic Prague
D
Denmark Copenhagen
Djibouti Djibouti
Dominica Roseau
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo
E
East Timor Dili
Ecuador Quito Guayaquil
Egypt Cairo
El Salvador San Salvador
Equatorial Guinea Malabo
Eritrea Asmara
Estonia Tallinn
Ethiopia Addis Ababa
F
Fiji Suva
Finland Helsinki
France Paris
G
Gabon Libreville
Gambia, the Banjul Serekunda
Georgia Tbilisi
Germany Berlin
Ghana Accra
Greece Athens
Grenada St. George's
Guatemala Guatemala City
Guinea Conakry
Guinea-Bissau Bissau
Guyana Georgetown
H
Haiti Port-au-Prince
Honduras Tegucigalpa
Hungary Budapest
I
Iceland Reykjavík
India New Delhi (not to be confused with Delhi) Proper city of New Delhi is smaller than 179 cities located within the boundaries of India, including in order of largest populations: Mumbai (Bombay), Delhi, Bangalore (Bengaluru), Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Chennai(Madras) and Kolkata (Calcutta). The urban agglomeration of Delhi-New Delhi has 16,314,838 (11,000,000 only in Delhi) and is smaller only than the urban agglomeration of Mumbai (18,414,288).
Indonesia Jakarta
Iran Tehran
Iraq Baghdad
Ireland, Republic of Dublin
Israel Jerusalem[1] The city proper of Jerusalem is bigger than Tel Aviv, but the metropolitan area of Tel Aviv is bigger than Jerusalem.
Italy Rome Milan (Metropolitan Area), Naples (Metropolitan Area).
Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro (official), Abidjan (administrative) Abidjan
J
Jamaica Kingston
Japan Tokyo
Jordan Amman
K
Kazakhstan Astana Almaty, Shymkent
Kenya Nairobi
Kiribati South Tarawa
Korea, North Pyongyang
Korea, South Seoul
Kuwait Kuwait City
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek
L
Laos Vientiane
Latvia Riga
Lebanon Beirut
Lesotho Maseru
Liberia Monrovia
Libya Tripoli
Liechtenstein Vaduz Schaan
Lithuania Vilnius
Luxembourg Luxembourg City
M
Macedonia, Republic of Skopje
Madagascar Antananarivo
Malawi Lilongwe
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur (legislative; de facto), Putrajaya (administrative) Kuala Lumpur
Maldives Malé
Mali Bamako
Malta Valletta Birkirkara, Mosta, St. Paul's Bay, Qormi, Żabbar, Sliema, Naxxar, San Ġwann, Żebbuġ, Fgura, Żejtun, Rabat, Marsaskala, Birżebbuġa, Attard, Żurrieq, Ħamrun, Swieqi, Mellieħa, Tarxien, Paola (Raħal Ġdid), Siġġiewi, St. Julian's, Msida, Gżira, Santa Venera, Victoria (Gozo), Luqa
Marshall Islands Majuro
Mauritania Nouakchott
Mauritius Port Louis
Mexico Mexico City
Micronesia, Federated States of Palikir Weno
Moldova Chișinău
Monaco Monaco
Mongolia Ulan Bator
Montenegro Podgorica
Morocco Rabat Casablanca
Mozambique Maputo
N
Namibia Windhoek
Nauru None (government offices in Yaren District) Denigomodu, Meneng, Aiwo
Nepal Kathmandu
Netherlands, Kingdom of the Amsterdam (official),
The Hague (administrative, legislative, and judicial)
Rotterdam (Larger than The Hague; Amsterdam is the largest city)
New Zealand Wellington Auckland, Christchurch
Nicaragua Managua
Niger Niamey
Nigeria Abuja Lagos, Ibadan, Kano, Ilorin, Port Harcourt, Ogbomosho
Norway Oslo
O
Oman Muscat
P
Pakistan Islamabad Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Multan, Hyderabad, Peshawar, Quetta
Palau Ngerulmud Koror, Meyuns, Airai
Palestine, State of Jerusalem (Claimed), Gaza City (de Facto administrative, Gaza), Ramallah (de facto administrative, West Bank)
Panama Panama City
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby
Paraguay Asunción
Peru Lima
Philippines Manila Quezon City (both Manila and Quezon City are parts of the National Capital Region)
Poland Warsaw
Portugal Lisbon
Q
Qatar Doha
R
Romania Bucharest
Russia Moscow
Rwanda Kigali
S
Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre
Saint Lucia Castries
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown
Samoa Apia
San Marino San Marino Serravalle, Borgo Maggiore
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé
Saudi Arabia Riyadh
Senegal Dakar
Serbia Belgrade
Seychelles Victoria
Sierra Leone Freetown
Singapore Singapore
Slovakia Bratislava
Slovenia Ljubljana
Solomon Islands Honiara
Somalia Mogadishu
South Africa Pretoria (official, administrative, and executive), Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial) Johannesburg is the largest city, Durban is slightly smaller than Cape Town but larger than Pretoria and Bloemfontein combined
South Sudan Juba
Spain Madrid
Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Kotte is a suburb of Colombo, the largest city.
Sudan Khartoum Omdurman
Suriname Paramaribo
Swaziland Mbabane (official), Lobamba (legislative and royal) Manzini
Sweden Stockholm
Switzerland Bern Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Lausanne (narrowly)
Syria Damascus Aleppo
T
Tajikistan Dushanbe
Tanzania Dodoma (official), Dar es Salaam (administrative) Dar es Salaam, Mwanza
Thailand Bangkok
Togo Lomé
Tonga Nukuʻalofa
Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Chaguanas, San Fernando, San Juan
Tunisia Tunis
Turkey Ankara Istanbul
Turkmenistan Ashgabat
Tuvalu Funafuti
U
Uganda Kampala
Ukraine Kiev
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Dubai, Sharjah
United Kingdom London London is the largest urban and metropolitan area. The City of Westminster, in central London, is the seat of government; 62 districts have larger populations than Westminster.[2]
United States Washington, D.C. New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia, Phoenix, San Antonio, San Diego, Dallas, San Jose, Austin, Jacksonville, Indianapolis, San Francisco, Columbus, Fort Worth, Charlotte, Detroit, El Paso, Memphis, Boston, Seattle, Denver (Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area ranks 4th)
Uruguay Montevideo
Uzbekistan Tashkent
V
Vanuatu Port Vila
Vatican City Vatican City
Venezuela Caracas
Vietnam Hanoi Ho Chi Minh City
Y
Yemen Sana'a
Z
Zambia Lusaka
Zimbabwe Harare

States with limited recognition[edit]

List of capitals of states with limited recognition:

Note: whilst these entities claim to be independent and have significant territory, they are not recognised by a majority of other states, and do not have a seat at the United Nations
Entity Capital Cities larger than the capital
Abkhazia Sukhumi
Kosovo, Republic of Pristina
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Stepanakert
Northern Cyprus Nicosia
Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic El Aaiún (Claimed), Bir Lehlou (Temporary), Tindouf Camps (de facto)
Somaliland Hargeisa
South Ossetia Tskhinvali
Republic of China (Taiwan) Taipei New Taipei, Kaohsiung, Taichung
Transnistria Tiraspol

Dependent territories[edit]

List of capitals and larger cities of dependent territories:

Territory Territory of Capital Cities larger than the capital
A
American Samoa United States Pago Pago Tafuna, Nu'uuli, Leone, Ili'ili, Aua
Anguilla United Kingdom The Valley
B
Bermuda United Kingdom Hamilton
British Virgin Islands United Kingdom Road Town
C
Cayman Islands United Kingdom George Town
Christmas Island Australia The Settlement
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Australia West Island
Cook Islands New Zealand Avarua
F
Falkland Islands United Kingdom Stanley
Faroe Islands Denmark Tórshavn
French Polynesia France Papeete
G
Gibraltar United Kingdom Gibraltar
Greenland Denmark Nuuk
Guam United States Hagåtña Tamuning, Mangilao, Yigo and 15 others
Guernsey United Kingdom St Peter Port
H
Hong Kong China Victoria (administration centre)
J
Jersey United Kingdom Saint Helier
M
Man, Isle of United Kingdom Douglas
Montserrat United Kingdom Plymouth (de jure), Brades (de facto) Brades
N
New Caledonia France Nouméa
Niue New Zealand Alofi
Norfolk Island United Kingdom Kingston Burnt Pine
Northern Mariana Islands United States Saipan
P
Pitcairn Island United Kingdom Adamstown
Puerto Rico United States San Juan
S
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha United Kingdom Jamestown Half Tree Hollow, Saint Paul's
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon France Saint-Pierre
Svalbard Norway Longyearbyen
T
Tokelau New Zealand Nukunonu
Turks and Caicos Islands United Kingdom Cockburn Town
U
U.S. Virgin Islands United States Charlotte Amalie
W
Wallis and Futuna France Matâ'Utu

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Most countries do not recognize Israeli sovereignty over East Jerusalem, and so maintain their embassies in other cities, mostly Tel Aviv.
  2. ^ By some definitions of the term "country", England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales are all countries. The capital cities of these four entities are London, Edinburgh, Belfast, and Cardiff respectively. In Scotland, the city of Glasgow is larger than the capital, Edinburgh.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]