List of capitals of subdivisions of Brazil

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This is a list of the cities that are or have been considered capitals of one of the country subdivisions of Brazil. For the national capital see: Capital of Brazil.

State capitals[edit]

Acre[edit]

created out of Amazonas

Alagoas[edit]

created out of Pernambuco

  • Alagoas (1817–1822) - seat city for the Captaincy of Alagoas
  • Alagoas (1822–1839) - capital city for the Province of Alagoas
  • Maceió (1839–present) - capital city for the Province of Alagoas
  • Maceió (1889–present) - capital city for the State of Alagoas

Amapá[edit]

created out of Pará

  • Macapá (1943–1988) - seat city for the territory do Amapá
  • Macapá (1988–present) - seat city for the State of Amapá

Amazonas[edit]

created out of Pará

Bahia[edit]

Ceará[edit]

  • Aquiraz
  • Fortaleza (1799–1822) - seat city for the Captaincy of Ceará
  • Fortaleza (1822–1889) - seat city for the Province of Ceará
  • Fortaleza (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Ceará

Espírito Santo[edit]

  • Vitória (1812–1822) - seat city for the Captaincy of Espírito Santo
  • Vitória (1822–1889) - seat city for the Province of Espírito Santo
  • Vitória (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Espírito Santo

Goiás[edit]

created out of São Paulo

  • Goiás (1748–1822) - seat city for the Captaincy of Goiás
  • Goiás (1822–1889) - seat city for the Province of Goiás
  • Goiás (1889–1937) - seat city for the State of Goiás
  • Goiânia (1937–present) - seat city for the State of Goiás

Maranhão[edit]

created out of Pará

  • São Luís (1772–1822) - seat city for the Captaincy of Maranhão and Piauí
  • São Luís (1822–1889) - seat city for the Province of Maranhão
  • São Luís (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Maranhão

Mato Grosso[edit]

created out of São Paulo

Mato Grosso do Sul[edit]

created out of Mato Grosso

  • Campo Grande (1975–present) - seat city for the State of Mato Grosso do Sul

Minas Gerais[edit]

created out of São Paulo

  • Vila Rica (1720–1822) - since 1822, named Ouro Preto; seat city for the Captaincy of Minas Gerais
  • Ouro Preto (1822–1889) - seat city for the Province of Minas Gerais
  • Ouro Preto (1889–1897) - seat city for the State of Minas Gerais
  • Belo Horizonte (1897–present) - seat city for the State of Minas Gerais

Pará[edit]

  • Belém (1737–1772) - seat city for the State of Grão-Pará and Maranhão
  • Belém (1772–1822) - seat city for the State of Grão-Pará and Rio Negro
  • Belém (1822–1850) - seat city for the Province of Grão-Pará
  • Belém (1850–1889) - seat city for the Province of Pará
  • Belém (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Pará

Paraíba[edit]

Paraná[edit]

created out of São Paulo

  • Curitiba (1853–1889) - seat city for the Province of Paraná
  • Curitiba (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Paraná

Pernambuco[edit]

  • Olinda (1537–1630) - seat city for the Captaincy of Pernambuco
  • Mauritsstad or Cidade Maurícia (1630–1654) - seat city for the administration holandesa
  • Olinda (1654–1822) - seat city for the Captaincy of Pernambuco
  • Olinda (1822–1837) - seat city for the Province of Pernambuco
  • Recife (1837–1889) - seat city for the Province of Pernambuco
  • Recife (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Pernambuco

Piauí[edit]

created out of Maranhão

  • Parnaíba (1718–1759) - seat city for the Captaincy of Piauí (subject to Maranhão)
  • Oeiras (1759–1811) - seat city for the Captaincy of Piauí (subject to Maranhão)
  • Oeiras (1811–1822) - seat city for the Captaincy of Piauí
  • Oeiras (1822–1852) - seat city for the Province of Piauí
  • Teresina (1852–1889) - seat city for the Province of Piauí
  • Teresina (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Piauí

Rio Grande do Norte[edit]

  • Captaincy of Rio Grande, sem sede (1534–1634)
  • subject to the administration holandesa (1634–1654)
  • subject to the Captaincy of Bahia (1654–1701)
  • subject to the Captaincy of Pernambuco (1701–1822)
  • Natal (1822–1889) - seat city for the Province of Rio Grande do Norte
  • Natal (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Rio Grande do Norte

Rio Grande do Sul[edit]

Rio de Janeiro[edit]

  • Niterói (1834–1889) - até 1835, named "Vila Real da Praia Grande"; seat city for the Province of Rio de Janeiro
  • Niterói (1889–1892) - seat city for the State of Rio de Janeiro
  • Petrópolis (1894–1903) - seat city for the State of Rio de Janeiro
  • Niterói (1903–1975) - seat city for the State of Rio de Janeiro
  • Rio de Janeiro (1975–present) - seat city for the State of Rio de Janeiro

Rondônia[edit]

Created in 1943 under the name de "territory do Guaporé", desmembrado do Mato Grosso. Transformado in State of Rondônia in 1988.

Roraima[edit]

Created in 1943 under the name de "territory do Rio Branco", desmembrado do Amazonas. Transformado in State of Roraima in 1988.

  • Boa Vista (1988–present) - anteriormente named "Rio Branco"

Santa Catarina[edit]

created out of São Paulo

São Paulo[edit]

Sergipe[edit]

created out of Bahia

Tocantins[edit]

created out of Goiás

Extinct federated units[edit]

Guanabara[edit]

Created in 1960 out of the territory of former Distrito Federal. Merged with the State of Rio de Janeiro in 1975.

Fernando de Noronha[edit]

Created in 1943 under the name of "territory de Fernando de Noronha". Incorporated by Pernambuco state.

  • Vila dos Remédios (main inhabited nucleus of Fernando de Noronha (1943–1988) )

Iguaçu[edit]

Created in 1943 under the name de "territory do Iguaçu". Merged back to Paraná and the Santa Catarina.

Ponta-Porã[edit]

Created in 1943 under the name de "territory de Ponta-Porã". Merged back to Mato Grosso.

São João da Palma[edit]

Built in 1808 as captaincy by decree of King João VI under the name "São João das Duas Barras", was abolished in 1814. Recreated as an autonomous province in 1821 under the name of "São João da Palma", extinct in 1823 by Don Peter I. Today part of Pará and Tocantins.[1]

  • Barra do Tacay-Una (currently Marabá) (1808-1810)
  • Vila de Palma (currently Paranã) (1810-1814)
  • Cavalcante (1821-1823)

Former territories of Brazil[edit]

Cisplatina[edit]

Guiana Francesa[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Diário do Senado Federal - 14 de março de 2004 - Senado Federal do Brasil