List of capitals of subdivisions of Brazil

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This is a list of the cities that are or have been considered capitals of one of the country subdivisions of Brazil. For the national capital see: Capital of Brazil.

State capitals[edit]

Acre[edit]

created out of Amazonas

Alagoas[edit]

created out of Pernambuco

  • Alagoas (1817–1822) - seat city for the Captaincy of Alagoas
  • Alagoas (1822–1839) - capital city for the Province of Alagoas
  • Maceió (1839–present) - capital city for the Province of Alagoas
  • Maceió (1889–present) - capital city for the State of Alagoas

Amapá[edit]

created out of Pará

  • Macapá (1943–1988) - seat city for the territory do Amapá
  • Macapá (1988–present) - seat city for the State of Amapá

Amazonas[edit]

created out of Pará

Bahia[edit]

Ceará[edit]

  • Aquiraz
  • Fortaleza (1799–1822) - seat city for the Captaincy of Ceará
  • Fortaleza (1822–1889) - seat city for the Province of Ceará
  • Fortaleza (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Ceará

Espírito Santo[edit]

  • Vitória (1812–1822) - seat city for the Captaincy of Espírito Santo
  • Vitória (1822–1889) - seat city for the Province of Espírito Santo
  • Vitória (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Espírito Santo

Goiás[edit]

created out of São Paulo

  • Goiás (1748–1822) - seat city for the Captaincy of Goiás
  • Goiás (1822–1889) - seat city for the Province of Goiás
  • Goiás (1889–1937) - seat city for the State of Goiás
  • Goiânia (1937–present) - seat city for the State of Goiás

Maranhão[edit]

created out of Pará

  • São Luís (1772–1822) - seat city for the Captaincy of Maranhão and Piauí
  • São Luís (1822–1889) - seat city for the Province of Maranhão
  • São Luís (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Maranhão

Mato Grosso[edit]

created out of São Paulo

Mato Grosso do Sul[edit]

created out of Mato Grosso

  • Campo Grande (1975–present) - seat city for the State of Mato Grosso do Sul

Minas Gerais[edit]

created out of São Paulo

  • Vila Rica (1720–1822) - since 1822, named Ouro Preto; seat city for the Captaincy of Minas Gerais
  • Ouro Preto (1822–1889) - seat city for the Province of Minas Gerais
  • Ouro Preto (1889–1897) - seat city for the State of Minas Gerais
  • Belo Horizonte (1897–present) - seat city for the State of Minas Gerais

Pará[edit]

  • Belém (1737–1772) - seat city for the State of Grão-Pará and Maranhão
  • Belém (1772–1822) - seat city for the State of Grão-Pará and Rio Negro
  • Belém (1822–1850) - seat city for the Province of Grão-Pará
  • Belém (1850–1889) - seat city for the Province of Pará
  • Belém (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Pará

Paraíba[edit]

Paraná[edit]

created out of São Paulo

  • Curitiba (1853–1889) - seat city for the Province of Paraná
  • Curitiba (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Paraná

Pernambuco[edit]

  • Olinda (1537–1630) - seat city for the Captaincy of Pernambuco
  • Mauritsstad or Cidade Maurícia (1630–1654) - seat city for the administration holandesa
  • Olinda (1654–1822) - seat city for the Captaincy of Pernambuco
  • Olinda (1822–1837) - seat city for the Province of Pernambuco
  • Recife (1837–1889) - seat city for the Province of Pernambuco
  • Recife (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Pernambuco

Piauí[edit]

created out of Maranhão

  • Parnaíba (1718–1759) - seat city for the Captaincy of Piauí (subject to Maranhão)
  • Oeiras (1759–1811) - seat city for the Captaincy of Piauí (subject to Maranhão)
  • Oeiras (1811–1822) - seat city for the Captaincy of Piauí
  • Oeiras (1822–1852) - seat city for the Province of Piauí
  • Teresina (1852–1889) - seat city for the Province of Piauí
  • Teresina (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Piauí

Rio Grande do Norte[edit]

  • Captaincy of Rio Grande, sem sede (1534–1634)
  • subject to the administration holandesa (1634–1654)
  • subject to the Captaincy of Bahia (1654–1701)
  • subject to the Captaincy of Pernambuco (1701–1822)
  • Natal (1822–1889) - seat city for the Province of Rio Grande do Norte
  • Natal (1889–present) - seat city for the State of Rio Grande do Norte

Rio Grande do Sul[edit]

Rio de Janeiro[edit]

  • Niterói (1834–1889) - até 1835, named "Vila Real da Praia Grande"; seat city for the Province of Rio de Janeiro
  • Niterói (1889–1892) - seat city for the State of Rio de Janeiro
  • Petrópolis (1894–1903) - seat city for the State of Rio de Janeiro
  • Niterói (1903–1975) - seat city for the State of Rio de Janeiro
  • Rio de Janeiro (1975–present) - seat city for the State of Rio de Janeiro

Rondônia[edit]

Created in 1943 under the name de "territory do Guaporé", desmembrado do Mato Grosso. Transformado in State of Rondônia in 1988.

Roraima[edit]

Created in 1943 under the name de "territory do Rio Branco", desmembrado do Amazonas. Transformado in State of Roraima in 1988.

  • Boa Vista (1988–present) - anteriormente named "Rio Branco"

Santa Catarina[edit]

created out of São Paulo

São Paulo[edit]

Sergipe[edit]

created out of Bahia

Tocantins[edit]

created out of Goiás

Extinct federated units[edit]

Guanabara[edit]

Created in 1960 out of the territory of former Distrito Federal. Merged with the State of Rio de Janeiro in 1975.

Fernando de Noronha[edit]

Created in 1943 under the name of "territory de Fernando de Noronha". Incorporated by Pernambuco state.

  • Vila dos Remédios (main inhabited nucleus of Fernando de Noronha (1943–1988) )

Iguaçu[edit]

Created in 1943 under the name de "territory do Iguaçu". Merged back to Paraná and the Santa Catarina.

Ponta-Porã[edit]

Created in 1943 under the name de "territory de Ponta-Porã". Merged back to Mato Grosso.

Former territories of Brazil[edit]

Cisplatina[edit]

Guiana Francesa[edit]

See also[edit]