List of capitals in the People's Republic of China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The scope of this list is limited to capitals of first-level administrative divisions, for second-level see List of prefectures in the People's Republic of China

Province capitals[edit]

Jurisdiction Capital Capital since Land area (km²) Population (2010) Symbol[citation needed] Seat Most populous prefecture?
Anhui Hefei 1946 11,323 5,702,000 Shushan Yes
Fujian Fuzhou 1278 12,177 7,115,370 Gulou No
Gansu Lanzhou 1667 13,300 3,616,163 Chengguan Yes
Guangdong Guangzhou 1369 7,434 12,700,800 Yuexiu Yes
Guizhou Guiyang 1413 8,034 4,324,561 Guanshanhu No
Hainan Haikou 1950 2,237 2,046,189 Meilan Yes
Hebei Shijiazhuang 1968 15,722 10,163,788 Chang'an No
Heilongjiang Harbin 1949 53,100 10,635,971 Nangang Yes
Henan Zhengzhou 1954 7,507 8,626,505 Zhongyuan No
Hubei Wuhan 1927 8,494 9,785,392 Jiang'an Yes
Hunan Changsha 1664 11,819 7,044,118 Yuelu No
Jiangsu Nanjing 1952 6,598 8,004,680 Xuanwu No
Jiangxi Nanchang 1277 7,372 5,042,565 Donghu No
Jilin Changchun 1954 20,532 7,677,089 Chaoyang Yes
Liaoning Shenyang 1662 12,942 8,106,171 Shenhe Yes
Qinghai Xining 1928 7,372 2,208,708 西 Chengzhong Yes
Shaanxi Xi'an 1286 9,983 8,467,837 Weiyang Yes
Shandong Jinan 1377 8,177 6,814,000 Shizhong No
Shanxi Taiyuan 1369 6,959 4,201,591 Xinghualing Yes
Sichuan Chengdu 1286 12,132 14,047,625 Qingyang Yes
Yunnan Kunming 1275 21,473 6,432,000 Chenggong Yes
Zhejiang Hangzhou 1367 16,847 8,700,400 Gongshu No
Taiwan (Claimed) Taipei 1945

Autonomous regions capitals[edit]

Jurisdiction Capital Capital since Land area (km²) Population (2010) Symbol Seat Most populous prefecture?
Guangxi Nanning 1912 22,189 6,661,600 Qingxiu Yes
Inner Mongolia Hohhot 1952 17,224 2,866,615 Xincheng No
Ningxia Yinchuan 1928 4,467 1,993,088 Jinfeng Yes
Tibet Lhasa 1642 29,274 559,423 Chengguan No
Xinjiang Ürümqi 1884 14,577 3,110,280 Shuimogou No

Other cities[edit]

Municipalities & special administrative regions[edit]

Jurisdiction City Designation Land area (km²) Population (2010) Symbol Seat
Beijing Beijing 1927 16,801 19,612,368 Dongcheng
Chongqing Chongqing 1927 82,401 28,846,170 Yuzhong
Hong Kong Hong Kong 1997 1,104 7,061,200 Central & Western
Macau Macau 1999 29 552,300 São Lourenço
Shanghai Shanghai 1927 6,340 23,019,148 Huangpu
Tianjin Tianjin 1927 11,760 12,938,224 Heping

Sub-provincial cities that are not themselves provincial capital[edit]

Sub-provincial cities have status that is below that of municipalities, which are independent and equivalent to provinces, but above other, regular prefecture-level divisions, which are completely ruled by their provinces. However, they are marked as same as other provincial capitals (or prefecture-level city if not provincial capital) in almost all maps.

Also, the provincial capitals of these provinces listed below(Guangzhou, Shenyang, Jinan, Hangzhou) are themselves sub-provincial cities (even before 1997 when Chongqing is a sub-provincial city of Sichuan province, since Chengdu is sub-provincial) except Fuzhou, Fujian.

Jurisdiction City Designation Land area (km²) Population (2010) Symbol Seat
Fujian Xiamen 1988 1,699 3,531,347 Siming
Guangdong Shenzhen 1988 2,050 10,357,938 Futian
Liaoning Dalian 1984 13,237 6,690,432 Xigang
Shandong Qingdao 1986 11,026 8,715,100 Shinan
Zhejiang Ningbo 1987 9,816 7,605,700 Jiangdong

See also[edit]