List of carnivorans by population

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This is a list of Carnivora species by global population. While numbers are estimates, they have been made by the experts in their fields. For more information on how these estimates were ascertained, see Wikipedia's articles on population biology and population ecology.

This list is not comprehensive, as not all carnivorans have had their numbers quantified.

Common name Binomial name Population Status Trend Notes Image
Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus 84 – 143[1] CR[1] Decrease[1] Estimate is for adult population only. Population declined 80% from 1960 to 1978. Appears to have fallen a further 80% since 1987.[1] Linces19.jpg
Red wolf Canis rufus 150[2] CR[2] Increase[2] Maximum estimate. No more than 50 mature individuals. Previously extinct in the wild.[2] Canis rufus FWS cropped.jpg
Malabar large-spotted civet Viverra civettina 250[3] CR[3] Unknown[3] Maximum estimate. Previously considered possibly extinct.[3]
Darwin's fox Pseudalopex fulvipes 250[4] CR[4] Decrease[4] Maximum estimate for mature individuals.[4] Pseudalopex fulvipes-primer plano.jpg
Cozumel raccoon Procyon pygmaeus 323 – 955[5] CR[5] Decrease[5] Mature individuals number less than 250. Populations can be severely affected by hurricanes.[5] Cozumel Raccoon2.jpg
Saimaa ringed seal Pusa hispida saimensis 310[6] CR[6] Decrease[6] The most endangered pinniped.[6] Pusa hispida saimensis ca 1956.jpg
Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus 350 – 450[7] CR[7] Decrease[7] The second most endangered pinniped.[7] Phoque Moine Monachus.jpg
Ethiopian wolf Canis simensis 360 – 440[8] EN[8] Decrease[8] Ethiopian wolf.JPG
Hawaiian monk seal Monachus schauinslandi 935[9] CR[9] Decrease[9] Numbered 1448 in 1983. Rate of decrease appears to be rising.[9] Monachus schauinslandi.jpg
Marine otter Lontra felina 1000[10] EN[10] Decrease[10] Maximum estimate from 1991; numbers have probably fallen.[10] Lfelina.jpg
Giant otter Pteronura brasiliensis 1000 – 5000[11] EN[11] Decrease[11] Giantotter.jpg
Black-footed ferret Mustela nigripes 1300[12] EN[12] Increase[12] Maximum estimate. 1000 wild and 300 domestic. Almost went extinct in the 1980s.[12] Jumping black footed ferret.jpg
Island fox Urocyon littoralis 1500[13] CR[13] Decrease[13] Maximum estimate in 2002. Numbers had declined from 6000 in 1994 and appear to be continuing the trend, so present numbers are likely much lower.[13] Urocyon littoralis standing.jpg
Giant panda Ailuropoda melanoleuca 2500[14] EN[14] Decrease[14] Maximum estimate for mature individuals.[14] Panda Cub from Wolong, Sichuan, China.JPG
Bay cat Pardofelis badia 2500[15] EN[15] Decrease[15] Maximum estimate.[15] Bay cat 1 Jim Sanderson-cropped.jpg
Dhole Cuon alpinus 2500[16] EN[16] Decrease[16] Maximum estimate for mature individuals.[16] Sleeping Dhole.jpg
Fossa Cryptoprocta ferox 2500[17] VU[17] Decrease[17] Maximum estimate.[17] Cryptoprocta ferox 1 - Syracuse Zoo.jpg
Andean mountain cat Leopardus jacobita 2500[18] EN[18] Decrease[18] Maximum estimate.[18] Andean cat 1 Jim Sanderson.jpg
Grandidier's mongoose Galidictis grandidieri 2650 – 3540[19] EN[19] Decrease[19] Mungo1.jpg
Tiger Panthera tigris 4000[20] EN[20] Decrease[20] Panthera tigris sumatran subspecies.jpg
Snow leopard Panthera uncia 4080 – 6590[21] EN[21] Decrease[21] Snow Leopard at the Toronto Zoo.jpg
Brown hyena Hyaena brunnea 5000 – 8000[22] NT[22] Decrease[22] Parahyaena brunnea 3.jpg
Striped hyena Hyaena hyaena 5000 – 14 000[23] NT[23] Decrease[23] Striped Hyena 5.jpg
African wild dog Lycaon pictus 6600[24] EN[24] Decrease[24] Lycaon pictus at Monarto Zoo.jpg
Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus 7500[25] VU[25] Decrease[25] Estimate is for mature individuals only. Number may reach as high as 10 000.[25] Cheetah Feb09 02.jpg
Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx 8000[26] LC[26] Steady[26] Lynx Nationalpark Bayerischer Wald 01.jpg
Sunda clouded leopard Neofelis diardi 10 000[27] VU[27] Decrease[27] Maximum estimate.[12] Sunda Clouded Leopard (Neofelis Diardi), Santago.jpg
Marbled cat Pardofelis marmorata 10 000[28] VU[28] Decrease[28] Maximum estimate.[28] Lydekker - Marbled Cat.JPG
Rusty-spotted cat Prionailurus rubiginosus 10 000[29] VU[29] Decrease[29] Rostkatze-01.jpg
Clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa 10 000[30] VU[30] Decrease[30] Maximum estimate for mature individuals.[30] Neofelis nebulosa.jpg
Red panda Ailurus fulgens 10 000[31] VU[31] Decrease[31] Red Panda in a Gingko tree.jpg
African golden cat Caracal aurata 10 000[32] NT[32] Decrease[32] Minimum estimate for mature individuals.[32] FelisAurataKeulemans.jpg
Kodkod Leopardus guigna 10 000[33] VU[33] Decrease[33] Maximum estimate.[33] Guigna 2.jpg
Chinese mountain cat F. silvestris bieti 10 000[34] VU[34] Decrease[34] Maximum estimate for mature individuals.[34] Chinese Mountain Cat (Felis Bieti) in XiNing Wild Zoo.jpg
Galápagos fur seal Arctocephalus galapagoensis 10 000 – 15 000[35] EN[35] Decrease[35] Down from 30 – 40 000 in 1978.[35] Galapagos Fur Seal, Santiago Island.jpg
New Zealand sea lion Phocarctos hookeri 11 855[36] VU[36] Decrease[36] New Zealand Sea Lion.jpg
Juan Fernández fur seal Arctocephalus philippii 12 000[37] NT[37] Increase[37] Estimate is from the early 1990s; numbers appear to be increasing.[37] Lobo fino.jpg
Australian sea lion Neophoca cinerea 13 790[38] EN[38] Decrease[38] Neophoca cinerea.JPG
Sechuran fox Lycalopex sechurae 15 000[39] NT[39] Unknown[39] Maximum estimate for mature individuals.[39] Sechuran fox.jpg
Guadalupe fur seal Arctocephalus townsendi 15 000 – 17 000[40] NT[40] Increase[40] Numbered 200 – 500 in the 1950s.[40] Arctocephalus townsendi.jpg
Sloth bear Melursus ursinus 20 000[41] VU[41] Decrease[41] Maximum estimate.[41] Lippenbaer-24.jpg
Polar bear Ursus maritimus 20 000 – 25 000[42] VU[42] Decrease[42] Polar Bear - Alaska.jpg
Galápagos sea lion Zalophus wollebaeki 20 000 – 40 000[43] EN[43] Decrease[43] Zalophus californianus wollebaeki.JPG
Maned wolf Chrysocyon brachyurus 23 600[44] NT[44] Unknown[44] Maned wolf-aguara guazu.jpeg
Spotted hyena Crocuta crocuta 27 000 – 47 000[45] LC[45] Decrease[45] Tentative estimate.[45] Crocuta crocuta Amboseli NP (cropped).jpg
Lion Panthera leo 29 400 – 47 400[46] VU[46] Decrease[46] This species comprises two major subspecies: the African and the Asian. The former has higher population: a recent study has given a global range of 29 000 – 47 000. The Asiatic subspecies numbers an estimated 359, +/- 10.[46] Lion Gir.jpg
Leopard Panthera pardus 75,000[47] NT[47] Decrease Leopard africa.jpg
Baikal seal Pusa sibirica 80 000 – 100 000[48] LC[48] Steady[48] Baikal-seal 4747-pho.jpg
Sea otter Enhydra lutris 106 822[49] EN[49] Decrease[49] Sea-otter-morro-bay 13.jpg
Bush dog Speothos venaticus 110 000[50] NT[50] Decrease[50] Considered an overestimate.[50] Cachorro-vinagre.jpg
Caspian seal Pusa caspica 111 000[51] EN[51] Decrease[51] Once numbered over 1 000 000.[51] Caspian Seal.jpg
Ross seal Ommatophoca rossii 130 000[52] LC[52] Unknown[52] Ross-seal.jpg
Steller sea lion Eumetopias jubatus 143 000[53] NT[53] Increase[53] Divided into two subspecies: Western Steller (78 000) and Loughlin’s Northern (65 000).[53] Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) on rocks.jpg
Northern elephant seal Mirounga angustirostris 171 000[54] LC[54] Increase[54] Numbered 113 000 in 1991.[54] Northern Elephant Seal, San Simeon2.jpg
New Zealand fur seal Arctocephalus forsteri 200 000[55] LC[55] Increase[55] Arctocephalus forsteri LC0255.jpg
Brown bear Ursus arctos 200 000[56] LC[56] Steady[56] Minimum estimate. Russia has the largest number of brown bears, believed to exceed 100,000, while estimates in the U.S. are around 33,000 (most in Alaska), Canada 25,000, and Europe (excluding Russia) 14,000.[56] Brown bear.jpg
South American sea lion Otaria flavescens 250 000[57] LC[57] Steady[57] Minimum estimate.[57] Otaria flavescens -Patagonia-8.jpg
South American fur seal Arctocephalus australis 250 000 – 300 000[58] LC[58] Increase[58] Arctocephalus australis 3.JPG
Leopard seal Hydrurga leptonyx 300 000[59] LC[59] Unknown[59] Hydrurga leptonyx edit1.jpg
Subantarctic fur seal Arctocephalus tropicalis 310 000[60] LC[60] Increase[60] Estimate is from 1987; almost certainly an underestimate.[60] Arctocephalus tropicalis CrozetIslands male.jpg
Harbor seal Phoca vitulina 350 000 – 500 000[61] LC[61] Steady[61] Common Seal Phoca vitulina.jpg
California sea lion Zalophus californianus 355 000[62] LC[62] Increase[62] Lion de mer Amnéville 01.jpg
Grey seal Halichoerus grypus 400 000[63] LC[63] Increase[63] Foka szara mateusz wlodarczyk.jpg
Weddell seal Leptonychotes weddellii 500 000[64] LC[64] Unknown[64] Minimum estimate.[64] Phoque de Weddell - Weddell Seal.jpg
Southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina 500 000[65] LC[65] Unknown[65] Latest global estimates are from the mid-1990s.[65] Mirounga leonina male.JPG
Hooded seal Cystophora cristata 662 000[66] VU[66] Decrease[66] 592 000 in the Northwest Atlantic and 70 000 in the Northeast. The latter population has declined 85-90% in the past 60 years for unknown reasons.[66] Klappmuetze MK.jpg
American black bear Ursus americanus 850 000- 950 000[67] LC[67] Increase[67] Numbers are believed to be twice that of all other bears combined.[67] Yellowstone-0169.jpg
Northern fur seal Callorhinus ursinus 1 100 000[68] VU[68] Decrease[68] Northfursealbull.jpg
Brown fur seal Arctocephalus pusillus 2 092 000[69] LC[69] Increase[69] Divided into two subspecies: Cape (2 000 000) and Australian (92 000).[69] Arctocephalus pusillus - SE Tasmania.jpg
Harp seal Pagophilus groenlandicus 8 000 000[70] LC[70] Increase[70] Maximum estimate.[70] Phoca groenlandica.001 - Natural History Museum of London.JPG
Crabeater seal Lobodon carcinophaga 11 000 000 – 12 000 000[71] LC[71] Unknown[71] Estimates are highly uncertain due to animal's massive numbers and location in the Southern Seas.[71] Lobodon carcinophagus1.jpg
Dog (domestic) C. lupus familiaris 400 000 000[72] N/A[72] Increase[72] 2001 estimate.[72] Poligraf Poligrafovich.JPG
Cat Felis catus 600 000 000 "Increasing" [73] LC Unknown[73] 2007 estimate Feral cat Virginia crop.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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