List of carrier-based aircraft

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Sqn. Cdr. E. H. Dunning makes the first landing of an aircraft on a moving ship, a Sopwith Pup on HMS Furious, August 2, 1917.

List of carrier-based aircraft covers fixed-wing aircraft designed for aircraft carrier flight deck operation and excludes aircraft intended for use from seaplane tenders and submarines as well as dirigibles. Helicopters includes only those regularly operated from aircraft carriers and not those normally flown from other types of surface ships or land bases.

Pre-World War II[edit]

Aichi D1A, Mitsubishi B2M, and Nakajima A2N aircraft aboard the Japanese carrier Kaga in 1937.
Blackburn Ripon taking off
Fairey IIIF aboard British carrier HMS Furious
Boeing F3Bs, Curtiss F6Cs and behind Martin T4Ms on board the USS Lexington in 1929
Aircraft type Origin 1st
Flight
Service
period
# built
/used
Aichi D1A[1] dive bomber  Japan 1934 1934–1942 590
Aichi D3A[2] dive bomber  Japan 1938 1940–1945 1,495
Arado Ar 195 torpedo bomber  Germany 1937 n/a 3
Arado Ar 197 fighter  Germany 1937 n/a 3
Armstrong Whitworth Starling fighter  UK 1929 n/a 1
Avro Avocet[3] fleet fighter  UK 1927 n/a 2
Avro Bison[4] reconnaissance  UK 1921 1922–1929 55
Avro Buffalo[5] torpedo bomber  UK 1926 n/a 1
Beardmore W.B.III[6] fighter  UK 1917 1918–1919 100
Beardmore W.B.IV fighter  UK 1917 n/a 1
Beardmore W.B.V fighter  UK 1917 n/a 2
Bell XFL Airabonita interceptor  US 1940 n/a 1
Berliner-Joyce XFJ fighter  US 1931 n/a 1
Berliner-Joyce F2J fighter  US 1933 n/a 1
Berliner-Joyce XF3J fighter  US 1934 n/a 1
Berliner-Joyce OJ observation  US 1931 1933–1941 39
Blackburn Airedale[7] reconnaissance  UK 1924 n/a 2
Blackburn B-3[8] torpedo bomber  UK 1932 n/a 2
Blackburn Baffin[9][10] torpedo bomber  UK 1932 1933–1936 92
Blackburn Blackburd[11] torpedo bomber  UK 1918 n/a 3
Blackburn Blackburn[12] reconnaissance  UK 1922 1923–1931 62
Blackburn Dart[13] torpedo bomber  UK 1921 1923–1933 127
Blackburn Nautilus[14] fighter  UK 1929 n/a 1
Blackburn Ripon[15] torpedo bomber  UK 1926 1932–1934 96
Blackburn Roc[16][17] fighter  UK 1938 1940–1941 136
Blackburn Shark[18] torpedo bomber  UK 1933 1935–1938 238
Blackburn Skua[17][19] fighter/dive bomber  UK 1937 1938–1941 190
Blackburn Sprat[20] trainer  UK 1926 n/a 1
Blackburn Swift[21] torpedo bomber  UK 1920 n/a 8
Boeing FB[22] fighter  US 1923 1925–? 29
Boeing F2B[23] fighter  US 1926 1928–? 33
Boeing F3B[23] fighter-bomber  US 1927 1928–1932 74
Boeing F4B[24] fighter  US 1928 1929–1941 189
Boeing XF5B fighter  US 1930 n/a 1
Boeing XF6B fighter-bomber  US 1933 n/a 1
Boeing XF7B fighter  US 1933 n/a 1
Brewster Buffalo[25][26] fighter  US 1937 1939–1942 503
Consolidated XBY dive bomber  US 1932 n/a 1
Consolidated XB2Y dive bomber  US 1933 n/a 1
Consolidated N2Y utility  US 1929 1930–? 7[note 1]
Curtiss BF2C Goshawk[27] fighter-bomber  US 1933 1934–1934 166
Curtiss F6C Hawk[28] fighter  US 1925 1925–1930 75
Curtiss F7C Seahawk fighter  US 1927 ?–1933 17
Curtiss F8C/O2C Falcon/Helldiver[29] fighter/dive bomber  US 1924 1928–1936 150
Curtiss F11C Goshawk[27] fighter-bomber  US 1932 1933–1934 30
Curtiss SBC Helldiver[30][31] dive bomber  US 1935 1937–1943 257
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver[32][33] dive bomber  US 1940 1942–1958 7,200
Curtiss SOC Seagull[34] observation  US 1934 1935–1945 322
Curtiss SO3C Seamew[35] observation  US 1939 1942–1944 259
Dewoitine D.1ter fighter  France 1922 1928–1930 30
Dewoitine D.373 & 376 fighter  France 1931 1938–1940 45
Douglas DT[36] torpedo bomber  US 1921 1922–1926 90
Douglas T2D[37] torpedo bomber  US 1927 1927–1937 31
Douglas TBD Devastator[38] torpedo bomber  US 1935 1937–1944 130
Douglas SBD Dauntless[39] dive bomber  US 1938 1940–1953 5,356
Douglas XT3D torpedo bomber  US 1931 n/a 1
Eberhart F2G fighter  US 1928 n/a 1
Eberhart FG fighter  US 1927 n/a 1
Fairey III reconnaissance  UK 1917 1918–1936 964
Fairey Albacore[40] torpedo/dive bomber  UK 1938 1940–1943 800
Fairey Firefly IIIM (biplane) fighter  UK 1929 n/a 1
Fairey Fleetwing fighter  UK 1929 n/a 1
Fairey Flycatcher fighter  UK 1922 1923–1934 196
Fairey Fulmar[41] fighter  UK 1937 1940–1943 600
Fairey Seal reconnaissance  UK 1930 1933–1938 91
Fairey Swordfish[42] torpedo bomber  UK 1934 1936–1946 2,391
Fieseler Fi 167 dive bomber  Germany 1938 n/a 14
Gloster Gambet[43] fighter  UK 1927 n/a 1
Gloster Sea Gladiator[44][45] fighter  UK 1937 1938–1943 98
Gloster Gnatsnapper[46] fighter  UK 1927 n/a 2 (or 3)
Gloster Sparrowhawk III[47] fighter  UK 1921 1921–1928 10
Gloster TSR.38[48] torpedo bomber  UK 1932 n/a 1
Great Lakes BG bomber  US 1933 1934–1940 61
Great Lakes XTBG torpedo bomber  US 1935 n/a 1
Grumman FF[49] fighter  US 1931 1933–1942 85
Grumman SF fighter  US 1931 1934–1940 35
Grumman F2F[50] fighter  US 1933 1935–1940 56
Grumman F3F[51] fighter  US 1935 1936–1943 147
Grumman F4F Wildcat[52] fighter  US 1937 1940–1945 7,885
Grumman J2F Duck[34] utility  US 1936 1936–1964 584
Grumman XF5F Skyrocket fighter  US 1940 n/a 1
Grumman XSBF scout bomber  US 1936 n/a 1
Handley Page Hanley torpedo bomber  UK 1922 n/a 3
Handley Page Hendon torpedo bomber  UK 1924 n/a 6
Handley Page HP.14 reconnaissance  UK 1917 n/a 3
Handley Page HPS-1 fighter  UK 1923 n/a 2
Hawker Hedgehog[53] fighter  UK 1924 n/a 1
Hawker Hoopoe[54] fighter  UK 1928 n/a 1
Hawker Nimrod[55] fighter  UK 1930 1931–1939 92
Hawker Osprey/Naval Hart[56] fighter/reconnaissance  UK 1932 1932–1944 112
Heinkel HD 23 fighter  Germany 1926 n/a 4
Junkers Ju 87C dive bomber  Germany 1938 n/a 10
Kawanishi K-11[57] fighter  Japan 1927 n/a 2
Kokusai Ki-76 reconnaissance  Japan 1941 1942–1945 937
Latécoère 299 torpedo/dive bomber  France 1939 n/a 2
Levasseur PL.2 torpedo bomber  France 1922 1926–1932 11
Levasseur PL.4 reconnaissance  France 1926 1928–1940 40
Levasseur PL.5 & 9 fighter  France 1925 1927–1932 24
Levasseur PL.7 torpedo bomber  France 1928 1930–1940 46
Levasseur PL.10, 101 & 107 reconnaissance  France 1929 1931–1940 63
Levasseur PL.14 torpedo bomber  France 1929 1931–1937 30
Lévy-Biche LB.2 fighter  France 1927 1928–1928 26
Loire-Gourdou-Leseurre LGL.32 fighter  France 1925 1929–1930 15
Loire-Nieuport LN.401 dive bomber  France 1938 1939–1940 68
Martin BM bomber  US 1930 1931–1937 32
Martin T3M[58] torpedo bomber  US 1926 1926–1932 124
Martin T4M & Great Lakes TG[59] torpedo bomber  US 1927 1928–1938 155
Martin XT6M torpedo bomber  US 1930 n/a 1
Messerschmitt Bf 109T-1 fighter  Germany 1939 n/a 7
Mitsubishi 1MF[60] fighter  Japan 1921 1923–1930 138
Mitsubishi 1MF9[61] fighter  Japan 1927 n/a 2
Mitsubishi 1MT[62] torpedo bomber  Japan 1922 1922–1923 20
Mitsubishi 2MR[63] reconnaissance  Japan 1922 1922–1933 159
Mitsubishi 3MT5[64] torpedo bomber  Japan 1932 n/a 11
Mitsubishi A5M[65][66] fighter  Japan 1935 1936–1942 1,094
Mitsubishi A6M Zero[67][68] fighter  Japan 1939 1940–1945 10,449
Mitsubishi B1M[69] bomber  Japan 1923 1924–1938 443
Mitsubishi B2M[70] bomber  Japan 1929 1932–1938 206
Mitsubishi B5M[71] bomber  Japan 1937 1937–1937 125
Morane-Saulnier MS.226 fighter  France 1933 n/a 3
Nakajima A1N[72] fighter  Japan 1927 1929–1935 151
Nakajima A2N[73][74] fighter  Japan 1929 1932–1937 100 ca.
Nakajima A4N[75] fighter  Japan 1934 1935–1940 221
Nakajima B3N[76] bomber  Japan 1933 n/a 2
Nakajima B4N[77] bomber  Japan 1936 n/a 2
Nakajima B5N[78] bomber  Japan 1937 1937–1945 1,149
Nakajima C3N[79] reconnaissance  Japan 1936 n/a 2
Naval Aircraft Factory SBN bomber  US 1936 1941–1942 31
Naval Aircraft Factory TS[80] fighter  US 1922 1922–1929 46
Nieuport-Delage NiD 32 fighter  France 1920 n/a 10
Nieuport-Delage NiD 43 fighter  France 1924 n/a 1
North American SNJ-3C/-4C/-5C trainer  US 1935 ?–? 52+
Northrop BT bomber  US 1935 1938–? 55
Parnall Panther[81] reconnaissance  UK 1917 1919–1926 155
Parnall Perch[82] trainer  UK 1926 n/a 1
Parnall Pike[83] reconnaissance  UK 1927 n/a 1
Parnall Pipit[84] fighter  UK 1928 n/a 2
Parnall Plover[85] fighter  UK 1922 1923–1924 13
Parnall Puffin[86] fighter/reconnaissance  UK 1920 n/a 3
Reggiane Re.2001 OR fighter  Italy 1940 n/a 10
Short Gurnard fighter  UK 1929 n/a 2
Sopwith 2F.1 Ship's Camel[87] fighter  UK 1917 1917–1921 340
Sopwith Cuckoo[88] torpedo bomber  UK 1918 1918–1923 232
Sopwith Pup fighter  UK 1916 1916–1918 1,770[note 2]
Sopwith Ship's Strutter[note 3] reconnaissance/fighter  UK 1915 1917–1920 5,939[note 2]
Supermarine Walrus[34] reconnaissance  UK 1933 1935–1958 740
Villiers II fighter  France 1925 1927–1928 32
Vought F4U/FG/F3A Corsair[89] fighter  US 1940 1942–1964 12,571
Vought FU fighter  US 1926 1927–1929 20
Vought O2U Corsair observation  US 1926 1927–1941 322
Vought O3U/SU Corsair observation  US 1930 1931–1941 291
Vought XO4U Corsair observation  US 1931 n/a 2
Vought SB2U Vindicator[90] bomber  US 1936 1937–1945 170
Vought SBU Corsair bomber  US 1933 1935–? 125
Vought VE-7[91] fighter  US 1917 1922–1928 128
Vought XSB3U bomber  US 1936 n/a 1
Westland PV-3[92] reconnaissance  UK 1931 n/a 1
Westland Walrus[93] reconnaissance  UK 1921 1921–1925 36
Wibault 74 fighter  France 1924 1932–1938 18
Yokosuka B3Y[94] bomber  Japan 1933 1933–1936 129
Yokosuka B4Y[95] bomber  Japan 1935 1936–1940 205

World War II[edit]

Sea Hurricanes aboard escort carrier HMS Nairana during the Second World War
Grumman F6F Hellcat waiting to take off from USS Yorktown
Aircraft type Origin 1st
Flight
Service
period
# built
/used
Aichi B7A[96] bomber  Japan 1942 1944–1945 114
Airspeed Fleet Shadower reconnaissance  UK 1940 n/a 1
Blackburn Firebrand[97] torpedo fighter  UK 1942 1944–1953 225
Boeing XF8B fighter  US 1944 n/a 3
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer[98] dive bomber  US 1941 n/a 771
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf torpedo bomber  US 1941 1944–1947 180
Curtiss XF14C fighter  US 1944 n/a 1
Curtiss XF15C fighter  US 1945 n/a 3
Curtiss XBT2C torpedo bomber  US 1945 n/a 9
Curtiss XBTC torpedo bomber  US 1945 n/a 2
de Havilland Sea Hornet fighter  UK 1944 1946–1956 174
de Havilland Sea Mosquito[99] torpedo bomber  UK 1944 1946–1947 66
de Havilland Sea Vampire fighter  UK 1944 1949–1955 98
Douglas AD Skyraider[100] attack bomber  US 1945 1946–1985 3,180
Douglas BTD Destroyer torpedo bomber  US 1943 1944–1945 30
Douglas XTB2D Skypirate torpedo bomber  US 1945 n/a 2
Fairey Barracuda[101] torpedo/dive bomber  UK 1940 1943–1954 2,582
Fairey Firefly fighter/strike  UK 1941 1943–1957 1,702
Fairey Spearfish torpedo/dive bomber  UK 1945 n/a 5
General Aircraft Fleet Shadower reconnaissance  UK 1940 n/a 1
Goodyear F2G Corsair fighter  US 1945 n/a 10
Grumman F6F Hellcat[102] fighter  US 1942 1943–1960 12,275
Grumman F7F Tigercat fighter  US 1943 1944–1954 364
Grumman F8F Bearcat fighter  US 1944 1945–1961 1,265
Grumman TBF Avenger[38] torpedo bomber  US 1941 1942–1960 9,839
Hawker Sea Fury[103] fighter  UK 1945 1945–1956 864
Hawker Sea Hurricane[104][105] fighter  UK 1940 1940–1945 1,190+
Kaiser-Fleetwings XBTK torpedo bomber  US 1945 n/a 5
Martin AM Mauler[106] attack bomber  US 1944 1948–1953 151
McDonnell FH Phantom fighter  US 1945 1947–1954 62
Mitsubishi A7M[107] fighter  Japan 1944 n/a 10
Nakajima B6N[108] bomber  Japan 1941 1943–1945 1,268
Nakajima C6N[109] reconnaissance  Japan 1943 1944–1945 463
North American ETF-51D Mustang[110] fighter  US 1944 n/a 1
North American PBJ-1H[note 4] bomber  US 1944 n/a 1
Ryan FR Fireball fighter  US 1944 1945–1947 71
Supermarine Seafire[111] fighter  UK 1942 1942–1951 2,556[112]
Supermarine Type 322 torpedo/dive bomber  UK 1943 n/a 2
Yokosuka D3Y[113] dive bomber  Japan 1944 n/a 5
Yokosuka D4Y[114][115] dive bomber  Japan 1940 1942–1945 2,038

Post war[edit]

Indian Navy Sea Harriers and U.S. Navy F/A-18E/F Super Hornets flying together
Aircraft type Origin 1st
Flight
Service
period
# built
/used
Arsenal VG 90 fighter  France 1949 n/a 2
Blackburn B-54 ASW  UK 1949 n/a 3
Blackburn Buccaneer strike  UK 1958 1962–1978 144
Blackburn Firecrest strike  UK 1947 n/a 3
Boeing EA-18G Growler EW  US 2006 2009 85~
Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet fighter  US 1995 1999 500~
Boulton Paul Sea Balliol trainer  UK 1952 1952–1963 30
Breguet Alizé ASW  France 1956 1959–2000 89
Breguet Vultur attack  France 1951 n/a 2
British Aerospace Sea Harrier fighter  UK 1978 1978–2006 115
Dassault Étendard IV fighter  France 1958 1962 90
Dassault-Breguet Super Étendard fighter  France 1974 1978 85
Dassault Rafale M fighter  France 1986 2001 115
de Havilland Sea Venom fighter  UK 1951 1954–1970 298
de Havilland Sea Vixen fighter  UK 1951 1959–1972 145
Douglas A-3 Skywarrior[116] attack  US 1952 1956–1991 282
Douglas A-4 Skyhawk[116] attack  US 1954 1956 2,960
Douglas A2D Skyshark attack  US 1950 n/a 12
Douglas F3D Skynight[117] fighter  US 1948 1951–1970 268
Douglas F4D Skyray fighter  US 1951 1956–1964 422
Douglas F5D Skylancer fighter  US 1956 n/a 4
Fairey Gannet ASW/AEW  UK 1949 1953–1978 348
Fouga CM.175 Zéphyr M trainer  France 1956 1959 32
General Dynamics-Grumman F-111B fighter  US 1965 n/a 7
Grumman A-6 Intruder[118] attack  US 1960 1963–1997 693
Grumman AF Guardian[119] ASW  US 1945 1950–1955 389
Grumman C-1 Trader[120] transport  US 1955 1959 83
Grumman C-2 Greyhound transport  US 1964 1966 58
Grumman E-1 Tracer[121] AEW  US 1956 1958–1977 88
Grumman E-2 Hawkeye[121] AEW  US 1960 1964 ?
Grumman EA-6B Prowler EW  US 1968 1971 170
Grumman F9F Panther[122] fighter  US 1947 1949–1969 1,382
Grumman F-9 Cougar[122] fighter  US 1951 1952–1974 1,392
Grumman XF10F Jaguar fighter  US 1952 n/a 1
Grumman F-11 Tiger fighter  US 1954 1956–1969 200
Grumman F-14 Tomcat fighter  US 1970 1974–2006 632
Grumman S-2 Tracker[123] ASW  US 1952 1954 1,284
Hawker Sea Hawk[124] fighter  UK 1947 1953–1983 542
Lockheed S-3 Viking ASW  US 1972 1974–2009 188
Lockheed T2V SeaStar trainer  US 1953 1957–? 150
Lockheed TO Shooting Star trainer  US ? ?-? ?
Lockheed U-2G[125][note 5] reconnaissance  US 1955 1964–1964 3
McDonnell F2H Banshee[126] fighter  US 1947 1948–1962 895
McDonnell F3H Demon fighter  US 1951 1956–1964 519
McDonnell-Douglas AV-8B Harrier II attack  US 1978–1985 n/a 323
McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II[127] fighter  US 1958 1960–1992 5,195
McDonnell-Douglas F/A-18 Hornet fighter/attack  US 1978 1983 1,479
McDonnell Douglas T-45 Goshawk trainer  US 1988 1991 214
Mikoyan MiG-29K fighter  USSR 1988 2010 20
Morane-Saulnier MS.474 trainer  France 1944 1947–? 70
North American XA2J Super Savage bomber  US 1952 n/a 1
North American AJ Savage[119] bomber  US 1948 1949–? 143
North American A-5 Vigilante[117] bomber/reconnaissance  US 1958 1961–1980 156
North American FJ-1 Fury fighter  US 1946 1947–1953 31
North American FJ-2/-3 Fury fighter  US 1951 1954–1962 741
North American FJ-4 Fury fighter  US 1954 1955–? 374
North American P-51H Mustang[110] fighter  US 1947 n/a 1
North American T-2 Buckeye trainer  US 1958 1959–2008 529
North American T-28 Trojan trainer  US 1949 ?–1984 266
SEPECAT Jaguar M attack  France 1969 n/a 1
Short Seamew ASW  UK 1953 1955–1957 26
SNCASE (Sud-Est) Aquilon fighter  France 1951 ?–1963 120
SNCASO SO.8000 Narval fighter  France 1949 n/a 2
Sukhoi Su-25UTG & UBP attack  USSR 1988 ?–? 20~
Sukhoi Su-33 fighter  USSR 1987 1998 24~
Supermarine Attacker fighter  UK 1946 1951–1957 185
Supermarine Scimitar fighter  UK 1956 1957–1970 76
Supermarine Seafang fighter  UK 1946 n/a 18
Vought A-7 Corsair[118] attack  US 1965 1967–1991 1,569
Vought F6U Pirate fighter  US 1946 n/a 33
Vought F7U Cutlass[128] fighter  US 1948 1951–1959 320
Vought F-8 Crusader[127] fighter  US 1955 1957–1999 1,219
Vought XF8U-3 Crusader III fighter  US 1958 n/a 5
Westland Wyvern[129] strike bomber  UK 1946 1953–1958 127
Yakovlev Yak-38 fighter  USSR 1971 1976–1991 231
Yakovlev Yak-41 fighter  USSR 1987 n/a 2

Helicopters[edit]

Aircraft type Origin 1st
Flight
Service
period
# built
/used
Aérospatiale Alouette III helicopter  France 1959 1960
Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma helicopter  FRA 1965 1968 697
Aérospatiale Super Frelon helicopter  France 1962 1966 99
Agusta-Bell AB.212ASW helicopter  Italy –n/a
AgustaWestland AW101/EH101/Merlin helicopter  Italy/ UK 1987 1999
Bell AH-1 SuperCobra helicopter  US 1969 1971 1,271+
Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor  US 1989 2007 160
Boeing CH-47 Chinook helicopter  US 1961 1962–? 1,179+
Boeing Vertol CH-46 Sea Knight helicopter  US 1962 1964–? 524
Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma helicopter  France 1978 ?–
Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin helicopter  France 1975 1978
Eurocopter Fennec helicopter  France ?–?
Kaman SH-2 Seasprite helicopter  US 1959 1962–? 184
Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite helicopter  US 1985 1993–? 59
Kamov Ka-20 helicopter  USSR ?–?
Kamov Ka-25 helicopter  USSR 1963 1972–? 460~
Kamov Ka-27, Ka-28 & Ka-32 helicopter  USSR 1973 1982
NHIndustries NH90 helicopter NATO 1995 2006 161
Piasecki HRP Rescuer helicopter  US 1945 1947–? 28
Piasecki HUP Retriever helicopter  US 1948 1949–1964 339
Piasecki H-21 helicopter  US 1952 ?–? 18+
Saro P.531 helicopter  UK 1958 1959–? 6
Sikorsky CH-53 Sea Stallion helicopter  US 1964 1966 265+
Sikorsky HNS (R-4) helicopter  US 1942 1944–? 131
Sikorsky Hoverfly II (R-6) helicopter  US 1943 1945–? 225
Sikorsky HO2S (R-5/H-5) helicopter  US 1943 1945–1957 300+
Sikorsky HO4S (S-55) helicopter  US 1949 1952–? 94
Sikorsky HR2S/CH-37 helicopter  US 1953 1955–1969 62
Sikorsky HSS Seabat (S-58) helicopter  US 1954 1959–? 218
Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King helicopter  US 1959 1961 756 ca.
Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk helicopter  US 1979 1984 400+
Sikorsky XHJS helicopter  US 1947 n/a 2
Westland Dragonfly helicopter  UK ? 1950–1960 133
Westland Lynx helicopter  UK 1971 1979
Westland Sea King helicopter  UK 1969 1969 344
Westland Wasp helicopter  UK 1962 1963–2000 133
Westland Wessex helicopter  UK 1958 1961–1982 170
Westland Whirlwind helicopter  UK 1953 1954 400

Future[edit]

Aircraft type Origin 1st
Flight
Service
period
# built
AgustaWestland AW159 Wildcat helicopter  UK/ Italy 2009 n/a 3
HAL Naval Tejas fighter  India n/a n/a 0
Lockheed Martin F-35B/C Lightning II fighter  US n/a n/a 0
Shenyang J-15 fighter  China n/a n/a 0

Temporary carrier operations by non-carrier aircraft[edit]

(Aircraft must have landed or taken off from carrier deck, and excludes aircraft transported by aircraft carrier and helicopters)

Aircraft type! Occasion Origin Year # used
Aeromarine 39[130][note 3] Carrier trials  US 1922 1+
Bell Airacobra I[131] 1st carrier landing w. nosewheel aircraft  US 1945 1
Bristol Scout[132] 1st flight from moving aircraft carrier  UK 1916 1
Britten-Norman Islander[133] Sales demonstration  UK 1968 1
Cessna O-1E Bird Dog Fall of Saigon - only carrier landing by VNAF fixed-wing aircraft  US 1975 1 (or 2)
Curtiss Model D 1st takeoff & landing from ship's deck  US 1911 2
Curtiss P-36 Hawk Delivered to Pearl Harbour aboard USS Enterprise  US 1941 31
Curtiss P-40F Warhawk 33rd Fighter group, Operation Torch  US 1942 77
de Havilland Canada L-20 Beaver[134] 1958 Lebanon crisis  Canada 1958 2
de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter[135] UNEF for Suez Crisis  Canada 1957 4
de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo QSRA  Canada 1980 1
Fairey Fox Mk.IA[136] Deck trial on HMS Furious  UK 1926 1
Gloster Gladiator II Occupation of Norway  UK 1940 18
Hanriot HD.1 Carrier trials  France 1920 1+
Hanriot HD.2 Carrier trials  France 1920 2
Hanriot HD.3 Carrier trials  France 1920 1
Hawker Hurricane I Occupation of Norway  UK 1940 18
Lockheed KC-130F Hercules USMC carrier trials  US 1963 1
Lockheed P2V-3C Neptune Interim nuclear bombers  US 1948-1951 13
Lockheed U-2C[125] Carrier trials  US 1963 1
Lockheed U-2R[125] Carrier trials  US 1969 1
Morane-Saulnier MS.500 Criquet Indochina  France 1945-1949
North American Rockwell OV-10D Bronco Carrier trials  US 1985
North American B-25B Mitchell Doolittle Raid  US 1942 16
North American L-17 Korean War Courier/VIP transport  US 1950 unk.
Nieuport 21 Carrier trials  France 1919-1920 1
Percival Vega Gull[137] Carrier trials, led to Percival Proctor  UK 1937/1938 1
Piper L-4 Grasshopper Invasions in Pacific & Mediterranean  US 1944 26+
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt Battle of Saipan  US 1944 unk.
Sopwith Camel Zeppelin interceptors  UK 1918 unk.
Stinson OY Sentinel Korean War  US 1950 1+
Taylorcraft Auster Carrier trials[note 6]  UK 1945 & 1946 3+

Cancelled Unflown[edit]

Aircraft type Origin 1st
Flight
# built
Beardmore W.B.VI torpedo bomber  UK n/a 0
British Aerospace P.125 fighter/bomber  UK n/a 0
Common Support Aircraft COD/EW/ES/AEW/ASW  US n/a 0
Curtiss XSB3C dive bomber  US n/a 0
Douglas F6D Missileer fighter  US n/a 0
Grumman G-118 fighter  US n/a 0
Grumman XTB2F torpedo bomber  US n/a 0
Grumman XTSF torpedo bomber  US n/a 0
Hawker Siddeley P.139B AEW  UK n/a 0
Hawker Siddeley P.1154 fighter  UK n/a 0
Ling-Temco-Vought V507 fighter  US n/a 0
Loening XFL fighter  US n/a 0
McDonnell Douglas A-12 Avenger II attack  US n/a 0
Rockwell XFV-12 fighter  US n/a 1
Vought XF5U fighter  US n/a 2
Vought XS2U ASW  US n/a 0
Vought Model 1600 fighter  US n/a 0
Yakovlev Yak-43 fighter  USSR n/a 0
Yakovlev Yak-44 AEW  USSR n/a 0

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Two operated from USS Saratoga (CV-3) and USS Ranger (CV-4).
  2. ^ a b Production total is for all variants.
  3. ^ a b All examples converted from aircraft not originally intended for shipboard use.
  4. ^ 1 modified for carrier use
  5. ^ Modified U-2A for shipboard use with strengthened undercarriage.
  6. ^ Landings made on HMS Argus, HMS Ravager and HMS Illustrious

References[edit]

  1. ^ Francillon 1979, pp. 268–271.
  2. ^ Francillon 1979, pp. 271–276.
  3. ^ Jackson 1965, pp. 240–242.
  4. ^ Jackson 1965, pp. 202–206.
  5. ^ Jackson 1965, pp. 227–229.
  6. ^ Thetford, 1991, p.41-42
  7. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 209–214.
  8. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 343-248.
  9. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 349–363.
  10. ^ Chant, 1999, p.43
  11. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 128–134.
  12. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 160–169.
  13. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 150–159.
  14. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 240–244.
  15. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 215–232.
  16. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 411–420.
  17. ^ a b Munson, p.169
  18. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 364–385.
  19. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 399–410.
  20. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 233–236.
  21. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 139–149.
  22. ^ Swanborough and Bowers, 1990, pp.68-70
  23. ^ a b Swanborough and Bowers, 1990, pp.71-73
  24. ^ Swanborough and Bowers, 1990, pp.75-78
  25. ^ Pawlowski, 1971, p.424
  26. ^ Swanborough and Bowers, 1990, pp.86-87
  27. ^ a b Swanborough and Bowers, 1990, pp.156-158
  28. ^ Swanborough and Bowers, 1990, pp.144-146
  29. ^ Swanborough and Bowers, 1990, pp.147-148 & pp.151-152
  30. ^ Chant, 1999, p.94
  31. ^ Swanborough and Bowers, 1990, pp.162-163
  32. ^ Chant, 1999, p.95
  33. ^ Swanborough and Bowers, 1990, pp.166-167
  34. ^ a b c Although designed as a catapult aircraft, examples also operated from carrier decks.
  35. ^ Swanborough and Bowers, 1990, pp.164-165
  36. ^ Swanborough and Bowers, 1990, pp.174-176
  37. ^ Swanborough and Bowers, 1990, pp.177-178
  38. ^ a b Pawlowski, 1971, p.446
  39. ^ Pawlowski, 1971, p.439
  40. ^ Chant, 1999, p.122
  41. ^ Munson, p.71
  42. ^ Munson, p.121
  43. ^ James, 1971, pp.157-161
  44. ^ Chant, 1999, p.146
  45. ^ James, 1971, pp.214-216
  46. ^ James, 1971, pp.161-167
  47. ^ James, 1971, pp.75-79
  48. ^ James, 1971, pp.200-203
  49. ^ Pawlowski, 1971, p.421
  50. ^ Pawlowski, 1971, p.422
  51. ^ Chant, 1999, pp.150-151
  52. ^ Pawlowski, 1971, p.425
  53. ^ Hannah, 1982, p.16
  54. ^ Hannah, 1982, p.25
  55. ^ Hannah, 1982, p.30
  56. ^ Hannah, 1982, p.32
  57. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, p. 133.
  58. ^ Pawlowski, 1971, p.444
  59. ^ Pawlowski, 1971, p.445
  60. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 161–162.
  61. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 165.
  62. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 163.
  63. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 162–163.
  64. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 168–169.
  65. ^ Francillon 1979, pp. 342–349.
  66. ^ Collier, 1979, p.96
  67. ^ Francillon 1979, pp. 362-.
  68. ^ Chant, 1999, p.235
  69. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 164–165.
  70. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 167–168.
  71. ^ Francillon 1979, p. 491.
  72. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 224–225.
  73. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 225–226.
  74. ^ http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/weapons_nakajima_A2N.html
  75. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 232–233.
  76. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 230–231.
  77. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 236.
  78. ^ Francillon 1979, pp. 411.
  79. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 236–237.
  80. ^ Jones, 1977, pp.14-17
  81. ^ Wixey 1990, pp. 88–99.
  82. ^ Wixey 1990, pp. 133–137.
  83. ^ Wixey 1990, pp. 160–163.
  84. ^ Wixey 1990, pp. 167–175.
  85. ^ Wixey 1990, pp. 105–112.
  86. ^ Wixey 1990, pp. 100–105.
  87. ^ Bruce 1987, p. 1.
  88. ^ Bruce, 2001
  89. ^ Chant, 1999, p.307
  90. ^ Chant, 1999 p.306
  91. ^ Jones, 1977, pp.11-13
  92. ^ James, 1991, pp.195-201
  93. ^ James, 1991, pp.94-98
  94. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 280–281.
  95. ^ Francillon 1979, pp. 449-.
  96. ^ Francillon 1979, pp. 288–291.
  97. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 439–451.
  98. ^ Swanborough and Bowers, 1990, pp.88-89
  99. ^ Thetford, 1991, p.100-102
  100. ^ Pawlowski, 1971, p.448
  101. ^ Munson, p.69
  102. ^ Pawlowski, 1971, p.426
  103. ^ Hannah, 1982, pp.53-54
  104. ^ Munson, p.88
  105. ^ Hannah, 1982, pp.43-44
  106. ^ Pawlowski, 1971, p.449
  107. ^ Francillon 1979, pp. 399–404.
  108. ^ Francillon 1979, pp. 429–434.
  109. ^ Francillon 1979, pp. 434-291.
  110. ^ a b http://www.mustang.gaetanmarie.com/articles/naval/naval.htm
  111. ^ Chant, 1999, p.298
  112. ^ Gunston, 1978, p.118
  113. ^ Francillon 1979, pp. 468–471.
  114. ^ Francillon 1979, pp. 454–461.
  115. ^ Collier, 1979, p.134-135
  116. ^ a b Pawlowski, 1971, p.451
  117. ^ a b Pawlowski, 1971, p.452
  118. ^ a b Pawlowski, 1971, p.453
  119. ^ a b Pawlowski, 1971, p.450
  120. ^ Pawlowski, 1971, p.456
  121. ^ a b Pawlowski, 1971, p.457
  122. ^ a b Pawlowski, 1971, p.430
  123. ^ Pawlowski, 1971, p.455
  124. ^ Hannah, 1982, pp.55-57
  125. ^ a b c http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq77-1.htm
  126. ^ Pawlowski, 1971, p.429
  127. ^ a b Pawlowski, 1971, p.432
  128. ^ Pawlowski, 1971, p.431
  129. ^ James, 1991, pp.285-304
  130. ^ Swanborough and Bowers, 1990, pp.40-41
  131. ^ Brown 2006, p. 93
  132. ^ Thetford, 1991, p.66-67
  133. ^ http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1968/1968%20-%200886.html
  134. ^ http://www.navsource.org/archives/03/058.htm
  135. ^ http://lookoutnewspaper.com/the-otters-and-the-aircraft-carrier/
  136. ^ Taylor, 1974, p.144
  137. ^ http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1968/1968%20-%201144.html

Bibliography[edit]

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External links[edit]