List of cars with non-standard door designs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of cars with non-standard door designs, sorted by door type. These car models use passenger door designs other than the standard design, which is hinged at the front edge of the door, and swings away from the car horizontally and towards the front of the car.

The main types of non-standard door designs are:

  • Butterfly – hinged at the top of the door; open up and outward.
  • Canopy – roof and sides are one unit hinged at the front (usually); entire assembly opens vertically.
  • Suicide – hinged on the back end of the doorframe; open horizontally toward the rear.
  • Gullwing – hinged to the roof at the top of the door; open upward.
  • Scissors – hinged at the top front corner of the door; open by rotating vertically upwards.
  • Sliding – mounted or suspended from a track; open by sliding horizontally alongside or into the vehicle sidewall.

Scissor doors[edit]

Butterfly doors[edit]

Road cars[edit]

Racing cars[edit]

A common door design on Group C, IMSA GTP cars of the 1980s and early 1990s and recently on Daytona Prototype and Le Mans Prototype cars, this list does not include cars categorized as such.

Concept cars[edit]

Gullwing doors[edit]

Production cars[edit]

Kit cars[edit]

Late Eagle SS

Racecars[edit]

Concept cars[edit]

Suicide doors[edit]

Delahaye Type 135
Saturn Ion "Quad Coupe"

Models of automobile that featured suicide doors (i.e., doors hinged at the rear) include (but are not limited to):

Canopy doors[edit]

Lifting canopy on a Sterling Nova

Sliding doors[edit]

A common door design on minivans and commercial vehicles, this list excludes all vehicles categorized as such.

  • BMW Z1 (the Z1 used unhinged doors that lowered into the chassis)
  • Kaiser Darrin (Used "pocket doors" that slide forward into the front fender.)
  • Lincoln Mark VIII Concept (Doors "rolled" into underbody of frame and disappeared from view, much like a blind. Prototype)
  • Mercedes-Benz NAFA Researchvehicle (A very small car similar to the Smart Fortwo with 2 doors sliding forward (at the front).
  • Peugeot 1007
  • Suzuki Solio
  • Toyota Porte

Swan doors[edit]

They open outward like a conventional door, but hinge slightly upward as well for better ground clearance.

Other door types[edit]

  • AMC Pacer (1975–1980) – Aircraft-style doors hinged to open out and up at an angle (upward arc allowing for easier entry when door can not be fully opened) with the passenger door four-inches (101 mm) longer than the driver's (facilitating access, particularly for the rear seats on the safer curb-side in countries that drive on the right), as well as rain gutters hidden inside the door's roof cut outs.[3][4][5][6]
  • Dornier Delta prototype – predecessor of Zündapp Janus.
  • Ford GT, Ford GT40, and Ford GT90 – Panels extend into the roof from the top of the doors (also called aircraft doors).
  • Goggomobil Dart – No doors. It was an open sports car with sides so low that passengers could step over them.
  • Honda CR-V (1995-2007) – Side doors conventional, but featured a two-part rear opening with the glass top hinged and the lower door side hinged. The design was later continued on Toyota RAV4 (1994-2012).
  • Hudson Italia (1953–1954) – Doors cut 14 inches (356 mm) into the roof (also called aircraft doors) for easier entry and exit.[7][8]
  • Isetta – Single front-mounted door was hinged on one side.
  • Koenigsegg uses a "dihedral synchro-helix" system for their vehicles (named raptor doors by a company which makes a door conversion kit for regular cars) which are similar to scissor doors but are much more mechanically complex. This is used in their CC8S, CCR, CCX, Agera, and Agera R models.
  • Lykan HyperSport – Doors open like swan doors, but are hinged like suicide doors (such as those on the Rolls Royce Phantom Coupe.
  • BMW-Mini Clubman – Three doors, with the rear door on the right side, no exterior handle, and is less than half the width of the front door.
  • Mitsubishi Toppo and Hyundai Veloster – Single door on the one side and front and rear door on the other side.
  • Renault Avantime – Two long doors with double parallel-opening hinge system that maximize access with minimal outswing of the doors.
  • Smart Crossblade – Minimal "sword-like" door.
  • Smyk – Single front-mounted door was hinged on the bottom.
  • Zündapp Janus – Front and rear mounted side-hinged doors.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lancia Stratos Prototipo". videodigitalpixel. youtube.com. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Photograph". sphotos-e.ak.fbcdn.net. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Test driving the new Honda and Pacer". Kiplinger's Personal Finance 29 (7): 29–30. July 1975. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  4. ^ autoplaybook (28 January 2013). "Design Notes: 1975 AMC Pacer". GM Inside News. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  5. ^ Montgomery, Andrew (2003). Illustrated Directory of American Automobiles. Salamander Books. p. 311. ISBN 9781840655346. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  6. ^ Koch, Jeff (March 2012). "1975-'80 AMC Pacer: The Pacer pointed the way toward modern car-design priorities". Hemmings Motor News. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  7. ^ Lyons, Dan (2005). Cars of the Fantastic '50s. Krause Publications. pp. 58–61. ISBN 9780873499262. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  8. ^ Vance, Bill (29 January 2010). "Motoring Memories: Hudson Italia, 1954". Autos Canada. Retrieved 2 May 2013.