List of The Simpsons cast members
The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom that includes six main voice actors, and numerous regular cast and recurring guest stars. The principal cast consists of Dan Castellaneta, Julie Kavner, Nancy Cartwright, Yeardley Smith, Hank Azaria and Harry Shearer. Tress MacNeille, Pamela Hayden, Maggie Roswell, Russi Taylor, Marcia Wallace, Marcia Mitzman Gaven and Karl Wiedergott have appeared as supporting cast. Repeat guest cast members include Albert Brooks, Phil Hartman, Jon Lovitz, Joe Mantegna and Kelsey Grammer. With one exception, episode credits list only the voice actors, and not the characters they voice.
Both Fox and the production crew wanted to keep their identities secret during the early seasons and closed most of the recording sessions while refusing to publish photos of the recording artists. The network eventually revealed which roles each actor performed in the episode "Old Money", because the producers said the voice actors should receive credit for their work. With the exception of Shearer, every main cast member has won an Emmy for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance. However, Shearer was nominated for the award in 2009 for his performance in the episode "The Burns and the Bees". Castellaneta has won four and Azaria has won three, while Kavner, Cartwright, Smith, Wallace, Grammer and guest star Jackie Mason have each won one.
Castellaneta and Kavner were asked to voice the lead roles of Homer and Marge Simpson as they were regular cast members of The Tracey Ullman Show on which The Simpsons shorts appeared. Cartwright auditioned for the part of Lisa, but found that Lisa was simply described as the "middle child" and at the time did not have much personality. She then became more interested in the role of Bart, so Simpsons creator Matt Groening let her try out for that part instead, and upon hearing her read, he gave her the job on the spot. Smith had initially been asked by casting director Bonita Pietila to audition for the role of Bart, but Pietila then realised that Smith's voice was too high, Smith was given the role of Lisa instead, although she almost turned it down. When the show was commissioned for a full half-hour series, Shearer joined the cast and performed multiple roles. Groening and Sam Simon asked Shearer to join the cast as they were fans of his radio show. Azaria was only a guest actor in the first season, but became permanent in season 2. He first appeared in "Some Enchanted Evening", re-recording Christopher Collins's lines as Moe Szyslak. As he joined later than the rest of the cast, Groening still considers Azaria the "new guy."
Up until 1998, the six main actors were paid $30,000 per episode. In 1998 they were then involved in a pay dispute in which Fox threatened to replace them with new actors and went as far as preparing for casting of new voices. However, the issue was soon resolved and from 1998 to 2004, they were paid $125,000 per episode. In 2004, the voice actors intentionally skipped several table reads, demanding they be paid $360,000 per episode. The strike was resolved a month later and until 2008 they earned something between $250,000 and $360,000 per episode. In 2008, production for the twentieth season was put on hold due to new contract negotiations with the voice actors, who wanted a "healthy bump" in salary to an amount close to $500,000 per episode. The dispute was soon resolved, and the actors' salary was raised to $400,000 per episode.
In 2011, Fox announced that, due to financial difficulties, they were unable to continue to produce The Simpsons under its current contract and that unless there were pay cuts, the show could end. For the negotiations, the studio requested that the cast members accept a 45% cut of their salaries so that more seasons could be produced after season 23, or else that season would be the last. In the end, the studio and the actors reached a deal, in which the actors would take a pay cut of 30%, down to just over $300,000 per episode, prolonging the show to its 25th season. As well as the actors, everybody involved in the show took a pay cut.
Other regular cast
Recurring guest voices
|Kelsey Grammer||Sideshow Bob||Grammer has appeared since 1990.|
|Joe Mantegna||Fat Tony||Mantegna has appeared since 1991.|
|Albert Brooks||Hank Scorpio, Jacques "Brunswick", Cowboy Bob, Brad Goodman, Tab Spangler||Brooks has appeared as one-time characters in several episodes since 1990.|
|Jon Lovitz||Artie Ziff, Professor Lombardo, Aristotle Amadopoulos, Jay Sherman, Llewellyn Sinclair and Mrs. Sinclair, Enrico Irritazio||Lovitz has appeared in several episodes since 1991.|
|Jan Hooks||Manjula Nahasapeemapetilon||Hooks has appeared as Manjula since 1997.|
|Maurice LaMarche||Various minor characters||LaMarche has appeared in several minor roles since 1995.|
|Jane Kaczmarek||Judge Constance Harm||Kaczmarek has appeared as Judge Harm since 2001.|
Other cast members
|Doris Grau||Lunchlady Doris, other one-time roles||Grau was a member of the show's supporting cast and also worked as a script supervisor on the series. Grau appeared from 1991 until 1997, with her final appearances airing after her death in 1995.|
|Phil Hartman||Troy McClure, Lionel Hutz, other one-time roles||Hartman made the most guest appearances on the show, voicing characters between 1991 and 1998. Following Hartman's death, McClure and Hutz were retired from the show.|
|Frank Welker||Santa's Little Helper, Snowball II and various other animals.||Made numerous guest appearances between 1991 and 2002. Dan Castellaneta now provides the voices after Welker left the show, having asked for a raise because the voices were hurting his throat.|
|Marcia Mitzman Gaven||Maude Flanders, Helen Lovejoy, Elizabeth Hoover||As part of the supporting cast, Gaven voiced the majority of Maggie Roswell's characters between 1999 and 2002, while Roswell had left the show over a pay dispute. Gaven has not appeared since Roswell's return at the start of season 14.|
|Jo Ann Harris||Various||Voiced various additional parts as part of the supporting cast between 1989 and 1992, but has not appeared since.|
|Christopher Collins||Moe Syszlak, Mr. Burns, the presenter of America's Most Armed and Dangerous||Collins provided the voices of Mr. Burns in several season one episodes, but was replaced in the role by Harry Shearer. He also recorded the original voice of Moe for "Some Enchanted Evening" but was overdubbed by Hank Azaria. Collins died in 1994.|
Awards and nominations
|1992||Nancy Cartwright||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Bart Simpson||"Separate Vocations"||Won|||
|1992||Dan Castellaneta||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Homer Simpson||"Lisa's Pony"||Won|||
|1992||Julie Kavner||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Marge Simpson||"I Married Marge"||Won|||
|1992||Jackie Mason||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Rabbi Hyman Krustofski||"Like Father, Like Clown"||Won|||
|1992||Yeardley Smith||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Lisa Simpson||"Lisa the Greek"||Won|||
|1992||Marcia Wallace||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Edna Krabappel||"Bart the Lover"||Won|||
|1993||Dan Castellaneta||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Homer Simpson||"Mr. Plow"||Won|||
|1995||Nancy Cartwright||Annie Award||Voice Acting in the Field of Animation||Bart Simpson||"Radio Bart"||Won|||
|1997||Maggie Roswell||Annie Award||Best Voice Acting by a Female Performer||Shary Bobbins||"Simpsoncalifragilisticexpiala(Annoyed Grunt)cious"||Nominated|||
|1998||Hank Azaria||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Apu Nahasapeemapetilon||Won|||
|2001||Hank Azaria||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Various||"Worst Episode Ever"||Won|||
|2003||Hank Azaria||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Various||"Moe Baby Blues"||Won|||
|2004||Dan Castellaneta||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Various Characters||"Today I am A Clown"||Won|||
|2006||Kelsey Grammer||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Sideshow Bob||"The Italian Bob"||Won|||
|2007||Julie Kavner||Annie Award||Best Voice Acting in an Animated Feature||Marge Simpson||The Simpsons Movie||Nominated|||
|2009||Hank Azaria||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Moe Szyslak||"Eeny Teeny Maya Moe"||Nominated|||
|2009||Dan Castellaneta||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Homer Simpson||"Father Knows Worst"||Won|||
|2009||Harry Shearer||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Mr. Burns, Smithers,
Kent Brockman and Lenny
|"The Burns and the Bees"||Nominated|||
|2010||Hank Azaria||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Moe Szyslak, Apu Nahasapeemapetilon||"Moe Letter Blues"||Nominated|||
|2010||Dan Castellaneta||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Homer Simpson, Grampa Simpson||"Thursday with Abie"||Nominated|||
|2011||Dan Castellaneta||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Voice-over Performance||Homer Simpson, Barney Gumble, Krusty, Louie||"Donnie Fatso"||Nominated|||
- ^ A. Guest star Jackie Mason has voiced Rabbi Krustofski in six episodes.
- ^ B. Replaced Frank Welker.
- ^ C. Doris was initially retired after Doris Grau's death, but has returned in several episodes since "The Mook, the Chef, the Wife and Her Homer", and has been voiced by MacNeille.
- ^ D. Guest star Pamela Reed voiced Ruth on three occasions.
- ^ E. Between 1999 and 2002, Marcia Mitzman Gaven voiced the three characters because Roswell resigned after Fox refused to raise her travel expenses. Roswell returned in 2002.
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