List of castles in England

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For more details on English castles, see Castles in Great Britain and Ireland.
Windsor Castle, Berkshire

This list of castles in England is not a list of every building and site that has "castle" as part of its name, nor does it list only buildings which conform to a strict definition of a castle as a medieval fortified residence.[1] It is not a list of every castle ever built in England, many of which have vanished without trace, but is primarily a list of buildings and remains that have survived. In almost every case the buildings that survive are either ruined, or have been altered over the centuries. For several reasons, whether a given site is that of a medieval castle has not been taken to be a sufficient criterion for determining whether or not that site should be included in the list.

Castles which have vanished or whose remains are barely visible are not listed, except for some important or well-known buildings and sites. Fortifications from before the medieval period are not listed, nor are architectural follies. In other respects it is difficult to identify clear and consistent boundaries between two sets of buildings, comprising those that indisputably belong in a list of castles and those that do not. The criteria adopted for inclusion in the list include such factors as: how much survives from the medieval period; how strongly fortified the building was; how castle-like the surviving building is; whether the building has been given the title of "castle"; how certain it is that a medieval castle stood on the site, or that the surviving remains are those of a medieval castle; how well-known or interesting the building is; and whether including or excluding a building helps make the list, in some measure, more consistent.

In order to establish a list that is as far as possible comprehensive as well as consistent, it is necessary to establish its boundaries. Before the list itself, a discussion of its scope includes lengthy lists of buildings which for various reasons are excluded from the main lists. The Castellarium Anglicanum, an authoritative index of castles in England and Wales published in 1983, lists over 1,500 castle sites in England.[2] Many of these castles have vanished or left almost no trace. The present list includes more than 800 medieval castles of which there are visible remains, with over 300 having substantial surviving stone or brick remains.


Contents

History[edit]

The Tower of London

A castle is a type of fortified structure, developed in Europe during the Middle Ages. The first castles appeared in France in the 10th century,[3] and in England during the 11th century. A few castles are known to have been built in England before the Normans invaded in 1066;[4] a great many were built in the years following, the principal mechanism by means of which the Normans were able to consolidate their control over the country.[5] Whilst a few important castles, such as the White Tower in the Tower of London, were built of stone, most early castles were motte-and-bailey castles of earthwork and timber, which could be constructed quickly. Some were later rebuilt in stone,[6] but there are a great many castle sites in England where all that is visible today are traces of earthworks.[7]

Castles continued to be built in England for several hundred years, reaching a peak of military sophistication in the late 13th century.[8] The two principal elements in their construction were the great tower or keep, such as the White Tower, and the fortified enclosure, such as is provided by the outer wall of the Tower of London. During the 14th century, largely as a result of the decline of feudalism,[9] the construction of strong castles began to decline, in favour of more lightly fortified structures often described as fortified manor houses.[10] In the far north of England, where conditions remained unsettled, fortified buildings continued to be built as late as the 16th century, not only by the rich and powerful but by any with adequate means, as defence not against great armies, but against the notorious Border Reivers. Many took the form of the pele tower, a smaller, more modest version of the castle keep,[11] and many of these still survive, often incorporated in later buildings.

Pendennis Castle, Cornwall: a 16th-century Henrician Castle

Castles differed from earlier fortifications in that they were generally private fortified residences. Typically, a castle was the residence of a feudal lord, providing the owner with a secure base from which to control his lands,[12] and also a symbol of wealth and power. Earlier fortified structures, such as the Saxon burh or the Iron Age hill fort, provided public or communal defences,[13] as did medieval town or city walls. The many Roman forts of which ruins survive in Britain differed in being wholly military in nature - they were camps or strongholds of the Roman army. The Romans also built town or city walls in England which can still be seen, for instance at Silchester.

By the 16th century the role of fortifications had changed once more with the development of artillery capable of breaching even thick stone walls. In the reign of Henry VIII, fears of invasion[14] led to the building of a series of new fortresses along the south coast of England,[15] known as the Device Forts or Henrician Castles. These were designed to use and to defend against artillery, and since they were not private residences, but national fortifications, they do not possess what architectural historians have come to see as the defining characteristics of a castle.[16] Nonetheless they are visibly castle-like, being compact, with battlemented walls, squat turrets and sometimes a keep; and they were the last generation of fortresses in England to be known as castles, long before architectural historians began to argue that they should not be.[17] One of them, Pendennis Castle, was one of the last Royalist strongholds to fall to the Parliamentarians during the English Civil War—starvation forcing surrender after a siege of five months.[18]

Herstmonceux Castle, East Sussex

As the role of the castle as fortress declined in the later medieval period, its role as a residence increasingly became the more important. Castles such as Herstmonceux were built with fortifications seemingly designed more for show than for strength,[19] implying a further evolution in the role and concept of the castle, becoming less a means of enforcing power but instead a symbol of its possession, a castle becoming a grand residence proclaiming the status of its owner. Once fortifications had become altogether redundant, it became increasingly rare in England for new buildings to be described as castles, in contrast to France, where country houses continued to be known as châteaux.

Once no longer needed as fortresses, castles — if they were not abandoned — were, over the centuries, adapted and modernised to make them more suitable for continued use as residences:[20] large windows were inserted in defensive walls, as at Lumley; outer walls were demolished or lowered to open up views from within, as at Raby; new residential ranges were built to improve and extend accommodation, as at Windsor. Some castles were restored after falling into ruin, like Bamburgh;[21] others, like Belvoir, were demolished and rebuilt, retaining little or none of the original structure.[22] In the 18th and 19th centuries especially, many castles underwent "improvements" by architects such as Anthony Salvin, and in this period a fashion developed for entirely new houses to be built in the style of castles, and to be known as castles.[23][24] Amongst these was Peckforton Castle, built by Salvin: a building so authentic in its recreation of a medieval castle that it has been described as possibly the last serious fortified home built in Britain.[25]

Peckforton Castle, Cheshire, with Beeston Castle in the distance

Scope and exclusions[edit]

No list of castles in England is ever likely to be complete, because there will never be complete agreement in every case as to whether the remains of a building are those of a castle, whether a given place is the site of a castle, or whether a surviving building should be considered to be a castle.[26]

Perhaps because the castle has become the most familiar type of fortification, many sites of fortifications earlier than the 10th century have become known as castles. Most of these are Iron Age hill forts. Amongst the best known are Abbotsbury Castle, Barbury Castle, Bratton Castle, Cadbury Castle, Castle Dore, Chûn Castle, Liddington Castle, Maen Castle, Maiden Castle and Uffington Castle,[27] whilst many more appear in the List of hill forts in England. Others, such as Melandra Castle, Reculver Castle, Richborough Castle and Whitley Castle, are Roman forts, whilst Daw's Castle is a Saxon burh.[27] None of these is included in the present list unless it is also the site of a medieval castle, as is the case with, for instance, Portchester Castle, where an imposing castle was built within the surviving walls of the Roman fort.[28]

Portchester Castle, Hampshire: Roman walls and medieval keep

Nor are all medieval fortified sites included in the present list. The remains of town and city walls are excluded — most of these appear in the List of town walls in England and Wales. Also excluded are churches with defensive towers, such as Ancroft, Burgh by Sands, Edlingham, Garway, Great Salkeld and Newton Arlosh, as well as other fortified ecclesiastical sites such as Alnwick Abbey, Battle Abbey, Thornton Abbey, Wetheral Priory, Whalley Abbey and St Mary's Abbey, York.[29] Some of the pele towers of Northern England are included, but the more modest fortified buildings known as bastles are not, though the distinction between them is not always altogether clear. Amongst fortified manor houses, those given the title of castle are included, whilst many others were more lightly fortified and are excluded. Amongst these are Baddesley Clinton, Cowdray House, Farnhill Hall, Hipswell Hall, Ightham Mote, Little Wenham Hall, Markenfield Hall and Walburn Hall.[29]

Pele towers which became known as castles, or preserve a castle-like aspect, are included in the list. Many others, or their remains, have survived much altered, incorporated in later country houses or farmhouses, and are excluded. Amongst these are: Aske Hall, Biddlestone RC Chapel, Bolling Hall, Bolton Old Hall, Boltongate Rectory, Causey Park House, Clennell Hall, Cliburn Hall, Corbridge Low Hall, Cowmire Hall, Craster Arms (Beadnell), Croglin Old Pele, Denton Hall, Dovenby Hall, Dunstan Hall, East Shaftoe Hall, Godmond Hall, Great Salkeld Rectory, Hardrigg Hall, Hepscott Hall, Hetton Hall, Hollin Hall, Hutton Hall (Penrith), Irton Hall, Johnby Hall, Killington Hall, Kirkoswald College, Levens Hall, Little Harle Tower, Nether Hall, Netherby Hall, Ormside Hall, Pockerley Pele, Preston Patrick Hall, Randalholme Hall, Rock Hall, Rudchester Hall, Sella Park, Selside Hall, Skelsmergh Hall, Smardale Hall, Thistlewood Farmhouse, Warnell Hall, Weetwood Hall and Witton Tower.[29]

In the post-medieval period, the distinction between true castles and later mock castles is blurred by the extent to which medieval castles were adapted and rebuilt. At Greystoke a new castle was built incorporating a medieval pele tower;[30] at Thurland a new castle was built from the ruins of the old;[31] at Belvoir the old castle was demolished and a new one built.[22] The building of mock castles might be seen as the logical conclusion of a process already apparent in castles such as Herstmonceux or Tattershall, where the castle-like aspect of the building was becoming more for show than for strength.[19]

Wentworth Castle: not a castle but a country house

Amongst post-medieval buildings in England which are known as castles, there are a few such as Peckforton Castle which closely resemble medieval castles; many others such as Clearwell Castle which have some castle-like features; and some like Mereworth Castle which bear no resemblance whatsoever to a castle. Buildings which neither look like castles, nor incorporate the remains of castles, are excluded from the list. Amongst these are Bolebroke Castle, Bovey Castle, Bruce Castle, Castle Ashby, Castle Howard, Clifton Castle, Highclere Castle, Mereworth Castle, New Wardour Castle, Sherborne Castle, Wentworth Castle and Wisbech Castle.[32] Many other buildings which do have some castle-like features are also excluded. Amongst these are Acton Castle, Allerton Castle, Augill Castle, Avon Castle, Bell's Castle, Bolesworth Castle, Bude Castle, Castle Eden Castle, Castle Goring, Cave Castle, Clearwell Castle, Cliffe Castle, Coates Castle, Creech Castle, Droskyn Castle, Edmond Castle, Enmore Castle, Ewell Castle, Farleigh Castle, Farley Castle, Fillingham Castle, Hatherop Castle, Headingley Castle, Highcliffe Castle, Hilfield Castle, Kenwith Castle, Kirby Knowle Castle, Knepp Castle, Luscombe Castle, Midford Castle, Mulgrave Castle, Otterburn Tower, Pentillie Castle, Reeve Castle, Ryde Castle, St. Clare Castle, Sibdon Castle, Sneaton Castle, Stanhope Castle, Studley Castle, Swinton Castle, The Citadel (Weston-under-Redcastle), Tregenna Castle, Vanbrugh Castle, Wadhurst Castle, Wattisham Castle, Whitehaven Castle, Whitstable Castle, Willersley Castle and Willsbridge Castle.[32] Amongst those which have been demolished is Steephill Castle.

Artificial ruins and follies, often built as memorials or landscape features, are also excluded. Amongst these are Appley Tower, Black Castle, Bladon Castle, Blaise Castle, Bollitree Castle, Boston Castle, Braylsham Castle, Broadway Tower, Carr Hall Castle, Castlebourne, Clent Castle, Clopton Tower, Dinton Castle, Doyden Castle, Dunstall Castle, Durlston Castle, Fort Putnam, Hadlow Castle, Castle in Hagley Park Lawrence Castle, Long's Park Castle, Mow Cop Castle, Mowbray Castle, Pirton Castle, Radford Castle, Radway Tower, Ragged Castle (Badminton), Rivington Castle, Rodborough Fort, Ross Castle, Rothley Castle, Roundhay Castle, Sebergham Castle, Severndroog Castle, Shaldon Castle, Sham Castle (Bath), Sledmere Castle, Speedwell Castle, Stainborough Castle, Starlight Castle, Stowe Castle, Strattenborough Castle, Sundorne Castle, Toll House (Clevedon) and Wyke Castle.[32] Finally, the 16th-century Henrician Castles, whose design was closely inspired by medieval castles, are included, but later military fortifications—with just a few exceptions—are not.

Red Lion Tower, Haltwhistle

However carefully the criteria for including a building or site on this list are set out, it is inevitable there will be borderline cases. Many buildings which are known to incorporate northern pele towers in their fabric, but which are no longer castle-like - such as the Red Lion Tower in Haltwhistle - have been excluded. On the other hand Corby Castle, in which a pele tower survives wholly encased in a later building,[33] is included because it is known as a castle, and by implication continued to fulfil the role of one, at least in part. Kimbolton Castle is included as the site of a medieval castle, and because the present mansion has a castellated aspect in deference to the medieval castle it replaced.

Key[edit]

Key
Accessible open space Accessible open space
CL icon.svg Castle open to the public
EH icon.svg English Heritage
HH icon.svg Historic House open to the public
Museum icon (red).svg Museum
National Trust National Trust
NGS Private, grounds open under the National Gardens Scheme
Name Usually the name of the surviving building, but not always—for instance the remains of the historic Bampton Castle were incorporated in a later building known as Ham Court
Type Usually the type of castle represented by the predominant surviving fortified remains
Date Usually the dates of the principal building works relating to the surviving remains
Condition An indication as to what remains of the original castle structure
Image The building or site as it currently exists
Ownership
/ Access
Brief information relating to the current ownership or use of the site, an icon signifying that the site is frequently open to the public

Bedfordshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

Bedford Castle was demolished after a well-documented eight-week siege by Henry III, with around 2000 men, in 1224.[34]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Someries Castle Fortified manor house 15th century Fragmentary remains Someries Castle.jpg CL icon.svg Brick, unfinished, ruined gatehouse and chapel survive.[35]

Berkshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Donnington Castle Castle c. 1386 Fragment Donnington Castle - geograph.org.uk - 35386.jpg EH icon.svg Built by Richard Abberbury the Elder, destroyed during the English Civil War, gatehouse survives.[36]
Windsor Castle Keep and bailey 12–19th century Intact Windsor Castle at Sunset - Nov 2006.jpg Royal palace Restored and extended by James Wyatt and Jeffry Wyattville, 1800–30.[37]

Bristol[edit]

Castles of which only vestiges remain include:[2]

Buckinghamshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Boarstall Tower Fortified manor house c. 1312 Fragment Boarstall Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1062939.jpg NTE icon.svg Moated site, gatehouse survives, altered in the 16–17th centuries, converted to house 20th century.[38]

Cambridgeshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Buckden Palace Fortified manor house 13–15th century Fragment Buckden Towers.jpg Claretian conference centre Renamed Buckden Towers, partly demolished and remnants incorporated with a 19th-century house.[39]
Elton Hall Fortified manor house c. 1477 Fragment Elton Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1258739.jpg HH icon.svg Gatehouse survives, incorporated in building of 1662–1689, remodelled and extended in the 18–19th centuries.[40]
Kimbolton Castle Castellated house 17–18th century Intact Kimbolton Castle 01.jpg School Site of medieval castle, rebuilt and later remodelled by Sir John Vanbrugh 1707–10.[41]
Kirtling Tower Fortified manor house c. 1530 Fragment A view of Kirtling Tower - geograph.org.uk - 525588.jpg NGS 16th-century gatehouse on supposed site of moated Saxon castle.[42]
Longthorpe Tower Tower house 1263–1300 Intact Longthorpe Tower1.jpg EH icon.svg Elaborate scheme of domestic medieval wall paintings.[43]
Northborough Castle Fortified manor house 1330–40 Fragment The gatehouse, Northborough Hall - geograph.org.uk - 672519.jpg Private Gatehouse and hall survive, with 16/17th-century alterations.[44]
Woodcroft Castle Quadrangular castle c. 1280 Habitable fragment WoodcroftCastle.jpg Private West range of original building survives, with alterations.[45]

Cheshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Beeston Castle Enclosure castle 13–14th century Ruins Beeston Castle Gate.jpg EH icon.svg Sited on crag high above Cheshire Plain, 19th-century outer gatehouse.[46]
Chester Castle Keep and bailey 12th century Fragment Agricola Tower, Chester Castle - geograph.org.uk - 675807.jpg EH icon.svg Agricola tower sole feature of medieval castle to survive an 18th-century fire.[47]
Cholmondeley Castle Neo-romantic castle 1801–19 Intact Cholmondeley - Cholmondeley Castle.jpg HH icon.svg
Marquess of Cholmondeley
Transformed into castle by Smirke, 1817–19.[48]
Doddington Castle Tower house c. 1403 Substantially intact Geograph-2193224-by-Simon-Huguet cropped.jpg Private Also known as Delves Hall. Building At Risk.[49]
Halton Castle Castle 13th century Fragmentary remains Halton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 311820.jpg CL icon.svg
Duchy of Lancaster
Commanding position, 13th-century tower, 18th-century courthouse, folly of c. 1800.[50]
Peckforton Castle Neo-romantic castle 1844–50 Intact Peckforton Castle 1.jpg Hotel By Anthony Salvin, possibly the last serious fortified home built in Britain.[25]

County Durham[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Auckland Castle Keep and bailey 12–16th century Rebuilt Auckland Castle 036.jpg HH icon.svg
Church of England
Mostly 16th-century, fragments remain of medieval castle, residence of the Bishop of Durham.[51]
Barnard Castle Keep and bailey 11–14th century Ruins Barnard Castle.jpg EH icon.svg [52]
Bowes Castle Keep 12th century Fragmentary remains Bowes Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1158843.jpg EH icon.svg Ruins of keep survive.[53]
Brancepeth Castle Keep and bailey 14–19th century Reconstructed Brancepeth Castle.jpg Private Substantial medieval portions, including 5 towers incorporated in 19th-century rebuilding.[54]
Durham Castle Keep and bailey 11–14th century Rebuilt Durham Castle - geograph.org.uk - 897762.jpg University College, Durham Much altered during continuous occupation since c. 1072.[55]
Lambton Castle Neo-romantic castle c. 1820–8 Intact Lambton Park 1892.jpg Wedding venue / Earl of Durham Later additions demolished following subsidence.[56]
Lumley Castle Quadrangular castle c. 1392 Intact Lumley Castle 02.jpg Hotel / Earl of Scarbrough Altered c. 1580 and 1721.[57]
Mortham Tower Fortified manor house 14–16th century Intact Mortham Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1413899.jpg Private 15th-century tower, formerly in Yorkshire.[58]
Raby Castle Castle 12–14th century Intact Raby Castle - geograph.org.uk - 29645.jpg HH icon.svg
Lord Barnard
Altered in the 18–19th centuries.[59]
Raby Old Lodge Tower house 16th century Restored Holiday accommodation Probably built as a hunting lodge for the Neville family of Raby Castle.[60]
Scargill Castle Tower house 13–15th century Fragment Scargill Castle Farm - geograph.org.uk - 75574.jpg Private, farm Amongst farm buildings.[61]
Walworth Castle Sham castle c. 1600 Restored Walworth 001.jpg Hotel South-west tower and adjoining wall possibly medieval.[62]
Witton Castle Castle c. 1410 Restored Witton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 307577.jpg Caravan site Extended in 1790–95. Used as a leisure centre for a caravan site.[63]

Cornwall[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Caerhays Castle Neo-romantic castle 1807–10 Intact Caerhayes Castle.jpg HH icon.svg Built in 1808 by John Nash.[64]
Carn Brea Castle Sham castle 15–19th century Intact Carn Brea Castle by Ansom.jpg Restaurant Possible medieval hunting lodge rebuilt in the 18–19th centuries.[65]
Ince Castle Semi-fortified house c. 1640 Intact Ince Castle - geograph.org.uk - 344828 cropped.jpg NGS House may have been held against the Roundheads in 1646.[66]
Launceston Castle Keep and bailey 11–13th century Ruins Launceston, castle over rooftops - geograph.org.uk - 571483.jpg EH icon.svg [67]
Pendennis Castle Artillery fort 1540–98 Intact Pendennis Castle.jpg EH icon.svg Withstood 5-month siege in 1646.[18]
Pengersick Castle Fortified manor house c. 1510 Fragment Pengersick Castle - geograph.org.uk - 54699.jpg HH icon.svg 4-storey tower remains, with later building.[68]
Place House, Fowey Tower house 15–19th century Rebuilt Geograph-2306832-by-Derek-Harper cropped.jpg Private Original tower house defended against the French in 1475, subsequently strengthened, later rebuilt.[69]
Restormel Castle Shell keep 12–13th century Ruins RestormelCastle.JPG EH icon.svg [70]
St Catherine's Castle Artillery fort 1538–40 Ruins St Catherines Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1239837.jpg EH icon.svg At mouth of River Fowey.[71]
St. Mawes Castle Artillery fort 1540–3 Intact St-mawes-castle.JPG EH icon.svg Position not defensible from land attack.[72]
St. Michael's Mount Fortified site 12–17th century Substantially intact CASTLE3.jpg NTE icon.svg Castle and priory church comprise single building.[73]
Tintagel Castle Twin bailey 1227–33 Fragmentary remains Upper mainland courtyard of Tintagel Castle, 2007.jpg EH icon.svg [74]
Trematon Castle Shell keep 12–13th century Ruins Keep, Trematon Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1192900.jpg Duchy of Cornwall [75]

Cumbria[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, vestiges or no traces remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Appleby Castle Keep and bailey 12–17th century Restored Caesar's Tower inside Appleby castle - geograph.org.uk - 1505585.jpg Private Restored in the 17th century by Lady Anne Clifford.[76]
Armathwaite Castle Tower house 15th century Intact River Eden from Armathwaite Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 211411 cropped.jpg Private Incorporated in later buildings.[77]
Arnside Tower Tower house 15th century Ruins Arnside Tower from the south west - geograph.org.uk - 418663.jpg Private Freestanding tower house.[78]
Askerton Castle Castle 14–16th century Restored Askerton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 958564.jpg Private, farm Altered by Anthony Salvin.[79]
Beetham Hall Fortified manor house 14th century Partly ruined Beetham Hall - geograph.org.uk - 862919.jpg Private [80]
Bewcastle Castle Courtyard castle 14–15th century Fragmentary ruins Bewcastle - geograph.org.uk - 1945279.jpg CL icon.svg Sited within Roman fort.[81]
Bewley Castle Fortified manor house 13–14th century Fragmentary ruins Private Once a residence of the Bishops of Carlisle.[82]
Blencow Hall Fortified house 15–16th century Intact Blencow Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1458342.jpg Holiday accommodation Altered in 1590.[83]
Brackenburgh Old Tower Pele tower 14–15th century Substantially intact Private Adjoining large 19th-century house.[84]
Brackenhill Tower Tower house 1586 Intact Holiday accommodation Restored 21st century.[85]
Branthwaite Hall Pele tower 14–15th century Intact Branthwaite Hall. - geograph.org.uk - 80423.jpg Private 17th-century additions.[86]
Brough Castle Keep and bailey 11–14th century Ruins Brough Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1605399.jpg EH icon.svg Restored in 1659–62 by Lady Anne Clifford.[87]
Brougham Castle Keep and bailey 13–14th century Ruins Brougham Castle - geograph.org.uk - 17714.jpg EH icon.svg Converted into country house in 17th century by Lady Anne Clifford.[88]
Brougham Hall Fortified manor house 13–19th century Ruins Brougham Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1532.jpg Crafts centre Ruins of 19th-century house incorporating remains of earlier building.[89]
Broughton Tower Pele tower 14th century Intact Geograph-3654463-by-Karl-and-Ali.jpg School Incorporated in later building.[90]
Burneside Hall Tower house 14th century Ruins Burneside Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1499618.jpg Private [91]
Carlisle Castle Keep and bailey 12–15th century Substantially intact Carlisle Castle 03.jpg EH icon.svg Converted to barracks 19th century.[92]
Catterlen Hall Tower house 15th century Intact CatterlenHall cropped.jpg Private Later additions.[93]
Clifton Hall Pele tower 16th century Substantially intact Geograph-1878296-by-Trish-Steel cropped.jpg EH icon.svg Used as a farm building until 1973.[94]
Cockermouth Castle Enclosure castle 13–14th century Partly restored Cockermouth Castle.jpg Private 19th-century additions.[95]
Corby Castle Tower house 13th century Rebuilt Corby Castle cropped.jpg Private Concealed within a Georgian Mansion House.[33]
Dacre Castle Tower house 14th century Restored Dacre Castle.jpg Private Restored in the 17th and 19th centuries.[96]
Dalston Hall Fortified house 15th century Intact Geograph-2360581-by-Anthony-Parkes.jpg Hotel Later additions.[97]
Dalton Castle Pele tower 14th century Restored Dalton Castle.jpg NTE icon.svg Remodelled c. 1704 and 1856.[98]
Drawdykes Castle Tower house 14th century Intact Private, farm Original tower with early Classical Revival facade.[99]
Drumburgh Castle Tower house 14th century Habitable Drumburgh Castle - geograph.org.uk - 912711.jpg Private Converted into farmhouse.[100]
Gleaston Castle Enclosure castle 14th century Fragmentary remains Gleaston Castle ruins.jpg Private Abandoned late 15th century.[101]
Greystoke Castle Castle 14–19th century Rebuilt Greystoke Castle.jpg Wedding venue Rebuilt incorporating parts of 14th-century building, remodelled in 1840 by Anthony Salvin.[102]
Harbybrow Tower Pele tower 15th century Ruin Private Adjoining 19th-century farmhouse.[103]
Hayton Castle Tower house 14–15th century Substantially intact Private Castle converted to house.[104]
Hazelslack Tower Pele tower 14th century Ruins Hazelslack Tower - geograph.org.uk - 126519.jpg Private Near Arnside.[105]
Howgill Castle Tower house 14th century Substantially intact Private Altered and remodelled in the 17–18th century.[106]
Hutton-in-the-Forest Pele tower 14–19th century Intact Hutton-in-the-Forest 04.jpg HH icon.svg Large country-house extensions.[107]
Hutton John Pele tower 14th century Intact Hutton John - geograph.org.uk - 563746.jpg HH icon.svg Later alterations and additions.[108]
Ingmire Hall Pele tower 16–20th century Rebuilt Ingmire Hall-geograph.org.uk-3218717.jpg Private apartments Incorporated in large, mostly 19th-century mansion.[109]
Isel Hall Tower house 14–15th century Intact Iselhall.jpg HH icon.svg Later additions.[110]
Kendal Castle Ringwork 12–14th century Fragmentary remains Kendal Castle at sunset.jpg UKAL icon.svg [111]
Kentmere Hall Pele tower 14th century Intact Kentmere hall.jpg Private [112]
Kirkandrews Tower Pele tower 16th century Intact Kirkandrews Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1577812.jpg Private [113]
Linstock Castle Tower house 12–13th century Substantially intact Private Altered and remodelled in the 17–20th century.[114]
Lowther Castle Neo-romantic castle 1806–14 Ruins Lowther Castle 01.jpg HH icon.svg Shell of a 19th-century castle by Smirke, on site of medieval hall.[115]
Middleton Hall Fortified manor house 14th century Habitable Geograph-2298516-by-Karl-and-Ali.jpg Private Altered and extended in the 15–19th centuries.[116]
Millom Castle Castle 14th century Ruins Millom Castle - geograph.org.uk - 285259.jpg CL icon.svg 16–17th-century farmhouse built into ruins.[117]
Muncaster Castle Tower house 13–14th century Restored Muncaster Castle 01.jpg HH icon.svg Remodelled by Anthony Salvin, home of Tom Fool, 16th-century jester.[118]
Naworth Castle Keep and bailey 13–16th century Restored Naworth Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1485110.jpg Wedding venue
Earl of Carlisle
Altered and restored in the 18th and 19th centuries.[119]
Newbiggin Hall Fortified house 15–16th century Intact Part of Newbiggin Hall - geograph.org.uk - 290844.jpg Private Remodelled by Anthony Salvin.[120]
Pendragon Castle Tower house 12–14th century Fragmentary remains Pendragon Castle - geograph.org.uk - 927364.jpg CL icon.svg [121]
Penrith Castle Castle 14–15th century Fragmentary remains Penrith Castle 2.JPG EH icon.svg [122]
Piel Castle Castle 14–15th century Ruins Piel Castle.jpg EH icon.svg Also known as Fouldrey Castle.[123]
Prior's Tower, Carlisle Pele tower 15th century Intact Geograph-2179125-by-Alexander-P-Kapp.jpg Church of England Part of the Deanery, alongside later buildings.[124]
Rose Castle Quadrangular Castle 15–16th century Restored Geograph-2140455-by-Alexander-P-Kapp.jpg Church of England Converted to private house 17th century, residence of the Bishop of Carlisle until 2011.[125]
Scaleby Castle Tower house 13–15th century Partly ruined Scaleby Castle, Cumbria - geograph.org.uk - 50853.jpg Private Incorporated with later house.[126]
Sizergh Castle Tower house 14–16th century Restored Sizergh Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1290821.jpg NTE icon.svg Altered in the 18–20th centuries.[127]
Toppin Castle Sham castle 19th century Intact Geograph-1841134-by-John-Smith cropped.jpg Private Imitation tower house.[128]
Ubarrow Hall Pele tower Medieval Substantially intact Yewbarrow-hall-longsleddale.jpg Private Alongside later building, reduced in height.[129]
Wharton Hall Fortified manor house 14–17th century Partly restored Wharton Hall - geograph.org.uk - 163881.jpg Private [130]
Whitehall, Mealsgate Tower house 14–15th century Substantially intact Holiday accommodation Alterations by Anthony Salvin.[131]
Workington Hall Tower house 14–18th century Ruins Curwen Hall - geograph.org.uk - 571432.jpg Local authority Inhabited until 1929, requisitioned by the army in WW2 and since allowed to fall into ruin. Also known as Curwen Hall.[132][133]
Wray Castle Neo-romantic castle 1840–7 Intact Wray Castle - geograph.org.uk - 129530.jpg NTE icon.svg [134]
Wraysholme Tower Tower house 15th century Substantially intact Geograph-2164570-by-Karl-and-Ali.jpg Private, farm Used as barn and cow-house, adjoining a 19th-century house.[135]
Yanwath Hall Pele tower 15th century Intact Yanwathhall.jpg Private Adjoining later building.[136]

Derbyshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, vestiges or no traces remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Bolsover Castle Castle 12–17th century Rebuilt Bolsover Castle - geograph.org.uk - 205752.jpg EH icon.svg Castle rebuilt as a 17th-century mansion.[137]
Codnor Castle Castle 13–14th century Fragmentary remains Codnor castle01.jpg CL icon.svg [138]
Elvaston Castle Castellated house 17–19th century Derelict Elvaston Castle 2.jpg Derbyshire County Council Built in 1633, remodelled by James Wyatt in 19th century, now within country park. Building At Risk.[139]
Haddon Hall Fortified manor house 14–15th century Intact Geograph-2270973-by-Trevor-Rickard cropped.jpg HH icon.svg Altered in the 16–17th centuries, restored in the 1920s.[140]
Mackworth Castle Fortified manor house 15th century Fragment Mackworth Castle, Lower Road, Mackworth Village, Derbyshire.jpg Private Ruined gatehouse adjoining farm.[141]
Peveril Castle Keep and bailey 11–14th century Ruins Peveril Castle keep, 2009.jpg EH icon.svg Commanding position above ravine.[142]
Riber Castle Sham castle 1868 Ruins Geograph-1685064-by-Brian-Chadwick.jpg Private School 1892–1930.[143]
Wingfield Manor Fortified manor house 15th century Ruins Wingfield Manor - geograph.org.uk - 6280.jpg EH icon.svg Abandoned in the 18th century.[144]

Devon[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Affeton Castle Fortified manor house 15th century Fragment Affeton gatehouse500.jpeg Private Gatehouse of house sacked during English Civil War, with 19th-century alterations.[145]
Berry Pomeroy Castle Enclosure castle 15th century Ruins Berry Pomeroy Castle - geograph.org.uk - 913529.jpg EH icon.svg Very late castle, designed to defend against artillery.[146]
Bickleigh Castle Fortified manor house 15th century Restored Bickleigh castle.jpg Wedding venue Incorporated in later buildings.[147]
Compton Castle Fortified manor house 14–16th century Restored Compton Castle in Devon enh.jpg NTE icon.svg Used as farm after 1750, restored 20th century.[148]
Dartmouth Castle Castle 1481 Restored Dartmouth Castle - geograph.org.uk - 725989.jpg EH icon.svg Converted to artillery castle 1509–47.[149]
Castle Drogo Neo-romantic castle 1911–1930 Intact Drogo.jpg NTE icon.svg By Edwin Lutyens.[150]
Gidleigh Castle Keep c. 1300 Ruins Gidleigh Castle.jpg CL icon.svg [151]
Hemyock Castle Enclosure castle c. 1380 Fragmentary remains Hemyock Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1491334.jpg Private [152]
Kingswear Castle Artillery fort 1491–1502 Intact Kingswear Castle from Dartmouth Castle.jpg Landmark Trust [153]
Lydford Castle Keep and bailey 12–13th century Ruins Lydford Castle - geograph.org.uk - 31173.jpg EH icon.svg [154]
Marisco Castle Keep and bailey c. 1243 Restored Mariscocastle.jpg NTE icon.svg Restored in 1643.[155]
Okehampton Castle Keep and bailey 11–14th century Fragmentary remains Okehampton Castle Motte, 2009 - geograph.org.uk - 1574337.jpg EH icon.svg [156]
Plympton Castle Motte and bailey 12th century Fragmentary remains Plympton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 103022.jpg CL icon.svg [157]
Powderham Castle Fortified manor house 14–16th century Restored Powderham Castle 02.jpg HH icon.svg
Earl of Devon
Remodelled in the 18th and 19th centuries.[158]
Rougemont Castle (Exeter) Castle 11–12th century Fragments Rougemont Castle gatehouse, 2010.jpg Wedding venue Medieval fragments survive with later buildings.[159]
Salcombe Castle Artillery fort 1540s Ruins Salcombecastle.JPG UKAL icon.svg Refortified in 1643–45.[160]
Tiverton Castle Quadrangular castle 14th century Partly habitable Tiverton , Tiverton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1287124.jpg HH icon.svg 16th-century house built within the castle.[161]
Totnes Castle Shell keep 11–14th century Ruins Totnes Castle1.JPG EH icon.svg Well-preserved keep on high motte.[162]
Watermouth Castle Neo-romantic castle 1825–45 Intact Watermouth Bay and Castle, Devon - geograph.org.uk - 1534396.jpg Theme park [163]

Dorset[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Brownsea Castle Castellated house 16–19th century Intact Brownsea Castle, Brownsea Island, Poole, Dorset.jpg NTE icon.svg Incorporates part of a 16th-century Henrician Castle.[164]
Christchurch Castle Motte and bailey 12–14th century Fragmentary remains Christchurch Castle two walls.JPG EH icon.svg Hall house known as Constable's House survives, with rare Norman chimney.[165]
Corfe Castle Keep and bailey 11–13th century Extensive ruins Corfe Castle - geograph.org.uk - 349316.jpg NTE icon.svg Besieged and slighted during the English Civil War.[166]
Lulworth Castle Sham castle c. 1610 Restored Lulworth Castle in 1999.jpg EH icon.svg Hunting lodge, gutted by fire 1929.[167]
Pennsylvania Castle Neo-romantic castle 1800 Intact Pennsylvania Castle - geograph.org.uk - 527899.jpg Private On the Isle of Portland, built for John Penn to designs by James Wyatt.[168]
Portland Castle Artillery fort 1539 Intact Uk dor portcastle.JPG EH icon.svg Private residence 1816–70.[169]
Rufus Castle Castle 15th century Ruins Rufus Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1305386.jpg Private Also known as Bow and Arrow Castle.[170]
Sherborne Old Castle Keep and bailey 12th century Ruins Sherborne Old Castle 02.jpg EH icon.svg Replaced by 16–17th century house which became known as Sherborne Castle.[171]
Woodsford Castle Fortified manor house 14th century Habitable Woodsford Castle - geograph.org.uk - 924711.jpg Landmark Trust [172]

East Riding of Yorkshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Paull Holme Tower Tower House 15th century Ruins Paull Holme Tower - geograph.org.uk - 52138.jpg Private Originally part of larger house, roofless.[173]
Skipsea Castle Motte and Bailey 11th century Earthworks Skipsea Castle - geograph.org.uk - 79788.jpg EH icon.svg Well-preserved earthworks.[174]
Wressle Castle Quadrangular castle 1390 Ruins Wressle Castle.jpg Private, farm South range remains, inhabited until gutted by fire in 1796.[175]

East Sussex[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Bodiam Castle Quadrangular castle c. 1385 Ruins Bodiam-castle-10My8-1197.jpg NTE icon.svg Wide moat.[176]
Camber Castle Artillery fort c. 1540 Ruins Camber Castle - geograph.org.uk - 18765.jpg EH icon.svg "Dismantled" 1642 after sea receded.[177]
Hastings Castle Keep and bailey 12th century Fragmentary ruins Hastingscastle.jpg CL icon.svg
Local Authority
Ruined by 1399.[178]
Herstmonceux Castle Fortified mansion 15th century Restored Herstmonceux Castle.JPG Queen's University Brick, interior dismantled in 1777, restored 20th century, former home of Royal Greenwich Observatory, now Study Centre.[179]
Lewes Castle Keep and bailey 12–14th century Ruins Lewes Castle keep.JPG EH icon.svg Unusual in having two mottes[180]
Pevensey Castle Keep and bailey 12th century Ruins Pevensey castle-09.jpg EH icon.svg Castle built within surviving walls of Roman fort of Saxon Shore.[181]
Rye Castle (Ypres Tower) Tower House c. 1250 Intact Ypres Tower.jpg Museum icon (red).svg Originally called Baddings Tower.[182]

Essex[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks remain include:[2]

Pleshey Castle is a good example of a motte-and-bailey castle: only earthworks and a medieval brick bridge remain.[183]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Colchester Castle Tower keep 11th century Intact Colchester-castle.jpg Museum icon (red).svg
Local authority
Reduced in height in 17th century.[184]
Hadleigh Castle Castle 13–14th century Fragmentary remains Hadleigh Castle.jpg EH icon.svg [185]
Hedingham Castle Tower keep 1130–40 Substantially intact The Keep at Castle Hedingham - geograph.org.uk - 30510.jpg HH icon.svg Castle demolished in the 17th century except for keep, well-preserved interior despite fire of 1954.[186]
Walden Castle Keep and bailey 12th century Fragmentary remains Walden castle.jpg CL icon.svg Remains of keep.[187]

Gloucestershire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Berkeley Castle Keep and bailey 12–14th century Intact Berkeley Castle 03.jpg HH icon.svg Largely unaltered until the 1920s, when interior modernised by 8th Earl of Berkeley.[188]
Beverstone Castle Pentagonal castle 13–15th century Ruins Beverston Castle - geograph.org.uk - 148310.jpg NGS 17th-century house built within ruins.[189]
St. Briavel's Castle Keep and bailey 13th century Habitable St Briavels Castle - geograph.org.uk - 520136.jpg EH icon.svg Youth hostel.[190]
Sudeley Castle Quadrangular castle 15th century Restored Sudeley Castle view from garden Oct07.jpg HH icon.svg Restored as a country house in the 19th century.[191]
Thornbury Castle Fortified house c. 1511 Substantially intact Thornbury.castle.from.church.arp.750pix.jpg Hotel Restored in the 19th century.[192]

Greater London[edit]

Castles of which no traces remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Tower of London Concentric castle 11–13th century Intact Tower of London, April 2006.jpg Historic Royal Palaces White Tower built c. 1077–1100, curtain walls added in the 13th century, working portcullis.[193]

Greater Manchester[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Radcliffe Tower Tower house 1403 Fragment Radcliffe tower hdr.jpg CL icon.svg
Local authority
Ruinous tower formerly incorporated in timber house.[194]

Hampshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Calshot Castle Artillery fort 16th century Substantially intact Calshot castle evening.JPG EH icon.svg Altered in the 18–20th centuries, in use until 1961.[195]
Hurst Castle Artillery fort 16th century Substantially intact Hurst Castle west bastion 2.jpg EH icon.svg Repaired and refortified in the 19th century.[196]
Netley Castle Artillery fort 16–19th century Rebuilt Netley Castle, 2008, 1.jpg Convalescent home Remodelled and extended in 1885–90.[197]
Odiham Castle Shell keep and bailey Early 13th century Fragmentary ruins Odiham Castle.jpg CL icon.svg
Local authority
Built by King John.[198]
Portchester Castle Keep and bailey 11–12th century Extensive ruins Portchester castle 04.jpg EH icon.svg Built within surviving walls of Roman fort of the Saxon Shore.[28]
Southampton Castle Keep and bailey 11–14th century Fragments Southampton Castle Wall alongside Castle Lane.jpg UKAL icon.svg North bailey wall survives.[199]
Southsea Castle Artillery fort 16th century Rebuilt Southsea castle from the east.JPG CL icon.svg
Local authority
Altered several times.[200]
Winchester Castle Motte and bailey 11–13th century Fragment Winchester Grand Hall.JPG CL icon.svg
Local authority
Great hall survives, reroofed in 1873.[201]
Wolvesey Castle Castle 12th century Ruins Wolvesey Castle - Wymond's Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1316547.jpg EH icon.svg [202]

Herefordshire[edit]

Castles of which little or no traces remain include:[2]

Ewyas Harold Castle is recorded in the Domesday Book and was probably built c. 1048.[203]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Brampton Bryan Castle Castle 13–14th century Ruins Brampton Bryan gatehouse.jpg Private Gatehouse survives.[204]
Clifford Castle Motte and bailey 11–13th century Fragments Clifford Castle ruins.jpg Private Building At Risk.[205]
Croft Castle Quadrangular castle 14th century Rebuilt Croft Castle 2.jpg NTE icon.svg Converted to a 16/17th-century house.[206]
Downton Castle Neo-romantic castle c. 1774–78 Intact Downton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1306113.jpg Private Altered and extended in 1860–70.[207]
Eastnor Castle Neo-romantic castle 1811–20 Intact Eastnor Castle 03.jpg HH icon.svg By Robert Smirke.[208]
Goodrich Castle Concentric castle 12–13th century Ruins Goodrich Castle 01.jpg EH icon.svg Partly demolished during English Civil War.[209]
Hampton Court Fortified manor house 1427 Intact HamptonCourtHerefordshire cropped.jpg HH icon.svg Remodelled in 1830–40s.[210]
Kentchurch Court Fortified manor house 14th century Fragment Geograph-2751788-by-Philip-Halling-cropped.jpg HH icon.svg Medieval tower and gateway survive, remainder largely rebuilt by Nash 1795–1807.[211]
Kinnersley Castle Castle Medieval Rebuilt Kinnersley Castle.jpg HH icon.svg 16–17th-century house on the site of a medieval castle.[212]
Longtown Castle Keep and bailey 12–13th century Fragmentary ruins Longtown Castle - geograph.org.uk - 392612.jpg EH icon.svg Circular keep.[213]
Pembridge Castle Keep and bailey 12–13th century Partly habitable Pembridge Castle.jpg Private Reconstructed 20th century.[214]
Snodhill Castle Keep and bailey 11–14th century Fragmentary ruins Geograph-2203637-by-Trevor-Rickard cropped.jpg UKAL icon.svg [215]
Treago Castle Fortified manor house 15–16th century Restored Treago-Castle-375001 13a17522-by-Tony-Bailey.jpg Private Altered in the 17–19th centuries.[216]
Wigmore Castle Keep and bailey 11–14th century Fragmentary ruins Entrance to Wigmore Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1248482.jpg EH icon.svg Partly dismantled in 1643.[217]
Wilton Castle Castle 13th century Fragmentary ruins Winter view of Wilton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1169638.jpg CL icon.svg Remains incorporated in a 19th-century house.[218]

Hertfordshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Berkhamsted Castle Motte and bailey 11–13th century Fragmentary remains Berkhamsted Castle Jan 2007.jpg EH icon.svg Unoccupied since 1495.[219]
Hertford Castle Motte and bailey 11–12th century Fragments Hertford Castle.jpg Local authority 15th-century gatehouse survives, altered and extended in the 18–20th centuries.[220]

Isle of Wight[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Carisbrooke Castle Keep and bailey 12–14th century Substantially intact Carisbrooke Castle gate 2.jpg EH icon.svg Refortified in the 1590s as artillery fortress, former seat of the Governor of the Isle of Wight.[221]
Norris Castle Neo-romantic castle c. 1800 Intact Norris Castle - East Cowes - geograph.org.uk - 545339.jpg Private Gothic Revival, by James Wyatt.[222]
Yarmouth Castle Artillery fort 1547 Substantially intact Yarmouth Castle.JPG EH icon.svg Altered in the 17th century.[223]
West Cowes Castle Artillery fort 16–19th century Rebuilt Cowes iw esplanade cropped.jpg Royal Yacht Squadron Fragments of a 16th-century structure incorporated in a later building.[224]

Isles of Scilly[edit]

Castles of which only vestiges remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Cromwell's Castle Artillery tower 1651 Substantially intact Cromwell's Castle - Scilly - geograph.org.uk - 15726.jpg EH icon.svg [225]
Star Castle Artillery fort 1593 Intact Star Castle - geograph.org.uk - 615094.jpg Hotel Important and complete example of Elizabethan fort.[226]

Kent[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Allington Castle Fortified house 13–14th century Restored Allington Castle.jpg Wedding venue Restored in 1905–1929.[227]
Canterbury Castle Tower keep 12th century Ruins Canterbury Castle.jpg CL icon.svg
Local Authority
Demolished in 1792.[228]
Chiddingstone Castle Neo-romantic castle 19th century Intact Chiddingstone Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1260148.jpg HH icon.svg 17th-century building converted to a castle in the 19th century.[229]
Chilham Castle Keep and bailey 11–14th century Intact Chilham Castle from Soleshill Road - geograph.org.uk - 403663 cropped.jpg NGS Keep survives with Jacobean house.[230]
Cooling Castle Keep and bailey 1380s Part ruined Cooling Castle Gateway - geograph.org.uk - 1067812.jpg Wedding venue Well-preserved gatehouse survives, barns used for events.[231]
Deal Castle Artillery fort 16th century Intact Deal Castle.jpg EH icon.svg Formerly residence of Captain of the Cinque Ports.[232]
Dover Castle Concentric castle 12–13th century Intact Keep and entrance of Dover Castle, 2007.jpg EH icon.svg Adapted for modern warfare 18–19th centuries.[233]
Eynsford Castle Castle 12th century Fragmentary ruins Eynsford Castle, Kent - geograph.org.uk - 40563.jpg EH icon.svg [234]
Hever Castle Fortified manor house 14th century Restored Hever Castle 10.JPG HH icon.svg Restored early 19th century, working portcullis.[235]
Kingsgate Castle Neo-romantic castle 18–19th century Intact Kingsgate Castle and Kingsgate Bay - geograph.org.uk - 1474011.jpg Private apartments Built c. 1760, rebuilt late 19th century.[236]
Leeds Castle Castle 12–15th century Restored Castle Leeds1 cz.jpg HH icon.svg Extensively rebuilt in 1822 and 1926.[237]
Leybourne Castle Castle 13th century Fragmentary ruins Geograph-2055172-by-Nigel-Chadwick.jpg Private 16th-century house partly incorporating ruins, rebuilt in 1931.[238]
Lullingstone Castle Semi-fortified house 1543–80 Fragment Lullingstone Castle Gatehouse - geograph.org.uk - 609440.jpg HH icon.svg 16th-century gatehouse incorporated into a later house.[239]
Lympne Castle Fortified house 13–14th century Restored Lympne Castle - geograph.org.uk - 57817.jpg Wedding venue Restored and extended in 1907–12.[240]
Otford Palace Fortified manor house 16th century Ruins Otford Palace Gatehouse.jpg CL icon.svg
Local Authority
The palace was one of the chain of houses belonging to the archbishops of Canterbury.[241]
Penshurst Place Fortified manor house 14–15th century Fragment Penshurst Place - geograph.org.uk - 841026.jpg HH icon.svg Remodelled in the 19th century, single tower and stretch of wall survive from fortifications of c. 1400.[242]
Rochester Castle Tower keep 1127 Ruins Rochester castle.jpg EH icon.svg Keep 125 ft (38 m) high to top of turrets.[243][244]
St Leonard's Tower, West Malling Tower keep 1080 Ruins St leonards tower.jpg EH icon.svg [245]
Saltwood Castle Castle 12–14th century Part restored Geograph-2161159-by-David-Anstiss.jpg Private [246]
Sandgate Castle Artillery fort 1539–40 Substantially intact Sandgate Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1412667.jpg Private Altered in 1805–06.[247]
Scotney Castle Fortified manor house 1378–80 Fragment Scotney Castle.jpg NTE icon.svg Single surviving tower incorporated in later house.[248]
Sissinghurst Castle Fortified manor house 15th century Rebuilt Sissinghurst Castle 09.JPG NTE icon.svg No fortifications remaining.[249]
Starkey Castle Manor house 14th century Fragment Starkey Castle from Footpath - geograph.org.uk - 1062154.jpg Private Fine medieval hall-house remains from possibly fortified manor house.[250]
Stone Castle Tower 12th century Intact Stone Castle - geograph.org.uk - 893976.jpg Wedding venue Medieval tower incorporated in building of 1825.[251]
Sutton Valence Castle Keep and bailey 12th century Fragmentary remains Sutton Valence Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1015834.jpg EH icon.svg [252]
Tonbridge Castle Keep and bailey 11–13th century Fragment TonbridgeCastle0018.JPG CL icon.svg
Local authority
Gatehouse survives.[253]
Upnor Castle Artillery fort 1559–67, 1599–1601 Substantially intact Upnor Castle 01.jpg EH icon.svg [254]
Walmer Castle Artillery fort 1539 Intact Walmer Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1407476.jpg EH icon.svg Residence of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports from 18th century.[255]
Westenhanger Castle Fortified manor house c. 1343 Fragment Westenhanger Castle - geograph.org.uk - 889584.jpg Wedding venue 18th-century farmouse built within ruins.[256]

Lancashire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Ashton Hall Tower house 14–19th century Intact Ashton Hall, south tower - geograph.org.uk - 1674506.jpg Lancaster Golf Club Near Stodday, 14th-century tower incorporated into a later building.[257]
Borwick Hall Pele tower 14th century Intact Geograph-2173255-by-Karl-and-Ali.jpg Outdoor education centre Incorporated in mainly 16th-century building.[258]
Clitheroe Castle Keep and bailey 11–12th century Ruins Clitheroe Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1100108.jpg CL icon.svg [259]
Hornby Castle Keep 13th century Fragment Hornby Castle, Lancashire (3).jpg Private Keep rebuilt early 16th century, incorporated into an 18–19th-century house.[260]
Lancaster Castle Keep and bailey 11–12th century Intact Lancaster Castle Ashton Memorial.JPG CL icon.svg
Local authority
Prison from 1745, 20th-century Shire Hall replaced medieval buildings, now Crown Court.[261]
Thurland Castle Fortified manor house 14–15th century Rebuilt Geograph-1896885-by-Karl-and-Ali.jpg Private apartments Near Tunstall, ruins rebuilt in 1879–85.[31]
Turton Tower Pele tower 15th century Intact Turton Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1442216.jpg HH icon.svg Incorporated in later building.[262]

Leicestershire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Ashby de la Zouch Castle Keep 12–15th century Fragmentary ruins Ashbycastle.JPG EH icon.svg Fortified manor converted to castle in 1474, slighted during English Civil War.[263]
Belvoir Castle Neo-romantic castle 17–19th century Intact Belvoir Castle Leicestershire.jpg HH icon.svg
Duke of Rutland
Rebuilt in 1655–68 incorporating fragments of medieval castle, remodelled in 1801–30.[22]
Kirby Muxloe Castle Quadrangular castle 1480–3 Fragmentary ruins Kirby Muxloe 2.jpg EH icon.svg Unfinished.[264]
Leicester Castle Castle 12–13th century Fragments Leicester Castle Yard south gateway.jpg CL icon.svg
Local authority
Great hall survives, much altered.[265]

Lincolnshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

Goltho Castle was built on the site of a Saxon fortified dwelling of c.850, established by excavation.[266]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Bolingbroke Castle Enclosure castle 13–14th century Fragmentary ruins Old-Bolingbroke-Castle.jpg EH icon.svg Slighted after brief siege in 1643.[267]
Grimsthorpe Castle Castle 13th century Fragment Grimsthorpe Castle during an event - geograph.org.uk - 1129067.jpg HH icon.svg Remodelled in 18th and 19th centuries, retains a 13th-century south-east tower.[268]
Hussey Tower Tower house 14–15th century Ruins Hussey Tower, Boston, Lincs - geograph.org.uk - 62845.jpg CL icon.svg [269]
Kyme Tower Castle 14th century Fragment South Kyme Tower - geograph.org.uk - 625619.jpg Private [270]
Lincoln Castle Keep and bailey 11–13th century Substantially intact Lincoln Castle.jpg CL icon.svg
Local Authority
Double motte and bailey.[271]
Rochford Tower Fortified house 15–16th century Fragment The Rochford Tower, Boston, Lincs - geograph.org.uk - 148581.jpg Private 2 miles east of Boston.[272]
Somerton Castle Quadrangular castle 1281–1305 Fragment Somerton Castle-Geograph-1055631-by-Richard-Croft.jpg Private Single tower survives, adjoining a 17th-century building.[273]
Tattershall Castle Tower 1430s Intact Tattershall castle keep.jpg NTE icon.svg Brick tower built for Ralph Cromwell, restored in 1911–25 by Lord Curzon.[274]
Torksey Castle Semi-fortified house 16th century Fragmentary ruins Torksey Castle - geograph.org.uk - 47205.jpg Private Slighted during English Civil War.[275]

Merseyside[edit]

Castles of which no traces remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Brimstage Hall Tower house c. 1398 Substantially intact Brimstage Hall - geograph.org.uk - 405620.jpg Crafts centre Tower incorporated in later building of 16th and 19th centuries.[276]
Leasowe Castle Sham castle 16–19th century Intact Leasowe Castle.jpg Hotel Built in 1593, extended in 1600–42 and the 19th century.[277]

Norfolk[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

The surviving motte of Thetford Castle is one of the highest in England,[278] about 80 ft (24 m) high.[279]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Baconsthorpe Castle Fortified manor house 15th century Fragmentary ruins Baconsthorpe Castle.jpg EH icon.svg [280]
Burgh Castle Motte and bailey 12th century No visible remains The Roman fort of Gariannonum - view northwest - geograph.org.uk - 693481.jpg EH icon.svg / Norfolk Archaeological Trust Site of medieval motte and bailey castle within surviving walls of Roman fort of Saxon Shore.[281]
Caister Castle Quadrangular castle 1432–46 Fragmentary ruins Caister Castle - geograph.org.uk - 808658.jpg CL icon.svg Moated, largely brick, built by John Fastolf, a relatively intact 90 ft (27 m) tower remains.[282]
Castle Acre Castle Motte and bailey 11–12th century Fragmentary remains Castle Acre - geograph.org.uk - 578483.jpg EH icon.svg Extensive earthworks.[283]
Castle Rising Castle Keep c. 1138 Ruins Castle-rising-castle.JPG EH icon.svg [284]
Claxton Castle Castle 14–15th century Fragmentary ruins Claxton Castle.jpg Private [285]
Norwich Castle Keep c. 1095–1110 Intact Norwich Castle - geograph.org.uk - 208494.jpg Museum icon (red).svg Prison during 18–19th centuries.[286]
Oxburgh Hall Fortified manor house c. 1482 Intact Oxburgh Hall 20080719-05.jpg HH icon.svg 18th- and 19th-century additions.[287]
Weeting Castle Fortified manor house 12th century Fragmentary ruins Weeting Castle - geograph.org.uk - 2377269.jpg EH icon.svg [288]

Northamptonshire[edit]

Castles of which little or no traces remain include:[2]

Fotheringhay Castle was the scene of the trial and execution of Mary, Queen of Scots in 1587.[289]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Astwell Castle Fortified manor house 15th century Fragment Astwell castle, Northhamptonshire.jpg Private, farm Gatehouse survives alongside a 17th-century house.[290]
Barnwell Castle Rectangular castle c. 1266 Ruins Barnwell Castle1.jpg Private [291]
Rockingham Castle Motte and bailey 13–19th century Rebuilt Rockingham Castle entrance.jpg HH icon.svg 13th century gatehouse survives, largely rebuilt in the 16th century, remodelled in 1660 and by Anthony Salvin in 19th century.[292]
Thorpe Waterville Castle Castle 14th century Fragment Thorpewatervillecastle.jpg Private Great hall with fine open roof survives, altered for use as a barn.[293]

Northumberland[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Alnham Vicars Pele Pele tower 14th century Restored The Vicars Pele, Alnham - geograph.org.uk - 1202709 cropped.jpg Private [294]
Alnwick Castle Keep and bailey 12–14th century Restored Alnwick Castle 02.jpg HH icon.svg
Duke of Northumberland
Remodelled by Robert Adam and Anthony Salvin.[295]
Aydon Castle Fortified manor house 14th century Intact Aydon Castle 2.jpg EH icon.svg Converted to farmhouse 17th century.[296]
Bamburgh Castle Keep and bailey 12–14th century Restored Bamburgh 2006 closeup.jpg HH icon.svg
Lord Armstrong
Ruinous by 1704, extensively restored in 1894–1904.[21]
Barmoor Castle Tower house 14–19th century Rebuilt Barmoor Castle - geograph.org.uk - 779515.jpg Private 19th-century mansion incorporating remains of a 14th-century building.[297]
Beaufront Castle Neo-romantic castle 1836–1841 Intact Beaufront Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1463944.jpg Private 19th-century mansion on the site of a 15th-century tower house.[298]
Bellister Castle Castle 13–14th century Fragmentary remains Geograph-2067586-by-Mike-Quinn.jpg Private Ruins adjoining a 17th-century house.[299]
Belsay Castle Tower house 1439–60 Intact South frontage of Belsay Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1383674.jpg EH icon.svg Later ruined building attached.[300]
Berwick Castle Castle 12–13th century Fragmentary remains Berwick Castle - geograph.org.uk - 768511.jpg EH icon.svg [301]
Bitchfield Castle Pele tower 14th century Restored Private Incorporated in later mansion.[302]
Blenkinsop Castle Tower house 14th century Ruins Blenkinsopp - geograph.org.uk - 445936.jpg Private Incorporated into a 19th-century house.[303]
Bothal Castle Castle 14th century Rebuilt Bothal Castle.jpg Private Extensively restored in the 19th century.[304]
Bywell Castle Castle 15th century Fragments Bywell Castle.jpg Private Gatehouse survives.[305]
Callaly Castle Pele tower 14–15th century Intact Sheep Pasture in the Grounds of Callaly Castle - geograph.org.uk - 149295 (cropped).jpg Private apartments Incorporated in later country house.[306]
Cartington Castle Pele tower and extensions 14–15th century Fragmentary remains Geograph-3470758-by-Mike-Searle.jpg Private [307]
Chillingham Castle Quadrangular castle 1344 Intact Chillingham Castle 011.jpg HH icon.svg Altered in the 17–19th centuries, restored after 1982.[308]
Chipchase Castle Tower house 14th century Intact Chipchase Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1255527.jpg HH icon.svg Incorporated in Jacobean house, altered in the 18–19th centuries.[309]
Cocklaw Tower Tower house 14–15th century Shell Cocklaw Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1176584.jpg Private, farm Near Wall.[310]
Cockle Park Tower Tower house c. 1517 Substantially intact Cockle Park - geograph.org.uk - 93673.jpg Newcastle University [311]
Corbridge Vicar's Pele Pele tower 1318 Intact Corbridge Vicar's Pele 105.jpg UKAL icon.svg Re-roofed in 1910.[312]
Coupland Castle Tower house 16–17th century Restored Coupland Castle.jpg Private Later additions.[313]
Craster Tower Pele tower 14–15th century Intact Holiday accommodation Incorporated in later building.[314]
Crawley Tower Pele tower 14th century Ruins Crawley Tower - geograph.org.uk - 330608.jpg Private A cottage was built within the walls in the 18th century.[315]
Cresswell Castle Pele tower 15th century Ruin Cresswell Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1163700.jpg 18th century-parapet.[316]
Dilston Castle Tower house 15th century Ruins Dilston Castle.jpg CL icon.svg Altered in the 16–17th century, later buildings demolished.[317]
Dunstanburgh Castle Keep and bailey 14th century Fragmentary ruins Gatehouse and curtain wall of Dunstanburgh Castle, 2009.jpg EH icon.svg Spectacular coastal setting.[318]
Edlingham Castle Keep and bailey 14th century Fragmentary ruins Edlingham Castle - Northumberland - England - 2004-10-31.jpg EH icon.svg [319]
Elsdon Tower Pele tower 16th century Intact Elsdon Tower - geograph.org.uk - 374282 cropped.jpg Private Altered, rectory until 1960, restored in the 1990s.[320]
Embleton Tower Pele tower 14th century Intact Geograph-2151295-by-Alexander-P-Kapp cropped.jpg Private 19th-century vicarage attached.[321]
Etal Castle Castle 14th century Fragmentary ruins Etal Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1254407.jpg EH icon.svg [322]
Featherstone Castle Castle 14th century Intact Featherstone Castle.jpg Private 14th-century tower, three further towers added in the 18–19th century.[323]
Ford Castle Quadrangular castle 14th century Substantially intact Ford Castle - geograph.org.uk - 354895.jpg Private Converted into mansion in the 17th century.[324]
Halton Castle Tower house 13–14th century Intact Halton Castle, Northumberland 124.jpg Private Attached to later house.[325]
Harbottle Castle Keep and bailey 12–14th century Fragmentary ruins Harbottle castle - geograph.org.uk - 583589.jpg UKAL icon.svg
Northumberland National Park
Captured by Robert Bruce in 1318.[326]
Haughton Castle Tower house 13–14th century Restored Haughton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1272590.jpg Private Altered in the 18–19th centuries.[327]
Hexham Moot Hall and Old Gaol Fortified towers 14–15th century Intact The Moot Hall and the Old Gaol - geograph.org.uk - 530386.jpg Museum icon (red).svg Probably once connected by bailey wall, AD1415 list of castles has "Turris de Hexham".[328][329]
Horsley Tower, Longhorsley Pele tower 16th century Intact Horsley Tower - geograph.org.uk - 626935.jpg Private [330]
Langley Castle Tower house c. 1350 Restored Langley Castle.jpg Hotel Restored in the 1890s.[331]
Lemmington Hall Tower house 15th century Restored Lemmington Hall - rear.jpg Wedding venue Incorporated in later house.[332]
Lindisfarne Castle Artillery fort 16th century Restored LindisfarneCastleHolyIsland.jpg NTE icon.svg Remodelled by Edwin Lutyens 1901.[333]
Mitford Castle Keep and bailey 11–13th century Fragmentary ruins Mitford Castle.jpg CL icon.svg [334]
Morpeth Castle Castle 1342–9 Fragments Morpeth Castle Gatehouse.jpg Landmark Trust Only gatehouse and a section of wall remain.[335]
Norham Castle Keep and bailey 12th century Ruins Norham Castle.jpg EH icon.svg Keep remodelled in 1422–25, partly rebuilt in 1513–15.[336]
Preston Tower, Ellingham Pele tower c. 1400 Fragment Preston Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1192634.jpg CL icon.svg South wall remains, with two of the original four turrets.[337]
Prior Castell's Tower Tower house 15–16th century Substantially intact Pele Tower, Inner Farne Island - geograph.org.uk - 2010838.jpg NTE icon.svg [338]
Prudhoe Castle Castle 12–14th century Ruins Prudhoe Castle 2.jpg EH icon.svg [339]
Shilbottle Tower Pele tower 15th century Restored Geograph-2156100-by-Alexander-P-Kapp cropped.jpg Private Incorporated into a vicarage.[340]
Shortflatt Tower Pele tower 14–15th century Restored Wedding venue Incorporated in later house.[341]
Thirlwall Castle Tower house 14th century Fragmentary ruins Thirlwall Castle - geograph.org.uk - 127117.jpg UKAL icon.svg
Northumberland National Park
Built with stone from Hadrian's Wall.[342]
Warkworth Castle Keep and bailey 12–14th century Ruins Warkworth Castle interior, 2007.jpg EH icon.svg [343]
Whittingham Tower Pele tower 13–14th century Restored Whittingham Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1332545.jpg Private Converted for use as almshouses in 1845.[344]
Whitton Tower Pele tower c. 1386 Intact Holiday accommodation Near Rothbury, well-preserved.[345]
Willimoteswick Castle Fortified manor house 16th century Ruins Willimoteswick Bastle, Haltwhistle - geograph.org.uk - 124371.jpg Private, farm Incorporates remains of earlier building, largely rebuilt in 1900.[346]

North Yorkshire[edit]

Castles of which little remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Ayton Castle Castle 13–14th century Fragment Ayton Castle.jpg CL icon.svg
Local authority
[347]
Barden Tower Castle 15th century Ruins Barden Tower - geograph.org.uk - 38331.jpg CL icon.svg [348]
Bolton Castle Quadrangular castle 14th century Ruins Bolton Castle.JPG CL icon.svg Besieged and slighted during English Civil War.[349]
Cawood Castle Quadrangular castle 1374–88 Fragments Cawood Castle.jpg Landmark Trust Largely demolished in 1750, gatehouse survives.[350]
Clifford's Tower Keep 13th century Restored Cliffordstower1.jpg EH icon.svg Reduced in height 1596.[351]
Crayke Castle Tower house 15th century Restored Geograph-2299216-by-Paul-Buckingham.jpg Private 18th- and 19th-century additions and alterations.[352]
Danby Castle Quadrangular castle 14th century Fragmentary ruins Danby Castle Ruins - geograph.org.uk - 146101.jpg Private, farm Partly used as farm buildings.[353]
Gilling Castle Tower house 14th century Intact St. Martin's Ampleforth School 16th- and 18th-century additions and alterations.[354]
Hazlewood Castle Castle 13–18th century Rebuilt Hazlewood Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1752647.jpg Hotel Altered in the 18th and 20th centuries, formerly Carmelite retreat centre.[355]
Hellifield Peel Tower house 14–15th century Restored Hellifield Peel - geograph.org.uk - 640957.jpg Hotel Restored 2005.[356]
Helmsley Castle Castle 12–13th century Fragmentary ruins Helmsley Castle3.jpg EH icon.svg Severely slighted in 1645.[357]
Hornby Castle Courtyard castle 14–15th century Restored Hornby castle 2932 large.jpg Private Converted to country house by John Carr, 18th century.[358]
Knaresborough Castle Keep and bailey 12–14th century Fragmentary ruins Knaresborough Castle ruins.jpg CL icon.svg
Duchy of Lancaster
[359]
Marmion Tower Fortified manor house 15th century Fragment Marmion Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1690757.jpg EH icon.svg Surviving gatehouse of Tanfield Castle.[360]
Middleham Castle Keep and bailey 12–14th century Ruins MiddlehamCJW.jpg EH icon.svg [361]
(Old) Mulgrave Castle Enclosure castle 12–13th century Fragmentary ruins Eastern Guard Tower, Mulgrave Castle - geograph.org.uk - 401799.jpg CL icon.svg
Marquess of Normanby
Superseded by 18–19th-century castellated mansion also known as Mulgrave Castle.[362]
Nappa Hall Fortified manor house 1459 Intact Geograph-1809781-by-Peter-McDermott.jpg Private Enlarged in the 17th century, little altered since.[363]
Pickering Castle Keep and bailey 12–14th century Ruins PickeringCastle.jpg EH icon.svg [364]
Ravensworth Castle Castle 14th century Fragmentary remains Ravensworth Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1709271.jpg Private [365]
Richmond Castle Keep and bailey 11–14th century Ruins The Keep at Richmond Castle.jpg EH icon.svg Keep 100 ft (30 m) high.[366]
Ripley Castle Tower house 15–16th century Rebuilt Ripley Castle - geograph.org.uk - 778601.jpg HH icon.svg Extended in 1783–36 in Gothic Revival style.[367]
Scarborough Castle Keep and bailey 12–13th century Ruins Scarborough Castle 3.jpg EH icon.svg [368]
Sheriff Hutton Castle Quadrangular castle 1382 Fragmentary ruins Sheriff Hutton Castle. - geograph.org.uk - 1036360.jpg Private [369]
Skelton Castle Castellated house 13–19th century Intact Skelton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 92653.jpg Private 18–19th-century house incorporates remains of medieval castle.[370]
Skipton Castle Castle 12–17th century Restored Skipton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1202627.jpg HH icon.svg Partly demolished in 1649, rebuilt in 1657–58.[371]
Snape Castle Castle 15–18th century Partly ruined Snape Castle.jpg Private Mostly reconstructed in the 17th century.[372]
South Cowton Castle Tower house 15th century Restored Cowton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1104614 cropped.jpg Private Altered in the 19th century, farmhouse.[373]
Spofforth Castle Fortified manor house 13–15th century Fragmentary ruins Spofforth Castle.jpg EH icon.svg [374]
Whorlton Castle Castle 14–16th century Fragmentary ruins Whorlton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 517497.jpg CL icon.svg Remains of gatehouse.[375]
Wilton Castle Neo-romantic castle c. 1810 Intact Geograph-2264814-by-Paul-Buckingham.jpg Private apartments By Smirke on site of medieval castle.[376]

Nottinghamshire[edit]

Castles of which little remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Halloughton Manor House Pele tower 14th century Intact Halloughton Village - geograph.org.uk - 40839.jpg Private Attached to later building.[377]
Newark Castle Castle 12–14th century Ruins Newark Castle, 06-2013 (9).jpg CL icon.svg / Newark District Council Gatehouse, part of curtain wall and a tower remain.[378]
Nottingham Castle Keep and bailey 12–13th century Fragmentary remains Nottingham Castle Gate 2009.jpg Museum icon (red).svg
Nottingham City Council
Demolished in 1651, later mansion on site, a much-restored 14th-century gatehouse remains.[379]

Oxfordshire[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Bampton Castle Quadrangular castle c. 1315 Fragment BamptonCastle.jpg Private Parts of gatehouse and curtain wall survive in later house, Ham Court.[380]
Broughton Castle Fortified manor house 14–15th century Intact Broughton Castle entrance - geograph.org.uk - 1464252.jpg HH icon.svg Remodelled in the 15–18th centuries.[381]
Hanwell Castle Castellated house 15–16th century Fragment Hanwell Castle Geograph-2517778-by-Ian-Rob.jpg Private Large surviving tower of unfortified building.[382]
Oxford Castle Motte and bailey 11–12th century Fragment Tidmarsh Lane - geograph.org.uk - 1621185 cropped.jpg Hotel Motte and the unusual, possibly Saxon, St. George's Tower.[383]
Rotherfield Greys Castle Fortified manor house 14th century Fragment Geograph-1781792-by-don-cload.jpg NTE icon.svg Towers and section of wall survive, close to Greys Court.[384]
Shirburn Castle Quadrangular castle c. 1378 Rebuilt Shirburn-cropped.jpg Private Originally stone, largely rebuilt in brick c. 1720, remodelled in the 19th century.[385]
Wallingford Castle Motte and bailey 11–13th century Fragmentary remains Wallingford castle 3 - geograph.org.uk - 920481.jpg CL icon.svg Slighted in 1652, impressive earthworks remain.[386]

Rutland[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Oakham Castle Motte and bailey 12–13th century Fragment Oakham Castle.jpg CL icon.svg / Rutland County Council Aisled great hall built in 1180–1190 survives.[387]

Shropshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Acton Burnell Castle Fortified manor house 13th century Ruins ActonBurnellCastlec.jpg EH icon.svg Shell, used as a barn in the 18th century.[388]
Alberbury Castle Castle 13th century Fragmentary remains Alberbury Castle.jpg UKAL icon.svg [389]
Bridgnorth Castle Keep and bailey 12th century Fragmentary remains Bridgnorth castle DSC00377.JPG CL icon.svg Slighted in 1645.[390]
Broncroft Castle Fortified manor house 14th century Intact Broncroft Castle - geograph.org.uk - 148456.jpg Private Renovated in the 19th century.[391]
Cheney Longville Castle Fortified manor house 14–17th century Part habitable Geograph-3083955-by-Jeremy-Bolwell-cropped.jpg Private Building At Risk.[392]
Clun Castle Keep and bailey 13th century Fragmentary remains Clun Castle 03.jpg EH icon.svg Ruins of keep built onto side of motte.[393]
Hopton Castle Keep and bailey 14th century Ruins Hopton Castle.jpg CL icon.svg [394]
Ludlow Castle Keep and bailey 11–14th century Ruins Ludlow Castle from Whitcliffe, 2011.jpg CL icon.svg
Earl of Powis
One of the great Welsh border castles.[395]
Moreton Corbet Castle Keep 12th century Fragmentary remains Moretoncorbet2c.jpg EH icon.svg Adjoining ruins of a 16th-century building.[396]
Quatford Castle Neo-romantic castle c. 1830 Intact Quatford Castle - geograph.org.uk - 423490.jpg Private Nearby are earthwork remains of the medieval Quatford Castle.[397]
Red Castle Castle 13th century Fragmentary remains. Redcastle1854.jpg CL icon.svg Overgrown, feature of Hawkstone Park landscape garden. Building At Risk.[398]
Rowton Castle Sham castle 18–19th century Intact Rowton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 630094.jpg Hotel On site of medieval castle, remodelled in 1809–12 by George Wyatt.[399]
Shrewsbury Castle Castle 12th century Rebuilt Shrewsbury Castle looking NW - geograph.org.uk - 2808.jpg Museum icon (red).svg
Shropshire Council
Restored and extended in 1642, altered c. 1790 by Telford.[400]
Stokesay Castle Fortified manor house 13–14th century Intact Exterior of Stokesay Castle, 2006.jpg EH icon.svg Restored in the 19th century.[401]
Wattlesborough Castle Castle 13–14th century Fragment Wattlesborough Hall - geograph.org.uk - 757775.jpg Private Near Rowton, keep/tower survives, adjoining Wattlesborough Hall.[402]
Whittington Castle Keep and bailey 12–13th century Fragments Whittington Castle 04.jpg CL icon.svg
Local community
Gatehouse towers survive.[403]

Somerset[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or no traces remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Banwell Castle Neo-romantic castle c. 1848 Intact Banwell Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1126175.jpg Restaurant Architect not known.[404]
Beckington Castle 17th century Rebuilt Beckington Castle - geograph.org.uk - 814491.jpg Company HQ Medieval remains incorporated in later building.[405]
Dunster Castle Castle 13–19th century Rebuilt Dunster Castle.jpg NTE icon.svg Existing house dates largely from c. 1571, with 18–19th-century alterations.[406]
Farleigh Hungerford Castle Enclosure castle 14–15th century Ruins Farleigh Hungerford Castle gate.JPG EH icon.svg On high ground above the River Frome.[407]
Newton St Loe Castle Fortified manor house 14th century Fragment Castle Keep in Newton St. Loe College - geograph.org.uk - 642177 cropped.jpg Bath Spa University Large tower and gatehouse, altered in the 16–17th century.[408]
Nunney Castle Quadrangular castle 1373 Ruins Nunney Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1214430.jpg EH icon.svg Towers originally had conical roofs, north wall collapsed in 1910.[409]
Stogursey Castle Motte and bailey 11–12th century Fragmentary remains Stogursey Castle - geograph.org.uk - 878178.jpg Landmark Trust 17th-century house built within the remains of the castle.[410]
Sutton Court Fortified manor house 14–15th century Fragment Sutton Court.JPG Private apartments Short length of embattled wall and a tower survive, incorporated in large house, restored in the 19th century.[411]
Taunton Castle Shell keep 13th century Restored Taunton Castle.JPG Museum icon (red).svg Now houses the Museum of Somerset, Castle Hotel incorporates remains of an outer gatehouse.[412]
Walton Castle Sham castle 1615–20 Restored Walton Castle.jpg Private Restored as private house 20th century.[413]
Wells Bishop's Palace Fortified palace 13–15th century Substantially intact Gatehouse to Bishop's Palace at Wells - geograph.org.uk - 916441.jpg HH icon.svg
Church of England
Adjacent to cathedral, residence of the Bishop of Bath and Wells.[414]

South Yorkshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Conisbrough Castle Keep and bailey 12th century Ruins Conisbrough Castle Doncaster winter time.jpg EH icon.svg Cylindrical keep, castle ruinous before English Civil War, so escaped slighting.[415]
Tickhill Castle Motte and bailey 11–14th century Fragmentary remains Tickhill Castle - geograph.org.uk - 297181 cropped.jpg Private Ruined gatehouse and parts of curtain walls remain.[416]

Staffordshire[edit]

Castles of which little or nothing remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Alton Castle Castle 12–13th century Fragmentary remains Alton Castle.jpg Youth centre Cliff-top position, site partly occupied by a 19th-century building.[417]
Caverswall Castle Enclosure castle c. 1275 Substantially intact Caverswall Castle.jpg Private Moated, walls and towers reduced in height, a 17th-century mansion built within.[418]
Chartley Castle Motte and bailey 11–13th century Fragmentary remains Chartley Castle ruins 2.jpg Private Altered in 13th century to form enclosure castle, abandoned by 1485.[419]
Eccleshall Castle Castle 14th century Fragmentary remains EccleshallCastle.jpg Private Remains partly incorporated into house of c. 1695, rebuilt in the 19th century.[420]
Stafford Castle Motte and bailey 11–12th century Earthworks Stafford Castle 2.jpg CL icon.svg / Stafford Borough Council Medieval keep partly rebuilt in the 19th century, then partly demolished.[421]
Stourton Castle Castle 14–15th century Fragment Stourton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 196085.jpg Private Remains incorporated in later buildings.[422]
Tamworth Castle Shell keep 11–13th century Rebuilt Tamworth Castle 343714.jpg CL icon.svg
Local authority
Largely rebuilt in the 16–18th centuries.[423]
Tutbury Castle Motte and bailey 12–15th century Fragmentary ruins The entrance to Tutbury Castle - geograph.org.uk - 632661.jpg CL icon.svg Slighted in 1647–48, a 19th-century folly stands on the motte.[424]

Suffolk[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or no traces remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Bungay Castle Keep and bailey 12–13th century Fragmentary remains Bungay - Castle Remains.jpg CL icon.svg / Bungay Castle Trust Abandoned c. 1365.[425]
Clare Castle Motte and bailey 11th century Fragmentary remains Remains of Clare castle keep - geograph.org.uk - 980544.jpg CL icon.svg Motte 53 ft (16 m) high.[426]
Eye Castle Motte and bailey 11th century Fragmentary remains Eye Castle - geograph.org.uk - 712956.jpg CL icon.svg Motte over 40 ft (12 m) high.[427]
Framlingham Castle Enclosure castle 12th century Ruins Franglingham Castle 01.jpg EH icon.svg Used as a poor house in the 17–19th centuries.[428]
Mettingham Castle Fortified manor house c. 1342 Fragmentary remains Entrance to Mettingham Castle - geograph.org.uk - 984718.jpg Private Gatehouse survives.[429]
Orford Castle Keep 1165–73 Intact 2008-05-17 GreatBritain OrfordCastle.jpg EH icon.svg Unique polygonal keep survives.[430]
Wingfield Castle Castle c. 1385 Fragment Wingfield Castle - geograph.org.uk - 354164.jpg Private South curtain wall, gatehouse and east drawbridge survive, with a 16–17th-century house.[431]

Surrey[edit]

Castles of which only little or no traces remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Farnham Castle Keep and bailey 12th century Substantially intact The Great Keep, Farnham Castle - geograph.org.uk - 384015.jpg EH icon.svg Shell keep replaced earlier keep part buried, part remodelled in the 17th century.[432]
Guildford Castle Keep and bailey 12–13th century Ruins Guildford castle 1.jpg CL icon.svg
Local authority
Tower keep survives, roofless since c. 17th century.[433]

Tyne and Wear[edit]

Castles of which little remains include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Hylton Castle Tower house c. 1400 Ruins Hylton Castle.jpg EH icon.svg Large gatehouse tower, incorporated into an 18th-century house, since demolished.[434]
Newcastle Castle Keep and bailey 1172–77 Restored Black Gate and Keep - Newcastle Upon Tyne - geograph.org.uk - 514240.jpg CL icon.svg / Newcastle City Council Keep and gatehouse survive.[435]
Old Hollinside Fortified manor house 13th century Ruins Old Hollinside - geograph.org.uk - 853962.jpg On slope overlooking River Derwent.[436]
Ravensworth Castle Quadrangular castle 14–19th century Ruins Ravensworth Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1558897.jpg Private Two towers of medieval castle survive, amidst ruins of later building. Building At Risk.[437]
Tynemouth Castle Enclosure castle 13–14th century Ruins Tynemouth Castle1.jpg EH icon.svg Built to enclose and protect the priory, modified as artillery castle 16th century.[438]

Warwickshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Astley Castle Fortified manor house 13–14th century Shell Astley Castle - geograph.org.uk - 480702.jpg Landmark Trust Altered 15–19th centuries, hotel prior to fire in 1978. Modern living space constructed within shell, winner of Stirling Prize 2013.[439]
Kenilworth Castle Keep and bailey 12–14th century Ruins Kenilworth Castle from south-east, 2010.jpg EH icon.svg Altered in the 16th century, slighted in 1650.[440]
Maxstoke Castle Quadrangular castle 14–15th century Substantially intact Maxstoke Castle, 2010.jpg NGS Moated, domestic buildings of 15–19th centuries within curtain walls.[441]
Warwick Castle Castle 13–15th century Intact WarwickCastle FromStMarysChurch 2.jpg HH icon.svg Guy's tower rises 128 ft (39 m), 17th-century residential block, remodelled by Anthony Salvin after fire.[442]

West Midlands[edit]

Castles of which little or no traces remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Dudley Castle Keep and bailey 13–14th century Ruins Dudley Castle -England-8.jpg CL icon.svg
Dudley Zoo
Slighted in 1647, then rebuilt and inhabited until destroyed by fire in 1750, partly restored in the 19th century.[443]

West Sussex[edit]

Castles of which only little or no traces remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Amberley Castle Castle 1377–82 Partly habitable Amberley castle.jpg Hotel Remodelled in the 16th century and later, incorporates a 12th-century manor, working portcullis.[444]
Arundel Castle Keep and bailey 12–13th century Heavily restored Arundel, the castle from the southeast - geograph.org.uk - 479538.jpg HH icon.svg
Duke of Norfolk
Remodelled in 1791–1815 and 1890–1903.[445]
Bramber Castle Keep and bailey 11–12th century Fragmentary remains Bramber castle.jpg EH icon.svg Commanding position, earthworks and fragment of wall remain.[446]
Halnaker House Fortified manor house 13–14th century Ruins Geograph-2104691-by-Colin-Smith.jpg Private Altered in the 18th century, fell into ruin 1880s, replaced by later house of same name.[447]

West Yorkshire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks or no traces remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Dobroyd Castle Sham Castle 1866–9 Intact Dobroyd Castle, Todmorden - geograph.org.uk - 94344.jpg Activity centre By John Gibson.[448]
Harewood Castle Tower house 14th century Ruins Harewood Castle.jpg Private Shell of tower, substantially intact, within Harewood House estate.[449]
Pontefract Castle Enclosure castle 12–13th century Fragmentary remains Pontefract Castle Keep1.jpg CL icon.svg
Local authority
Royal castle, withstood three sieges during English Civil War, afterwards dismantled.[450]
Sandal Castle Motte and bailey 12th century Fragmentary remains SandalCastleMotte.jpg CL icon.svg Well-preserved earthworks, excavated site with visitor centre.[451]

Wiltshire[edit]

Castles of which only little or no traces remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Devizes Castle Neo-romantic castle 19th century Intact Entrance, Devizes Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1022978.jpg Private apartments Present building begun 1842 on site of important medieval castle.[452]
Longford Castle Sham castle 1591 Intact Longford Castle rear.jpg Earl of Radnor Remodelled in the 18th century.[453]
Ludgershall Castle Ringwork 11–13th century Fragmentary remains Ludgershall Castle - geograph.org.uk - 218171.jpg EH icon.svg Remains of a tower and extensive earthworks.[454]
Old Sarum Castle Motte and bailey 11–13th century Fragmentary remains Old Sarum Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1188552.jpg EH icon.svg On site of Iron Age hill fort.[455]
Old Wardour Castle Castle c. 1393 Ruins Old Wardour Castle, Wiltshire - geograph.org.uk - 1758573.jpg EH icon.svg Remodelled in the 16–17th centuries, superseded by Palladian building known as New Wardour Castle.[456]

Worcestershire[edit]

Castles of which only earthworks remain include:[2]

Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
Caldwall Castle Fortified manor house 15–16th century Fragment Geograph-2058729-by-Richard-Rogerson cropped.jpg Private Single surviving tower, in Kidderminster, Caldwall or Caldwell.[457]
Hartlebury Castle Fortified manor house 15th century Rebuilt Hartlebury Castle - geograph.org.uk - 419175.jpg Museum icon (red).svg
Church of England
15th-century remains incorporated in later buildings, residence of Bishop of Worcester until 2007, houses Worcestershire County Museum.[458]
Holt Castle Castle 14–19th century Intact Holt castle 850843 62546082.jpg Wedding venue Medieval tower incorporated in later buildings.[459]
Worcester Castle Castle 13–14th century Fragment The Edgar Tower, Worcester - geograph.org.uk - 503034.jpg Church of England Edgar Tower, now the entrance to College Green, may incorporate the remains of a castle gatehouse.[460]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Key to sources
  • BLB – British Listed Buildings website (retrieved March 2011; last accessed 5 October 2012)
  • PSC – Pastscape website (retrieved September 2011; last accessed 5 October 2012)


  1. ^ Brown (1962), p.16.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw King (1983).
  3. ^ Brown (1962), p.24.
  4. ^ Brown (1962), p.43.
  5. ^ Brown (1962), p.50.
  6. ^ Brown (1962), p.84
  7. ^ Higham & Barker (1992), pp.194–198.
  8. ^ Brown (1962), p.95.
  9. ^ Brown (1962), p.221.
  10. ^ Brown (1962), p.129.
  11. ^ Brown (1962), p.131.
  12. ^ Brown (1962), p.172.
  13. ^ Brown (1962), p.15.
  14. ^ Elton (1991), p.154.
  15. ^ Harrington (2007), p.8.
  16. ^ Brown (1962), p.128.
  17. ^ Harrington (2007), p.2.
  18. ^ a b "Pendennis Castle" PSC.
  19. ^ a b Brown (1962), p.146.
  20. ^ Creighton & Higham (2003), p.64.
  21. ^ a b "Bamburgh Castle" PSC.
  22. ^ a b c "Belvoir Castle" PSC.
  23. ^ Thompson (1987), pp.161–163.
  24. ^ Impey & Parnell (2000), pp.118–121.
  25. ^ a b "Peckforton Castle" BLB.
  26. ^ Renn (1984) pp.277–278. See King (1988), p.173 for how some people criticised the inclusion of Henry VIII's artillery forts in King's index of castles, Castellarium Anglicanum.
  27. ^ a b Pastscape
  28. ^ a b "Portchester Castle" PSC.
  29. ^ a b c Gatehouse
  30. ^ "Greystoke Castle " PSC.
  31. ^ a b "Thurland Castle" PSC.
  32. ^ a b c British Listed Buildings
  33. ^ a b "Corby Castle " PSC.
  34. ^ "Bedford Castle" PSC.
  35. ^ "Someries Castle" PSC.
  36. ^ "Donnington Castle" PSC.
  37. ^ "Windsor Castle" BLB.
  38. ^ "Boarstall Tower" PSC.
  39. ^ "Buckden Palace" PSC.
  40. ^ "Elton Hall" PSC.
  41. ^ "Kimbolton Castle" PSC.
  42. ^ "Kirtling Tower" PSC.
  43. ^ "Longthorpe Tower" PSC.
  44. ^ "Northborough Castle" PSC.
  45. ^ "Woodcroft Castle" PSC.
  46. ^ "Beeston Castle" PSC.
  47. ^ "Chester Castle" PSC.
  48. ^ "Cholmondeley Castle" BLB.
  49. ^ "Delves Hall" PSC.
  50. ^ "Halton Castle" PSC.
  51. ^ "Auckland Castle" PSC.
  52. ^ "Barnard Castle" PSC.
  53. ^ "Bowes Castle" PSC.
  54. ^ "Brancepeth Castle" PSC.
  55. ^ "Durham Castle" PSC.
  56. ^ "Lambton Castle" PSC.
  57. ^ "Lumley Castle" PSC.
  58. ^ "Mortham Tower" PSC.
  59. ^ "Raby Castle" PSC.
  60. ^ "Lambton Castle" PSC.
  61. ^ "Scargill Castle" PSC.
  62. ^ "Walworth Castle" PSC.
  63. ^ "Witton Castle" PSC.
  64. ^ "Caerhays Castle" PSC.
  65. ^ "Carn Brea Castle" PSC.
  66. ^ "Ince Castle" PSC.
  67. ^ "Launceston Castle" PSC.
  68. ^ "Pengersick Castle" PSC.
  69. ^ "Place House" PSC.
  70. ^ "Restormel Castle" PSC.
  71. ^ "St. Catherine's Castle" PSC.
  72. ^ "St. Mawes Castle" PSC.
  73. ^ "St. Michael's Mount" PSC.
  74. ^ "Tintagel Castle" PSC.
  75. ^ "Trematon Castle" PSC.
  76. ^ "Appleby Castle" PSC.
  77. ^ "Armathwaite Castle" PSC.
  78. ^ "Arnside Tower" PSC.
  79. ^ "Askerton Castle" PSC.
  80. ^ "Beetham Hall" PSC.
  81. ^ "Bewcastle Castle" PSC.
  82. ^ "Bewley Castle" PSC.
  83. ^ "Blencow Hall" PSC.
  84. ^ "Brackenburgh Old Tower" PSC.
  85. ^ "Brackenhill Tower" PSC.
  86. ^ "Branthwaite Hall" PSC.
  87. ^ "Brough Castle" PSC.
  88. ^ "Brougham Castle" PSC.
  89. ^ "Brougham Hall" PSC.
  90. ^ "Broughton Tower" PSC.
  91. ^ "Burneside Hall" PSC.
  92. ^ "Carlisle Castle" PSC.
  93. ^ "Catterlen Hall" PSC.
  94. ^ "Clifton Hall" PSC.
  95. ^ "Cockermouth Castle" PSC.
  96. ^ "Dacre Castle" PSC.
  97. ^ "Dalston Hall" PSC.
  98. ^ "Dalton Castle" PSC.
  99. ^ "Drawdykes Castle" PSC.
  100. ^ "Drumburgh Castle" PSC.
  101. ^ "Gleaston Castle" PSC.
  102. ^ "Greystoke Castle" PSC.
  103. ^ "Harbybrow Tower" PSC.
  104. ^ "Hayton Castle" PSC.
  105. ^ "Hazelslack Tower" PSC.
  106. ^ "Howgill Castle" PSC.
  107. ^ "Hutton-in-the-Forest" PSC.
  108. ^ "Hutton John" PSC.
  109. ^ "Ingmire Hall" PSC.
  110. ^ "Isel Hall" PSC.
  111. ^ "Kendal Castle" PSC.
  112. ^ "Kentmere Hall" PSC.
  113. ^ "Kirkandrews Tower" PSC.
  114. ^ "Linstock Castle" PSC.
  115. ^ "Lowther Castle" PSC.
  116. ^ "Middleton Hall" PSC.
  117. ^ "Millom Castle" PSC.
  118. ^ "Muncaster Castle" PSC.
  119. ^ "Naworth Castle" PSC.
  120. ^ "Newbiggin Hall" PSC.
  121. ^ "Pendragon Castle" PSC.
  122. ^ "Penrith Castle" PSC.
  123. ^ "Piel Castle" PSC.
  124. ^ "Prior's Tower" PSC.
  125. ^ "Rose Castle" PSC.
  126. ^ "Scaleby Castle" PSC.
  127. ^ "Sizergh Castle" PSC.
  128. ^ "Toppin Castle" BLB.
  129. ^ "Ubarrow Hall" PSC.
  130. ^ "Wharton Hall" PSC.
  131. ^ "Whitehall, Allhallows" BLB.
  132. ^ Emery (1996), p.256.
  133. ^ "Workington Hall" PSC.
  134. ^ "Wray Castle" PSC.
  135. ^ "Wraysholme Tower" PSC.
  136. ^ "Yanwath Hall" PSC.
  137. ^ "Bolsover Castle" PSC.
  138. ^ "Codnor Castle" PSC.
  139. ^ "Elvaston Castle" PSC.
  140. ^ "Haddon Hall" PSC.
  141. ^ "Mackworth Castle" PSC.
  142. ^ "Peveril Castle" PSC.
  143. ^ "Riber Castle" BLB.
  144. ^ "Wingfield Manor" PSC.
  145. ^ "Affeton Castle" BLB.
  146. ^ "Berry Pomeroy Castle" PSC.
  147. ^ "Bickleigh Castle" PSC.
  148. ^ "Compton Castle" PSC.
  149. ^ "Dartmouth Castle" PSC.
  150. ^ "Castle Drogo" PSC.
  151. ^ "Gidleigh Castle" PSC.
  152. ^ "Hemyock Castle" PSC.
  153. ^ "Kingswear Castle" PSC.
  154. ^ "Lydford Castle" PSC.
  155. ^ "Marisco Castle" PSC.
  156. ^ "Okehampton Castle" PSC.
  157. ^ "Plympton Castle" PSC.
  158. ^ "Powderham Castle" PSC.
  159. ^ "Rougemont Castle" PSC.
  160. ^ "Salcombe Castle" PSC.
  161. ^ "Tiverton Castle" PSC.
  162. ^ "Totnes Castle" PSC.
  163. ^ "Watermouth Castle" PSC.
  164. ^ "Brownsea Castle" PSC.
  165. ^ "Christchurch Castle" PSC.
  166. ^ "Corfe Castle" PSC.
  167. ^ "Lulworth Castle" PSC.
  168. ^ "Pennsylvania Castle" PSC.
  169. ^ "Portland Castle" PSC.
  170. ^ "Rufus Castle" PSC.
  171. ^ "Sherborne Old Castle" PSC.
  172. ^ "Woodsford Castle" PSC.
  173. ^ "Paull Holme Tower" PSC.
  174. ^ "Skipsea Castle" PSC.
  175. ^ "Wressle Castle" PSC.
  176. ^ "Bodiam Castle" PSC.
  177. ^ "Camber Castle" PSC.
  178. ^ "Hastings Castle" PSC.
  179. ^ "Herstmonceux Castle" PSC.
  180. ^ "Lewes Castle" PSC.
  181. ^ "Pevensey Castle" PSC.
  182. ^ "Ypres Tower" PSC.
  183. ^ "Pleshey Castle" PSC.
  184. ^ "Colchester Castle" PSC.
  185. ^ "Hadleigh Castle" PSC.
  186. ^ "Hedingham Castle" PSC.
  187. ^ "Walden Castle" PSC.
  188. ^ "Berkeley Castle" PSC.
  189. ^ "Beverstone Castle" PSC.
  190. ^ "St. Briavel's Castle" PSC.
  191. ^ "Sudeley Castle" PSC.
  192. ^ "Thornbury Castle" PSC.
  193. ^ "White Tower" PSC.
  194. ^ "Radcliffe Tower" PSC.
  195. ^ "Calshot Castle" PSC.
  196. ^ "Hurst Castle" PSC.
  197. ^ "Netley Castle" PSC.
  198. ^ "Odiham Castle" PSC.
  199. ^ "Southampton Castle" PSC.
  200. ^ "Southsea Castle" PSC.
  201. ^ "Winchester Castle" PSC.
  202. ^ "Wolvesey Castle" PSC.
  203. ^ "Ewyas Harold Castle" PSC.
  204. ^ "Brampton Bryan Castle" PSC.
  205. ^ "Clifford Castle" PSC.
  206. ^ "Croft Castle" PSC.
  207. ^ "Downton Castle" BLB.
  208. ^ "Eastnor Castle" PSC.
  209. ^ "Goodrich Castle" PSC.
  210. ^ "Hampton Court" PSC.
  211. ^ "Kentchurch Court" PSC.
  212. ^ "Kinnersley Castle" PSC.
  213. ^ "Longtown Castle" PSC.
  214. ^ "Pembridge Castle" PSC.
  215. ^ "Snodhill Castle" PSC.
  216. ^ "Treago Castle" PSC.
  217. ^ "Wigmore Castle" PSC.
  218. ^ "Wilton Castle" PSC.
  219. ^ "Berkhamsted Castle" PSC.
  220. ^ "Hertford Castle" PSC.
  221. ^ "Carisbrooke Castle" PSC.
  222. ^ "Norris Castle" PSC.
  223. ^ "Yarmouth Castle" PSC.
  224. ^ "West Cowes Castle" PSC.
  225. ^ "Cromwell's Castle" PSC.
  226. ^ "Star Castle" PSC.
  227. ^ "Allington Castle" PSC.
  228. ^ "Canterbury Castle" PSC.
  229. ^ "Chiddingstone Castle" PSC.
  230. ^ "Chilham Castle" PSC.
  231. ^ "Cooling Castle" PSC.
  232. ^ "Deal Castle" PSC.
  233. ^ "Dover Castle" PSC.
  234. ^ "Eynsford Castle" PSC.
  235. ^ "Hever Castle" PSC.
  236. ^ "Kingsgate Castle" BLB.
  237. ^ "Leeds Castle" PSC.
  238. ^ "Leybourne Castle" PSC.
  239. ^ "Lullingstone Castle" PSC.
  240. ^ "Lympne Castle" PSC.
  241. ^ "Otford Palace 1" "Otford Palace 2" BLB.
  242. ^ "Penshurst Place" BLB.
  243. ^ Brown (1962), p.69.
  244. ^ "Rochester Castle" PSC.
  245. ^ "St. Leonard's Tower" PSC.
  246. ^ "Saltwood Castle" PSC.
  247. ^ "Sandgate Castle" PSC.
  248. ^ "Scotney Castle" PSC.
  249. ^ "Sissinghurst Castle" PSC.
  250. ^ "Starkey Castle" BLB.
  251. ^ "Stone Castle" PSC.
  252. ^ "Sutton Valence Castle" PSC.
  253. ^ "Tonbridge Castle" PSC.
  254. ^ "Upnor Castle" PSC.
  255. ^ "Walmer Castle" PSC.
  256. ^ "Westenhanger Castle" PSC.
  257. ^ "Ashton Hall" PSC.
  258. ^ "Borwick Hall" PSC.
  259. ^ "Clitheroe Castle" PSC.
  260. ^ "Hornby Castle" PSC.
  261. ^ "Lancaster Castle" PSC.
  262. ^ "Turton Tower" PSC.
  263. ^ "Ashby de la Zouch Castle" PSC.
  264. ^ "Kirby Muxloe Castle" PSC.
  265. ^ "Leicester Castle" PSC.
  266. ^ "Goltho Castle" PSC.
  267. ^ "Bolingbroke Castle" PSC.
  268. ^ "Grimsthorpe Castle" PSC.
  269. ^ "Hussey Tower" PSC.
  270. ^ "Kyme Tower" PSC.
  271. ^ "Lincoln Castle" PSC.
  272. ^ "Rochford Tower" PSC.
  273. ^ "Somerton Castle" PSC.
  274. ^ "Tattershall Castle" PSC.
  275. ^ "Torksey Castle" PSC.
  276. ^ "Brimstage Hall" PSC.
  277. ^ "Leasowe Castle" PSC.
  278. ^ Brown (1962), p.59.
  279. ^ "Thetford Castle" PSC.
  280. ^ "Baconsthorpe Castle" PSC.
  281. ^ "Burgh Castle" PSC.
  282. ^ "Caister Castle" PSC.
  283. ^ "Castle Acre Castle" PSC.
  284. ^ "Castle Rising Castle" PSC.
  285. ^ "Claxton Castle" PSC.
  286. ^ "Norwich Castle" PSC.
  287. ^ "Oxburgh Hall" PSC.
  288. ^ "Weeting Castle" PSC.
  289. ^ "Fotheringhay Castle" PSC.
  290. ^ "Astwell Castle" PSC.
  291. ^ "Barnwell Castle" PSC.
  292. ^ "Rockingham Castle" PSC.
  293. ^ "Thorpe Waterville Castle" PSC.
  294. ^ "Alnham Vicars Pele" PSC.
  295. ^ "Alnwick Castle" PSC.
  296. ^ "Aydon Castle" PSC.
  297. ^ "Barmoor Castle" BLB.
  298. ^ "Beaufront Castle" PSC.
  299. ^ "Bellister Castle" PSC.
  300. ^ "Belsay Castle" PSC.
  301. ^ "Berwick Castle" PSC.
  302. ^ "Bitchfield Castle" PSC.
  303. ^ "Blenkinsop Castle" PSC.
  304. ^ "Bothal Castle" PSC.
  305. ^ "Bywell Castle" PSC.
  306. ^ "Callaly Castle" PSC.
  307. ^ "Cartington Castle" PSC.
  308. ^ "Chillingham Castle" PSC.
  309. ^ "Chipchase Castle" PSC.
  310. ^ "Cocklaw Tower" PSC.
  311. ^ "Cockle Park Tower" PSC.
  312. ^ "Corbridge Vicar's Pele" PSC.
  313. ^ "Coupland Castle" PSC.
  314. ^ "Craster Tower" PSC.
  315. ^ "Crawley Tower" PSC.
  316. ^ "Cresswell Castle" PSC.
  317. ^ "Dilston Castle" PSC.
  318. ^ "Dunstanburgh Castle" PSC.
  319. ^ "Edlingham Castle" PSC.
  320. ^ "Elsdon Tower" PSC.
  321. ^ "Embleton Tower" PSC.
  322. ^ "Etal Castle" PSC.
  323. ^ "Featherstone Castle" PSC.
  324. ^ "Ford Castle" PSC.
  325. ^ "Halton Castle" PSC.
  326. ^ "Harbottle Castle" PSC.
  327. ^ "Haughton Castle" PSC.
  328. ^ "Hexham Moot Hall" PSC.
  329. ^ "Hexham Old Gaol" PSC.
  330. ^ "Horsley Tower" PSC.
  331. ^ "Langley Castle" PSC.
  332. ^ "Lemmington Hall" PSC.
  333. ^ "Lindisfarne Castle" PSC.
  334. ^ "Mitford Castle" PSC.
  335. ^ "Morpeth Castle" PSC.
  336. ^ "Norham Castle" PSC.
  337. ^ "Preston Tower" PSC.
  338. ^ "Prior Castell's Tower" PSC.
  339. ^ "Prudhoe Castle" PSC.
  340. ^ "Shilbottle Tower" PSC.
  341. ^ "Shortflatt Tower" PSC.
  342. ^ "Thirlwall Castle" PSC.
  343. ^ "Warkworth Castle" PSC.
  344. ^ "Whittingham Tower" PSC.
  345. ^ "Whitton Tower" PSC.
  346. ^ "Willimoteswick Castle" Gatehouse
  347. ^ "Ayton Castle" PSC.
  348. ^ "Barden Tower" PSC.
  349. ^ "Bolton Castle" PSC.
  350. ^ "Cawood Castle" PSC.
  351. ^ "Clifford's Tower" PSC.
  352. ^ "Crayke Castle" BLB.
  353. ^ "Danby Castle" PSC.
  354. ^ "Gilling Castle" PSC.
  355. ^ "Hazlewood Castle" PSC.
  356. ^ "Hellifield Peel" PSC.
  357. ^ "Helmsley Castle" PSC.
  358. ^ "Hornby Castle" PSC.
  359. ^ "Knaresborough Castle" PSC.
  360. ^ "Marmion Tower" PSC.
  361. ^ "Middleham Castle" PSC.
  362. ^ "Old Mulgrave Castle" PSC.
  363. ^ "Nappa Hall" BLB.
  364. ^ "Pickering Castle" PSC.
  365. ^ "Ravensworth Castle" PSC.
  366. ^ "Richmond Castle" PSC.
  367. ^ "Ripley Castle" PSC.
  368. ^ "Scarborough Castle" PSC.
  369. ^ "Sheriff Hutton Castle" PSC.
  370. ^ "Skelton Castle" BLB.
  371. ^ "Skipton Castle" PSC.
  372. ^ "Snape Castle" BLB.
  373. ^ "South Cowton Castle" PSC.
  374. ^ "Spofforth Castle" PSC.
  375. ^ "Whorlton Castle" PSC.
  376. ^ "Wilton Castle" BLB.
  377. ^ "Halloughton Manor House" PSC.
  378. ^ "Newark Castle" PSC.
  379. ^ "Nottingham Castle" PSC.
  380. ^ "Bampton Castle" PSC.
  381. ^ "Broughton Castle" PSC.
  382. ^ "Hanwell Castle" PSC.
  383. ^ Blair (1998), p.137.
  384. ^ "Greys Court" PSC.
  385. ^ "Shirburn Castle" PSC.
  386. ^ "Wallingford Castle" PSC.
  387. ^ "Oakham Castle" PSC.
  388. ^ "Acton Burnell Castle" PSC.
  389. ^ "Alberbury Castle" PSC.
  390. ^ "Bridgnorth Castle" PSC.
  391. ^ "Broncroft Castle" PSC.
  392. ^ "Cheney Longville Castle" PSC.
  393. ^ "Clun Castle" PSC.
  394. ^ "Hopton Castle" PSC.
  395. ^ "Ludlow Castle" PSC.
  396. ^ "Moreton Corbet Castle" PSC.
  397. ^ "Quatford Castle" BLB.
  398. ^ "Red Castle" PSC.
  399. ^ "Rowton Castle" PSC.
  400. ^ "Shrewsbury Castle" PSC.
  401. ^ "Stokesay Castle" PSC.
  402. ^ "Wattlesborough Castle" PSC.
  403. ^ "Whittington Castle" PSC.
  404. ^ "Banwell Castle" PSC.
  405. ^ Buildings of England, Somerset: South & West (1958) ISBN 978-0-300-09644-6.
  406. ^ "Dunster Castle" PSC.
  407. ^ "Farleigh Hungerford Castle" PSC.
  408. ^ "Newton St Loe" PSC.
  409. ^ "Nunney Castle" PSC.
  410. ^ "Stogursey Castle" PSC.
  411. ^ "Sutton Court" PSC.
  412. ^ "Taunton Castle" PSC.
  413. ^ "Walton Castle" PSC.
  414. ^ "Wells Bishop's Palace" BLB.
  415. ^ "Conisbrough Castle" PSC.
  416. ^ "Tickhill Castle" PSC.
  417. ^ "Alton Castle" PSC.
  418. ^ "Caverswall Castle" PSC.
  419. ^ "Chartley Castle" PSC.
  420. ^ "Eccleshall Castle" PSC.
  421. ^ "Stafford Castle" PSC.
  422. ^ "Stourton Castle" PSC.
  423. ^ "Tamworth Castle" PSC.
  424. ^ "Tutbury Castle" PSC.
  425. ^ "Bungay Castle" PSC.
  426. ^ "Clare Castle" PSC.
  427. ^ "Eye Castle" PSC.
  428. ^ "Framlingham Castle" PSC.
  429. ^ "Mettingham Castle" PSC.
  430. ^ "Orford Castle" PSC.
  431. ^ "Wingfield Castle" PSC.
  432. ^ "Farnham Castle" PSC.
  433. ^ "Guildford Castle" PSC.
  434. ^ "Hylton Castle" PSC.
  435. ^ "Newcastle Castle" PSC.
  436. ^ "Old Hollinside" PSC.
  437. ^ "Ravensworth Castle" PSC.
  438. ^ "Tynemouth Castle" PSC.
  439. ^ "Astley Castle" PSC.
  440. ^ "Kenilworth Castle" PSC.
  441. ^ "Maxstoke Castle" PSC.
  442. ^ "Warwick Castle" PSC.
  443. ^ "Dudley Castle" PSC.
  444. ^ "Amberley Castle" PSC.
  445. ^ "Arundel Castle" PSC.
  446. ^ "Bramber Castle" PSC.
  447. ^ "Halnaker House" PSC.
  448. ^ "Dobroyd Castle" PSC.
  449. ^ "Harewood Castle" PSC.
  450. ^ "Pontefract Castle" PSC.
  451. ^ "Sandal Castle" PSC.
  452. ^ "Devizes Castle" PSC.
  453. ^ "Longford Castle" PSC.
  454. ^ "Ludgershall Castle" PSC.
  455. ^ "Old Sarum Castle" PSC.
  456. ^ "Old Wardour Castle" PSC.
  457. ^ "Caldwall Castle" PSC.
  458. ^ "Hartlebury Castle" PSC.
  459. ^ "Holt Castle" PSC.
  460. ^ "Worcester Castle" PSC.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]