List of fortifications in Serbia

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This is a list of fortifications in Serbia (Serbian: тврђава, pl. тврђавe, tvrđave). The list includes remains (ruins) of military constructions; castles (Замак), towers (Кула, Кулe) etc.

There are over 30 preserved forts in Serbia, and more than hundreds of sites with remains of old fortifications. Forts in Serbia are preserved from the Roman, Byzantine, medieval Serbian and post-Ottoman eras. The majority of forts have been renovated throughout history with changing rule and adaptations to war technology development. Most of the forts are foundations of modern towns and cities; The Kalemegdan fortress have remains of the ancient city of Singidunum, modern Belgrade. UNESCO World Heritage Site of Serbia, Stari Ras was the seat of the early medieval Principality and Kingdom of Serbia (950–1034, 1113–1276).

Later architecture exists in Vojvodina; Bač castle, Vršac.

The fortified monasteries of Mileševa, Manasija and Ravanica served as protection to locals during harsh times.

Fortifications located within Kosovo are indicated in grey.[a]

List[edit]

Image Name Location Construction date Current state
Symbool fort.svg Anište Kolubara Remains
Symbool fort.svg Atanas Pirot Remains
Bač, view of the fortress and the town.jpg Bač Fortress Bač 14th century Ruins
Symbool fort.svg Bečej Fortress Bečej Ruins
Symbool fort.svg Berkasovo Fortress Berkasovo
Symbool fort.svg Berkovac Fortress Valjevo
Symbool fort.svg Blagotin Kruševac Ruins
Symbool fort.svg Bovan Fortress Aleksinac
Boracki krs.jpg Borač Fortress Borač, Knić
Diana kapija.jpg Diana Fortress Kladovo 101 AD Preserved ruins
Kladovski Grad1.jpg Fetislam Kladovo Ruins
Felix romuliana.jpg Gamzigrad Zaječar 298 AD Preserved ruins (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Symbool fort.svg Grabovac (or Jeriningrad) Trstenik Ruins
Golubac.JPG Golubac Fortress Golubac 14th century Preserved ruins
Jelec-2.jpg Jeleč Novi Pazar 13th century Ruins
Kaljaja4.jpg Kaljaja Prizren 5th century (1019 AD) Ruins
Kalemegdan Belgrade 3rd century (rebuilt 535) Under restoration
Don Zon kula.jpg Kruševac Fortress Kruševac 1381 AD Ruins
Kurvingrad iz daljine1.jpg Kurvingrad 11 km from Niš
Koznik3.jpg Koznik Aleksandrovac fl. 1371—1389
Manastir-manasija-despotovac-serbia-atipiks.jpg Manasija Despotovac 1407 AD Restored
Maglic-7k.jpg Maglič Kraljevo fl. 1196–1228 Partial ruin
Markovo Kale interior view.JPG Markovo Kale Vranje 13th century Ruins
Milesevac.jpg Mileševac Fortress 7 km from Prijepolje
Nenadović Tower.jpg Nenadović Tower Valjevo Restored
Niš Fortress Niš 1719-1723 Restored
Novo Brdo Serbia1.jpg Novo Brdo Fortress Novo Brdo Ruins
Ostrvica bedem 3.jpg Ostrvica Rudnik 1323 Ruins
View of Petravaradin in evening.jpg Petrovaradin Fortress Novi Sad 1247 AD Restored
Pirotski Grad (by Pudelek).JPG Pirot Fortress Pirot
Tabla u Prilepcu.jpg Prilepac Novo Brdo Ruins
Ram tvrdjava1.jpg Ram Fortress Veliko Gradište Ruins
Manastir Ravanica sa zidinama.JPG Ravanica Near Ćuprija Ruins
Smederevo small town panorama 2.jpg Smederevo Fortress Smederevo 1428 AD Restored
Sokod sumrak.jpg Soko Grad Ljubovija 1476 Ruins
Soko Grad.jpg Soko Grad Sokobanja 6th century Ruins
Symbool fort.svg Stalać Fortress Stalać
Uzice-fortress-by-pedja-supurovic-09.jpg Stari Grad Užice 12th century Ruins
Stari Ras.jpg Stari Ras Novi Pazar 8th century Ruins (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Шабачка тврђава 2.jpg Šabac Fortress Šabac 1471 AD Partial ruin
Trojanov Grad.JPG Trojanov Grad Cer (mountain) Ruins
One of the walls at the Vidin Grad.JPG Vidin Grad Lešnica Ruins (Gensis (vicus))
Реконструкција Вршачког замка 5.jpg Vršac Castle Vršac 1439 AD Under restoration
Symbool fort.svg Vojinovića Tower Vučitrn 14th century
Symbool fort.svg Zatrič Zatrić Ruins
Zemunska tvrdjava kula3.jpg Zemun Fortress Zemun Ruins
Zelen grad.jpg Zelen-grad Vučje, Leskovac Ruins
Zvečan Fortress overview.jpg Zvečan Fortress Kosovska Mitrovica 1093 Ruins
Zrnov1.jpg Žrnov Belgrade Demolished in 1934

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]