List of caves

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This is a list of caves of the world, sorted by Continent and then country. A Cave is a landform. It usually consists of loose particles, which are often composed of rock.

Contents


Africa[edit]

Algeria[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Anou Achra Lemoun[1]
Anou Boussouil[1]
Anou Ifflis
Anou Timedouine[1]
Kef Al Kaous[1]
Rivière De La Tafna[1]

Cameroon[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Grotte Fovu[2]
Kouo vu[3]
Grottes de Linté[4]
Grotte de Loung[5]
Gouffre de Mbilibekon[6]
Grotte de Mfouda[7]
Grottes Ndemvoh[5]

Ethiopia[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Sof Omar Caves

Gabon[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Caves of Abanda[8]

Kenya[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Grotte de Leviathan[1]
Mau Mau Caves
Kitum Cave

Lesotho[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Kome Caves[1]

Libya[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Ain Zayanah[1]
Bukarma-Habibi[1]
Umm al Masabih[1]

Madagascar[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Ambatoanjahana[1]
Ambatoharanana[1] 2700 middle Jurassic limestone Ankarana massif
Ambatomanjahana[1]
Ampandrianpanihy Nord[1]
Andetobe[1]
Andriafiabe[9] about 8035 Ankarana massif
Anjohin'ny Voamboana[1]
Anjohy Ambalarano[1]
Anjohy Kibojenjy[1]
Antsatrabonko[1] Ankarana massif
Riviere souterraine de Mananjeba[1]

Morocco[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Caves of Hercules, Tanger
Ifri N'hamed N'taouia[1]
Kef Aziza[1]
Kef Tikhoubaï[1]
Kef Toghobeit Cave[1]
Rhar Chara[1]
Rhar Chiker[1]
Wit Tamdoun[1]

Namibia[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Arnhem Cave[1]

Somalia[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Somaliland Laas Gaal

South Africa[edit]

Tanzania[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Amboni Caves
Grotte de Nduli[1]
Nandembo Cave System[1]

Tunisia[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Rhar Ain Et Tsab[1]

Zimbabwe[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Mawenge Mwena Caves of Chimanimani[10]
Chinhoyi Caves[11]

Asia[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Tora Bora cave complex
Zhawar Kili cave complex

Burma[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Pindaya Caves

Cambodia[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Battambang area[12][13]
Kampot area[12][13]
Kratie area[12][13]

China[edit]

India[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Liang Bua Cave
Maharani cave

Iran[edit]

Israel[edit]

Japan[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Abukuma-do (阿武隈洞)
Akiyoshi-do (秋芳洞)[1] 8790 fossiliferous Paleozoic reef limestone
Akka-do (安家洞)[1]
Kyusen-do (球泉洞)[1]
Uchimagi-do (内間木洞)[1]

Kazakhstan[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Rangkul'skaja Cave[19]
Boj-Boulok[19]

Korea[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Hwanseon Cave 70038000000000000008,000 metres (26,000 ft) Limestone
Manjang Cave 70037400000000000007,400 metres (24,300 ft) lava tube On Jeju Island
Songam Cavern in Kaechon North Korea

Laos[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Pak Ou Caves

Lebanon[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Mongolia[edit]

Name Depth Length Geology Remarks
Dayan-Deerhiin Cave Located on the western shore of a lake. This cave contains cave paintings.[20]
Galtai Cave 80 metres (260 ft)[citation needed] Deepest cave in Mongolia[21]
Khoit Tsenkher Cave This cave contains paintings dated 17,000–22,000 years old.[22]
Taliin Cave A permit is required to visit this cave.[23]
Tsagaan Cave The "White Cave", fossils of Cenozoic mammals were found here, as well as artifacts as old as 35,000 years.[24]

Nepal[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Maratika Cave Also known as Haleshi

Oman[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Majlis al Jinn

Pakistan[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Pir Ghaib Gharr Gharra[1] Balochistan

Papua New Guinea[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park Palawan
Callao Cave Cagayan[1]
Tabon Cave Palawan
Hinagdanan Cave Bohol Province
Huluga Caves
Macahambus Cave Cagayan de Oro

Russia[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Denisova Cave
Sugomak Cave
Kungur Ice Cave 700132000000000000032 metres (105 ft) 70031800000000000001,800 metres (5,900 ft) Urals Federal District
Ignateva Cave
Syukeyevo Caves

Sri Lanka[edit]

Cave Location Geology Length (m) Width (m) Height (m) Ref
Andirilena Cave           [25][26]
Batatotalena Cave 06°48′00″N 80°22′00″E / 6.80000°N 80.36667°E / 6.80000; 80.36667 (Batatotalena Cave)   25 m (82 ft) 18 m (59 ft) 15 m (49 ft) [25][26]
Belilena Cave           [25][26]
Bogoda Cave           [25][26]
Dambulla Cave Temple 07°51′00″N 80°39′00″E / 7.85000°N 80.65000°E / 7.85000; 80.65000 (Batatotalena Cave)          
Fa Hien Cave            
Lahugala Cave           [27]
Nitro Cave           [27]
Pannila Cave           [25][26]
Rawana Ella Cave     46 m (151 ft) 15 m (49 ft) 18 m (59 ft) [25][26]
Sithripura Cave           [25][26]
Wavulpone Cave           [25][26]

Thailand[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Tham Hua Kalok
Tham Lot
Spirit Cave

Turkmenistan[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Koytendag Caves[28]

Tuvalu[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Caves of Nanumanga

Vietnam[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Sơn Đoòng Cave Biggest cave in the world [29]
Tam Cốc-Bích Động (Ninh Bình Province) Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park, world natural heritage, typical ancient tropical karst site.
Cát Bà Island cave system Hải Phòng City
Ngu Hanh Son Da Nang city

West Bank[edit]

Europe[edit]

Austria[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Badanj Cave
Vjetrenica

Bulgaria[edit]

Croatia[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Býčí skála
Klácelka
Koněprusy Caves (Koněpruské jeskyně)
Macocha Gorge (Propast Macocha)

Denmark[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Våde Ovn (Wet Oven)[30] Bornholm
Sorte Ovn (Black Oven)[30] Bornholm
Sorte Gryde (Black Pot)[30] Bornholm
Mønsted Limestone Caves[30] Jutland

Finland[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Wolf Cave

France[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Krubera Cave 2197 16058 The deepest cave in the world [31]
New Athos Cave
Sarma Cave 1830 6370 The 2nd deepest cave in the world, October 2012[31]

Germany[edit]

Gibraltar[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
St. Michael's Cave
Gorham's Cave <World Heritage site applicant>
Ibex Cave
Martin's Cave
Vanguard Cave

Greece[edit]

Hungary[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Baradla-Domica Cave System Aggtelek Karst, Longest in Hungary: 25 km[32][33]
Rákóczi Cave, Bódvarákó[34] Aggtelek Karst
Anna Cave, Lillafüred Bükk
Cave Bath Bükk, Miskolctapolca
István Cave, Lillafüred Bükk

Iceland[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Grjótagjá Mývatn
Búri 980 Leitarhraun @ 63.920247°N, -21.510201°V
Kverkfjöll glacier cave
Surtshellir 40 1970 In Hallmundarhraun @ 64.781495°N, -20.723948°V
Víðgelmir 1585 Hallmundarhraun

Ireland[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Aillwee Cave
Cloyne Cave
Crag Cave
Dunmore Caves
Killavullen Caves
Marble Arch Caves
Mitchelstown Caves
Noon's Hole
Pol an Ionain
Pollnagollum
Shannon Cave

Italy[edit]

Latvia[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Gutmanis Cave

Macedonia[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Alilica 590 A complex of two caves, Lower and Upper Alilica[35]

Malta[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Ghar Dalam Qajjenza, Birżebbuġa
Ghar Lapsi Siġġiewi
Ghar ta' Xerri Xagħra, Gozo
Ghar ta' Ninu Xagħra, Gozo

Norway[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Greftkjelen[1]
Greftsprekka[1]
Grønligrotta[1] Mo i Rana
Jordbrugrotta[1]
Larshullet[1]
Oskola-Kristihola[1]
Raggejavreraige[1] 7002580000000000000580 metres (1,900 ft) stripe marble Deepest cave in Scandinavia; deepest cave in the Arctic.[citation needed]
Setergrotta[1] Mo i Rana
Tjoarvekrajgge[1]
Trollkirka[1]

Poland[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Jaskinia Wielka Śnieżna (Great Snow Cave) 7002824000000000000824 metres (2,703 ft) 700423619000000000023,619 metres (77,490 ft) limestone Western Tatras, the largest and deepest cave of Poland[36]
Śnieżna Studnia (Snow Well Cave)[1] 7002759000000000000759 metres (2,490 ft) 700411700000000000011,700 metres (38,400 ft) limestone Western Tatras, second largest cave in Poland[37]
Bańdzioch Kominiarski[1] 7002562000000000000562 metres (1,844 ft) 70039550000000000009,550 metres (31,330 ft) limestone Western Tatras, the third deepest cave of Poland[38]
Jaskinia Miętusia (Miętusia Cave)[1] 7002305000000000000305 metres (1,001 ft) 700410500000000000010,500 metres (34,400 ft) limestone Western Tatras, the largest horizontal cave in Poland[39]
Ptasia Studnia[1] 7002352000000000000352 metres (1,155 ft) 70036283000000000006,283 metres (20,614 ft) limestone Western Tatras, contains the biggest lake in polish caves — Great Liar[40]
Jaskinia Czarna (Black Cave)[1] 7002303500000000000303.5 metres (996 ft) 70036500000000000006,500 metres (21,300 ft) limestone Western Tatras, considered as the most spacious cave in Poland, especially popular for training people who are new to caving[41]
Jaskinia Kozia (Goats Cave)[1] 7002389000000000000389 metres (1,276 ft) 70033470000000000003,470 metres (11,380 ft) Western Tatras
Jaskinia Mylna (Mylna Cave) 700146000000000000046 metres (151 ft) 70031630000000000001,630 metres (5,350 ft) Western Tatras, one of the most interesting caves in Poland, which can be visited without a guide[42]
Jaskinia Niedźwiedzia (Bear Cave) 700169000000000000069 metres (226 ft) 70033500000000000003,500 metres (11,500 ft) limestone Sudetes, the biggest cave of the Polish side of Sudety Mountains, full of fossils of Pleistocene animals, especially the cave bears[43][44]
Jaskinia Raj (Paradise Cave) 70009500000000000009.5 metres (31 ft) 7002240000000000000240 metres (790 ft) limestone Świętokrzyskie, one of Poland's most beautiful caves, famous for well developed speleothems[45][46]
Smocza Jama (Dragon's Cave) 700115000000000000015 metres (49 ft) 7002276000000000000276 metres (906 ft) limestone Kraków, the best known cave in Poland[47]

Portugal[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Gruta de Moinhos Velhos
Almonda Cave[1] Estremenho karstic Massif
Mira d'Aire Caves Largest caves in Portugal and Spain[48]

Romania[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Bear Cave
Peștera Vântului
Peștera cu Oase
Scărișoara Cave

Serbia[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

Slovenia[edit]

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Hoverbergsgrottan 7002170000000000000170 metres (560 ft) Porphyry rock Jämtland – largest rock cave in Scandinavia.[49]
Lummelundagrottan[1] Gotland
Korallgrottan[1] Jämtland

Switzerland[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Hölloch 7005190000000000000190,000 metres (620,000 ft)
Siebenhengste-Hohgant-Höhle
Wildkirchli

Turkey[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Optymistychna gypsum Longest gypsum cave in the world, longest cave in the Europe[citation needed]
Priest's Grotto gypsum Where Jews hid from Nazi occupation[citation needed]
Odessa Catacombs
Near Caves
Chervona

United Kingdom[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Papua New Guinea[edit]

North America[edit]

Belize[edit]

Canada[edit]

Guatemala[edit]

Honduras[edit]

Mexico[edit]

United States of America[edit]

Caribbean[edit]

Barbados[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Animal Flower Cave
Harrison's Cave

Curaçao[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Hato Caves

Cuba[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Cuevas de Bellamar (Bellamar Cave)[1]
La Gran Caverna de Santo Tomás[1]

Dominican Republic[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Cuevas Fun Fun Formerly La Cueva del Diablo[1]
Los Tres Ojos
Pomier Caves

Jamaica[edit]

There are over 1000 cave systems in Jamaica.[50] Listed here are those for which Wikipedia articles exist. The full list can be found on the Jamaica Caves Organisation website or in the book Jamaica Underground.[51]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Bad Hole Cave Former deepest
Belmont Cave Troglobites
Carambie Cave Fossils
Coffee River Cave Long river cave in the Black River watershed
Dunn's Hole Largest chamber
Gourie Cave[1] Longest
Green Grotto Caves Tourist attraction
Hutchinson's Hole 18th century serial killer
Jackson's Bay Cave[1] Large system
Morgans Pond Hole Second deepest
Mouth Maze Cave[1] Large labyrinthine
Oxford Cave, Jamaica Vandalised
Smokey Hole Cave Deepest
Thatchfield Great Cave Natural history
Windsor Great Cave Tourist attraction
Xtabi Tourist attraction

Puerto Rico[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Camuy Caves
Cueva del Indio
Cueva Ventana

Saint Lucia[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Bat Cave

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Byahaut Bat Cave

Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Aripo Cave[52][53]
Cumaca Cave
Dunston Cave[52][53]
La Vache[52][53]
Lopinot Cave[52][53]
Tamana caves[52][53]

South America[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Cueva de las Manos (Cave of the hands)
Cueva de la Bruja (Cave of the Witches)[1][54]
Cueva de Gualicho [4]
Cueva del Tigré [5]

Brazil[edit]

Chile[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Cueva del Milodón 30 200 Part of Monumento natural Cueva del Milodón, Category UICN III

Colombia[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Guacharos Cave Cueva del Guácharo National Park[55][56] (Huila Department)

Ecuador[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Cueva de los Tayos

Peru[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Sima Pumacocha 638 1427
Qaqa Mach'ay 125 300

Venezuela[edit]

Name Depth (m) Length (m) Geology Notes
Cueva Alfredo Jahn[1]
Cueva de la Quebrada del Toro
Cueva del Fantasma
Cueva del Guácharo, Caripe, Monagas[1]
Cueva del Saman[1]
Cueva La Segunda Cascada[1]
Cueva Los Encantos[1]
Cueva Los Laureles[1]
Cueva-Sumidero La Retirada[1]
Haitón del Guarataro[1] 305 604 Oligocene limestone Deepest limestone cave in Venezuela
Sima Aonda 2[1]
Sima Aonda 3[1]
Sima Aonda[1]
Sima Auyantepui Noroeste[1]
Sima Auyantepui Norte[1]
Sima Humboldt (Sima Major)[1] 314 quartzite Deepest cave in Venezuela
Sima Martel (Sima Menor)[1] 248 quartzite

Mars[edit]

Possible cave entrances on Mars. The pits have been informally named (A) Dena, (B) Chloe, (C) Wendy, (D) Annie, (E) Abby (left) and Nikki, and (F) Jeanne.

As of 2007 seven putative cave entrances have been identified in satellite imagery of the planet Mars, all so far located on the flanks of Arsia Mons.[57] A more recent photograph of one of the features shows sunlight illuminating a side wall, suggesting that it may simply be a vertical pit rather than an entrance to a larger underground space.[58]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca "World Cave List". Sop.inria.fr. 15 August 1997. Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  2. ^ Fovu à Baham – Les grottes sacrées des Hautes Terres de L'Ouest Cameroun. Grottesducameroun.org. Retrieved on 15 September 2011.
  3. ^ Kouo Vu, la grotte qui avale les gens – Les grottes sacrées des Hautes Terres de L'Ouest Cameroun. Grottesducameroun.org. Retrieved on 15 September 2011.
  4. ^ Lips, 1997, Speleolgie au Cameroun, Echo des Vulcain 54
  5. ^ a b http://www.grottesducameroun.org/IMG/pdf/Les_Grottes_Sacrees_des_hautes_terres_de_l-ouest_cameroun_preliminaire-2.pdf
  6. ^ Vicat, Leger, Lips, Piguet, 1995, La grotte de Mbilibekon: un pseudo karst dans la couvertue latéritique du craton du Congo (Cameroun)
  7. ^ Willems, Pouclet, Vicat (2001) Problématique des karsts en roches silicatées non carbonatées. La Grotte Mfoula, un cas dans les gneiss du Sud Cameroun
  8. ^ Scientific and Caving Expedition Abanda 2010 in Gabon, Africa. Abanda-expedition.org. Retrieved on 15 September 2011.
  9. ^ Wilson, Jane (1995). Lemurs of the Lost World: exploring the forests and Crocodile Caves of Madagascar. Impact, London. p. 216. ISBN 978-1-874687-48-1. 
  10. ^ Caves of Chimanimani. Darklife.co.za (1 September 1993). Retrieved on 15 September 2011.
  11. ^ ZImparks~ The Sleeping Pool. Zimparks.org. Retrieved on 15 September 2011.
  12. ^ a b c http://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/10125/1248/uhm_phd_4378_r.pdf?sequence=1
  13. ^ a b c http://escholar.salve.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1015&context=fac_staff_pub
  14. ^ Nov 30, 2010 (2010-11-30). "Stalactite Caves - Soreq Caves". Funinjerusalem.com. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  15. ^ "Projects - Preservation". Iaa-conservation.org.il. 2005-12-27. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  16. ^ "Take an Adventurous Tour of Keshet Cave in Israel's Upper Galilee". Shalomisraeltours.com. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  17. ^ [1][dead link]
  18. ^ Stas Manevich, info@qterra.org (2012-06-01). "Caving Tours in Israel - Salt Cave Colonel". QTerra.org. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  19. ^ a b "1993 Speleo Digest". Caves.org. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  20. ^ Mongolia: the Bradt travel guide By Jane Blunden p 332. Books.google.com. Retrieved on 15 September 2011.
  21. ^ Mongolia: the Bradt travel guide By Jane Blunden, p 381. Books.google.com. Retrieved on 15 September 2011.
  22. ^ Don Croner’s World Wide Wanders: Mongolia | Khovd Aimag | Dambijantsan | Khoit Tsenkher Cave. Doncroner.net (5 December 2009). Retrieved on 15 September 2011.
  23. ^ Mongolia: the Bradt travel guide By Jane Blunden, p 389. Books.google.com. Retrieved on 15 September 2011.
  24. ^ Tsagaan Agui (archaeological site, Gobi Desert, Mongolia) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Britannica.com. Retrieved on 15 September 2011.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h "Caves in Sri Lanka". Srilankaecotourism.com. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h "Caving expeditions in Sri Lanka". Unitedholidays.lk. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  27. ^ a b "Caving exploration tours in Sri Lanka". Letsgocampingsrilanka.com. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  28. ^ "Koytendag caves". Nature of Turkmenistan. Retrieved 26 December 2010. 
  29. ^ "World's Biggest Cave Found in Vietnam". National Geographic. July 9, 2009. 
  30. ^ a b c d [2][dead link]
  31. ^ a b Worlds Deepest Caves, compiled by Bob Gulden.
  32. ^ Aggteleki Nemzeti Park Igazgatóság – Természetvédelem – Barlang túrák -Turisztika – Védett természeti területek – Oktatás – Erdei iskola – Szállás – Táborok – Hucul ménes. Anp.nemzetipark.gov.hu. Retrieved on 15 September 2011.
  33. ^ Aggteleki Nemzeti Park Igazgatóság – Természetvédelem – Barlang túrák -Turisztika – Védett természeti területek – Oktatás – Erdei iskola – Szállás – Táborok – Hucul ménes. Anp.nemzetipark.gov.hu. Retrieved on 15 September 2011.
  34. ^ Aggtelek National Park Directorate – Aggtelek Karst – Rakoczi Cave – UNESCO World Heritage site. Anp.nemzetipark.gov.hu. Retrieved on 15 September 2011.
  35. ^ "The cave Alilica, Tresonche village | Culture Map". Culturemap.mk. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  36. ^ Rafał Mateja, Marek Wierzbowski (2001). "Exploration in the furthest reaches of Poland's deepest and longest cave - Jaskinia Wielka Śnieżna". POLISH CAVING, Sekcja Grotołazów Wrocław. Retrieved 23 November 2011. 
  37. ^ Michal Gradziński, Grzegorz Haczewski, Jakub Nowak, Mariusz Szelerewicz, Renata Tęczar (April 2006). "Jaskinie - The Caves, issue 45". EPIMENIDES CAVE PAGE. Retrieved 23 November 2011. 
  38. ^ Klarenbach, Tomasz (10 May 1999). "CAVES OF HIGH MOUNTAINS IN POLAND". Ljubljana. p. 7 (121). Retrieved 23 November 2011. 
  39. ^ Bartoszewski, Dariusz (2 March 2006). "Jaskinia Miętusia". Epimenides. Sopocki Klub Taternictwa Jaskiniowego. Retrieved 23 November 2011. 
  40. ^ Michal Gradziński, Grzegorz Haczewski, Jakub Nowak, Mariusz Szelerewicz (2004). "Jaskinie - The Caves, issue 34". Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  41. ^ "Jaskinia Czarna". Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  42. ^ "Jaskinia Mylna (Mylna Cave)". geocaching.com. Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  43. ^ "DESCRIPTION AND PLAN OF THE CAVE - Bear Cave". Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  44. ^ "Bear Cave". Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  45. ^ "The Paradise Cave". Retrieved 23 November 2011. 
  46. ^ "Jaskinie - The Caves p. 6, Caves in Poland". Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  47. ^ "Smocza Jama". showcaves.com. Retrieved 23 November 2011. 
  48. ^ http://www.grutasmiradaire.com/
  49. ^ "Hoverberget". Länsstyrelsen Jämtlands län (in Swedish). Retrieved 17 May 2012. "Utanför reservatsgränsen finns Hoverbergsgrottan. Med ett djup på 170 meter är den Skandinaviens största klyftgrotta. Outside the reserve boundary is the Hoverbergsgrottan. With a length of 170 meters it is the largest rock cleft cave of Scandinavia." 
  50. ^ Stewart, R S. "The History and Provenance of the Jamaican Cave Register". Jamaica Caves Organisation. Retrieved 11 September 2009. 
  51. ^ Finchman, Alan G (1997). Jamaica Underground (2nd ed. ed.). ISBN 976-640-036-9. 
  52. ^ a b c d e http://foodprod.sta.uwi.edu/geography/images/stories/geographyresearch/caves/Cave%20Directory%20TT%20edn%205-09.pdf
  53. ^ a b c d e http://foodprod.sta.uwi.edu/geography/images/stories/geographyresearch/caves/Bibliography_Caves-of-Trinidad-and-Tobago.pdf
  54. ^ Show Caves of Argentina: Caverna de las Brujas. Showcaves.com. Retrieved on 15 September 2011.
  55. ^ es:Parque Nacional Natural Cueva de los Guácharos
  56. ^ [3][dead link]
  57. ^ Themis Observes Possible Cave Skylights on Mars. G. E. Cushing, T. N. Titus, J. J. Wynne, P. R. Christensen. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII (2007)
  58. ^ Shiga, David (30 August 2007). "Strange Martian feature not a 'bottomless' cave after all". NewScientist.com news service. 

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