List of chess openings named after people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.[1] Chess players' names are the most common sources of opening names. The name given to an opening is not always that of the first player to adopt it; often an opening is named for the player who was one of the first to popularize it or to publish analysis of it.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hooper, David; Whyld, Kenneth (1992), The Oxford Companion to Chess (2 ed.), Oxford University Press, pp. 461–480, ISBN 0-19-280049-3 
  2. ^ "The chess games of Istvan Abonyi". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-26. 
  3. ^ "Sicilian Defense: Najdorf Variation, Adams Attack (B90)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-26. 
  4. ^ "Mark Taimanov vs Laszlo Szabo, Leningrad 1967, Budapest Defense: Adler Variation (A52)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-26. 
  5. ^ "Chess Opening explorer: C20 Alapin's opening - 1. e4 e5 2. Ne2". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-26. 
  6. ^ "Chess openings Sicilian, Alapin (B22)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-26. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an Sunnucks, Anne (1970), Encyclopaedia of Chess, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 978-0-7091-4697-1 
  8. ^ "ChessBase Magazine 132". ChessBase. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "ECO classification". World Correspondence Chess Federation. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  10. ^ "Adolf Anderssen vs Paul Morphy, Anderssen Opening: General (A00)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  11. ^ New in Chess: Yearbook 42. New in Chess. 1997. 
  12. ^ a b Bologan, Victor (2009). A Complete Black Repertoire. Chess Stars. ISBN 978-954-8782-71-5. 
  13. ^ Bucker, Stefan. "Symmetry and Chaos: Balogh's Defense". ChessCafe.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Hooper, David; Whyld, Kenneth (1992), The Oxford Companion to Chess (second ed.), Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-866164-9 
  15. ^ "B00: Reversed Grob (Borg/Basman defence/macho Grob)". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  16. ^ Benko, Pal (1974). The Benko Gambit. Batsford. 
  17. ^ Mednis, Edmar (1994). How Karpov Wins. Courier Dover Publications. 
  18. ^ "Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense (C61)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  19. ^ Wilhelm Steinitz, The Modern Chess Instructor (1889, reprinted 1990), Edition Olms AG, Zürich, p. xii. ISBN 3-283-00111-1.
  20. ^ "Morant vs Abbe de Feuquieres, Paris 1680, King's Gambit: Accepted. Bonsch-Osmolovsky Variation (C34)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  21. ^ Pedersen, Steffen (2000). The Botvinnik Semi-Slav. Gambit Publications. ISBN 978-1-901983-26-5. 
  22. ^ "Brief notes on the history of Chess 1900 1". Chess-Poster.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  23. ^ "Ruy Lopez, Closed, Breyer (C95)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  24. ^ "King's Gambit: Accepted, Breyer Gambit (C33)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  25. ^ "Reti Opening: Anglo-Slav Variation, Capablanca Variation (A12)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  26. ^ a b c d e "B20: Sicilian defence". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  27. ^ Raetsky, Alexander; Chetverik, Maxim (2005). Petroff Defence. Everyman Chess. ISBN 1-85744-378-0. 
  28. ^ Urcan, Olimpiu (2007). Surviving Changi. E.E. Colman: A Chess Biography. Singapore Heritage Society. ISBN 978-981-05-7922-7. 
  29. ^ "King Pawn Game: Damiano Defense (C40)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  30. ^ McDonald, Neil (2001). Concise Chess Openings. Everyman. ISBN 1-85744-297-0. 
  31. ^ "Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense, Duras Variation (C77)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  32. ^ "King's Gambit: Accepted, Eisenberg Variation (C30)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  33. ^ APCT July/August 1996
  34. ^ 1976 Tennessee Postal Chess
  35. ^ APCT June/July 1996
  36. ^ Smith, Ken and Hall, John (1994). The Englund Gambit and the Blackburne-Hartlaub Gambit Complex. Chess Digest. ISBN 0-87568-242-1. 
  37. ^ Pinski, Jan (2005). Benko Gambit. Quality Chess. ISBN 91-975243-8-7. 
  38. ^ Gutman, Lev (2004). Budapest Fajarowicz: The Fajarowicz-Richter Gambit in Action. Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-8708-9. 
  39. ^ Bobby Fischer, "A Bust to the King's Gambit", American Chess Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Summer 1961), pp. 3-9.
  40. ^ a b c Wall, Bill. "List of chess openings". Archived from the original on 2009-10-28. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  41. ^ "Efim Bogoljubov vs Aron Nimzowitsch, English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense. Flohr-Mikenas-Carls Variation". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-31. 
  42. ^ Hooper 1992, p. 469.
  43. ^ "D70-D99: Grünfeld: Three Knights (Flohr Attack)". Chess Archaeology. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  44. ^ Rizzitano, James (2005). How to Beat 1 d4. Gambit. p. 160. ISBN 1-904600-33-6. 
  45. ^ "Attacking the Spanish". New In Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  46. ^ "Yearbook 63". New In Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  47. ^ "SO Glek Variation 4.g3 - Yearbook Surveys". New In Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-26. 
  48. ^ "Neo-Grünfeld Defense: Goglidze Attack (D70)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  49. ^ Grivas, Efstratios (2005). Complete Guide to the Grivas Sicilian. Gambit Publications. ISBN 978-1-904600-36-7. 
  50. ^ Michael Basman (1991). The Killer Grob. Cadogan. ISBN 0-08-037131-0. 
  51. ^ "C40: Irregular King's Knight: Gunderam". Chess Archaeology. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  52. ^ a b c "Death of a chess original – Bukhuti Gurgenidze, 1933–2008". ChessBase. 2008-05-26. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  53. ^ "Queen's Gambit Refused: Austrian Defense, Gusev Countergambit (D06)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  54. ^ Rizzitano, James (2006). How to Beat 1.d4. Gambit. ISBN 1-904600-33-6. 
  55. ^ "Frank Melville Teed vs Eugene Delmar, New York 1896, Dutch Defense: Hopton Attack (A80)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  56. ^ "A56: Benoni: Hromádka". Chess Archaeology. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  57. ^ "Nimzo-Indian Defense: Huebner Variation, Main Line (E41)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  58. ^ "Dutch, Ilyin-Genevsky Variation with Qc2 (A98)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  59. ^ Wall, Bill. "The Rice Gambit". Archived from the original on 2009-10-26. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  60. ^ Lane, Gary (2008). The greatest ever chess tricks and traps. Everyman Chess. ISBN 978-1-85744-577-0. 
  61. ^ "Russian Game: Karklins-Martinovsky Variation (C42)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  62. ^ "RL Karpov Variation 9...Nd7". New in Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  63. ^ "B27: Sicilian, Katalimov variation". 365Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  64. ^ "King's Gambit: Declined, Keene Defense (C30)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  65. ^ Pritchett, Craig (2006). Sicilian Scheveningen. Everyman Chess. ISBN 978-1-85744-413-1. 
  66. ^ a b "ECO A00-A49 (anglais)". Fédération québécoise des échecs. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  67. ^ "Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Kholmov Variation (C92)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  68. ^ "Ruy Lopez, Open, Knorre variation (ECO: C80)". Chess-Ref.org. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  69. ^ "French, Winawer, Kondratiyev variation (ECO: C15)". Chess-Ref.org. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  70. ^ "The Gambiteers Guild: Spanish Gambits". Vikingskak.dk. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  71. ^ "Blackmar-Diemer Gambit: Declined, Lamb Defense (D00)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  72. ^ "ECO A01: Nimzovich-Larsen attack". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  73. ^ "Vladimir Kramnik vs Peter Leko, Tilburg 1998, Indian Game: Anti-Grunfeld. Alekhine Variation Leko Gambit (E60)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  74. ^ Hooper 1992, p. 474.
  75. ^ "D70-D99: Grünfeld: Russian (Levenfish)". Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  76. ^ "Sicilian, Dragon, Levenfish Variation (B71)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  77. ^ "Italian Game: Two Knights Defense, Lolli Attack (C57)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  78. ^ "A40: Queen's pawn, Lundin (Kevitz-Mikenas) defence". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  79. ^ "King's Indian, Makagonov System (5.h3) (E71)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  80. ^ Winter, Edward. "The Marshall Gambit". Retrieved 2009-06-01. 
  81. ^ "French, McCutcheon (C12)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  82. ^ "Benoni Defense: Mikenas Variation (A66)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  83. ^ "Paul Keres vs Sachsenmaier, Italian Game: Classical Variation. Greco Gambit Moeller-Therkatz Attack (C54)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  84. ^ "French Defense: Tarrasch Variation, Morozevich Variation (C03)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  85. ^ "French Defense: Morphy Gambit (C01)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  86. ^ "Vienna Game: Vienna Gambit, Hamppe-Muzio Gambit (C25)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  87. ^ "SOS Articles". New In Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  88. ^ "Ashot Nadanian - Yearbook Surveys". New In Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  89. ^ "Sicilian, Najdorf (B90)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  90. ^ "Napoleon Bonaparte vs The Turk (Automaton), Schoenbrunn 1809, King Pawn Game: Napoleon Attack". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  91. ^ Hansen, Carsten (2002). The Nimzo-Indian: 4 e3. Gambit Publications Ltd. ISBN 1-901983-58-7. 
  92. ^ Harding, T. D. (1981). The Nimzowitsch defence : 1e4 Nc6. Batsford. ISBN 978-0-7134-3597-9. 
  93. ^ "Semi-Slav Defense: Noteboom Variation (D31)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  94. ^ "Sicilian, O'Kelly Variation (B28)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  95. ^ "Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation (B92)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  96. ^ "Bernard Parham: Creator of the Matrix System". Thechessdrum.net. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  97. ^ Lane, Gary. "Ideas Behind Modern Chess Openings: Black". ChessCafe.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  98. ^ Adams, Jimmy (1978). Sicilian Najdorf Polugaevsky Variation. The Chess Player. ISBN 0-906042-09-7. 
  99. ^ "SOS Vol. 9 Chapter 15: Ruy Lopez: the Popov Variation". New in Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  100. ^ Olthof, Rene, ed. (2006). Yearbook 78. New in Chess. p. 243. 
  101. ^ Litmanowicz, Władysław & Giżycki, Jerzy (1986, 1987). Szachy od A do Z. Wydawnictwo Sport i Turystyka Warszawa. ISBN 83-217-2481-7 (1. A-M), ISBN 83-217-2745-X (2. N-Z)
  102. ^ "Sicilian Defense: Quinteros Variation (B27)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  103. ^ Gufeld, Eduard; Stetsko, Oleg (2000). Richter-Veresov System: The Chameleon Chess Repertoire. Thinkers Pr Inc / Chessco. ISBN 978-0-938650-97-3. 
  104. ^ "Queen's Indian Defense: Riumin Variation (E16)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  105. ^ "Sicilian, Rossolimo Variation (B31)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  106. ^ Tim McGrew (2002-07-01). "Giuoco Fortissimo: The Rousseau Gambit Part 1" (PDF). Chesscafe.com. 
  107. ^ "Nimzo-Indian, Samisch Variation (E27)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  108. ^ Santasiere, Anthony (1973). Futuristic chess opening: Santasiere's folly, or, The opening with a future. Dallas, Tex: Chess Digest. 
  109. ^ "Carl Schlechter vs Géza Maróczy, French Defense: Schlechter Variation (C00)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  110. ^ a b "Schlechter Variation 4...g6 - Yearbook Surveys". New in Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  111. ^ Krasenkow, Michal (2009-03-03). "Shabalov-Shirov Gambit accepted". ChessBase. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  112. ^ Burgess, Graham (1994). Winning with the Smith-Morra Gambit. Batsford. ISBN 0-8050-3574-5. 
  113. ^ "Grunfeld Defense, Smyslov (D99)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  114. ^ "Ruy Lopez, Closed, Smyslov Defense (C93)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  115. ^ "Sicilian Defense: Snyder Variation (B20)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  116. ^ Hooper 1992, p. 476.
  117. ^ "History of Opening Theory: Soltis Variation of the Dragon". Chess.com. 2010-01-17. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  118. ^ "Isaac Kashdan vs Victor Soultanbeieff, Olympiad 1933, Slav Defense: Soultanbeieff Variation". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  119. ^ "Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin Attack (B86)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  120. ^ "ECO B00-B49 (anglais)". Fédération québécoise des échecs. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  121. ^ "King's Gambit Accepted, Pawn's gambit (Stamma gambit)". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  122. ^ "Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense (C62)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  123. ^ "Petrov, modern (Steinitz) attack". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  124. ^ "B20: Sicilian, Steinitz variation". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  125. ^ Aagaard, Jacob (2000). Easy Guide to the Sveshnikov Sicilian. Everyman Chess. ISBN 978-1-85744-280-9. 
  126. ^ Hooper, David; Whyld, Kenneth (1987). "Szén Variation". The Oxford Companion to Chess. Oxford University Press. p. 339. ISBN 0-19-281986-0. 
  127. ^ "Sicilian, Taimanov (Bastrikov) Variation (B47)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  128. ^ de Firmian, Nick. Modern Chess Openings (15 ed.). McKay. ISBN 978-0-8129-3682-7. 
  129. ^ Raymond, Keene (1984). French Defence: Tarrasch Variation. Batsford. ISBN 978-0-7134-4577-0. 
  130. ^ Gufeld, Eduard; Stetsko, Oleg (1994). Winning With the Torre Attack. Henry Holt. ISBN 0-8050-3280-0. 
  131. ^ "The Traxler Counter Attack". ChessBase. 2004-06-13. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  132. ^ "B07: Pirc, Ufimtsev-Pytel variation". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  133. ^ Palliser, Richard. "The Velimirovic Attack". ChessPublishing.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  134. ^ Hooper 1992, p. 477.
  135. ^ "C60: Ruy Lopez, Vinogradov variation". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  136. ^ "Sicilian Defense: Richter-Rauzer Variation, Vitolins Variation (B62)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  137. ^ Jouni Yrjölä and Jussi Tella (2001). An Explosive Chess Opening Repertoire for Black. Gambit Publications Ltd. ISBN 1-901983-50-1. 
  138. ^ "Guide to Chess Gambits (Part 2)". Mark-weeks.com. 2008-07-08. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  139. ^ "French, Winawer (C18)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  140. ^ Marin, Mihail (2007). A Spanish Repertoire for Black. Quality Chess. ISBN 978-91-976005-0-7. 
  141. ^ Saba, Marco. "Scacchi: Enciclopedia pratica dei Gambetti". Studimonetari.org. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  142. ^ Kaissiber 5, p. 35
  143. ^ "Yearbook 78 - Products". New In Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-26. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]