List of child brides
This is a list of child brides, women of historical significance who married at a young age.
Women have traditionally married at younger ages than men although the average age of marriage has increased for both sexes with time. Historically girls were married at a young age more frequently in the past due to both law (increases in the minimum age required for marriage) and trends.
Some of the child marriages recorded include:
- Aisha, betrothed to Muhammad at the age of 9 in 623 CE.
- Margaret Beaufort, (age approximately 7) married to John de la Pole (age 7) in 1450 by the arrangement John's father. The marriage was annulled in 1453.
- Joan of France, Duchess of Berry, betrothed in a wedding contract at age 8 days old, she was officially married at age 12 in 1476.
- Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk (age 6) was married to Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York (age 4) in 1477. She died at age 10 and he, as one of the Princes in the Tower is believed to have been murdered at age 10.
- Rukhmabai was married in India to her husband when she was 11 and he was 19. After a lengthy court battle, the marriage was dissolved by an order from Queen Victoria and helped influence the passage of the Age of Consent Act, 1891 which outlawed child marriages across the British Empire.
- Nujood Ali, an arranged marriage by her father to a 30 year old man at age 10 in 2008. Coverage of her self presented application for divorce later that year led to the legal age of marriage in Yeman to be raised to 18.
- Population Studies Vol. 32, No. 1 page 21: Average Age at First Marriage for Women in Mid-Nineteenth-Century England and Wales: A Cross-Sectional Study by N.F.R. Crafts, published March 1978
- Median age at first marriage by sex: 1890 to 2012 by the United States Census Bureau
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