List of cities and towns in the San Francisco Bay Area

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Satellite map of the
San Francisco Bay Area

The San Francisco Bay Area, commonly known as the Bay Area, is a metropolitan region surrounding the San Francisco Bay and San Pablo Bay estuaries in Northern California. According to the 2010 United States Census, the region has over 7.1 million inhabitants and approximately 6,900 square miles (18,000 km2) of land.[1] The region is home to three major cities: San Francisco, San Jose, and Oakland.

The Bay Area has been inhabited since antiquity, first by the Ohlone and Miwok peoples, followed by the Spanish, who first arrived in 1769 and established the area's first mission, Mission San Francisco de Asís, in 1776.[2][3][4] After being ceded to the United States in 1848, the Bay Area grew immensely due to the California Gold Rush, establishing itself as one of the most important regions on the West Coast. Today, the Bay Area is the home of Silicon Valley, Wine Country, and numerous companies, universities, bridges, airports, and parks.

The Bay Area consists of nine counties (Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma) and 101 municipalities.[5] One, San Francisco, is a consolidated city–county. California law makes no distinction between "city" and "town", and municipalities may use either term in their official names.[6] The first municipalities to incorporate were Benicia and San Jose on March 27, 1850, while the most recent was Oakley on July 1, 1999.[7] The largest municipality by population and land area is San Jose with 945,942 residents and 176.53 square miles (457.2 km2). The smallest by population is Colma with 1,792 people, while the smallest by land area is Belvedere at 0.52 square miles (1.3 km2).[8]

Cities and towns[edit]

Skyline of San Jose
Central Park in Fremont
Old Courthouse Square in Santa Rosa
Murphy Street in Sunnyvale
Todos Santos Plaza in Concord
McAfee corporate headquarters in Santa Clara
dagger County seat
Name Type County Population (2010)[8][9] Land area[8] Incorporated[7]
sq mi km2
Alameda City Alameda 73,812 700110610000000000010.61 700110610000000000027.5 April 19, 1854
Albany City Alameda 18,539 70001790000000000001.79 70001790000000000004.6 September 22, 1908
American Canyon City Napa 19,454 70004840000000000004.84 700048400000000000012.5 January 1, 1992
Antioch City Contra Costa 102,372 700128350000000000028.35 700128350000000000073.4 February 6, 1872
Atherton Town San Mateo 6,914 70005019999999999995.02 700050199999999999913.0 September 12, 1923
Belmont City San Mateo 25,835 70004620000000000004.62 700046200000000000012.0 October 29, 1926
Belvedere City Marin 2,068 69995200000000000000.52 69995200000000000001.3 December 24, 1896
Benicia City Solano 26,997 700112930000000000012.93 700112930000000000033.5 March 27, 1850
Berkeley City Alameda 112,580 700110470000000000010.47 700110470000000000027.1 April 4, 1878
Brentwood City Contra Costa 51,481 700114790000000000014.79 700114790000000000038.3 January 21, 1948
Brisbane City San Mateo 4,282 70003100000000000003.10 70003100000000000008.0 November 27, 1961
Burlingame City San Mateo 28,806 70004410000000000004.41 700044100000000000011.4 June 6, 1908
Calistoga City Napa 5,155 70002600000000000002.60 70002600000000000006.7 January 6, 1886
Campbell City Santa Clara 39,349 70005800000000000005.80 700058000000000000015.0 March 28, 1952
Clayton City Contra Costa 10,897 70003840000000000003.84 70003840000000000009.9 March 18, 1964
Cloverdale City Sonoma 8,618 70002650000000000002.65 70002650000000000006.9 February 28, 1872
Colma Town San Mateo 1,792 70001910000000000001.91 70001910000000000004.9 August 5, 1924
Concord City Contra Costa 122,067 700130550000000000030.55 700130550000000000079.1 February 9, 1905
Corte Madera Town Marin 9,253 70003160000000000003.16 70003160000000000008.2 June 10, 1916
Cotati City Sonoma 7,265 70001880000000000001.88 70001880000000000004.9 July 16, 1963
Cupertino City Santa Clara 58,302 700111260000000000011.26 700111260000000000029.2 October 10, 1955
Daly City City San Mateo 101,123 70007660000000000007.66 700076600000000000019.8 March 22, 1911
Danville Town Contra Costa 42,039 700118030000000000018.03 700118030000000000046.7 July 1, 1982
Dixon City Solano 18,351 70007000000000000007.00 700070000000000000018.1 March 30, 1878
Dublin City Alameda 46,036 700114910000000000014.91 700114910000000000038.6 February 1, 1982
East Palo Alto City San Mateo 28,155 70002509999999999992.51 70002509999999999996.5 July 1, 1983
El Cerrito City Contra Costa 23,549 70003690000000000003.69 70003690000000000009.6 August 23, 1917
Emeryville City Alameda 10,080 70001250000000000001.25 70001250000000000003.2 December 8, 1896
Fairfax Town Marin 7,441 70002200000000000002.20 70002200000000000005.7 March 2, 1931
FairfieldCounty seat City Solano 105,321 700137390000000000037.39 700137390000000000096.8 December 12, 1903
Foster City City San Mateo 30,567 70003760000000000003.76 70003760000000000009.7 April 27, 1971
Fremont City Alameda 214,089 700177459999999999977.46 7001774599999999999200.6 January 23, 1956
Gilroy City Santa Clara 48,821 700116150000000000016.15 700116150000000000041.8 March 12, 1870
Half Moon Bay City San Mateo 11,324 70006420000000000006.42 700064200000000000016.6 July 15, 1959
Hayward City Alameda 144,186 700145320000000000045.32 7001453200000000000117.4 March 11, 1876
Healdsburg City Sonoma 11,254 70004460000000000004.46 700044600000000000011.6 February 20, 1867
Hercules City Contra Costa 24,060 70006210000000000006.21 700062100000000000016.1 December 15, 1900
Hillsborough Town San Mateo 10,825 70006190000000000006.19 700061900000000000016.0 May 5, 1910
Lafayette City Contra Costa 23,893 700115220000000000015.22 700115220000000000039.4 July 29, 1968
Larkspur City Marin 11,926 70003030000000000003.03 70003030000000000007.8 March 1, 1908
Livermore City Alameda 80,968 700125170000000000025.17 700125170000000000065.2 April 1, 1876
Los Altos City Santa Clara 28,976 70006490000000000006.49 700064900000000000016.8 December 1, 1952
Los Altos Hills Town Santa Clara 7,922 70008800000000000008.80 700088000000000000022.8 January 27, 1956
Los Gatos Town Santa Clara 29,413 700111080000000000011.08 700111080000000000028.7 August 10, 1887
MartinezCounty seat City Contra Costa 35,824 700112130000000000012.13 700112130000000000031.4 April 1, 1876
Menlo Park City San Mateo 32,026 70009789999999999999.79 700097899999999999925.4 November 23, 1927
Mill Valley City Marin 13,903 70004760000000000004.76 700047600000000000012.3 September 1, 1900
Millbrae City San Mateo 21,532 70003250000000000003.25 70003250000000000008.4 January 14, 1948
Milpitas City Santa Clara 66,790 700113590000000000013.59 700113590000000000035.2 January 26, 1954
Monte Sereno City Santa Clara 3,341 70001620000000000001.62 70001620000000000004.2 May 14, 1957
Moraga Town Contra Costa 16,016 70009430000000000009.43 700094300000000000024.4 November 13, 1974
Morgan Hill City Santa Clara 37,882 700112880000000000012.88 700112880000000000033.4 November 10, 1906
Mountain View City Santa Clara 74,066 700112000000000000012.00 700112000000000000031.1 November 7, 1902
NapaCounty seat City Napa 76,915 700117840000000000017.84 700117840000000000046.2 March 23, 1872
Newark City Alameda 42,573 700113869999999999913.87 700113869999999999935.9 September 22, 1955
Novato City Marin 51,904 700127440000000000027.44 700127440000000000071.1 January 20, 1960
OaklandCounty seat City Alameda 390,724 700155790000000000055.79 7001557900000000000144.5 May 4, 1852
Oakley City Contra Costa 35,432 700115850000000000015.85 700115850000000000041.1 July 1, 1999
Orinda City Contra Costa 17,643 700112680000000000012.68 700112680000000000032.8 July 1, 1985
Pacifica City San Mateo 37,234 700112660000000000012.66 700112660000000000032.8 November 22, 1957
Palo Alto City Santa Clara 64,403 700123880000000000023.88 700123880000000000061.8 April 23, 1894
Petaluma City Sonoma 57,941 700114380000000000014.38 700114380000000000037.2 April 12, 1858
Piedmont City Alameda 10,667 70001680000000000001.68 70001680000000000004.4 January 31, 1907
Pinole City Contra Costa 18,390 70005320000000000005.32 700053200000000000013.8 June 25, 1903
Pittsburg City Contra Costa 63,264 700117220000000000017.22 700117220000000000044.6 June 25, 1903
Pleasant Hill City Contra Costa 33,152 70007070000000000007.07 700070700000000000018.3 November 14, 1961
Pleasanton City Alameda 70,285 700124110000000000024.11 700124110000000000062.4 June 18, 1894
Portola Valley Town San Mateo 4,353 70009090000000000009.09 700090900000000000023.5 July 14, 1964
Redwood CityCounty seat City San Mateo 76,815 700119420000000000019.42 700119420000000000050.3 May 11, 1867
Richmond City Contra Costa 103,701 700130070000000000030.07 700130070000000000077.9 August 7, 1905
Rio Vista City Solano 7,360 70006690000000000006.69 700066900000000000017.3 January 6, 1894
Rohnert Park City Sonoma 40,971 70007000000000000007.00 700070000000000000018.1 August 28, 1962
Ross Town Marin 2,415 70001560000000000001.56 70001560000000000004.0 August 21, 1908
St. Helena City Napa 5,814 70004990000000000004.99 700049900000000000012.9 March 24, 1876
San Anselmo Town Marin 12,336 70002680000000000002.68 70002680000000000006.9 April 9, 1907
San Bruno City San Mateo 41,114 70005480000000000005.48 700054800000000000014.2 December 23, 1914
San Carlos City San Mateo 28,406 70005540000000000005.54 700055400000000000014.3 July 8, 1925
San FranciscoCounty seat City and county San Francisco 805,235 700146870000000000046.87 7001468700000000000121.4 April 16, 1850[10]
San JoseCounty seat City Santa Clara 945,942 7002176530000000000176.53 7002176530000000000457.2 March 27, 1850
San Leandro City Alameda 84,950 700113340000000000013.34 700113340000000000034.6 March 21, 1872
San Mateo City San Mateo 97,207 700112130000000000012.13 700112130000000000031.4 September 4, 1894
San Pablo City Contra Costa 29,139 70002630000000000002.63 70002630000000000006.8 April 27, 1948
San RafaelCounty seat City Marin 57,713 700116470000000000016.47 700116470000000000042.7 February 18, 1874
San Ramon City Contra Costa 72,148 700118060000000000018.06 700118060000000000046.8 July 1, 1983
Santa Clara City Santa Clara 116,468 700118410000000000018.41 700118410000000000047.7 July 5, 1852
Santa RosaCounty seat City Sonoma 167,815 700141290000000000041.29 7001412900000000000106.9 March 26, 1868
Saratoga City Santa Clara 29,926 700112380000000000012.38 700112380000000000032.1 October 22, 1956
Sausalito City Marin 7,061 70001770000000000001.77 70001770000000000004.6 September 4, 1893
Sebastopol City Sonoma 7,379 70001850000000000001.85 70001850000000000004.8 June 13, 1902
Sonoma City Sonoma 10,648 70002740000000000002.74 70002740000000000007.1 September 3, 1883
South San Francisco City San Mateo 63,632 70009140000000000009.14 700091400000000000023.7 September 19, 1908
Suisun City City Solano 28,111 70004110000000000004.11 700041100000000000010.6 October 9, 1868
Sunnyvale City Santa Clara 140,081 700121989999999999921.99 700121989999999999957.0 December 24, 1912
Tiburon Town Marin 8,962 70004430000000000004.43 700044300000000000011.5 June 23, 1964
Union City City Alameda 69,516 700119470000000000019.47 700119470000000000050.4 January 26, 1959
Vacaville City Solano 92,428 700128370000000000028.37 700128370000000000073.5 August 9, 1892
Vallejo City Solano 115,942 700130670000000000030.67 700130670000000000079.4 March 30, 1868
Walnut Creek City Contra Costa 64,173 700119760000000000019.76 700119760000000000051.2 October 21, 1914
Windsor Town Sonoma 26,801 70007270000000000007.27 700072700000000000018.8 July 1, 1992
Woodside Town San Mateo 5,287 700111730000000000011.73 700111730000000000030.4 November 16, 1956
Yountville Town Napa 2,933 70001530000000000001.53 70001530000000000004.0 February 4, 1965

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "GCT-PH1 – Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State — County / County Equivalent". 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  2. ^ Kroeber, Alfred L. (1925). Handbook of the Indians of California. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology. pp. 273, 462. 
  3. ^ "San Francisco Bay Discovery Site". National Historical Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Mission Dolores Parish: Home Page". Mission Dolores Parish. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Population and Land Area". FOCUS. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  6. ^ California Government Code Sections 34502 and 56722.
  7. ^ a b "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (WORD). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c "GCT-PH1 – Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State — Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision". 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Census 2010: Table 3A — Total Population by Race (Hispanic exclusive) and Hispanic or Latino: 2010" (EXCEL). California Department of Finance. Retrieved March 22, 2010. 
  10. ^ Long, Percy V. (1911). "Consolidated City and County Government of San Francisco". Proceedings of the American Political Science Association (PDF) 8 (Eighth Annual Meeting): 109–121. doi:10.2307/3038399. JSTOR 3038399.