List of cities in Alberta
A city is the highest form of all incorporated urban municipality statuses used in the Canadian Province of Alberta. Alberta cities are created when communities with populations of at least 10,000 people, where a majority of their buildings are on parcels of land smaller than 1,850 m², apply to Alberta Municipal Affairs for city status under the authority of the Municipal Government Act. Applications for city status are approved via orders in council made by the Lieutenant Governor in Council under recommendation from the Minister of Municipal Affairs.
Alberta has 17 cities that had a cumulative population of 2,458,748 (not including the population in the Saskatchewan portion of Lloydminster) and an average population of 144,632 in the 2011 Census. Alberta's largest and smallest cities are Calgary and Lacombe with populations of 1,096,833 and 11,707 respectively.
Alberta welcomed Lacombe as its 17th city on September 5, 2010.
143 elected city officials (17 mayors and 126 councillors) provide city governance throughout the province.
The highest density of cities in Alberta is found in the Edmonton Capital Region (Edmonton, Fort Saskatchewan, Leduc, Spruce Grove and St. Albert) with another two just outside the region to the southeast (Camrose and Wetaskiwin). The Calgary Region has two cities (Airdrie and Calgary).
Pursuant to Part 5, Division 1 of the Municipal Government Act (MGA), each municipality created under the authority of the MGA is governed by a council. As a requirement of the MGA, a city council consists of an odd number of councillors, one of which is the city's chief elected official (CEO) or mayor. A city council consists of seven councillors by default, but it can consist of a higher or lower odd number if council passes a bylaw altering its size (so long as it does not consist of fewer than three councillors).
City councils are governed by a mayor that is elected at large and an even number of councillors, resulting in a total odd number of councillors to avoid tie votes on council matters. For the councillors, a city council may establish ward systems with the same amount of councillors per ward. Voters then vote for a councillor candidate running in the ward in which they live. If no ward system is in place, councillors are elected at large like the mayor.
All city councillors are elected by popular vote under the provisions of the Local Authorities Election Act (LAEA). Mayoral or councillor candidates are required to be residents of their municipality for a minimum of six consecutive months prior to nomination day. The last municipal election for all cities, with the exception of the border city of Lloydminster, was held October 21, 2013. Lloydminster's elections are aligned with Saskatchewan's municipal election schedule.
Administrative duties of cities include public safety, local transit, roads, water service, drainage and waste collection, as well as coordination of infrastructure with provincial and regional authorities (including road construction, education, and health).
|Airdrie||Calgary Region||January 1, 1985||7||
|Brooks[AB 1]||Southern Alberta||September 1, 2005||7||13,676||12,508||9.3||18.19||751.9|
|Calgary[AB 2]||Calgary Region||January 1, 1894||15||
|Camrose||Central Alberta||January 1, 1955||9||17,286||15,630||10.6||42.50||406.7|
|Cold Lake||Central Alberta||October 1, 2000||7||
|Edmonton[AB 3]||Edmonton Capital Region||October 8, 1904||13||
|Fort Saskatchewan||Edmonton Capital Region||July 1, 1985||7||
|Grande Prairie||Northern Alberta||January 1, 1958||9||55,032||47,107||16.8||72.80||755.9|
|Lacombe[AB 4]||Central Alberta||September 5, 2010||7||11,707||10,752||8.9||20.89||560.3|
|Leduc||Edmonton Capital Region||September 1, 1983||7||27,241||24,279||16,967||43.1||36.97||656.7|
|Lethbridge||Southern Alberta||May 9, 1906||9||
|Lloydminster (part)[AB 5]||Central Alberta||January 1, 1958||7||[AB 6]
|[AB 7]18,032||15,910||13.3||[AB 8]24.19||745.6|
|Medicine Hat||Southern Alberta||May 9, 1906||9||
|Red Deer||Central Alberta||March 25, 1913||9||
|Spruce Grove||Edmonton Capital Region||March 1, 1986||7||
|St. Albert||Edmonton Capital Region||January 1, 1977||7||61,466||57,764||6.4||48.27||1,273.4|
|Wetaskiwin||Central Alberta||May 9, 1906||7||12,525||11,689||7.2||18.20||688.2|
- Brooks is Alberta's smallest city by area.
- Calgary is Canada's third-largest city, Alberta's largest city by both population and area, and was Alberta's first city, incorporated on January 1, 1894. The Calgary census metropolitan area (CMA) includes the cities of Airdrie and Calgary.
- Edmonton is Canada's fifth-largest city and Alberta's capital. The Edmonton CMA includes the cities of Edmonton, Fort Saskatchewan, Leduc, Spruce Grove and St. Albert.
- Lacombe is Alberta's smallest city by population and is its newest city, incorporated September 5, 2010.
- The balance of Lloydminster is located within Saskatchewan.
- This population does not include 11,472 in the Saskatchewan portion of Lloydminster. The city's total population in 2013 was 31,483.
- This population does not include 9,772 in the Saskatchewan portion of Lloydminster. The city's total population in 2011 was 27,804.
- This area does not include 17.34 km2 (6.70 sq mi) in the Saskatchewan portion of Lloydminster. The city's total area in 2011 was 41.53 km2 (16.03 sq mi).
Alberta has recognized three other cities in its history. The Town of Strathcona incorporated as a city on March 15, 1907, and subsequently amalgamated with Edmonton on February 1, 1912. Fort McMurray was incorporated as a city on September 1, 1980, but reverted to its current urban service area form as a result of its amalgamation with Improvement District (I.D.) No. 143 on April 1, 1995. The Town of Drumheller was incorporated as a city on April 3, 1930 (well before the current requirement to have a population in excess of 10,000 people), and reverted to town status on January 1, 1998, when it amalgamated with the surrounding Municipal District of Badlands No. 7.
|Drumheller||April 3, 1930||Town||January 1, 1998||Town|
|Fort McMurray||September 1, 1980||New town||April 1, 1995||Urban service area|
|Strathcona||March 15, 1907||Town||February 1, 1912||City amalgamation|
City status eligibility
There are currently ten towns – Beaumont, Canmore, Chestermere, Cochrane, High River, Okotoks, Stony Plain, Strathmore, Sylvan Lake and Whitecourt – that are eligible for city status having populations in excess of 10,000. Of these, Chestermere is consulting with its residents on changing to city status, while Okotoks is undertaking a community visioning exercise in which city status is expected to be addressed. In 2009, the Town of Hinton expressed interest in incorporating as a city once it surpasses 10,000 people. Its population in 2011 was 9,640.
Alberta's two urban service areas – Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park – are also eligible for city status. As noted above, Fort McMurray was previously incorporated as a city until it amalgamated with I.D. No. 143 on April 1, 1995. Meanwhile, Sherwood Park has remained a hamlet since its first residents arrived in 1955 and, in 1987, 89% of Strathcona County residents voted in favour of maintaining a single municipal government for Sherwood Park and the rural portion of the county. If they were to incorporate as cities, Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park would rank fifth and sixth respectively among Alberta's largest cities by population.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Main streets in Alberta.|
- List of census divisions of Alberta
- List of communities in Alberta
- List of hamlets in Alberta
- List of mayors in Alberta
- List of municipal districts in Alberta
- List of municipalities in Alberta
- List of population centres in Alberta
- List of summer villages in Alberta
- List of towns in Alberta
- List of villages in Alberta
- "Municipal Government Act". Alberta Queen's Printer. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- "Order in Council (O.C.) 223/2010". Alberta Queen's Printer. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
- "Municipal Profiles (Cities)". Alberta Municipal Affairs. 2013-12-27. Retrieved 2013-12-30.
- "Types of Municipalities". Alberta Municipal Affairs. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
- "Local Authorities Election Act". Alberta Queen's Printer. Retrieved 2010-03-21.
- "Municipal Profiles: Summary Reports (Cities)". Alberta Municipal Affairs. May 17, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- "2013 Municipal Affairs Population List" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. November 20, 2013. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-4601-1418-6. Retrieved December 28, 2013.
- "Location and History Profile – Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo". Alberta Municipal Affairs. 2009-12-25. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- "Location and History Profile – Town of Drumheller". Alberta Municipal Affairs. 2009-12-25. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- "Town of Whitecourt, Agenda, Regular Meeting of Council, Monday, June 24, 2013 (Item #4 2013 Municipal Census Results)". Town of Whitecourt. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- "Working Together to Define Our Future: A Question of City Status". Town of Chestermere. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- Roxanne Blackwell (July 23, 2014). "City status up to residents". Okotoks Western Wheel (Great West Newspapers LP). Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- "Town of Hinton Regular Meeting of Council Agenda (see page 113 of 157)". Town of Hinton. 2009-04-21. Retrieved 2009-12-09.
- "Sherwood Park's history". Strathcona County. Retrieved 2010-06-17.
- "Sherwood Park history – Local government". Strathcona County. Retrieved 2010-06-17.