List of cities in Bihar by population

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This is a list of urban agglomerations and cities (those not included in the Urban Agglomerations), with a population above 100,000 as per 2011 census in the Indian state of Bihar:[1]

Rank Name District Type* Population 2011 Male Female Population
below 5 yrs
Literacy Rate
1 Patna Patna district UA 2,046,652 1,087,864 958,788 239,035 84.05
2 Gaya Gaya district UA 470,839 249,797 221,042 59,669 85.45
3 Bhagalpur Bhagalpur district UA 410,210 218,284 191,926 55,898 80.76
4 Muzaffarpur Muzaffarpur district UA 393,724 208,509 185,215 47,784 85.07
5 Purnia Purnia district UA 310,817 163,892 146,925 47,730 74.04
6 Darbhanga Darbhanga district UA 306,089 161,346 144,743 42,213 80.74
7 Bihar Sharif Nalanda district City 296,889 154,915 141,974 43,646 80.32
8 Arrah Bhojpur district City 261,099 139,319 121,780 34,419 83.41
9 Begusarai Begusarai district City 251,136 133,931 117,205 37,966 79.35
10 Katihar Katihar district UA 240,565 126,834 113,731 32,824 80.09
11 Munger Munger district City 213,101 113,173 99,928 29,260 81.83
12 Chhapra Saran district UA 212,955 112,280 100,675 29,133 81.01
13 Bettiah West Champaran district UA 156,200 82,663 73,537 22,067 80.89
14 Saharsa Saharsa district City 155,175 82,589 72,586 24,582 77.66
15 Sasaram Rohtas district City 147,396 77,687 69,709 19,363 82.31
16 Hajipur Vaishali district City 147,126 78,561 68,565 20,090 79.26
17 Dehri Rohtas district City 137,068 72,311 64,757 18,372 83.38
18 Siwan Siwan district City 134,458 70,670 63,788 17,632 84.65
19 Motihari East Champaran district City 125,183 67,438 57,745 16,325 87.20
20 Nawada Nawada district UA 118,820 62,361 56,459 16,475 81.80
21 Bagaha West Champaran district City 113,012 59,946 53,066 19,070 60.67
22 Buxar Buxar district UA 110,608 58,228 52,380 14,938 84.40
23 Kishanganj Kishanganj district City 107,076 55,688 51,388 17,017 74.71
24 Sitamarhi Sitamarhi district UA 105,924 56,526 49,398 15,032 78.89
25 Jamalpur Munger district City 105,221 56,231 48,990 12,298 87.38
26 Jehanabad Jehanabad district City 102,456 54,868 47,588 14,516 79.66
27 Aurangabad Aurangabad district City 101, 520 53,307 48,213 14,292 86.89
* UA=Urban Agglomeration

Urban Agglomeration[edit]

In the census of India 2011, an Urban Agglomeration has been defined as follows: [2]

“An urban agglomeration is a continuous urban spread constituting a town and its adjoining outgrowths (OGs), or two or more physically contiguous towns together with or without outgrowths of such towns. An Urban Agglomeration must consist of at least a statutory town and its total population (i.e. all the constituents put together) should not be less than 20,000 as per the 2001 Census. In varying local conditions, there were similar other combinations which have been treated as urban agglomerations satisfying the basic condition of contiguity.”

Constituents of Urban Agglomerations in Bihar[edit]

The constituents of Urban Agglomerations in Bihar, with a population of 1 lakh or above, are noted below:[3]

  • Gaya Urban Agglomeration includes Gaya (M Corp.), Kaler (OG) and Paharpur (CT).
  • Bhagalpur Urban Agglomeration includes Bhagalpur (M Corp.) and Habibpur (CT).
  • Muzaffarpur Urban Agglomeration includes Muzaffarpur (M Corp.), Damodarpur (CT), Dumari urf Damodarpur Shahjahan (CT), Majhauli Khetal (CT), Yehiapur (CT) and Shekhpura (CT).
  • Purnia Urban Agglomeration includes Purnia (M Corp.) and Kasba (NP).
  • Darbhanga Urban Agglomeration includes Darbhanga (M Corp.), Padri (CT) and Bahadurpur (CT).
  • Katihar Urban Agglomeration includes Katihar (M Corp.+OG) and Katihar Railway Colony (OG).
  • Chapra Urban Agglomeration includes Chapra (NP) and Sanrha (CT).
  • Bettiah Urban Agglomeration includes Bettiah (NP), Tola Mansaraut (CT), Kargahia Purab (CT) and Hat Saraiya (CT).
  • Nawada Urban Agglomeration includes Nawada (NP) and Bhadauni (CT).
  • Buxar Urban Agglomeration includes Buxar (NP) and Sarimpur (CT).
  • Sitamarhi Urban Agglomeration includes Sitamarhi (NP), Rajopatti urf Kota Bazar (CT), Talkhapur Dumra (CT) and Dumra (NP).
Abbreviations: M Corp. = Municipal corporation, NP = Nagar panchayat, CT = Census town, OG= Out Growth, CB = Cantonment Board

Urban Agglomeration constituents[edit]

Urban Agglomerations constituents with a population above 100,000 as per 2011 census are shown in the table below.[4]

Urban Agglomeration Name of Constituent District Type Population 2011 Male Female Population
below 5 yrs
Literacy Rate
Patna Patna Municipal Corporation Patna district M Corp. 1,683,200 894,158 789,042 190,496 84.71
Dinapur Nizamat Patna district NP 182,241 97,129 85,112 25,092 78.40
Gaya Gaya Gaya district M Corp. 463,454 245,764 217,690 59,015 85.74
Bhagalpur Bhagalpur Bhagalpur district M Corp. 398,138 212,005 186,113 53,775 81.16
Muzaffarpur Muzaffarpur Muzaffarpur district M Corp. 351,838 186,145 165,693 42,276 85.16
Purnia Purnia Purnia district M Corp. 280,547 148,021 132,526 41,046 74.48
Darbhanga Darbhanga Darbhanga district M Corp. 294,116 154,970 139,146 40,392 80.88
Katihar Katihar Katihar district M Corp. 225,982 119,142 106,840 31,036 79.87
Chhapra Chhapra Saran district NP 201,597 106,250 95,347 27,668 81.30
Bettiah Bettiah West Champaran district NP 132,896 70,381 62,515 18,203 82.54
Buxar Buxar Buxar district NP 102,591 54,123 84,468 13,639 85.16

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  2. ^ "Urban Agglomerations and Cities". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  3. ^ "Constituents of urban Agglomerations Having Population 1 Lakh & above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  4. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16.