List of cities in British Columbia

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A city is a classification of municipalities used in the Canadian Province of British Columbia. British Columbia's Lieutenant Governor in Council may incorporate a community as a city by letters patent, under the recommendation of the Minister of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development, if its population is greater than 5,000 and the outcome of a vote involving affected residents was that greater than 50% voted in favour of the proposed incorporation.[1]

British Columbia has 49 cities[2] that had a cumulative population of 2,926,102 and an average population of 59,716 in the 2011 Census.[3] British Columbia's largest and smallest cities are Vancouver and Greenwood with populations of 603,502 and 708 respectively.[3]

The first community to incorporate as a city was New Westminster on July 16, 1860, while the most recent community to incorporate as a city was Abbotsford on December 12, 1995.[2]

List[edit]

Vancouver is British Columbia's largest city
Surrey is British Columbia's second largest city
Skyline of Burnaby
Skyline of Richmond
Downtown Abbotsford, British Columbia's newest city
Skyline of downtown Coquitlam
Skyline of downtown Kelowna
Skyline of Kamloops
Skyline of downtown Nanaimo
Skyline of downtown Victoria, British Columbia's capital
Name Corporate
name[2]
Regional district[2] Incorporation
date (city)[2]
Population
(2011)[3]
Population
(2006)[3]
Change
(%)[3]
Area
(km²)[3]
Population
density[3]
Abbotsford[a] Abbotsford, City of Fraser Valley December 12, 1995 133,497 124,258 7.4 375.55 355.5
Armstrong Armstrong, City of North Okanagan March 31, 1913 4,815 4,241 13.5 5.19 928
Burnaby Burnaby, City of Greater Vancouver September 22, 1892 223,218 202,799 10.1 90.61 2,463.5
Campbell River Campbell River, City of Strathcona June 24, 1947 31,186 29,572 5.5 143.12 217.9
Castlegar Castlegar, City of Central Kootenay January 1, 1974 7,816 7,259 7.7 19.58 399.3
Chilliwack Chilliwack, City of Fraser Valley April 26, 1873 77,936 69,217 12.6 261.5 298
Colwood Colwood, City of Capital June 24, 1985 16,093 14,687 9.6 17.66 911.2
Coquitlam Coquitlam, City of Greater Vancouver July 25, 1891 126,840[4] 114,565 10.7 122.3 1,037.1
Courtenay Courtenay, The Corporation of the City of Comox Valley January 1, 1915 24,099 22,021 9.4 29.38 820.2
Cranbrook Cranbrook, The Corporation of the City of East Kootenay November 1, 1905 19,319 18,329 5.4 31.95 604.7
Dawson Creek Dawson Creek, The Corporation of the City of Peace River May 26, 1936 11,583 10,994 5.4 24.37 475.4
Duncan[b] Duncan, The Corporation of the City of Cowichan Valley March 4, 1912 4,932 4,986 −1.1 2.07 2,381.7
Enderby Enderby, The Corporation of the City of North Okanagan March 1, 1905 2,932 2,828 3.7 4.26 687.7
Fernie Fernie, The Corporation of the City of East Kootenay July 28, 1904 4,448 4,217 5.5 14.83 299.8
Fort St. John Fort St. John, City of Peace River December 31, 1947 18,609 17,402 6.9 22.69 820.2
Grand Forks Grand Forks, The Corporation of the City of Kootenay Boundary April 15, 1897 3,985 4,036 −1.3 10.43 382
Greenwood[c] Greenwood, The Corporation of the City of Kootenay Boundary July 12, 1897 708 625 13.3 2.42 292.7
Kamloops Kamloops, City of Thompson-Nicola October 17, 1967 85,678 80,376 6.6 299.23 286.3
Kelowna[d] Kelowna, City of Central Okanagan May 4, 1905 117,312 107,035 9.6 211.82 553.8
Kimberley Kimberley, City of East Kootenay March 29, 1944 6,652 6,139 8.4 60.62 109.7
Langford Langford, City of Capital December 8, 1992 29,228 22,459 30.1 39.94 731.9
Langley Langley, City of Greater Vancouver March 15, 1955 25,081 23,606 6.2 10.22 2,454.6
Maple Ridge Maple Ridge, City of Greater Vancouver September 12, 1874 76,052 15,623 13.5 86.51 285
Merritt Merritt, City of Thompson-Nicola April 1, 1911 7,113 6,998 1.6 24.82 286.6
Nanaimo Nanaimo, City of Nanaimo December 24, 1874 83,810 78,692 6.5 91.3 918
Nelson Nelson, The Corporation of the City of Central Kootenay March 18, 1897 10,230 9,258 10.5 11.93 857.7
New Westminster[e] New Westminster, The Corporation of the City of Greater Vancouver July 16, 1860 65,976 58,549 12.7 15.63 4,222.2
North Vancouver North Vancouver, The Corporation of the City of Greater Vancouver August 10, 1891 48,196 45,165 6.7 11.83 4,073.8
Parksville Parksville, City of Nanaimo June 19, 1945 11,977 10,993 9 14.44 829.6
Penticton Penticton, The Corporation of the City of Okanagan-Similkameen January 1, 1909 32,877 31,909 3 42.1 780.9
Pitt Meadows Pitt Meadows, City of Greater Vancouver April 25, 1914 17,736 15,623 13.5 86.51 205
Port Alberni Port Alberni, City of Alberni-Clayoquot October 28, 1967 17,743 17,548 1.1 19.76 897.9
Port Coquitlam Port Coquitlam, The Corporation of the City of Greater Vancouver March 7, 1913 55,958[4] 52,687 6.2 29.17 1,918.3
Port Moody Port Moody, City of Greater Vancouver March 11, 1913 32,975 27,512 19.9 25.89 1,273.8
Powell River Powell River, The Corporation of the City of Powell River October 15, 1955 13,165 12,957 1.6 28.91 455.3
Prince George Prince George, City of Fraser-Fort George March 6, 1915 71,974 70,981 1.4 318.26 226.1
Prince Rupert Prince Rupert, City of Skeena-Queen Charlotte March 10, 1910 12,508 12,815 −2.4 54.93 227.7
Quesnel Quesnel, City of Cariboo March 21, 1928 10,007 9,326 7.3 35.38 282.8
Revelstoke Revelstoke, City of Columbia Shuswap March 1, 1899 7,139 7,230 −1.3 40.76 175.1
Richmond Richmond, City of Greater Vancouver November 10, 1879 190,473 174,461 9.2 129.27 1,473.5
Rossland Rossland, The Corporation of the City of Kootenay Boundary March 18, 1897 3,556 3,278 8.5 59.79 59.5
Salmon Arm Salmon Arm, City of Columbia Shuswap May 15, 1905 17,464 16,012 9.1 155.28 112.5
Surrey Surrey, City of Greater Vancouver November 10, 1879 468,251 394,976 18.6 316.41 1,479.9
Terrace Terrace, City of Kitimat-Stikine December 31, 1927 11,486 11,320 1.5 57.36 200.3
Trail Trail, City of Kootenay Boundary June 14, 1901 7,681 7,237 6.1 34.93 219.9
Vancouver[f] Vancouver, City of Greater Vancouver April 6, 1886 603,502 578,041 4.4 114.97 5,249.1
Vernon Vernon, The Corporation of the City of North Okanagan December 30, 1892 38,150 35,979 6 95.76 398.4
Victoria[g] Victoria, The Corporation of the City of Capital August 2, 1862 80,017 78,057 2.5 19.47 4,109.4
White Rock White Rock, The Corporation of the City of Greater Vancouver April 15, 1957 19,339 18,755 3.1 5.13 3,773.5
Williams Lake Williams Lake, City of Cariboo March 15, 1929 10,832 10,744 0.8 33.13 327
Total cities 2,926,102 2,688,754 8.8 3,672.86 796.7

Notes:

  1. ^ Abbotsford is British Columbia's largest city by area and is its newest city, incorporated on December 12, 1995. It also forms part of the Abbotsford - Mission census metropolitan area (CMA).
  2. ^ Duncan is British Columbia's smallest city by area.
  3. ^ Greenwood is British Columbia's and Canada's smallest city by population.
  4. ^ The Kelowna CMA is formed around the City of Kelowna.
  5. ^ New Westminster was British Columbia's first city, incorporated July 16, 1860.
  6. ^ Vancouver is Canada's eighth-largest city and British Columbia's largest city by population. The Vancouver CMA includes the cities of Burnaby, Coquitlam, Langley, New Westminster, North Vancouver, Pitt Meadows, Port Coquitlam, Port Moody, Richmond, Surrey, Vancouver and White Rock.
  7. ^ Victoria is British Columbia's capital. The Victoria CMA includes the cities of Colwood, Langford and Victoria.

Former cities[edit]

Sandon held city status between 1898 and 1920.[5] Phoenix held city status between 1900 and 1919.[6]

City status eligibility[edit]

At the 2011 Census, seven townsComox, Creston, Ladysmith, Qualicum Beach, Sidney, Smithers and View Royal – met the requirement of having populations greater than 5,000 to incorporate as a city. Also, 21 district municipalities met the minimum population requirements to incorporate as a city. Of these, Maple Ridge residents voted in favour of changing to city status in March 2014. The District of Maple Ridge has requested the province to make the change official by September 14, 2014.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Local Government Act: Part 2 — Incorporation of Municipalities". Government of British Columbia Queen's Printer. November 12, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address" (XLS). British Columbia Ministry of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (British Columbia)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Corrections and updates". Statistics Canada. March 21, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2013. 
  5. ^ "From Boom to Bust in 20 Years: Sandon's History as an Incorporated City". Sandon Museum. Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Name Details: Phoenix (Abandoned Locality)". GeoBC. Retrieved June 27, 2013. 
  7. ^ Phil Melnychuk (March 26, 2014). "Maple Ridge votes to become city". Maple Ridge News (Black Press Community News Media). Retrieved April 19, 2014.