List of cities in Canada

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This is a list of incorporated cities in Canada, in alphabetical order categorized by province or territory. More thorough lists of communities are available for each province.

A map showing Canada's national, provincial and territorial capitals

Capitals[edit]

Geographic area Capital Capital type
Canada Ottawa National
Alberta Edmonton Provincial
British Columbia Victoria Provincial
Manitoba Winnipeg Provincial
New Brunswick Fredericton Provincial
Newfoundland and Labrador St. John's Provincial
Nova Scotia Halifax Provincial
Ontario Toronto Provincial
Prince Edward Island Charlottetown Provincial
Quebec Quebec City Provincial
Saskatchewan Regina Provincial
Northwest Territories Yellowknife Territorial
Nunavut Iqaluit Territorial
Yukon Whitehorse Territorial

Alberta[edit]

Distribution of Alberta's 17 cities and 12 other communities eligible for city status

To qualify as a city in Alberta, a sufficient population size (10,000 people or more) must be present and a majority of the buildings must be on parcels of land smaller than 1,850 square metres.[1] A community is not always incorporated as a city even if it meets these requirements. The urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park are hamlets recognized as equivalents of cities, but remain unincorporated. Nine towns are also eligible for city status but remain incorporated as towns.

Alberta has 17 cities.

Notes:

  1. ^ Brooks is Alberta's smallest city by area.
  2. ^ Calgary is Canada's third-largest city, Alberta's largest city by both population and area, and was Alberta's first city, incorporated on January 1, 1894. The Calgary census metropolitan area (CMA) includes the cities of Airdrie and Calgary.
  3. ^ Edmonton is Canada's fifth-largest city and Alberta's capital. The Edmonton CMA includes the cities of Edmonton, Fort Saskatchewan, Leduc, Spruce Grove and St. Albert.
  4. ^ Lacombe is Alberta's smallest city by population and is its newest city, incorporated September 5, 2010.
  5. ^ The balance of Lloydminster is located within Saskatchewan.
  6. ^ This population does not include 9,772 in the Saskatchewan portion of Lloydminster. The city's total population in 2011 was 27,804.
  7. ^ This area does not include 17.34 km2 (6.70 sq mi) in the Saskatchewan portion of Lloydminster. The city's total area in 2011 was 41.53 km2 (16.03 sq mi).

British Columbia[edit]

In British Columbia, a community can be incorporated as a city if its population exceeds 5,000.[4] Once so incorporated, a city does not lose this status even if its population later declines; the once-larger City of Greenwood, for example, now has a population of just 708 people.

British Columbia has 49 cities. In March 2014, residents of the District of Maple Ridge voted in favour of changing to city status. The District of Maple Ridge has since requested the province to make the change official by September 14, 2014.[5]

Notes:

  1. ^ Abbotsford is British Columbia's largest city by area and is its newest city, incorporated on December 12, 1995. It also forms part of the Abbotsford - Mission census metropolitan area (CMA).
  2. ^ Duncan is British Columbia's smallest city by area.
  3. ^ Greenwood is British Columbia's and Canada's smallest city by population.
  4. ^ The Kelowna CMA is formed around the City of Kelowna.
  5. ^ New Westminster was British Columbia's first city, incorporated July 16, 1860.
  6. ^ Vancouver is Canada's eighth-largest city and British Columbia's largest city by population. The Vancouver CMA includes the cities of Burnaby, Coquitlam, Langley, New Westminster, North Vancouver, Pitt Meadows, Port Coquitlam, Port Moody, Richmond, Surrey, Vancouver and White Rock.
  7. ^ Victoria is British Columbia's capital. The Victoria CMA includes the cities of Colwood, Langford and Victoria.

Manitoba[edit]

Cities and towns in Manitoba

A community in Manitoba may seek city status once reaching a population of 7,500.[9] Manitoba's newest city is Morden, which changed from town to city status on August 24, 2012.[9]

Manitoba has 10 cities.

Notes:

  1. ^ Dauphin is Manitoba's smallest city by area.
  2. ^ Flin Flon is Manitoba's smallest city by population. The balance of Flin Flon is located within Saskatchewan.
  3. ^ This population does not include 229 in the Saskatchewan portion of Flin Flon. The city's total population in 2011 was 5,592.
  4. ^ This area does not include 2.37 km2 (0.92 sq mi) in the Saskatchewan portion of Flin Flon. The city's total area in 2011 was 16.25 km2 (6.27 sq mi).
  5. ^ Morden is Manitoba's newest city, incorporated August 24, 2012.
  6. ^ Winnipeg is Canada's seventh-largest city and Manitoba's capital and largest city by both population and area. The Winnipeg census metropolitan area (CMA) is formed around the City of Winnipeg.

New Brunswick[edit]

Cities and towns in New Brunswick

New Brunswick has eight cities.

Notes:

  1. ^ Campbellton is New Brunswick's smallest city by population and area.
  2. ^ Fredericton is New Brunswick's capital.
  3. ^ The Moncton census metropolitan area (CMA) includes the City of Dieppe.
  4. ^ Saint John is New Brunswick's largest city by population and area. The Saint John CMA is formed around the City of Saint John.

Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

Newfoundland and Labrador has three cities.

Name Population
(2011)[12]
Population
(2006)[12]
Change
(%)[12]
Area
(km²)[12]
Population
density[12]
Corner Brook[NL 1] 19,886 20,083 −1.0 148.26 134.1
Mount Pearl[NL 2] 24,284 24,671 −1.6 15.75 1,542.1
St. John's[NL 3] 106,172 100,646 5.5 446.06 238.0
Total cities 150,342 145,400 3.4 610.07 246.4

Notes:

  1. ^ Corner Brook is Newfoundland and Labrador's smallest city by population.
  2. ^ Mount Pearl is Newfoundland and Labrador's smallest city by area.
  3. ^ St. John's is Newfoundland and Labrador's capital and largest city by both population and area. The St. John's census metropolitan area includes the cities of Mount Pearl and St. John's.

Northwest Territories[edit]

As in the other two Canadian territories, the only incorporated city in the Northwest Territories is its capital, Yellowknife.

Name Population
(2011)[13]
Population
(2006)[13]
Change
(%)[13]
Area
(km²)[13]
Population
density[13]
Yellowknife 19,234 18,700 2.9 105.44 182.4

Nova Scotia[edit]

Towns and former cities in Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia no longer has any incorporated cities, as they were amalgamated into regional municipalities in the 1990s.

Nunavut[edit]

As in the other two Canadian territories, the only incorporated city in Nunavut is its capital, Iqaluit.

Name Population
(2011)[14]
Population
(2006)[14]
Change
(%)[14]
Area
(km²)[14]
Population
density[14]
Iqaluit 6,699 6,184 8.3 52.50 127.6

Ontario[edit]

In Ontario, city status is conferred by the provincial government, generally upon the request of the incorporated municipality. A municipality may apply for city status anytime after its population surpasses 10,000. This status is not automatically conferred on a community that reaches this population target, but must be requested by the municipality and granted by the provincial Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. Not all municipalities which reach this population target have pursued city designation. For example, Ajax, Oakville, Richmond Hill and Whitby, which all had populations greater than 10,000 in 2011, are still designated as towns.[15] Once designated a city, however, a municipality does not lose this status even if its population later falls back below 10,000 (as, for example, Dryden). Ontario's newest city is Markham, which changed from town to city status on July 1, 2012.[16]

Ontario has 51 cities.

Notes:

  1. ^ The Barrie census metropolitan area (CMA) is formed around the City of Barrie.
  2. ^ Brampton is Canada's ninth-largest city.
  3. ^ The Brantford CMA includes the City of Brantford as well as the County of Brant, which is a single-tier city.
  4. ^ The City of Cambridge, as well as the cities of Kitchener and Waterloo, form parts of the Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA.
  5. ^ Dryden is Ontario's smallest city by population.
  6. ^ Greater Sudbury is Ontario's largest city by area. The Greater Sudbury CMA is formed around the City of Greater Sudbury.
  7. ^ The Guelph CMA is formed around the City of Guelph.
  8. ^ Hamilton is Canada's tenth-largest city. The Hamilton CMA includes the cities of Burlington and Hamilton.
  9. ^ The Kingston CMA is formed around the City of Kingston.
  10. ^ The City of Kitchener, as well as the cities of Cambridge and Waterloo, form parts of the Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA.
  11. ^ The London CMA includes the cities of London and St. Thomas.
  12. ^ Markham is Ontario's newest city, incorporated July 1, 2012
  13. ^ Mississauga is Canada's sixth-largest city.
  14. ^ The City of Niagara Falls, as well as the cities of Port Colborne, St. Catharines, Thorold and Welland, form parts of the St. Catharines - Niagara CMA.
  15. ^ The Oshawa CMA is formed around the City of Oshawa.
  16. ^ Ottawa is Canada's capital and fourth-largest city. The Ontario portion of the Ottawa - Gatineau CMA includes the cities of Clarence-Rockland and Ottawa.
  17. ^ Pembroke is Ontario's smallest city by area.
  18. ^ The Peterborough CMA is formed around the City of Peterborough.
  19. ^ The City of St. Catharines, as well as the cities of Niagara Falls, Port Colborne, Thorold and Welland, form parts of the St. Catharines - Niagara CMA.
  20. ^ The Thunder Bay CMA is formed around the City of Thunder Bay.
  21. ^ Toronto is Ontario's capital and Canada's and Ontario's largest city by population. The Toronto CMA includes the cities of Brampton, Mississauga, Pickering, Toronto and Vaughan.
  22. ^ The City of Waterloo, as well as the cities of Cambridge and Kitchener, form parts of the Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA.
  23. ^ The Windsor CMA is formed around the City of Windsor.

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Prince Edward Island has two cities.

Name County Population
(2011)[19]
Population
(2006)[19]
Change
(%)[19]
Area
(km²)[19]
Population
density[19]
Charlottetown[PE 1] Queens 34,562 32,174 7.4 44.33 779.7
Summerside[PE 2] Prince 14,751 14,500 1.7 28.36 520.1
Total cities 49,313 46,674 5.7 72.69 678.4

Notes:

  1. ^ Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city by population and area.
  2. ^ Summerside is Prince Edward Island's smallest city by population and area.

Quebec[edit]

In Quebec, provincial law does not currently distinguish between towns and cities — one designation, ville, covers both types of communities regardless of size. A ville might be informally referred to as a town or a city in English, but this is an arbitrary and subjective distinction. Quebec does, however, distinguish between villes and municipalités.

Quebec has 222 villes.

Notes:

  1. ^ La Tuque is Quebec's largest ville by area.
  2. ^ L'Île-Dorval is Quebec's smallest ville by both population and area.
  3. ^ Montreal is Canada's second-largest ville and Quebec's largest ville by population.
  4. ^ Quebec City is Quebec's capital.

Saskatchewan[edit]

In Saskatchewan, Section 39(1) of The Cities Act indicates a town must have a population of 5,000 or more[21] and meet other criteria in order to incorporate as a city, although in the early 20th century several centres such as Saskatoon and Regina were granted city status despite having a smaller population. The City of Melville retains its city status despite dropping below 5,000 people in the 1990s. Kindersley has expressed an interest in applying for city status upon reaching the 5,000 milestone.[22] Saskatchewan's newest city is Warman, which changed from town to city status on October 24, 2012.[23]

Saskatchewan has 16 cities.

Notes:

  1. ^ The balance of Flin Flon is located within Manitoba.
  2. ^ This population does not include 5,363 in the Manitoba portion of Flin Flon. The city's total population in 2011 was 5,592.
  3. ^ This area does not include 13.88 km2 (5.36 sq mi) in the Manitoba portion of Flin Flon. The city's total area in 2011 was 16.25 km2 (6.27 sq mi).
  4. ^ The balance of Lloydminster is located within Alberta.
  5. ^ This population does not include 18,032 in the Alberta portion of Lloydminster. The city's total population in 2011 was 27,804.
  6. ^ This area does not include 24.19 km2 (9.34 sq mi) in the Alberta portion of Lloydminster. The city's total area in 2011 was 41.53 km2 (16.03 sq mi).
  7. ^ Martensville is Saskatchewan's smallest city by area.
  8. ^ Melville is Saskatchewan's smallest city by population.
  9. ^ Regina is Saskatchewan's capital and was its first city, incorporated June 19, 1903. The Regina census metropolitan area (CMA) is formed around the City of Regina.
  10. ^ Saskatoon is Saskatchewan's largest city by both population and area. The Saskatoon CMA includes the cities of Martensville and Saskatoon.
  11. ^ Warman is Saskatchewan's newest city, incorporated October 27, 2012.

Yukon[edit]

As in the other two Canadian territories, the only incorporated city in the Yukon is its capital, Whitehorse. Dawson was also previously incorporated as a city, but when the criteria were changed in the 1980s, its status was reduced to that of a town due to population. Through special provision, however, it is officially the town of the city of Dawson.

Name Population
(2011)[27]
Population
(2006)[27]
Change
(%)[27]
Area
(km²)[27]
Population
density[27]
Whitehorse 23,276 20,461 13.8 416.54 55.9

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipal Government Act - Revised Statutes of Alberta 2000, Chapter M-26 (Section 82)". Alberta Queen's Printer. January 1, 2010. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Municipal Profiles: Summary Reports (Cities)". Alberta Municipal Affairs. May 17, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  4. ^ Government of British Columba - Local Government Act
  5. ^ Phil Melnychuk (March 26, 2014). "Maple Ridge votes to become city". Maple Ridge News (Black Press Community News Media). Retrieved April 19, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address" (XLS). British Columbia Ministry of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (British Columbia)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Corrections and updates". Statistics Canada. March 21, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "Morden Gets City Status". City of Morden. August 27, 2012. Retrieved October 31, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Manitoba)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (New Brunswick)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Newfoundland and Labrador)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c d e "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Northwest Territories)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c d e "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Markham to change from town to city". CBC News. May 30, 2012. 
  17. ^ a b c "List of Ontario Municipalities". Ontario Municipal Affairs and Housing. September 21, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census divisions, 2011 and 2006 censuses (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013. 
  19. ^ a b c d e "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. January 1, 2013. Retrieved May 19, 2013. 
  20. ^ a b c d e "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Quebec)". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved May 19, 2013. 
  21. ^ "The Cities Act (Chapter C-11.1 of The Statutes of Saskatchewan, 2002)". Saskatchewan Queen's Printer. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  22. ^ "Town of Kindersley May 2011 Newsletter". Town of Kindersley. May 2011. Retrieved May 29, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Warman joins Saskatchewan's family of cities". Government of Saskatchewan. October 27, 2012. Retrieved October 31, 2012. 
  24. ^ "Search for Municipal Information". Saskatchewan Ministry of Municipal Affairs. Retrieved December 16, 2012. 
  25. ^ "Urban Municipality Incorporation Dates". Retrieved February 12, 2010. 
  26. ^ a b c d e "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Saskatchewan)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2012. 
  27. ^ a b c d e "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Yukon)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 

External links[edit]