List of cities and towns in Finland

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The following is a 'list of towns in Finland'. In the year 1977 the juridical difference between cities, towns and municipalities were removed. Today only municipalities are recognized, some of which are commonly referred to as towns (kaupunki in Finnish, 'stad' in Swedish). Municipality can decide themself, whether it uses municipality or city / town designation. To date, many decide to use the latter, even though often the places do not even meet the definition of city, made by EU, which is minimum population of 50 000, and minimum population density of 500 inhabitants per square kilometer. Also, even the centre or conurbation of the "city" itself may not be so urban itself. A simple, independent decision in the municipal council is required to change the name of a rural "municipality" (kunta) into a "city" (kaupunki). For towns founded before the 1960s the list includes the year the town was chartered.

A lot of municipal mergers have been made in Finland (and more is yet to come, due a countrywide municipal reform), which also makes it difficult to define "city", because in merger, while population increases a bit, population density decreases. For example, according to the EU definition, Tampere is no longer a city, due completed municipality mergers with Messukylä, Aitolahti and Teisko, decreasing its official population density to 410,5 inhabitants per square kilometer, dated in 1. July 2012. In Finland, the whole municipality area along its borders is officially considered the city or town area. From there on, villages, possible conurbation areas, and administrative center area (which consists the city center and districts of the city) are distinguished quite accurately in official concepts.

The names used in this encyclopedia are usually the Finnish or Swedish forms, depending on the majority language of the municipality, which is common practice where there is no independent English name.

Towns (founded)[edit]

Map of Finland
Helsinki, Capital of Finland
Finnish Name Swedish Name District Year of foundation Population[1]
Akaa Ackas 2007 17049
Alajärvi 1986 10190
Alavus Alavo 1977 12128
Espoo Esbo 1972 264464
Forssa 1964 17575
Haapajärvi Aspsjö 1977 7520
Haapavesi 1996 7214
Hämeenlinna Tavastehus 1639 67957
Hamina Fredrikshamn 1653 21162
Hanko Hangö 1874 9046
Harjavalta 1977 7368
Haukipudas 1866 [1]
Heinola 1839 19737
Helsinki Helsingfors 1550 620982
Huittinen Vittis 1977 10495
Hyvinkää Hyvinge 1960 46340
Iisalmi Idensalmi 1891 22129
Ikaalinen Ikalis 1977 7300
Imatra 1971 28074
Pietarsaari Jakobstad 1652 19633
Joensuu 1848 75024
Juankoski Strömsdal 1998 4933
Jyväskylä 1837 135567
Jämsä 1977 21917
Järvenpää Träskända 1967 40180
Kaarina Sankt Karins 1993 32022
Kajaani Kajana 1651 37781
Kalajoki 1865 12611
Kankaanpää 1972 11904
Kannus 1986 5635
Karkkila Högfors 1977 8942
Kaskinen Kaskö 1785 1322
Kauhajoki 2001 14025
Kauhava 1986 16990
Kauniainen Grankulla 1972 9207
Kemi 1869 21929
Kemijärvi Kemiträsk 1973 7915
Kerava Kervo 1970 35269
Keuruu Keuru 1986 10206
Kitee Kides 1992 11048
Kiuruvesi 1993 8806
Kokemäki Kumo 1977 7722
Kokkola Karleby 1620 47224
Kotka 1878 54629
Kouvola 1960 86587
Kristiinankaupunki Kristinestad 1649 6879
Kuhmo 1986 8975
Kuopio 1775 107541
Kurikka 1977 14228
Kuusamo 2000 15814
Lahti Lahtis 1905 103667
Laitila Letala 1986 8526
Lappeenranta Villmanstrand 1649 72834
Lapua Lappo 1977 14720
Lieksa 1973 12140
Lohja Lojo 1969 47697
Loimaa 1969 16662
Loviisa Lovisa 1745 15458
Mänttä-Vilppula Mänttä-Filpula 2009 10774
Maarianhamina Mariehamn 1861 11468
Mikkeli Sankt Michel 1838 54704
Naantali Nådendal 1443 18870
Närpiö Närpes 1993 9369
Nilsiä 1998 [1]
Nivala 1992 10948
Nokia 1977 32786
Nurmes 1974 8130
Uusikaarlepyy Nykarleby 1620 7519
Orimattila 1992 16305
Orivesi 1986 9602
Oulainen Oulais 1977 7739
Oulu Uleåborg 1605 195821
Outokumpu 1977 7202
Paimio Pemar 1997 10619
Parainen Pargas 1977 15482
Parkano 1977 6806
Pieksämäki 1962 19121
Pori Björneborg 1558 83510
Porvoo Borgå 1346 49708
Pudasjärvi 2004 8424
Pyhäjärvi 1993 5603
Raahe Brahestad 1649 25392
Raasepori Raseborg 2009 28746
Rauma Raumo 1442 40003
Raisio Reso 1974 24381
Riihimäki 1960 29387
Rovaniemi 1960 61490
Saarijärvi 1986 10095
Salo 1960 54341
Sastamala 2009 25408
Savonlinna Nyslott 1639 36099
Seinäjoki Östermyra 1960 60817
Siuntio Sjundeå 1382 6214
Somero 1993 9170
Suonenjoki 1977 7457
Tampere Tammerfors 1779 222512
Tornio Torneå 1621 22302
Turku Åbo 1200–1300 183811
Ulvila Ulvsby 1365 to 1558, later 2000 13343
Uusikaupunki Nystad 1617 15541
Vaasa Vasa 1606 66986
Valkeakoski 1963 21178
Vantaa Vanda 1974 210096
Varkaus 1962 21905
Viitasaari 1996 6814
Virrat Virdois 1977 7197
Ylivieska 1971 14927
Ylöjärvi 2004 32133
Äänekoski 1973 19919
Ähtäri Etseri 1986 6198

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 30.09.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cities in Finland at Wikimedia Commons