List of cities in Ontario

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A city is a sub-type of municipalities in the Canadian Province of Ontario. A city can have the municipal status of either a single-tier or lower-tier municipality.

Ontario has 51 cities[1] that had a cumulative population of 9,293,031 and an average population of 182,216 in the 2011 Census.[2] Ontario's largest and smallest cities are Toronto and Dryden with populations of 2,615,060 and 7,617 respectively.[2]

Ontario's newest city is Markham, which changed from a town to a city on July 1, 2012.[3]

History[edit]

Under the former Municipal Act, 1990, a city was both an urban and a local municipality.[4] Under this former legislation, the Municipal Board could change the status of a village or town to a city, upon review of an application from the village or town, if it had a population of 15,000 or more.[4] The Municipal Board could also incorporate a township as a city under the same conditions with the exception that the population requirements was 25,000 or more.[4] In the event an application was received from a village, town or township located within a county, the application could have only been approved by the Municipal Board if authorized by the Minister of Municipal Affairs.[4]

In the transition to the Municipal Act, 2001, these requirements were abandoned and, as at December 31, 2002, every city that:[5]

  • "existed and formed part of a county, a regional or district municipality or the County of Oxford for municipal purposes" became a lower-tier municipality yet retained its name as a city; and
  • "existed and did not form part of a county, a regional or district municipality or the County of Oxford for municipal purposes" became a single-tier municipality yet retained its name as a city.

The current legislation also provides lower and single-tier municipalities with the authority to name themselves as "cities", or other former municipal status types such as "towns", "villages" or "townships", or generically as "municipalities".[6]

List[edit]

Skyline of Toronto
Toronto is Ontario's capital and largest city and Canada's largest city
Parliament Hill in Ottawa
Ottawa is Canada's capital and Ontario's second largest city
Skyline of Mississauga
Skyline of Mississauga
Downtown Brampton Street Level
Downtown Brampton
 Skyline of downtown Hamilton
Skyline of downtown Hamilton
Skyline of London, Ontario
Skyline of downtown London
Markham Civic Centre
Markham Civic Centre in Markham, Ontario's newest city
Vaughan seen from Canada's Wonderland
Areal view of Kitchener-Waterloo
Downtown of Kitchener
 Skyline of Windsor seen from Detroit
Downtown of Windsor
Name[1][2] Municipal
status[1]
Census division[1][7] Population
(2011)[2]
Population
(2006)[2]
Change
(%)[2]
Area
(km²)[2]
Population
density[2]
Barrie[ON 1] Single-tier Simcoe 136,063[8] 128,430 5.9 77.39 1,758.1
Belleville Single-tier Hastings 49,454 48,821 1.3 247.21 200
Brampton[ON 2] Lower-tier Peel 523,911 433,806 20.8 266.34 1,967.1
Brant Single-tier Brant 35,638 34,415 3.6 843.29 42.3
Brantford[ON 3] Single-tier Brant 93,650 90,192 3.8 72.47 1,292.3
Brockville Single-tier Leeds and Grenville 21,870 21,957 −0.4 20.9 1,046.2
Burlington Lower-tier Halton 175,779 164,415 6.9 185.66 946.8
Cambridge[ON 4] Lower-tier Waterloo 126,748 120,371 5.3 113 1,121.7
Clarence-Rockland Lower-tier Prescott and Russell 23,185 20,790 11.5 297.86 77.8
Cornwall Single-tier Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 46,340 45,965 0.8 61.52 753.2
Dryden[ON 5] Single-tier Kenora 7,617 8,195 −7.1 65.84 115.7
Elliot Lake Single-tier Algoma 11,348 11,549 −1.7 714.56 15.9
Greater Sudbury[ON 6] Single-tier Sudbury 160,274 157,857 1.5 3,227.38 49.7
Guelph[ON 7] Single-tier Wellington 121,688 114,943 5.9 87.2 1,395.4
Haldimand County Single-tier Haldimand 44,876 45,212 −0.7 1,251.57 35.9
Hamilton[ON 8] Single-tier Hamilton 519,949 504,559 3.1 1,117.23 465.4
Kawartha Lakes Single-tier Kawartha Lakes 73,214 74,561 −1.8 3,083.06 23.7
Kenora Single-tier Kenora 15,348 15,177 1.1 211.75 72.5
Kingston[ON 9] Single-tier Frontenac 123,363 117,207 5.3 451.17 273.4
Kitchener[ON 10] Lower-tier Waterloo 219,153 204,668 7.1 136.79 1,602.1
London[ON 11] Single-tier Middlesex 366,151 352,395 3.9 420.57 870.6
Markham[ON 12] Lower-tier York 301,709 261,573 15.3 212.58 1,419.3
Mississauga[ON 13] Lower-tier Peel 713,443 668,599 6.7 292.4 2,439.9
Niagara Falls[ON 14] Lower-tier Niagara 82,997 82,184 1 209.71 395.8
Norfolk County Single-tier Norfolk 63,175 62,563 1 1,607.6 39.3
North Bay Single-tier Nipissing 53,651 53,966 −0.6 319.05 168.2
Orillia Single-tier Simcoe 30,586 30,259 1.1 28.61 1,069.2
Oshawa[ON 15] Lower-tier Durham 149,607 141,590 5.7 145.68 1,027
Ottawa[ON 16] Single-tier Ottawa 883,391 812,129 8.8 2,790.22 316.6
Owen Sound Lower-tier Grey 21,688 21,753 −0.3 24.22 895.5
Pembroke[ON 17] Single-tier Renfrew 14,360 13,930 3.1 14.35 1,000.7
Peterborough[ON 18] Single-tier Peterborough 78,698 75,406 4.4 63.8 1,233.6
Pickering Lower-tier Durham 88,721 87,838 1 231.59 383.1
Port Colborne Lower-tier Niagara 18,424 18,599 −0.9 121.97 151.1
Prince Edward County Single-tier Prince Edward 25,258 25,496 −0.9 1,050.45 24
Quinte West Single-tier Hastings 43,086 42,697 0.9 494.15 87.2
Sarnia Lower-tier Lambton 72,366 71,419 1.3 164.71 439.4
Sault Ste. Marie Single-tier Algoma 75,141 74,948 0.3 223.26 336.6
St. Catharines[ON 19] Lower-tier Niagara 131,400 131,989 −0.4 96.11 1,367.2
St. Thomas Single-tier Elgin 37,905 36,110 5 35.52 1,067.3
Stratford Single-tier Perth 30,886 30,516 1.2 26.95 1,146
Temiskaming Shores Single-tier Timiskaming 10,400 10,442 −0.4 177.91 58.5
Thorold Lower-tier Niagara 17,931 18,224 −1.6 83 216
Thunder Bay[ON 20] Single-tier Thunder Bay 108,359 109,160 −0.7 328.24 330.1
Timmins Single-tier Cochrane 43,165 42,997 0.4 2,979.15 14.5
Toronto[ON 21] Single-tier Toronto 2,615,060 2,503,281 4.5 630.21 4,149.5
Vaughan Lower-tier York 288,301 238,866 20.7 273.52 1,054
Waterloo[ON 22] Lower-tier Waterloo 98,780 97,475 1.3 64.02 1,542.9
Welland Lower-tier Niagara 50,631 50,331 0.6 81.09 624.4
Windsor[ON 23] Single-tier Essex 210,891 216,473 −2.6 146.32 1,441.3
Woodstock Lower-tier Oxford 37,754 35,822 5.4 49 770.5
Total cities 9,293,383 8,782,120 5.8 25,918.15 358.6

Notes:

  1. ^ The Barrie census metropolitan area (CMA) is formed around the City of Barrie.
  2. ^ Brampton is Canada's ninth-largest city.
  3. ^ The Brantford CMA includes the City of Brantford as well as the County of Brant, which is a single-tier city.
  4. ^ The City of Cambridge, as well as the cities of Kitchener and Waterloo, form parts of the Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA.
  5. ^ Dryden is Ontario's smallest city by population.
  6. ^ Greater Sudbury is Ontario's largest city by area. The Greater Sudbury CMA is formed around the City of Greater Sudbury.
  7. ^ The Guelph CMA is formed around the City of Guelph.
  8. ^ Hamilton is Canada's tenth-largest city. The Hamilton CMA includes the cities of Burlington and Hamilton.
  9. ^ The Kingston CMA is formed around the City of Kingston.
  10. ^ The City of Kitchener, as well as the cities of Cambridge and Waterloo, form parts of the Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA.
  11. ^ The London CMA includes the cities of London and St. Thomas.
  12. ^ Markham is Ontario's newest city, incorporated July 1, 2012
  13. ^ Mississauga is Canada's sixth-largest city.
  14. ^ The City of Niagara Falls, as well as the cities of Port Colborne, St. Catharines, Thorold and Welland, form parts of the St. Catharines - Niagara CMA.
  15. ^ The Oshawa CMA is formed around the City of Oshawa.
  16. ^ Ottawa is Canada's capital and fourth-largest city. The Ontario portion of the Ottawa - Gatineau CMA includes the cities of Clarence-Rockland and Ottawa.
  17. ^ Pembroke is Ontario's smallest city by area.
  18. ^ The Peterborough CMA is formed around the City of Peterborough.
  19. ^ The City of St. Catharines, as well as the cities of Niagara Falls, Port Colborne, Thorold and Welland, form parts of the St. Catharines - Niagara CMA.
  20. ^ The Thunder Bay CMA is formed around the City of Thunder Bay.
  21. ^ Toronto is Ontario's capital and Canada's and Ontario's largest city by population. The Toronto CMA includes the cities of Brampton, Mississauga, Pickering, Toronto and Vaughan.
  22. ^ The City of Waterloo, as well as the cities of Cambridge and Kitchener, form parts of the Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA.
  23. ^ The Windsor CMA is formed around the City of Windsor.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "List of Ontario Municipalities". Ontario Municipal Affairs and Housing. September 21, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Markham to change from town to city". CBC News. May 30, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Municipal Act, R.S.O. 1990, Chapter M.45". Service Ontario. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Municipal Act, S.O. 2001, Chapter 25". Service Ontario. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ "The Municipal Councillor's Guide". Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census divisions, 2011 and 2006 censuses (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Corrections and updates: Population and dwelling count amendments, 2011 Census". Statistics Canada. February 14, 2013. Retrieved February 15, 2013.