List of cities in ancient Epirus

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Epirus in antiquity

This is a list of cities in ancient Epirus. These were Greek poleis, komes or fortresses except for Nicopolis, which was founded by Octavian. Classical Epirus was divided into three regions: Chaonia, Molossia, Thesprotia, each named after the dominant tribe that lived there. A number of ancient settlements in these regions remain unidentified.[1][2]

Cities[edit]

Epirus in antiquity, reproduced from a map made by Heinrich Kiepert, published in 1902.

Chaonia[edit]

Molossia[edit]

Thesprotia[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2005,page 340
  2. ^ An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2005,page 353
  3. ^ The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 7, Part 1: The Hellenistic World by F. W. Walbank, A. E. Astin, M. W. Frederiksen, and R. M. Ogilvie,1984,Index: "... 183 Anticythera instrument, 336-7 Antigone, wife of Pyrrhus, io6, 107 Antigoneia, as new name of Mantinea, 470, 473 Antigoneia (Epirus), y Ab, 452 Antigoneia (Paeonia), y Ba, ..."
  4. ^ Ancient Siege Warfare by Paul Bentley Kern and Paul Bentley Kern,1999,page 338,"... " Especially hard was the fate of Antipatrea, a city in Epirus that the Romans captured in 200 B.C. The Romans killed ..."
  5. ^ a b c An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2005,page 342
  6. ^ An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis by Mogens Herman,ISBN 0-19-814099-1,2004,page 339
  7. ^ An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis by Mogens Herman,ISBN 0-19-814099-1,2004,page 343,"Bouthroton (Bouthrotios)"
  8. ^ Bell, Robert (1989). Place names in classical mythology. ABC-CLIO. p. 78. ISBN 9780874365078. Retrieved November 2010. 
  9. ^ Springs and Wells in Greek and Roman Literature: Their Legends and Locations by James Reuel Smith,2003,ISBN 0-7661-8028-X,page 263
  10. ^ a b Epirus: the geography, the ancient remains, the history and topography of Epirus and adjacent areas by Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond,1967,page 607
  11. ^ L'Épire de la mort de Pyrrhos à la conquête romaine (272-167 av. J.C.) by Pierre Cabanes,1976,page 614-Index
  12. ^ An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2005,page 347
  13. ^ Bowden, William. Epirus Vetus: The Archaeology of a Late Antique Province. London: Duckworth, 2003, ISBN 0-7156-3116-0, p. 14. "Anchiasmos (Onchesmos)"
  14. ^ Robin Lane Fox, Travelling Heroes: Greeks and Their Myths in the Epic Age of Homer (London: Allen Lane, 2008, ISBN 978-0-7139-9980-8), p. 123.
  15. ^ Epirus: the geography, the ancient remains, the history and topography of Epirus and adjacen areas by Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond,1967,page 473
  16. ^ The Illyrians (The Peoples of Europe) by John Wilkes,ISBN 0-631-19807-5,1996,page 98,"the Dassaretae possessed several towns, though none has yet been definitely located, including Pelion Antipatreia (probably Berat) Chrysondym, Gertous or Gerous and Creonion"
  17. ^ The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 6: The Fourth Century BC by D. M. Lewis (Editor), John Boardman (Editor), Simon Hornblower (Editor), M. Ostwald (Editor),1994,ISBN 0-521-23348-8,page 423,"These Dassareti not to be confused with the Greek speaking Dexari or Dessaretae of the ,"
  18. ^ a b An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2005,page 348
  19. ^ The Hellenistic Age: A Short History (Modern Library Chronicles) by Peter Green,2008,page 80,"... to the conference table, and negotiated their own peace at Phoenice in Epirus (205). ..."
  20. ^ The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation. An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted, 2005, ISBN 0-19-814099-1, p. 322. "...expansion of Apollonia is implied in the dedication at Olympia of spoils from the destruction of the Euboian-Lokrian settlement at Thronion."
  21. ^ Ambrose (The Early Church Fathers) by Boniface Ramsey,1997,Back Matter: "... the Gauls when they captured Rome in 390 BC. 100 Dodona was a town in ancient Greece that was famous for its temple and ..."
  22. ^ Potter, John. Archaeologia Graeca or the Antiquities of Greece. Blackie, 1840 (Original from the University of Lausanne), p. 258. "Dodona is by some thought to have been a city of Thessaly; by others it was placed in Epirus; and others, to reconcile these two opinions, will have two Dodonas, one in Thessaly, and another in Epirus. They that place it in Epirus (and that is generally believed to have been the seat of the oracle, whether there was another Dodona in Thessaly or not), are no less divided in their opinions about it; for some of them will have it in Thesprotia, others in Chaonia, or Molossia; but Eustathius has undertaken to decide the controversy, telling us that it did indeed once belong to the Thesprotians, but afterwards fell into the hands of the Molossians; and he is herein confirmed by Strabo."
  23. ^ a b An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen, 2005, page 349
  24. ^ dans le secteur proche d'Orraon
  25. ^ Rome's Mediterranean Empire Book 41-45 and the Periochae (Oxford World's Classics) (Books 41-45) by Livy and Jane D. Chaplin,2007,page 195,"... had been made public, Anicius returned to winter quarters at Passaron in Epirus. 27. ..."
  26. ^ a b An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2005,page 339
  27. ^ An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2005,page 361
  28. ^ Travels in Northern Greece. In four volumes. Volume 4 by William Martin Leake,ISBN 1-4021-6770-9,page 76,"name was Chyton, which, according to Ephorus, was a colony settled in Epirus"
  29. ^ An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2005,page 349
  30. ^ An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen, 2005, page 345
  31. ^ Livy, Marcius and Atilius, going up to Gitanae, a town of Epirus, about ten miles from the sea, held there a council of the ...
  32. ^ a b c d e An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2005,Index
  33. ^ Anthology Of Classical Myth: Primary Sources in Translation : with Additional Translations by Other Scholars and an Appendix on Linear B sources by Thomas G. Palaima by Stephen Trzaskoma, R. Scott Smith, and Stephen Brunet,2004,page 44: "... the Calydonians against the Thesprotians. After capturing the city of Ephyra, where King Phylas ruled, he slept with the king’s daughter ..."
  34. ^ Parthenius
  35. ^ Makers of Rome: Nine Lives (Penguin Classics) by Plutarch and Ian Scott-Kilvert,1965,page 328,"... the Ionian sea and seizing a town in Epirus named Toryne, the name of which means 'ladle'. ..."
  36. ^ Travels in Northern Greece: Volume 1 by William Martin Leake,2001,page 252,"... marching from Acarnania into Epirus, pitched his camp near the city Cassopia 3. ..."
  37. ^ An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2005,page 346
  38. ^ The Cambridge Ancient History Volume 3, Part 3: The Expansion of the Greek World, Eighth to Sixth Centuries BC by John Boardman and N. G. L. Hammond,1982,page 337,"... Eleans planted two other colonies in the same part of Epirus, Elatria and Pandosia. Their colonies were in terrain similar to coastal ..."