List of cities in the Far East by population

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For the purposes of this article, Far East shall represent,

Largest Megalopolis areas[edit]

Rank Metropolitan area Country Population
1 Southern China Coast Megalopolis (Pearl River Delta -Chaoshan-Xiamen-Quanzhou-Fuzhou  China
 Hong Kong
 Macau
200,000,000
2 Yangtze River Delta  China 100,000,000
3 Taiheiyō Belt  Japan 84,000,000
4 (Bengal Megalopolis) Kolkata-Khulna-Dhaka-Chittagong  Bangladesh
 India
60,000,000
5 BeijingTianjin (Hebei's cities cluster)  China 39,710,000
6 Mega Manila  Philippines 35,000,000
7 IncheonSeoulDaejonDaeguBusan  South Korea 32,890,000
8 Mumbai-Pune-Nashik  India 30,000,000
9 Jabodetabek (Greater Jakarta)  Indonesia 28,000,000
10 Delhi-Gurgaon-Noida-Ghaziabad  India 26,000,000
11 Karachi-Hyderabad  Pakistan 25,000,000
12 Greater BangkokChon Buri-Nakhon Ratchasima  Thailand 20,000,000
13 West coast of Taiwan  Taiwan 18,000,000

Largest metropolitan areas[edit]

Rank Metropolitan area Country Population Area (km²) Population Density (People/km²)
1 Tokyo  Japan 32,450,000 8,014 4,049
2 Seoul  South Korea 20,550,000 5,076 4,048
3 Mumbai (Bombay)  India 20,900,000 8,100 7,706
4 Jakarta  Indonesia 18,900,000 5,100 3,706
5 Shanghai  China 16,650,000 5,177 3,216
6 Hong Kong-Shenzhen[1]  Hong Kong
 China
15,800,000 3,051 5,179
7 Beijing  China 12,500,000 6,562 1,905

Largest urban areas ranked by 2010 projected population[edit]

Rank City Country Population Area (km²) Density (km²) Sources of

Pop. / Area

Image
1 TokyoYokohama[2]  Japan 35,200,000 7,835 4,100 C / B Skyscrapers of Shinjuku 2009 January.jpg
Minato Mirai 21 Mid View.JPG
2 Jakarta[3]  Indonesia 22,000,000 2,720 8,500 F / B
Jakarta.jpg
3 Manila[4]  Philippines 20,795,000 1,425 14,600 C / B Makati skyline j 0 n.jpg
4 SeoulIncheon[5]  South Korea 19,910,000 1,943 10,200 C / B
5 Shanghai  China 18,400,000 2,396 6,300 C / B 2012 Pudong.jpg
6 OsakaKobeKyoto[6]  Japan 17,320,000 2,720 5,300 C / B Skyline in Osaka.JPG
Kobe Port island.jpg
Kyoto01.jpg
7 Shenzhen[7]  China 14,470,000 1,295 10,200 F / B Shenzhan landmark2.jpg
8 Beijing  China 13,955,000 2,616 4,200 C / B
9 GuangzhouFoshan[7]  China 13,245,000 2,590 6,700 E / B Guangzhou dusk 11-5-2008.png
M071.jpg
10 Dongguan[7]  China 10,525,00 1,295 7,600 F / B Dongguan Avenue (CBD) 2010.jpg
11 Nagoya[8]  Japan 10,025,000 3,302 C / B View from Midland Square Nagoya.JPG
12 Bangkok  Thailand 8,250,000 1,502 2,500 C / B Aerial view of Lumphini Park.jpg
13 Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam 7,785,000 609 9,200 E / B Saigonskyline1.JPG
14 Hong Kong[7]  Hong Kong 7,055,000 220 25,200 E / B Hong Kong Night Skyline.jpg
15 Taipei-New Taipei-Keelung  Republic of China (Taiwan) 6,800,000 440 10,100 D / B Taipeiview.jpg
Roctpchall.jpg
Central Keelung Panorama 0002.jpg
16 Tianjin[9]  China 6,675,000 1,295 5,200 C / B Tianjin Skyline 2009 Sep 11 by Nangua 1.jpg
17 Kuala Lumpur[10]  Malaysia 5,835,000 2,137 2,700 E / B KL-Skyline Night HDR.JPG
18 Chongqing[11]  China 5,460,000 570 7,500 E / B SkylineOfChongqing.jpg
19 Hangzhou[12]  China 5,305,000 712 8,200 E / B
20 Wuhan  China 5,260,000 712 7,400 E / B WuhanSkyline.jpg
21 Shenyang[13]  China 5,160,000 777 7,100 E / B Shenyang North Railway Station 02.jpg
22 Chengdu  China 4,785,000 570 8,400 E / B
23 Singapore[14]  Singapore 4,635,000 479 9,700 D / B Singapore Skyline.jpg
24 Yangon (Rangoon)  Burma 4,400,000 350 12,600 D / B Yangon View South.jpg
25 Xi'an  China 3,955,000 531 7,400 E / B Xian 01.JPG
26 Harbin[15]  China 3,615,000 570 5,900 E / B ハルビン松花江.jpg
27 Suzhou[12]  China 3,605,000 635 5,700 E / B Suzhoupic11.jpg
28 Bandung  Indonesia 3,555,000 401 8,400 E / B
29 Nanjing[12]  China 3,550,000 686 4,200 E / B Nanjing Skyline 2010.jpg
30 Busan  South Korea 3,395,000 259 13,100 E / B Haeundae Beach 2011.jpg
31 Pyongyang  North Korea 3,370,000 207 16,300 E / B Pyongyang in the morning fog in may.jpg
32 Dalian  China 3,255,000 570 4,700 E / B Star ocean square 大連.jpg
33 Changchun  China 3,170,000 376 8,400 E / B Changchun Cultural Square.JPG
34 Kunming  China 3,070,000 518 9,100 E / B Kunming 14.JPG
35 Wuxi[12]  China 2,925,000 389 7,500 E / B Downtown wuxi.jpg
36 Taiyuan  China 2,900,000 311 9,300 E / B Taiyuan.jpg
37 Surabaya  Indonesia 2,885,000 376 7,700 D / B Surabaya skyline.jpg
38 Taichung-Changhua  Republic of China (Taiwan) 2,815,000 492 5,700 E / B TCG cityhall.jpg
39 Changsha  China 2,720,000 389 6,600 E / B 长沙市解放西路酒吧一条街.jpg
40 Kaohsiung  Republic of China (Taiwan) 2,670,000 363 7,400 E / B Kaohsiung.jpg
41 Zhengzhou  China 2,590,000 466 5,600 E / B Hnyszx.png
42 Fukuoka[16]  Japan 2,550,000 583 4,900 C / B Fukuoka Viewed From Minamiku Observation Deck.jpg
43 Shijiazhuang  China 2,530,000 363 7,000 E / B Farviewshijiazhuang.jpg
45 Qingdao  China 2,495,000 440 5,700 E / B City View Of Qingdao 1.JPG
46 Sapporo  Japan 2,475,000 648 4,000 C / B Hokkaido Sapporo Odori Park.jpg
47 Nanchang  China 2,465,000 155 5,300 E / B Bayi Square.jpg
48 Guiyang  China 2,440,000 207 11,800 E / B Guiyang overview 2009.JPG
49 Fuzhou  China 2,405,000 259 9,300 E / B FuzhouCity (1).jpg
50 Lanzhou  China 2,385,000 181 13,200 E / B Lanzhou-036.JPG
51 Daegu  South Korea 2,380,000 181 13,100 E / B Daegu from Migliore.jpg
52 Hanoi  Vietnam 2,355,000 194 8,300 E / B Skyline hanoi.JPG
53 Medan  Indonesia 2,340,000 246 9,500 E / B MedanSkyline.jpg
54 Jinan  China 2,320,000 350 6,600 E / B Jinanfromqianfoshan.jpg
55 Changzhou[12]  China 2,275,000 194 11,700 E / B 20090919 Changzhou 5459.jpg
56 Xiamen  China 2,225,000 295 7,500 E / B Xiamen.jpg
57 Shunde[7]  China 2,105,000 401 5,200 E / B Dwelling area in Shunde.jpg
58 Baotou  China 2,095,000 363 5,800 E / B Baotou.jpg
59 Jilin  China 2,070,000 233 8,900 E / B 吉林大桥和世纪广场.jpg
60 Hefei  China 2,000,000 350 5,700 E / B 04727FB3.jpeg
61 Kitakyūshū[17]  Japan 2,000,000 842 2,400 C / B View from Mt. Sarakura.jpg
  • Sources
A: National census authority data.
B: Demographia land area estimate based upon map or satellite photograph analysis.
C: Demographia population "build up" from third, fourth or fifth order jurisdictions (NUTS-3, NUTS-4, NUTS-5 or equivalent).
D: Population estimate based upon United Nations agglomeration estimate.
E: Demographia population estimate from national census authority agglomeration data.
F: Other Demographia population estimate.
G: Estimate based upon projected growth rate from last census.
H: Combination of adjacent national census authority agglomerations.

Largest urban agglomerations by population[edit]

Rank City Population Country Statistical concept [1] Area (km²)[18]
1 Tokyo 36,669,000  Japan Major Metropolitan Area (M.M.A.),
as defined by the Statistics Bureau of Japan
13,500
2 Shanghai 16,575,000  China Urban agglomeration[19] 3,920
3 Beijing 12,385,000  China Urban agglomeration[19][20] 7,860
4 Manila 11,628,000  Philippines Urban agglomeration[21] 640
5 Osaka–Kobe 11,337,000  Japan Urban agglomeration[22] 1,220
6 Seoul 9,773,000  South Korea City proper (metropolitan city) 610
7 Chongqing 9,401,000  China Urban aglomeration[19][23] 7,490
8 Jakarta (Jabodetabek) 9,210,000  Indonesia Metropolitan area[24] 1,360
9 Shenzhen 9,005,000  China Urban agglomeration[19] 1,950
10 Guangzhou 8,884,000  China Urban agglomeration[19] 7,260
11 Tianjin 7,884,000  China Urban agglomeration[19][25] 7,130
12 Wuhan 7,681,000  China Urban agglomeration[19] 8,490
13 Hong Kong 7,069,000  Hong Kong Urban agglomeration[26] 1,100
14 Bangkok 6,976,000  Thailand Official metropolitan area 1,570
15 Ho Chi Minh City 6,167,000  Vietnam Urban agglomeration 2,090
16 Dongguan 5,347,000  China City proper[19] 2,460
17 Shenyang 5,166,000  China City proper[19] 3,460
18 Foshan 4,969,000  China Urban agglomeration[19][27] 3,813
19 Chengdu 4,961,000  China Urban agglomeration[19][28] 2,130
20 Singapore 4,837,000  Singapore Urban agglomeration 690
21 Xi'an 4,747,000  China Urban agglomeration[19][29] 3,550
22 Nanjing 4,591,000  China Urban agglomeration[19][30] 6,600
23 Yangon 4,350,000  Burma Urban agglomeration 350
24 Harbin 4,251,000  China Urban agglomeration[19][31] 4,280
25 Hangzhou 3,860,000  China Urban agglomeration[19][32] 3,068
26 Changchun 3,597,000  China Urban agglomeration[19] 3,616
27 Shantou 3,502,000  China Urban agglomeration[19][33] 1,956
28 Busan 760  South Korea City proper (metropolitan city) 760

Largest cities proper by population[edit]

Rank City Population Definition Area (km²) Population density (/km²) Country
1 Shanghai 13,831,900[34] Core districts + inner suburbs 1,928 7,174  China
2 Seoul 10,456,034[35] Special City 605.4 17,271  South Korea
3 Beijing 10,123,000[36] Core districts + inner suburbs 1,368.32 7,400  China
4 Tokyo 8,795,000[37] 23 special wards area 617 14,254  Japan
5 Jakarta 8,489,910[38] Special capital district 664 12,738  Indonesia
6 Wuhan 8,001,541[39] (2006-12-31) Core districts 400 20,004  China
7 Ho Chi Minh City 7,123,340[40] Province-level municipality 2,095.01 3,401  Vietnam
8 Bangkok 7,025,000[41] Administrative area 1,568.74 4,478  Thailand
9 Hong Kong 7,008,900[42] The entire territory 1,092 6,418  Hong Kong
10 Guangzhou 6,172,839[39] (2006-12-31) Core districts  China
11 Tianjin 5,800,000[43] Core districts + inner suburbs 2,057 2,820  China
12 Singapore 4,839,400[44] Country 701 6,904  Singapore
13 Chongqing 4,776,027[39] Core districts 5,467.2 1,057  China
14 Shenyang 4,101,197[39] (2006-12-31) Core districts 3,495 1,173  China
15 Yangon 4,088,000[45] Urban agglomeration 598.75[46] 6,828  Burma
16 Yokohama 3,670,000[47] City proper 437 8,398  Japan
17 Busan 3,596,076[35] Metropolitan City 765.66 4,697  South Korea
18 Pyongyang 3,255,388[48] Directly Governed City 3,194 1,019  North Korea

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ There are restrictions on the movement of labor between Hong Kong and Mainland China and the two areas are usually listed separately in other lists.
  2. ^ Includes large portions of the prefectures of Tokyo, Kanagawa, Chiba and Saitama; and small portions of Gunma, Tochigi and Ibaraki. Excludes urban areas of Utsunomiya (500,000; 88 km²) and Mito (500,000; 246 km²).
  3. ^ Various international sources limit their population estimates to DKI Jakarta itself (the natinal capital district). However, the urbanization of Jakarta extends into the regencies of Tangerang, Bekasi, Bogor and Karawang and the separate cities of Bekasi, Depok and Bogor. Demographia continues to use the “Jakarta” name instead of Jabodetabek because of its familiarity.
  4. ^ The population is higher than other agglomeration estimates (such as the United Nations), tend to be limited to Metro Manila, which is a province level jurisdiction. The continuous urbanization of Manila extends outward into Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna, Rizal and Quezon provinces. The Demographia population estimate is a “build-up” of municipality population within the continuously developed area (urban area or agglomeration).
  5. ^ Includes satellite cities in Gyeonggi Province such as Suwon, Goyang, Seongnam, Bucheon and Ansan which are treated as separate urban agglomerations by the United Nations.
  6. ^ Includes Nara and Himeji. United Nations estimates separate Osaka–Kobe and Kyoto and exclude both Nara and Himeji. Excludes urban area of Ōtsu (700,000; 389 km²).
  7. ^ a b c d e Hong Kong and Shenzhen are treated as separate urban areas because of the lack of freedom of labor movement without trade, immigration or customs barriers. Guangzhou–Foshan, Shenzhen and Dongguan are also treated as separate urban areas which constitute the Pearl River Delta economic zone. Likewise, urban areas of JiangmenXinhui (600,000; 130 km²) and Taishan (350,000; 21 km²) within the prefecture-level city of Jiangmen, Huizhou–Huiyang (500,000; 93 km²) within the prefecture-level city of Huiyang, Zhuhai (530,000; 117 km²), Zhongshan (410,000; 130 km²) and Zhaoqing (310,000; 41 km²) as well as urban area of Macau (525,000; 23 km²) in are excluded. Population estimates for Shenzhen and Dongguan are based upon press reports, since the national census excludes millions of residents who do not have permanent resident status.
  8. ^ Includes Toyohashi.
  9. ^ The population is lower than other estimates (such as the United Nations), which include metropolitan area population not within the continuously developed urban area. The Demographia population estimate is a “build-up” of sub-municipality population within the continuously developed area (urban area or agglomeration). Excludes urban area of Tangshan (900,000; 168 km²).
  10. ^ The population is higher than other agglomeration estimates (such as the United Nations), which does not include all of the continuously developed urban area. Continuous urbanization extends well beyond the municipality of Kuala Lumpur, for example to Port Klang and the area represents a single labor market (metropolitan area). The Demographia population estimate is a “build-up” of municipality population within the continuously developed area (urban area or agglomeration).
  11. ^ Excludes urban area of Wanzhou (200,000; 16 km²) within the municipality of Chongqing. The direct-controlled municipality of Chongqing, which is sometimes translated as the direct-controlled city of Chongqing, has the largest population of any organism called a city in the stretches far beyond any reasonable definition of a metropolitan area and has a land area similar to that of Austria.
  12. ^ a b c d e Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Nanjing, Wuxi and Changzhou are treated as separate urban areas which constitute the Yangtze River Delta economic zone. Urban areas of Ningbo (1,920,000; 570 km2), Cixi City (915,000; 259 km2) and Yuyao (370,000; 111 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Ningbo, Shaoxing (795,000; 254 km2) and Zhuji (400,000; 85 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Shaoxing, Jiaxing (750,000; 130 km2) and Tongxiang (510,000; 52 km2)within the prefecture-level city of Jiaxing, Kunshan (580,000; 401 km2) and Taicang (350,000; 91 km2) within the prefectrual level city of Suzhou, Wenling (510,000; 52 km2), Jiaojiang (375,000; 41 km2), Taizhou (300,000; 39 km2) and Huangyan (200,000; 34 km2) within the prefectrure-level city of Taizhou, Fuyang (370,000; 49 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Hangzhou, Nantong (735,000; 85 km2), Yangzhou (725,000; 49 km2), Huzhou (690,000; 111 km) and Zhenjiang (510,000; 36 km2) are also excluded.
  13. ^ Excludes urban area of Fushun (625,000; 104 km²).
  14. ^ Excludes urban area of Johor Bahru (860,000; 583 km²) in Malaysia.
  15. ^ Excludes urban areas of Acheng (300,000; 39 km²) and Shangzhi (250,000; 16 km²) within the sub-provincial city of Harbin.
  16. ^ Excludes urban area of Kitakyūshū (1,800,000; 1,166 km²). Some sources combine Fukuoka with Kitakyūshū (such as the United Nations), which is not a part of the continuous urbanization of Fukuoka. The Demographia population estimate is a “build-up” of municipality population within the continuously developed area (urban area or agglomeration).
  17. ^ Fukuoka and Kitakyūshū are treated as separate urban areas. Some sources combine Fukuoka with Kitakyūshū (such as the United Nations), which is not a part of the continuous urbanization of Fukuoka. The Demographia population estimate is a “build-up” of municipality population within the continuously developed area (urban area or agglomeration).
  18. ^ The area figures are taken from individual national censuses according to the criteria and statistical concepts noted in the World Urbanization Prospects.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q The population of the city is composed of population in all City Districts meeting the criteria such as “contiguous built-up area,” being the location of the local government, being a Street or Having a Resident Committee.
  20. ^ Data include urban population in Daxing, Pinggu, and Huairou Districts.
  21. ^ Data refers to Metro Manila
  22. ^ The Statistics Bureau of Japan has provided the list of cities, towns and villages included in the urban agglomerations associated with the city of Osaka-Kobe for each census year from 1960 to 1990. The agglomeration of Osaka consisted of the densely inhabited districts of Osaka, 35 cities surrounding Osaka, Kobe and six cities surrounding Kobe.
  23. ^ Data include urban population in Jiangjin, Hechuan, Nanchuan, and Yongchuan Districts.
  24. ^ Data refer to the functional urban area, that is, contiguous areas which are consistently urban in character as indicated by levels of population density, economic functions and facilities.
  25. ^ Data include urban population in Baodi District
  26. ^ Data for Hong Kong consist of the population of Hong Kong Island, New Kowloon, the new towns in New Territories, and the marine areas.
  27. ^ Data include urban population in Nanhai, Shunde, Shanshui, and Gaoming Districts.
  28. ^ Data include urban population in Xindu and Wenjiang Districts
  29. ^ Data include urban population in Chang'an District
  30. ^ Data include urban population in Jiangning and Liuhe Districts
  31. ^ Data include urban population in Hulan and Acheng Districts
  32. ^ Data include urban population in Xiaoshan and Yuhang Districts
  33. ^ Data include urban population in Chenghai, Chaonan, and Chaoyang Districts
  34. ^ Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Statistics, Shanghai Statistical Yearbook 2009, Total of permanent population (including "floating population"). Retrieved on 2009-07-17. Total population as of 2008-12-31 of the following districts (core city + inner suburbs): Pudong New Area, Huangpu, Luwan, Xuhui, Changning, Jing'an, Putuo, Zhabei, Hongkou, Yangpu, Baoshan, Minhang, and Jiading.
  35. ^ a b Thomas Brinkhoff, www.citypopulation.de; South Korea, The registered population of the South Korean provinces and urban municipalities Registered population 2008-12-31. Retrieved on 2009-08-05.
  36. ^ Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics, Beijing Statistical Yearbook 2008, Total number of permanent population (including "floating population") Retrieved on 2009-03-14. Total population on 2007-12-31(1% sample census) of the two functional areas of 1) Core Districts of Capital Function and 2) Urban Function Extended Districts, including eight fully urban districts. The data is for so-called 'permanent population'; registered population was 7,323,000 the same year.
  37. ^ Statistics Bureau, Japan, Monthly Statistics, Population of Major Cities (excel-file) Retrieved on 2009-08-05. Population estimate on 2009-06-01.
  38. ^ Penduduk Provinsi DKI Jakarta: Penduduk Provinsi DKI Jakarta Januari 2008 (Demographics and Civil Records Service: Population of the Province of Jakarta January 2008) Retrieved on 2008-10-25.
  39. ^ a b c d City and region database of Statistics Finland
  40. ^ http://www.chinhphu.vn/portal/page?_pageid=439,1090462&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&pers_id=1091147&item_id=33638381&p_details=1
  41. ^ National Statistical Office Thailand, Key Statistics of Thailand 2007; Chapter 1.9, Population Projections (1 July) by Region and Sex (embedded in huge 121MB zipped file!) Retrieved on 2009-08-05. Projected de facto population as of 2009. The registered (de jure) population was 5,695,956 in 2006.
  42. ^ Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong; Population and Vital Events Retrieved on 2009-08-05. Estimated population on 2008-12-31. Including 'usual' and 'mobile' residents, but excluding temporary visitors.
  43. ^ Tianjin Statistical Information Net. Retrieved on 2009-01-29. Total population as of 2005-11-01 of the following districts (core city + inner suburbs): Heping, Hedong, Hexi, Nankai, Hebei, Hongqiao, Dongli, Xiqing, Jinnan, and Beichen. Excludes the separate urban area of Binhai.
  44. ^ Statistics Singapore, Population (Mid-Year Estimates) Retrieved on 2008-10-03. Estimated population on 2008-06-30, including Singapore residents plus non-residents. Population of Singapore citizens and residents was 3,642,700 on 2008-06-30.
  45. ^ United Nations World Urbanization Prospects, 2007 revision
  46. ^ Third Regional EST Forum, Presentation of Myanmar. Retrieved 6 June 2009
  47. ^ Statistics Bureau, Japan, Monthly Statistics, Population of Major Cities (excel-file) Retrieved on 2009-08-05. Population estimate on 2009-07-01.
  48. ^ United Nations Statistics Division; Preliminary results of the 2008 Census of Population of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea conducted on 1-15 October 2008 (pdf-file) Retrieved on 2009-03-01.