List of cities in Taiwan

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In the structural hierarchy of the administrative divisions in Taiwan, there are three types of administrative divisions with City (市 shì) in their names.

Name Chinese Pinyin Pe̍h-ōe-jī No.
    Special municipality 直轄市 zhíxiáshì Ti̍t-hat-chhī 6
    Provincial city or 省轄市 shì or shěngxiáshì chhī or Séng-hat-chhī 3
    County-controlled city 縣轄市 xiànxiáshì koān-hat-chhī 12

The most 21 populous cities in Taiwan:

Name Chinese Type Founded Population
(DEC. 2014)[1]
Changhua 彰化市 County-controlled city 1951-12-01 235,022
Chiayi 嘉義市 Provincial city 1982-07-01 270,883
Douliu 斗六市 County-controlled city 1981-12-25 108,098
Hsinchu 新竹市 Provincial city 1982-07-01 431,988
Hualien 花蓮市 County-controlled city 1946-01-16 106,368
Kaohsiung 高雄市 Special municipality 1979-07-01 2,778,992
Keelung 基隆市 Provincial city 1945-10-25 373,077
Magong 馬公市 County-controlled city 1981-12-25 60,335
Miaoli 苗栗市 County-controlled city 1981-12-25 90,963
Nantou 南投市 County-controlled city 1981-12-25 102,314
New Taipei 新北市 Special municipality 2010-12-25 3,966,818
Pingtung 屏東市 County-controlled city 1951-12-01 203,866
Puzi 朴子市 County-controlled city 1992-09-10 43,250
Taibao 太保市 County-controlled city 1991-07-01 37,038
Taichung 臺中市 Special municipality 2010-12-25 2,719,835
Tainan 臺南市 Special municipality 2010-12-25 1,884,284
Taipei 臺北市 Special municipality 1967-07-01 2,702,315
Taitung 臺東市 County-controlled city 1976-01-01 106,929
Taoyuan 桃園市 Special municipality 2014-12-25 2,058,328
Yilan 宜蘭市 County-controlled city 1946-01-16 95,885
Zhubei 竹北市 County-controlled city 1988-10-31 165,118

Dissolved cities (since 1945)[edit]

Name Chinese Founded Dissolved Merged division
Bade 八德市 1995-01-01 2014-12-25 merge into Taoyuan
Banqiao 板橋市 1972-07-01 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Changhua (Provincial) 彰化市(省轄) 1945-10-25 1951-12-01 downgraded into County-controlled city
Chiayi (County) 嘉義市(縣轄) 1950-08-16 1982-07-01 upgraded into Provincial city
Dali 大里市 1993-11-01 2010-12-25 merge into Taichung
Fengshan 鳳山市 1972-07-01 2010-12-25 merge into Kaohsiung
Fengyuan 豐原市 1976-03-01 2010-12-25 merge into Taichung
Hsinchu (County) 新竹市(縣轄) 1951-12-01 1982-07-01 upgraded into Provincial city
Kaohsiung (Provincial) 高雄市(省轄) 1945-10-25 1979-07-01 upgraded into Special municipality
Luzhou 蘆洲市 1997-10-06 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Luzhu 蘆竹市 2014-06-03 2014-12-25 merge into Taoyuan
Pingtung (Provincial) 屏東市(省轄) 1945-10-25 1951-12-01 downgraded into County-controlled city
Pingzhen 平鎮市 1992-03-01 2014-12-25 merge into Taoyuan
Sanchong 三重市 1962-04-01 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Shulin 樹林市 1999-10-04 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Taichung (Provincial) 臺中市(省轄) 1945-10-25 2010-12-25 upgraded into Special municipality
Tainan (Provincial) 臺南市(省轄) 1945-10-25 2010-12-25 upgraded into Special municipality
Taipei (Provincial) 臺北市(省轄) 1945-10-25 1967-07-01 upgraded into Special municipality
Taiping 太平市 1996-08-01 2010-12-25 merge into Taichung
Taoyuan (County) 桃園市(縣轄) 1971-04-21 2014-12-25 merge into Taoyuan
Tucheng 土城市 1993-06-26 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Xindian 新店市 1980-01-15 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Xinying 新營市 1981-12-25 2010-12-25 merge into Tainan
Xinzhuang 新莊市 1980-01-15 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Xizhi 汐止市 1999-07-01 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Yangmei 楊梅市 2010-08-01 2014-12-25 merge into Taoyuan
Yonghe 永和市 1979-01-01 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Yongkang 永康市 1993-05-01 2010-12-25 merge into Tainan
Zhonghe 中和市 1979-01-01 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Zhongli 中壢市 1967-07-01 2014-12-25 merge into Taoyuan

Dissolved cities (1920—1945)[edit]

Name Chinese Founded Dissolved Merged division
Taihoku 臺北市(州轄) 1920-10-01 1945-10-25 renamed as Taipei
Taichū 臺中市(州轄) 1920-10-01 1945-10-25 renamed as Taichung
Tainan 臺南市(州轄) 1920-10-01 1945-10-25 renamed as Tainan
Kīrun 基隆市(州轄) 1924-12-25 1945-10-25 renamed as Keelung
Takao 高雄市(州轄) 1924-12-25 1945-10-25 renamed as Kaohsiung
Shinchiku 新竹市(州轄) 1930-01-20 1945-10-25 renamed as Hsinchu
Kagi 嘉義市(州轄) 1930-01-20 1945-10-25 renamed as Chiayi
Shōka 彰化市(州轄) 1933-12-20 1945-10-25 renamed as Changhua
Heitō 屏東市(州轄) 1933-12-20 1945-10-25 renamed as Pingtung
Giran 宜蘭市(州轄) 1940-10-01 1945-10-25 renamed as Yilan
Karenkō 花蓮港市 1940-10-01 1945-10-25 renamed as Hualien
Nītaka 新高市 (failed) (failed) failed to established

Alphabetical list of all cities and townships[edit]

List of all cities and townships in Taiwan.

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Alphabetical list of all cities and townships (Tongyong Pinyin)[edit]

Tongyong Pinyin was the standard of Chinese romanization of Taiwan between 2002 and 2008. Although the standard was shifted to Hanyu Pinyin from January 1, 2009, the change to signs and documents using Tongyong Pinyin is not complete. There are still some signs using Tongyong Pinyin on highways and roads.

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Gallery of cities and towns[edit]

Citites[edit]

Towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]