List of cities in the United Kingdom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For a list of the largest urban areas in the UK, including conurbations, see List of urban areas in the United Kingdom.

This is a list of cities in the United Kingdom, as of 2013. It lists those places that have been granted city status by letters patent or royal charter. In some cases, the area holding city status does not coincide with the built up area or conurbation of which it forms part. In the case of Greater London, for example, only the City of London and City of Westminster hold city status. In other cases, the status can extend to include a number of towns and rural areas within the local government district containing the main settlement after which it is named. Examples include the City of Canterbury and City of Lancaster.[1]

The column headed Cathedral shows the applicable cathedrals that were the grounds for the granting of city status in the case of cities recognised prior to 1888 (i.e., cathedrals of the Church of England, including cathedrals that are now part of the Church in Wales or pre-Reformation cathedrals in the Church of Scotland). Certain cities also have Roman Catholic cathedrals, but these are not listed.

As from 1888, the presence of a cathedral ceased to be a relevant factor in granting city status and all entries after this date are, therefore, marked not applicable. Cathedrals erected in cities since 1888 are Birmingham Cathedral, Bradford Cathedral, Derby Cathedral, Leicester Cathedral, Newport Cathedral, Portsmouth Cathedral and Sheffield Cathedral, while Llandaff Cathedral was included within the boundaries of the city of Cardiff in 1922. In Ireland, possession of a diocesan cathedral has never (except in the anomalous case of Armagh) been sufficient to attain city status.[citation needed]

There are currently a total of 69 official cities in the United Kingdom (51 in England, 5 in Northern Ireland, 7 in Scotland and 6 in Wales).[2]

There are a number of cities in the British Overseas Territories, such as Jamestown;[3] these are however not part of the United Kingdom.

England[edit]

City[2] Year granted city status Cathedral (pre-1888) City council Image Population
Bath1 time immemorial Bath Abbey4 Charter trustees Bath, Somerset Panorama - April 2011.jpg 83,992[citation needed] Urban area (2010 estimate): 97,311[4]
Birmingham2 188933 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
Birmingham Skyline from Edgbaston Cricket Ground crop.jpg 1,092,330 (2013)[5]
Bradford1 1897 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
Bradford City Hall from National Media Museum.jpg 522,452 (2011)[6]
Brighton & Hove15 2000 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
Brighton.UK.JPG 273,369 (2011)[6]
Bristol1 1542 Bristol Cathedral Local government district
(Unitary and county)
Bristol cityscape.jpg 428,234 (2011)[6]
Cambridge3 195125 not applicable Local government district KingsCollegeChapelWest.jpg 123,867 (2011)[6]
Canterbury3 time immemorial Canterbury Cathedral Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)
View of the city from Augustine House - geograph.org.uk - 1713552.jpg 151,145 (2011)[6]
Carlisle1 1158 Carlisle Cathedral Local government district Carlisle Cathedral from the Air.jpg 107,524 (2011)[6]
Chelmsford37 2012 not applicable Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)
Chelmsfordcath.jpg 168,310 (2011)[6]
Chester3 1541 Chester Cathedral Charter trustees Bridge Street, Chester.jpg 90,925[citation needed] Urban area (2010 estimate): 91,733[4]
Chichester1 time immemorial Chichester Cathedral Civil parish Chichester Cathedral epodkopaev.jpg 25,749 (2010)[7]
Coventry1 time immemorial Coventry Cathedral5 Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
Skyline of Coventry as seen from Baginton 3g06.JPG 316,915 (2011)[6]
Derby13 1977 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
Iron Gate, Derby - geograph.org.uk - 587015.jpg 248,752 (2011)[6]
Durham1 time immemorial Durham Cathedral Charter trustees Durham Cathedral from the train viaduct.jpg 94,375 (2011)[8]
Ely1 time immemorial Ely Cathedral Civil parish Ely Cathedral From Air.jpg 20,240 (2010)[7]
Exeter1 time immemorial Exeter Cathedral Local government district Exeter from Haldon.jpg 117,773 (2011)[6]
Gloucester1 1541 Gloucester Cathedral Local government district Gloucester and its cathedral - geograph.org.uk - 1454853.jpg 121,688 (2011)[6]
Hereford119 time immemorial Hereford Cathedral Civil parish Hereford cathedral 002.JPG 58,896 (2011)[9]
Kingston upon Hull12 1897 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
Hull from Paull.jpg 256,406 (2011)[6]
Lancaster1 193726 not applicable Local government district City of Lancaster (2).jpg 138,375 (2011)[6]
Leeds1 1893 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
LeedsSkyline2013.jpg 751,485 (2011)[6]
Leicester1 191922 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
Leicester City Skyline - geograph.org.uk - 514032.jpg 329,839 (2011)[6]
Lichfield17 time immemorial Lichfield Cathedral Civil parish Lichfield Cityscape.jpg 31,068 (2010)[7]
Lincoln3 time immemorial Lincoln Cathedral Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)
Cathedral and Castle Square - geograph.org.uk - 134108.jpg 93,541 (2011)[6]
Liverpool2 1880 Liverpool Cathedral (1880) Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
Pier Head and Mersey Ferry Liverpool.jpg 466,415 (2011)[6]
City of London6 time immemorial St Paul's Cathedral Local government district City of London skyline from London City Hall - Oct 2008.jpg 7,375 (2011)[6]
Manchester1 185334 Manchester Cathedral (1847) Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
Manchester Skyline.jpg 503,127 (2011)[6]
Newcastle upon Tyne1 1882 Newcastle Cathedral (1882) Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
Bridges opening up - geograph.org.uk - 178375.jpg 280,177 (2011)[6]
Norwich1 time immemorial Norwich Cathedral Local government district Norwich Skyline.jpg 132,512 (2011)[6]
Nottingham1 1897 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
Clipston Nottingham.JPG 305,680 (2011)[6]
Oxford1 1542 Christ Church Cathedral Local government district Oxford from Boars Hill.jpg 151,906 (2011)[6]
Peterborough2 1541 Peterborough Cathedral Local government district
(Unitary)
Peterborough Cathedral oblique view.jpg 183,631 (2011)[6]
Plymouth1 192827 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
Plymouth from Mount Batten - geograph.org.uk - 1580485.jpg 256,384 (2011)[6]
Portsmouth1 192624 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
Portsmouthskyline.jpg 205,056 (2011)[6]
Preston14 2002 not applicable Local government district Preston City Centre.jpg 140,202 (2011)[6]
Ripon1 1836 Ripon Cathedral (1836) Civil parish RiponMarket.jpg 17,193 (2010)[7]
Salford1 192624 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
Mariners Canal from Waterfront Quay, Salford Quays.jpg 233,933 (2011)[6]
Salisbury35

(formally known as New Sarum until 2009)

1227 Salisbury Cathedral Civil parish Salisbury Cathedral.jpg 39,896 (2010)[7]
Sheffield3 1893 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
PeaceGdnsSheffd.jpg 552,698 (2011)[6]
Southampton1 1964 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
Southampton from Aurora 01.JPG 236,882 (2011)[6]
St Albans7 187736 St Albans Cathedral (1876) Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)
Cathedral.png 140,644 (2011)[6]
Stoke-on-Trent3 192528 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)
Hanley City - geograph.org.uk - 155173.jpg 249,008 (2011)[6]
Sunderland18 1992 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
SunderlandBridges.jpg 275,506 (2011)[6]
Truro1 1877 Truro Cathedral (1877) Civil parish Truro stmarysst.jpg 19,382 (2010)[7]
Wakefield3 1888 Wakefield Cathedral (1888) Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
Wakefield County Hall.jpg 325,837 (2011)[6]
Wells1 1205 Wells Cathedral Civil parish Wells main street arp.jpg 10,491 (2010)[7]
City of Westminster21 1540 Westminster Abbey4 Local government district
(London borough)
Hdr parliament.jpg 219,396 (2011)[6]
Winchester1 time immemorial Winchester Cathedral Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)
Winchester 13.JPG 116,595 (2011)[6]
Wolverhampton16 2000 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)
St Peter's Church, Wolverhampton.jpg 249,470 (2011)[6]
Worcester3 time immemorial Worcester Cathedral Local government district River Severn, Worcester - geograph.org.uk - 894221.jpg 98,768 (2011)[6]
York18 time immemorial York Minster Local government district
(Unitary)
York Minster from the Lendal Bridge.jpg 198,051 (2011)[6]

Scotland[edit]

City Year granted
city status
Cathedral
(pre-1888)
City council Image Population
Aberdeen32
(Scots: Aiberdeen)
(Scottish Gaelic: Obar Dheathain)
city status confirmed 189131
(royal burgh 1179)
St Machar's Cathedral Local government district Aberdeen from Torry - geograph.org.uk - 1454885.jpg 189,12038
Dundee32
(Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Dèagh)
188930
(royal burgh 1191)
not applicable Local government district Midsummer night^ - geograph.org.uk - 9752.jpg 153,99038
Edinburgh32
(Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Èideann)
accepted as city by ancient usage by the eighteenth century
and confirmed in subsequent local government legislation[10]
(royal burgh 1329)
St. Giles' Cathedral Local government district Edinburgh from Calton Hill with Dugald Stewart Monument 3.JPG 468,72038
Glasgow32
(Scots: Glesga)
(Scottish Gaelic: Glaschu)
accepted as city by ancient usage by the eighteenth century
and confirmed in subsequent local government legislation[10]
(royal burgh 1492)
St. Mungo's Cathedral Local government district (looking down) Buchannan Street, Glasgow.jpg 589,90038
Inverness
(Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Nis)
2000 not applicable none Inverness view 3.jpg 57,960[11]
Perth
(Scots: Pairth)
(Scottish Gaelic: Peairt)
2012[12]
(city status had previously been held by the Royal Burgh of Perth, created in the twelfth century and abolished in 1975.[13])
not applicable none PerthScotland.jpg 45,77038
Stirling
(Scots: Stirlin)
(Scottish Gaelic: Sruighlea)
2002 not applicable none Stirling(DonaldMacDonald)Dec2005.jpg 34,79038

Wales[edit]

City Year granted
city status
Cathedral
(pre-1888)
City council Image Population
Bangor1 time immemorial Bangor Cathedral Community Bangor from Bangor-mountain.jpg 14,875 (2010)[7]
Cardiff9
(Welsh: Caerdydd)
190529 not applicable Local government district Cardiff City Hall cropped.jpg 346,090 (2011)[6]
Newport14
(Casnewydd)
2002 not applicable Local government district Newportciviccentre.jpg 145,736 (2011)[6]
St Asaph37
(Llanelwy)
2012 not applicable Community St Asaph, Cathedral.jpg 3,444 (2010)[7]
St David's20
(Tyddewi)
1994 not applicable Community St.Davids, Wales, UK.jpg 1,661 (2010)[7]
Swansea9
(Abertawe)
196923 not applicable Local government district Swansea Railway Station - geograph.org.uk - 1484946.jpg 239,023 (2011)[6]

Northern Ireland[edit]

City Year granted city status City council Image Population
Armagh11
(Irish: Ard Mhacha)
(Ulster-Scots: Airmagh)
1994 Local government district The Mall, Armagh.jpg 59,340 (2011)[14]
Belfast
(Irish: Béal Feirste)
(Ulster-Scots: Bilfawst)
1888 Local government district Belfast City Hall 2.jpg 280,962 (2011)[14]
Derry
(Irish: Doire / Doire Cholmchille)
(Ulster-Scots:
Derrie / Lunnonderrie)
1604[15] Local government district St Eugene's Cathedral, August 2009.JPG 107,877 (2011)[14]
Lisburn
(Irish: Lios na gCearrbhach)
2002 Local government district Irish Linen Centre Lisburn Museum.jpg 120,165 (2011)[14]
Newry
(Irish: Iúr Cinn Trá)
(Ulster-Scots: Newrie)
2002 none NewrySkyline.jpg 27,433

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beckett, John (2005). City Status in the British Isles: 1830 - 2002. Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 9780754650676. 
  2. ^ a b Government list
  3. ^ The St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Constitution Order 2009 "...and declared Jamestown to be a city called the “City of James Town”" (Schedule Preamble)
  4. ^ a b The population of these unparished areas was not published in the results of the 2011 census. "Mid 2010 Urban Area Estimates England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. 4 September 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "UK Population Estimates". [Office for National Statistics|ONS]. Retrieved 28 June 2014
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap "2011 Census: KS101EW Usual resident population, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Civil Parish population estimates in England and Wales, mid-2010". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  8. ^ City status extends to the area of the former District of Durham [http://www .durham.gov.uk/Pages/Service.aspx?ServiceId=8168 "Charter trust and Mayor for Durham City"]. Durham County Council. Retrieved 2 February 2013.  "2011 Census Statistical Profile". Durham County Council. Retrieved 2 February 2013. 
  9. ^ "2011 Census: Usual resident population estimates by broad age group for Wards & Market Towns in Herefordshire". Herefordshire Council. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  10. ^ a b Beckett, J. V. (2005). City status in the British Isles, 1830-2002. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 16–17. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  11. ^ From NRS 2010 mid-year estimates, population of Inverness including Culloden - "Highland Profile". Highland Council. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  12. ^ Letters Patent dated 21 May 2012 "News: The National Records of Scotland seals Perth's city status". National Archives of Scotland. 6 July 2012.  "'We really feel part of history being made' — Letters Patent makes Perth's city status official". The Courier. 5 July 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 
  13. ^ The term "civitas" or "city" had been used in early charters of the Royal Burgh of Perth. The royal burgh had been created at some date in the King David I (1124-53) and the earliest surviving charter dates from 1209 or 1210. A A M Duncan (24 March 1973). "Perth. The First Century of the Burgh". Transactions of the Perthshire Society of Natural Science.  J V Beckett (2005). City Status in the British Isles, 1830-2002. Ashgate. pp. 16–17. ISBN 9780754650676. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Usual Resident Population: KS101NI (administrative geographies)". Census 2011. Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  15. ^ City commemorates the 400th Anniversary of the City’s first charter, Derry City Council press release dated 7 July 2004, (accessed 15 December 2007)
  16. ^ "Local Government (Structural Changes) (Miscellaneous Amendments and Other Provision) Order 2009". Tow. Office of Public Sector Information. 2009. Retrieved 27 February 2009. 
  17. ^ "New Parish Council for the City of Salisbury". Towards One Council. Wiltshire County Council. Retrieved 27 February 2009. 
  18. ^ The London Gazette: no. 46255. p. 4400. 4 April 1974. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 46303. pp. 6485–6486. 28 June 1974. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: no. 46334. p. 7419. 31 May 1974. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: no. 46352. p. 7920. 24 September 1974. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  22. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 54363. p. 4925. 4 April 1996. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  23. ^ The London Gazette: no. 46522. p. 3729. 20 March 1975. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  24. ^ The London Gazette: no. 47246. p. 7656. 14 June 1977. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  25. ^ The London Gazette: no. 56573. p. 6160. 21 May 2002. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  26. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 56109. p. 1431. 2 May 2001. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  27. ^ The London Gazette: no. 48364. p. 15451. 7 November 1980. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  28. ^ Lichfield City Council website
  29. ^ The London Gazette: no. 52874. p. 5413. 26 March 1992. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  30. ^ Charters of Hereford City Council
  31. ^ Samuel Lewis (ed.), Dale - St. David's, from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1849), accessdate=2008-05-15
  32. ^ Municipal Corporations Act 1883 (c.19), S.3 and Sch II, part I
  33. ^ The London Gazette: no. 53798. p. 13403. 23 September 1994. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  34. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27242. p. 6613. 30 October 1900. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  35. ^ The Times: Leicester, a City: Sequel to the Recent Royal Visit, 17 June 1919
  36. ^ Civic history: The making of a City, (Leicester City Council), accessed 14 February 2008
  37. ^ Leicester: The Dignity of a City 655–1926, Leicester's city status, its loss and its regaining over thirteen centuries by Daniel Williams
  38. ^ The London Gazette: no. 44986. p. 12450. 12 December 1969. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  39. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33154. pp. 2776–2777. 23 April 1926. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  40. ^ London Gazette, issue no.39201, 13 April 1951
  41. ^ London Gazette, issue no.34400, 21 May 1937
  42. ^ London Gazette, issue no.33433, 26 October 1928
  43. ^ London Gazette, issue no.33063, 3 July 1925
  44. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27849. p. 7249. 31 October 1905. Retrieved 22 April 2008.
  45. ^ London Gazette, 29 January 1889
  46. ^ From the London Gazette, January 18, 1889, The Times, 19 January 1889
  47. ^ London Gazette Issue 21426, p.950, 1 April 1853
  48. ^ The London Gazette: no. 59250. p. 20329. 24 November 2009.
  49. ^ "Civic History Its Charters and Silver". The Guildhall Salisbury. Salisbury City Council. 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2009. [dead link]
  50. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24502. p. 5185. 11 September 1877. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
  51. ^ The London Gazette: no. 60167. p. 11125. 11 June 2012.
  52. ^ "Mid-2010 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". General Register Office for Scotland. General Register Office for Scotland. 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2012.