List of cities proper by population

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This article lists the most populous cities in the world defined according to a concept of city proper. A city proper is a locality defined according to legal or political boundaries and an administratively recognized urban status that is usually characterized by some form of local government.[1][2][3] City proper may not include suburbs.[4]

"World Urbanization Prospects", a UN publication, defines population of a city proper as "the population living within the administrative boundaries of a city." The book continues to say that "city proper as defined by administrative boundaries may not include suburban areas where an important proportion of the population working or studying in the city lives."[4] This definition does not give an accurate picture of the urban area or metropolitan area of cities. Using This strictly administrative definition, many cities will be included on this list that are smaller than their urban area. For example, many cities in China will be included since they govern territory that extends well beyond the traditional "city proper" into suburban and rural sometimes including other smaller urban areas. Many cities will also be excluded, including cities in Australia that lack any central administrative government.

The goal is to provide populations that can be compared reasonably and informatively using boundaries that generally correspond to municipalities. Approximate surface area and population density are also indicated. The list only includes cities with a population of 3 million and above.

Cities proper by population[edit]

Rank City Image Population Definition Total Area (km²) Population density (/km²) Country
1 Shanghai Shanghai - Pudong - Lujiazui.jpg 24,150,000[5] Direct-controlled Municipality[6][7] 6,340.5 3,809  China
2 Karachi Karachiskyline.jpg 23,500,000[8] City District Government[9] 3,527 6,663  Pakistan
3 Beijing View of Beijing.jpg 21,150,000[10] Direct-controlled Municipality[11] 16,410.54 1,289  China
4 Lagos Lagos, Nigeria 57991.jpg 17,060,307[12][13] Lagos State[14][15] 999.58[16] 17,068  Nigeria
5 Istanbul Halic.png 14,160,467[citation needed] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[17] 2,189.79[18] 6,467  Turkey
6 Guangzhou Pearl River Night Cruise.jpg 12,700,800[19] Sub-Provincial City[20] 3,843.43 3,305  China
7 Mumbai Mumbai skyline88907.jpg 12,478,447[21] Municipal Corporation[22] 603.4 20,680  India
8 Moscow MIBC 12th June 2014.jpg 12,111,194[23] Federal City[24][25] 2,510.12[26] 4,825  Russia
9 Dhaka Dhaka-Bangladesh.jpg 12,043,977[27] City Corporation[28] 302.92[29][30] 39,760  Bangladesh
10 Cairo Kairo 001.jpg 11,922,949[31] Governorate[32] 3,085.1[33] 3,864  Egypt
11 São Paulo São Paulo city (Bela Vista).jpg 11,821,873[34] Municipality City[35] 1,521.11[36] 7,772  Brazil
12 Lahore Kalma Underpass1.jpg 11,318,745[37] City District 1,772[37] 3,566  Pakistan
13 Delhi Skyscrapers connaught place New Delhi.JPG 11,007,835[21] National Capital Region[38] 1,484.0[39] 7,845.9  India
14 Shenzhen Shenzhen night street.JPG 10,467,400[40] Sub-Provincial City 1,991.64[41] 5,255  China
15 Seoul Seoul dusk2.jpg 10,388,055[42] Special City 605.21[43] 17,164  South Korea
16 Jakarta Jakarta Car Free Day.jpg 9,988,329[44] Capital Region - Five Kota[45] 664.12 15,040  Indonesia
17 Kinshasa Kinshasa-Gombe, from CCIC.JPG 9,735,000[46][47][full citation needed] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[48] 1,117.62[49] 8,710  Democratic Republic of the Congo
18 Tianjin 天津南京路滨江道交口.jpg 9,341,844[50] Direct-controlled Municipality[51] 4,037[52] 2,314  China
19 Tokyo Skyscrapers of Shinjuku 2009 January (revised).jpg 9,071,577[53] 23 Special Wards (tokubetsu-ku) 622.99[54] 14,562  Japan
20 Mexico City Ciudad.de.Mexico.City.Distrito.Federal.DF.Paseo.Reforma.Skyline.jpg 8,874,724[55] Federal District 1,485.49[56] 5,974  Mexico
21 Lima Lima Plaza Mayor1 cropped.jpg 8,693,387[57] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[58] 2,672.3 3,253  Peru
22 Bengaluru UB City.jpg 8,425,970[21] Municipal Corporation 709.5[59] 11,876  India
23 London Canary Wharf Skyline 2, London UK - Oct 2012.jpg 8,416,535[60] Greater London Authority[61] 1,572.15 5,354  United Kingdom
24 New York City LowerManhattanSept2013.png 8,405,837[62] Five Boroughs[63] 783.84 10,724  United States
25 Bangkok The Baiyoke Tower II in Bangkok, Thailand.jpg 8,280,925[64] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[65] 1,568.74 5,280  Thailand
26 Dongguan Dongguan Avenue (CBD) 2010.jpg 8,220,207[66] Sub-Provincial City 2,469.4 3,329  China
27 Tehran Tehran tower view.jpg 8,154,051[67] City Municipality[68] 686[69] 11,886  Iran
28 Bogotá Centro-Internacional-Bogotá.jpg 7,776,845[70] Capital District[71] 859.11[72][73] 9,052  Colombia
29 Ho Chi Minh City Một khúc sông Sài Gòn.JPG 7,681,700[74] Metropolitan Municipality-Province 2,095.6[75] 3,667  Vietnam
30 Hong Kong Hong Kong view from The Peak 01.jpg 7,219,700[76] Special Administrative Region 1,104.43[77] 6,537  China
31 Baghdad Haifa street, as seen from the medical city hospital across the tigres.jpg 7,180,889[78] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[79] 4,555[80] 1,577  Iraq
32 Wuhan Wuchang-Uprising-Memorial-Square-0127.jpg 6,886,253[81] Sub-Provincial City[82] 1,327.61[83] 5,187  China
33 Hanoi Hanoi Cityscape.jpg 6,844,100[74] Metropolitan Municipality-Province 3,323.6[75] 2,059  Vietnam
34 Hyderabad Hydabada.jpg 6,809,970[21] Municipal Corporation 621.48[84] 10,958  India
35 Rio de Janeiro Vista aérea Centro do Rio de Janeiro RJ.jpg 6,429,923[34] Municipality City 1,200.27[36] 5,357  Brazil
36 Foshan Downtown of Guicheng.jpg 6,151,622[85][86] Sub-Provincial City 2,034.62[87] 3,023  China
37 Santiago Santiago de Chile.jpg 5,743,719[88] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[89] 1,249.9 4,595  Chile
38 Riyadh Riyadh 1337.jpg 5,676,621[90] Municipality City[91] 1,233.98[92] 4,600  Saudi Arabia
39 Ahmedabad Amdavad Aerial.jpg 5,570,585[21] Municipal Corporation 475 11,727  India
40 Singapore Singapore CBD skyline from Esplanade at dusk.jpg 5,399,200[93] City State 712.4 7,579  Singapore
41 Shantou China-shantou03.jpg 5,391,028[94] Sub-Provincial City 2,064.42 2,611  China
42 Luanda Marginal Avenida 4 de Fevreiro Luanda March 2013 05 (cropped).JPG 5,278,800[95] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[96] 2,180.29[97] 2,421  Angola
43 Saint Petersburg Petersburg-square.jpg 5,131,967[98] Federal City 1,439[26] 3,566  Russia
44 Abidjan Plateau Centre-est.jpg 4,765,000[46] Department/City District 2,119[99] 2,249  Ivory Coast
45 Chengdu Tianfusquare.jpg 4,741,929[100] Sub-Provincial City 421[100] 11,260  China
46 Yangon Downtown Yangon (2006).jpg 4,714,000[101] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[102] 598.75[103] 7,873  Burma
47 Chennai Southern Railway HQ.jpg 4,681,087[104] Municipal Corporation[105] 426.51[106] 21,057  India
49 Alexandria Flickr - Daveness 98 - Is this really Africa.jpg 4,616,625[31] Governorate 2,300[107][108] 2,007  Egypt
50 Chongqing Chongqing Night Yuzhong.jpg 4,513,137[109] Direct-controlled Municipality[110] 1,435.07 3,145  China
51 Kolkata Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata.jpg 4,486,679[21] Municipal Corporation 200.7 24,252  India
52 Xi'an Xi'an erhuan southeast.JPG 8,467,837[111] Sub-Provincial City[112] 832.17 5,388  China
53 Surat GauravPath1.jpg 4,462,002[21] Municipal Corporation 326.515[113] 13,666  India
54 Johannesburg Johannesburg CBD.jpg 4,434,827[114] Municipality City 1,644.98 2,696  South Africa
55 Nanjing 紫峰大厦.jpeg 4,393,857[115] Sub-Provincial City 742.85 5,915  China
56 Dar es Salaam Dar es Salaam aerial.jpg 4,364,541[116] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[117] 1,631.12[118] 2,676  Tanzania
57 Ankara Ankara and mosque wza.jpg 4,360,438[119] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[120] 1,910.92 2,282  Turkey
58 Suzhou China Suzhou Jinjihu Lake.jpg 4,327,066[121] Sub-Provincial City[122] 1,649.72[123] 2,526  China
59 Harbin Tower at Harbin Ice and Snow Festival 2012.jpg 4,280,701[124][125] Sub-Provincial City 1,718.2[126] 2,491.4  China
61 Giza Egipt 383.jpg 4,239,988[127] Governorate[128] 289.08 14,667  Egypt
62 Zhengzhou Hnyszx.png 4,122,087[129] Sub-Provincial City[130] 1,015.66 4,059  China
63 New Taipei City Roctpchall.jpg 3,954,929[131] Special Municipality 2,052.57[132] 1,927  Republic of China (Taiwan)
64 Los Angeles LA Skyline Mountains2.jpg 3,884,307[62] Municipality City[133] 1,213.85 3,178  United States
65 Cape Town Central Cape Town.jpg 3,740,026[114] Municipality City 2,444.97 1,530  South Africa
66 Shenyang Shenyang Zentrum.jpg 3,717,098[134] Sub-Provincial City 166 22,392  China
67 Yokohama Minato Mirai In Blue.jpg 3,680,267[135] Municipality City 437.38 8,414  Japan
68 Busan August Afternoon in Haeundae 2.jpg 3,590,101[136] Municipality City 766.12[136] 4,686  South Korea
69 Hangzhou Hangzhou-yellow-dragon-stad.jpg 3,560,391[137] Sub-Provincial City 728.19[137] 4,889  China
70 Xiamen Buddhism library.jpg 3,531,347[138] Sub-Provincial City 1,699 2,078  China
71 Quanzhou Lingshan Islamic Cemetery - city view - DSCF8486.JPG 3,520,846[139] Sub-Provincial City 1,062 3,315  China
72 Berlin PotsdamerPlatz Vogelperspektive 2004 1.jpg 3,517,424[140] City State 891.75 3,944  Germany
73 Jeddah Jeddeh4.jpg 3,456,259[141] Municipality City 1,765[142] 1,958  Saudi Arabia
74 Durban VWestDurban.jpg 3,442,361[114] Municipality City 2,291.31 1,502  South Africa
75 Kabul Khair Khana in 2012.jpg 3,414,100[143] Municipality City 275 12,415  Afghanistan
76 Hefei Hefei-yejing1.jpg 3,352,076[144] Sub-Provincial City[145] 838.52 3,998  China
77 Pyongyang 0322 Pyongyang Turm der Juche Idee Aussicht.jpg 3,255,388[146] Direct-controlled Municipality 2,113[147] 1,541  North Korea
78 Madrid Gran Vía (Madrid) 1.jpg 3,207,247[148] Municipality City 605.77 5,294  Spain
79 Ekurhuleni Germiston CBD.jpg 3,178,470[114] Municipality City 1,975.31 1,609  South Africa
80 Nairobi NBO5.jpg 3,138,369[149] Capital District 694.9 4,516  Kenya
81 Pune AmonoraTownCentre.jpg 3,115,431[21] Municipal Corporation 450.69 6,913  India
82 Addis Ababa Aerials Ethiopia 2009-08-27 15-26-13.JPG 3,103,673[150] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[151] 526.99 5,889  Ethiopia
83 Changsha The Huángxīng Lù Commercial Pedestrian Street in Changsha.jpg 3,093,980 Sub-Provincial City[152] 969 3,193  China
84 Jaipur DSCN1444.JPG 3,073,350[21] Municipal Corporation 485 6,337  India
85 Wenzhou Shopping street in Wenzhou.jpg 3,039,439[153] Sub-Provincial City[154] 1,187.88 2,559  China

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Urbanization Prospects: The 2007 Revision Population Database". Esa.un.org. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  2. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". Millenniumindicators.un.org. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  3. ^ Demographic Yearbook 2005, Volume 57. United Nations. 2008. p. 756. ISBN 92-1-051099-2. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  4. ^ a b World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision. United Nations. 2004. ISBN 92-1-151396-0. Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  5. ^ Shanghai's permanent population exceeds 24 million
  6. ^ "CHINA: Administrative Division of Shanghai (上海市)". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  7. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Huangpu, Xuhui, Changning, Jing'an, Putuo, Zhabei, Hongkou and Yangpu considered "core districts"-the older part (Puxi) + Inner suburbs (districts): Jiading, Baoshan, Minhang and Pudong New Area.
  8. ^ "Population explosion: Put an embargo on industrialisation in Karachi". http://tribune.com.pk. 2 6 October 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  9. ^ "Town/District Maps". Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC). 
  10. ^ "北京市2012年国民经济和社会发展统计公报". Beijing Statistics Bureau. 2013-02-07. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  11. ^ Beijing is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of People's Republic of China, and is divided into 14 districts and 2 counties. The city proper based on the districts of Dongcheng and Xicheng considered "core districts" - the older part + Inner suburbs (districts): Chaoyang, Haidian, Fengtai and Shijingshan.
  12. ^ "Local Government Lagos - Population (2006)". Lagos Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  13. ^ Nigerian Muse: "Errors, Miscalculations, Omissions in Lagos Census Figures" Table 7
  14. ^ "NIGERIA: Metro Lagos". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  15. ^ The Lagos State is made up of 20 districts (3568 square kilometers). The Metropolitan Lagos (City proper) is made up of 16 districts: Agege; Ajeromi-Ifelodun; Alimosho; Amuwo-Odofin; Apapa; Eti-Osa; Ifako-Ijaye; Ikeja; Kosofe; Lagos Island; Lagos Mainland; Mushin; Ojo; Oshodi-Isolo; Shomolu; Surulere (1171 square kilometres).
  16. ^ The surface of the Metropolitan Lagos is 1171 square kilometres, but 171 square kilometres is water (lagoon).
  17. ^ The city, considered capital of Istanbul Province, is administered by the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (IMM), which oversees the thirty-nine districts of the city-province (thirty-six urban districts and three rural districts).
  18. ^ According to the new Metropolitan Municipal Law (No.5216/2004-5), Jurisdiction of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (IMM), the city area is 5343.02 square kilometers. Districts: Çatalca, Silivri and Şile (total area 3153.23 square kilometers) are almost entirely rural.
  19. ^ "广州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报". China National Census. Retrieved 9 May 2014. 
  20. ^ Guangzhou City is a sub-provincial city and it is divided into 10 districts and 2 County-level cities. Guangzhou is further divided into 131 Subdistricts and 38 Towns. The city proper (districtes): Yuexiu, Liwan, Haizhu, Tianhe, Baiyun, Huangpu, Panyu, Huadu and Industrial Districts - Nansha, Luogang.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011". Census of India. Retrieved 2011-10-18. 
  22. ^ Mumbai City consists of two distinct regions: Mumbai City district (Island City) and Mumbai Suburban district (Western Suburban and Eastern Suburban), grouped into 24 wards, under the administration of Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC). The remaining area belongs to Defence, Mumbai Port Trust, Atomic Energy Commission and Borivali National Park, which are out of the jurisdiction of the BMC.
  23. ^ "RUSSIA: Moscow". mos.ru. Retrieved 2014. 
  24. ^ "Территориальное устройство". Moscow City Government. 
  25. ^ The federal city of Moscow is divided into twelve administrative okrugs, which are in turn subdivided into districts (raions).
  26. ^ a b Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation. Federal Registration, Cadastre&Cartograhy Service. Russia Landuse National Report 2008, p.187-188 (in Russian)
  27. ^ "BANGLADESH: Dhaka (Census 2011)". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  28. ^ Dhaka City Corporation was established as the Dhaka Municipality on August 1, 1864. The Awami League government on 29 November 2011 dissolved the Dhaka City Corporation by the Local Government (City Corporation) Amendment Bill 2011 passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh after being placed in the Parliament on November 23. The city corporation will be split into two corporations, North and South. The municipal area of Dhaka city is under the jurisdiction of the Dhaka City Corporation (North - South) and the municipal area is divided into 92 wards.
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  30. ^ The Dhaka City Corporation (North-South) not included the cities: Keraniganj, Gāzipur, Sābhār, Rupganj, Narayanganj.
  31. ^ a b "Estimated Population by Governorate". CAPMAS. Retrieved September 2013. 
  32. ^ In April 2011, Prime Minister Essam Sharaf abolished the Helwan Governorate and reincorporated its territory into the Cairo Governorate. The total area of the governorate is 3085.1 square kilometers, the city area is 453 square kilometers, but the Egyptian government considered the Cairo Governorate is that a whole city and all statistics relate to the "governorate".
  33. ^ EGYPT: Cairo
  34. ^ a b "ESTIMATIVAS DA POPULAÇÃO RESIDENTE NOS MUNICÍPIOS BRASILEIROS COM DATA DE REFERÊNCIA EM 1º DE JULHO DE 2013" (in Portuguese). IBGE. Retrieved 31 August 2013. 
  35. ^ Administratively, the Municipality of São Paulo is divided into 31 subprefectures, each in turn divided into 96 districts. Locally, districts may contain one or more neighborhoods (bairros). The city of São Paulo recognizes ten geographical areas used to reference locations in the city.
  36. ^ a b Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (2013)
  37. ^ a b "Lahore City District - Lahore City Tehsil". GeoHive. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  38. ^ The National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCR) is divided into eleven revenue districts, but only 30% - City proper (urban).
  39. ^ Delhi
  40. ^ "Shenzhen Statistics". Shenzhen Government Online. Retrieved 2011. 
  41. ^ "Shenzhen General Info". Shenzhen Government Online. Retrieved 2011. 
  42. ^ "Seoul Statistics (Population)(2013)". Seoul Metropolitan Government. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  43. ^ "Seoul Statistics (Land Area)". Seoul Metropolitan Government. Retrieved 2012. 
  44. ^ "Jumlah Penduduk Provinsi DKI Jakarta (2013)". Dinas Kependudukan dan Pencatatan Sipil Provinsi DKI Jakarta. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  45. ^ INDONESIA: Administrative Division
  46. ^ a b "Demographia World Urban Areas (2014)". Demographia. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 
  47. ^ "Evenements: "Avec une population de 9,5 millions, Kinshasa est la troisième plus grande ville sur le continent africain, de taille égale à Johannesburg. Le Kinois (habitants de Kinshasa) sont connus pour leur sens de l'humour, leur musique et leur amour pour la danse."(2013)". Ville de Kinshasa. 
  48. ^ The province of Kinshasa is divided into twenty-four districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Kinshasa. But the districts (communes) of Maluku and Nsele (N'Sele) are rural and not part of the city proper. The city proper (urban area) of Kinshasa is generally considered to be formed by twenty-two "communes".
  49. ^ According to the Constitution of Democratic Republic of the Congo, the province of Kinshasa covers 9965.21 km2. Maluku and N'Sele (total area 8847.59 km2) are entirely rural, with a very very low density.
  50. ^ "天津市公报2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据". Enorth.com.cn. Retrieved 29 April 2011. 
  51. ^ Based on the districts of Heping, Hexi, Hebei, Nankai, Hedong, Hongqiao, Jinnan, Dongli, Xiqing, Beichen and Binhai New Area, considered "core districts". Starting from November 2009, Binhai New Area was consolidated into a district, and the former subordinate districts of Tanggu, Hangu and Dagang were abolished. Binhai is part of the Bohai Economic Rim and is expected to become another asset to regional development, following the rise of Shenzhen Special Economic Zone and Shanghai Pudong New Area. It is a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) of the PRC, meaning experimental reforms are taking place here.
  52. ^ "CHINA: Administrative Division of Tianjin (天津市)". 
  53. ^ "「東京都の人口(推計)」の概要(平成26年2月1日現在) (2014)". Tokyo Metropolitan Government (JPN). Retrieved 20 March 2014. 
  54. ^ "Land Area by District". Tokyo Metropolitan Government (ENG). Retrieved 20 March 2014. 
  55. ^ "MEXICO: Mexico City (2014)". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  56. ^ Consejo Nacional de Población, México; Delimitación de las zonas metropolitanas de México 2005 Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
  57. ^ "PERU: Lima population". La Republica. 
  58. ^ The province of Lima is divided into forty three "districts of Lima" which are administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima.
  59. ^ "trip from Bangalore". Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  60. ^ Annual Mid-year Population Estimates, 2013. Office for National Statistics (2014-06-26). Retrieved 2014-06-26.
  61. ^ The 33 local authorities are the 32 London borough councils and the City of London Corporation.
  62. ^ a b "Census Estimates (2013)". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  63. ^ New York City is composed of five boroughs: Manhattan, The Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, Staten Island
  64. ^ "Table 1 Population by sex, household type and household by type, average size of private household by region and area: 2010". Statistic tables, NSO website. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 18 September 2012. 
  65. ^ Bangkok is subdivided into 50 districts (khet เขต, also sometimes wrongly called amphoe อำเภอ as in the other provinces, derived from Pali khetta, cognate to Sanskrit kṣetra), which are further subdivided into 169 khwaeng แขวง, roughly equivalent to tambon ตำบล in the other provinces.
  66. ^ "China - Guangdong Province (2010)". GeoHive. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 
  67. ^ "IRAN: Tehran City (Census 2011)". CITY POPULATION.DE. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  68. ^ TEHRAN: Administrative Districts
  69. ^ "About Teheran". Tehran Municipality. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  70. ^ "Estimaciones y proyecciones de hogares y viviendas". DANE (2014). 
  71. ^ The Capital District of Bogotá is divided into twenty districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Bogotá.
  72. ^ "Límites". Bogota Government Corporation. 
  73. ^ The district of Sumapaz is completely rural (no city services) and is not part of the city proper. The area was an important pilgrimage arheoligic site for the Muisca indigenous peoples in pre-Columbian times and for visiting the Sumapaz National Park. The district of Sumapaz represents 0.1% of the population (48% "area") of Bogotá Municipality.
  74. ^ a b "Average population by province". General Statistics Office Of Vietnam. Retrieved 2012. 
  75. ^ a b "Area, population and population density in 2012 by province". General Statistics Office Of Vietnam. 
  76. ^ "Year-end population for 2013". The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  77. ^ "Hong Kong Geographic". The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  78. ^ "Demographic Statistics of Iraq (2009)". Central Statistical Government of Iraq. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  79. ^ The province of Baghdad is divided into nine district, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Baghdad. The districts are distributed into 89 Neighborhood Councils.
  80. ^ There are many disputes about Baghdad city (urban) area. The city of Baghdad has the special status of provincial. The demographic information reported to the city proper are non-existent or are the estimates, projections inconclusive. The Metropolitan Municipality of Baghdad is a city "federal district - province". Is similar to the case of Cairo Governorate.
  81. ^ "武汉市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 (Main Data from Wuhan 2010 Census)". Wuhan Statistics Bureau. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011. 
  82. ^ The sub-provincial city of Wuhan has direct jurisdiction over 13 districts (eight urban/five rural). The city proper (urban) based on the districts of Jiang'an, Jianghan, Qiaokou, Hanyang, Wuchang and Qingshan considered "core districts" + Inner suburbs (districts): Hongshan, Dongxihu.
  83. ^ Wuhan Statistical Yearbook 2010 p. 15
  84. ^ "Greater Hyderabad Municipal corporation 2010". GHMC. Retrieved 12-04-2010. 
  85. ^ "佛山2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报[1]". City of Foshan. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  86. ^ Districts of Changcheng, Nanhai, Shunde; see Foshan#Administration
  87. ^ "About Foshan". City of Foshan. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  88. ^ "Chile - Santiago (Census 2012)". Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  89. ^ The province of Santiago is divided into thirty-two districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Santiago. But the district of Lo Barnechea is rural (mountains) and is not part of the city proper. The city proper (urban area) of Santiago is generally considered to be formed by thirty-one districts (Province of Santiago), the district of Puente Alto (Province of Cordillera), and the district of San Bernardo (Province of Maipo).
  90. ^ "Composition of Population (2012)". Arriyadh Development Authority. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  91. ^ Riyadh is divided into 15 branch municipalities, in addition to the Diplomatic Quarter. Each branch municipality in turn contains several districts, amounting to over 130 in total, though some districts are divided between more than one branch municipality. The branch municipalities are Al-Shemaysi, Irqah, Al-Ma'athar, Al-Olayya, Al-Aziziyya, Al-Malaz, Al-Selayy, Nemar, Al-Neseem, Al-Shifa, Al-'Urayja, Al-Bat'ha, Al-Ha'ir, Al-Rawdha, and Al-Shimal ("the North").
  92. ^ Arriyadh Development Authority (Investment_Arriyadh_2013)
  93. ^ "POPULATION IN BRIEF 2013". http://www.singstat.gov.sg/. Singapore. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  94. ^ "现将汕头市2010年第六次全国人口普查分区县常住人口[2]数据公布如下:". 汕头市2010年第六次全国人口普查 主要数据公报[1]. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  95. ^ "Angola (2013)". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  96. ^ Luanda is a city-province of Angola. In 2011 Luanda Province was subdivided into seven municipalities: Belas, Cacuaco, Cazenga, Ícolo e Bengo, Luanda, Quiçama and Viana, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Luanda (18825.28 square kilometres). These are again subdivided into 47 Communes (Comunas). The city proper of Luanda is formed by five districts: Belas, Viana, Luanda, Cazenga and Cacuaco.
  97. ^ "Divisão Político-Administrativa da Província de Luanda". Info-Angola. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
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  122. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Gūsū, Wúzhōng, Sūzhōu Gōngyèyuán (Industrial Park), Xiàngchéng and Sūzhōu Gāo Xīnjìshù Chǎnyè Kāifāqū (New District)
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  128. ^ All districts that are listed as being in Greater Cairo and are contiguous; namely Ad-Duqī, Al-Ahrām; Al-'Ajūzah; Al-Badrashayn; Al-Ḥawāmidiyah; Al-Jīzah; Al-Jīzah; Al-'Umrāniyah; Al-Warrāq; Awsīm; Būlāq al-Dakrūr; Imbābah; Kirdāsah.
  129. ^ Sub-Provincial City (Census 2010)
  130. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Zhōngyuán, Èrqī, Guǎnchéng Huízú, Jīnshuǐ and Huìjì
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  145. ^ The prefecture-level city of Hefei administers 9 county-level divisions, including 4 districts, 1 County-city and 4 counties. The city proper based on the districts of Luyang, Yaohai, Shushan and Baohe considered "core districts".
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  151. ^ "based on the districts of Akaki Kaliti-Sub City, Nefas Silk-Lafto-Sub City, Kolfe Keraniyo-Sub City, Gulele-Sub City, Lideta-Sub City, Kirkos-Sub City, Arada-Sub City, Addis Ketema-Sub City, Yeka-Sub City, Bole-Sub City considered "districts"". 
  152. ^ Based on the following districts: Furong, Tianxin, Yuelu, Kaifu, Yuhua; see Administration
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  154. ^ Based on the following districts: Lucheng, Longwan, Ouhai; see Administration

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