Civil parishes in Bedfordshire

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A map of Bedfordshire, showing the districts: (1) Bedford; (2) Central Bedfordshire; and (3) Luton

A civil parish is a country subdivision, forming the lowest unit of local government in England. There are 125 civil parishes in the ceremonial county of Bedfordshire, most of the county being parished: Luton is completely unparished; Central Bedfordshire is entirely parished. At the 2001 census, there were 312,301 people living in the 125 parishes, which accounted for 55.2 per cent of the county's population.

History[edit]

Parishes arose from Church of England divisions, and were originally purely ecclesiastical divisions. Over time they acquired civil administration powers.[1]

The Highways Act 1555 made parishes responsible for the upkeep of roads. Every adult inhabitant of the parish was obliged to work four days a year on the roads, providing their own tools, carts and horses; the work was overseen by an unpaid local appointee, the Surveyor of Highways.[2]

The poor were looked after by the monasteries, until their dissolution. In 1572, magistrates were given power to 'survey the poor' and impose taxes for their relief. This system was made more formal by the Poor Law Act 1601, which made parishes responsible for administering the Poor Law; overseers were appointed to charge a rate to support the poor of the parish.[3] The 19th century saw an increase in the responsibility of parishes, although the Poor Law powers were transferred to Poor Law Unions.[4] The Public Health Act 1872 grouped parishes into Rural Sanitary Districts, based on the Poor Law Unions; these subsequently formed the basis for Rural Districts.[5]

Parishes were run by vestries, meeting annually to appoint officials, and were generally identical to ecclesiastical parishes,[6] although some townships in large parishes administered the Poor Law themselves; under the Divided Parishes and Poor Law Amendment Act 1882, all extra-parochial areas and townships that levied a separate rate became independent civil parishes.[7]

Civil parishes in their modern sense date from the Local Government Act 1894, which abolished vestries; established elected parish councils in all rural parishes with more than 300 electors; grouped rural parishes into Rural Districts; and aligned parish boundaries with county and borough boundaries.[7] Urban civil parishes continued to exist, and were generally coterminous with the Urban District, Municipal Borough or County Borough in which they were situated; many large towns contained a number of parishes, and these were usually merged into one. Parish councils were not formed in urban areas, and the only function of the parish was to elect guardians to Poor Law Unions; with the abolition of the Poor Law system in 1930 the parishes had only a nominal existence.[8]

The Local Government Act 1972 retained civil parishes in rural areas, and many former Urban Districts and Municipal Boroughs that were being abolished, were replaced by new successor parishes; urban areas that were considered too large to be single parishes became unparished areas.[9]

The current position[edit]

Recent governments have encouraged the formation of town and parish councils in unparished areas, and the Local Government and Rating Act 1997 gave local residents the right to demand the creation of a new civil parish.[10]

A parish council can become a town council unilaterally, simply by resolution;[9] and a civil parish can also gain city status, but only if that is granted by the Crown.[9] The chairman of a town or city council is called a mayor.[9] The Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007 introduced alternative names: a parish council can now choose to be called a community; village; or neighbourhood council.[11]

List of civil parishes and unparished areas[edit]

Image Name Status Population District Former local authority [12] Refs
The bridge over the Great Ouse, Bedford - geograph.org.uk - 1516548.jpg Bedford Unparished area 69,271 Bedford Bedford
Municipal Borough
[13]
[14]
Biddenham Village, Yellow Cottage^ - geograph.org.uk - 13856.jpg Biddenham Civil parish 1,640 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[16]
Poppies and wheat - geograph.org.uk - 472671.jpg Bletsoe Civil parish 281 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Keysoe Row school - geograph.org.uk - 67217.jpg Bolnhurst and Keysoe Civil parish 734 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Footpath and cycle track to Brickhill Drive - geograph.org.uk - 1395967.jpg Brickhill Civil parish 8,678 Bedford Bedford
Municipal Borough
[13]
[18]
[19]
The 17th century watermill at Bromham - geograph.org.uk - 370536.jpg Bromham Civil parish 4,768 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
St Mary's Cardington - geograph.org.uk - 1207403.jpg Cardington Civil parish 316 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Private House in Carlton (Beds) - geograph.org.uk - 22566.jpg Carlton and Chellington Civil parish 827 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Hedgerow between crop fields - geograph.org.uk - 430847.jpg Clapham Civil parish 3,643 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Colmworth church - geograph.org.uk - 406722.jpg Colmworth Civil parish 367 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
The Five Bells Cople - geograph.org.uk - 181107.jpg Cople Civil parish 736 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Half-Timbered House - geograph.org.uk - 163685.jpg Dean and Shelton Civil parish 386 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Ghost of R101 - geograph.org.uk - 1268402.jpg Eastcotts Civil parish 3,187 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Museum at Elstow - geograph.org.uk - 406445.jpg Elstow Civil parish 2,049 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
River Ouse in Flood, July 2007 - geograph.org.uk - 503299.jpg Felmersham Civil parish 737 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
The Old Cottage, Great Barford, Bedfordshire - geograph.org.uk - 1478679.jpg Great Barford Civil parish 1,864 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Footpath near Great Denham golf course - geograph.org.uk - 1278421.jpg Great Denham Civil parish 980 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[20]
[21]
Harrold Village Green - geograph.org.uk - 278579.jpg Harrold Civil parish 1,235 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Kempston Weir - geograph.org.uk - 2009080.jpg Kempston Town 19,375 Bedford Kempston
Urban District
[22]
[17]
Kempston Church End (2) - geograph.org.uk - 363338.jpg Kempston Rural Civil parish 1,286 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Pathway through the rape - geograph.org.uk - 416221.jpg Knotting and Souldrop Civil parish 269 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Little Barford Power Station - geograph.org.uk - 1539834.jpg Little Barford Civil parish 44 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Road to Little Staughton - geograph.org.uk - 1420838.jpg Little Staughton Civil parish 421 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Melchbourne - View of Park Road from the Church - geograph.org.uk - 250034.jpg Melchbourne and Yielden Civil parish 391 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Milton Ernest church - geograph.org.uk - 78425.jpg Milton Ernest Civil parish 754 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
St Mary's Church, Oakley - geograph.org.uk - 288332.jpg Oakley Civil parish 2,438 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Grape Hyacinths at All Saints Church, Odell - geograph.org.uk - 1842449.jpg Odell Civil parish 260 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Swinging on the River - geograph.org.uk - 536620.jpg Pavenham Civil parish 593 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Wood End - geograph.org.uk - 1420731.jpg Pertenhall Civil parish 231 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Thatched cottages in Podington - geograph.org.uk - 528746.jpg Podington Civil parish 417 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Church at Ravensden - geograph.org.uk - 34961.jpg Ravensden Civil parish 706 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
All Saints Church, Renhold - geograph.org.uk - 1855926.jpg Renhold Civil parish 1,448 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Springtime on the Butts - geograph.org.uk - 1805017.jpg Riseley Civil parish 1,284 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Thatched gatehouse - geograph.org.uk - 191398.jpg Roxton Civil parish 322 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[23]
[21]
Sharnbrook Watermill - geograph.org.uk - 247161.jpg Sharnbrook Civil parish 1,940 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Hanger Wood - geograph.org.uk - 106678.jpg Stagsden Civil parish 354 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Cottage in Duloe - geograph.org.uk - 1279866.jpg Staploe Civil parish 347 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Stevington windmill.jpg Stevington Civil parish 581 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Stewartby chimneys - geograph.org.uk - 767113.jpg Stewartby Civil parish 1,212 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Footpath alongside wheatfield - geograph.org.uk - 497558.jpg Swineshead Civil parish 150 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
High Street, Thurleigh - geograph.org.uk - 1420827.jpg Thurleigh Civil parish 696 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
The Three Cranes Public House at Turvey - geograph.org.uk - 361834.jpg Turvey Civil parish 1,192 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Wilden churchyard - geograph.org.uk - 493102.jpg Wilden Civil parish 412 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Willington Dovecote - geograph.org.uk - 1825347.jpg Willington Civil parish 782 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Old Cottages, Wilstead - geograph.org.uk - 808525.jpg Wilshamstead Civil parish 2,263 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Cottages near Wootton (Beds) - geograph.org.uk - 563921.jpg Wootton Civil parish 4,230 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Cattle near Moat Cottage, Wyboston - geograph.org.uk - 1284430.jpg Wyboston, Chawston and Colesden Civil parish 946 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[23]
[21]
Railway Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 277834.jpg Wymington Civil parish 868 Bedford Bedford
Rural District
[15]
[17]
Cottages Woburn Street Ampthill - geograph.org.uk - 632222.jpg Ampthill Town 6,767 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Urban District
[24]
[25]
Great Expectations - geograph.org.uk - 656213.jpg Arlesey Town 4,741 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
HULA, Apsley Guise - Some Goats - geograph.org.uk - 1439014.jpg Aspley Guise Civil parish 2,185 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Old Wavendon Heath - geograph.org.uk - 1323677.jpg Aspley Heath Civil parish 573 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Bowman's Mill Astwick - geograph.org.uk - 1270755.jpg Astwick Civil parish 24 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
Barton Hills - geograph.org.uk - 1337651.jpg Barton le Clay Civil parish 4,793 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
St Peter and All Saints, Battlesden - geograph.org.uk - 183068.jpg Battlesden Civil parish 37 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Biggleswade - the Market House - geograph.org.uk - 884560.jpg Biggleswade Town 15,383 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Urban District
[30]
[25]
Traction engine in Blunham - geograph.org.uk - 191378.jpg Blunham Civil parish 926 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
Farmland - geograph.org.uk - 430525.jpg Brogborough Civil parish 343 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Village Green Caddington - geograph.org.uk - 908571.jpg Caddington Civil parish 3,673 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Campton Farmland - geograph.org.uk - 1209298.jpg Campton and Chicksands Civil parish 1,388 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
The Plough Inn, Wingfield - geograph.org.uk - 204391.jpg Chalgrave Civil parish 480 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
The Star at Chalton - geograph.org.uk - 395818.jpg Chalton Civil parish 549 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
All Saints Clifton - geograph.org.uk - 1209318.jpg Clifton Civil parish 2,730 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
Green Man Public House - geograph.org.uk - 276363.jpg Clophill Civil parish 1,702 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Lanchester Hall, Cranfield University - geograph.org.uk - 269120.jpg Cranfield Civil parish 4,909 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
DunstablePriory.JPG Dunstable Town 33,805 Central Bedfordshire Dunstable
Municipal Borough
[31]
[29]
Footpath from Dunton Lodge to Dunton - geograph.org.uk - 554362.jpg Dunton Civil parish 653 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
Unusual House at Honeywick - geograph.org.uk - 193757.jpg Eaton Bray Civil parish 2,591 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
House at Edworth Manor Farm - geograph.org.uk - 1080442.jpg Edworth Civil parish 69 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
Eggington - Village Houses - geograph.org.uk - 204933.jpg Eggington Civil parish 288 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Higher Rads End - Houses - geograph.org.uk - 426742.jpg Eversholt Civil parish 387 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Snacking on a Tree - geograph.org.uk - 533321.jpg Everton Civil parish 525 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
All Saints Eyworth - geograph.org.uk - 1239943.jpg Eyeworth Civil parish 86 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
Fairfieldhospital1999.jpg Fairfield Park Civil parish Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[32]
De Grey M.JPG Flitton and Greenfield Civil parish 1,212 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Flitwick Manor - geograph.org.uk - 1834005.jpg Flitwick Town 12,700 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Lower Gravenhurst Church, Beds - geograph.org.uk - 62665.jpg Gravenhurst Civil parish 581 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Rose Cottage, Little Billington - geograph.org.uk - 221153.jpg Great Billington Civil parish 632 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
HarlingtonCrossroads(Peter Roberts)Mar2005.jpg Harlington Civil parish 2,322 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Tudor House, Haynes Church End - geograph.org.uk - 824847.jpg Haynes Civil parish 1,122 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Heath Green - geograph.org.uk - 222507.jpg Heath and Reach Civil parish 1,285 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Henlow Camp roundabout, Henlow, Beds - geograph.org.uk - 217330.jpg Henlow Civil parish 3,084 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
St. Nicholas, Church End, Hockliffe - geograph.org.uk - 182708.jpg Hockliffe Civil parish 730 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
The Chequers - geograph.org.uk - 971033.jpg Houghton Conquest Civil parish 1,299 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Houghton Hall, Houghton Regis - geograph.org.uk - 204347.jpg Houghton Regis Town 16,970 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Hulcote - geograph.org.uk - 368190.jpg Hulcote and Salford Civil parish 186 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
St. James, Husborne Crawley - geograph.org.uk - 147365.jpg Husborne Crawley Civil parish 217 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
3 Pheasants at Luton Hoo - geograph.org.uk - 694317.jpg Hyde Civil parish 402 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Cottage, Kensworth Lynch - geograph.org.uk - 193373.jpg Kensworth Civil parish 1,504 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Village sign detail, Langford, Beds - geograph.org.uk - 187382.jpg Langford Civil parish 2,882 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
Leighton Buzzard train.jpg Leighton–Linslade Town 32,417 Central Bedfordshire Leighton–Linslade
Urban District
[33]
[29]
Level Crossing Lidlington - geograph.org.uk - 421798.jpg Lidlington Civil parish 1,145 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Power boat - geograph.org.uk - 2115307.jpg Marston Moretaine Civil parish 3,684 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Lone Cottage - geograph.org.uk - 650109.jpg Maulden Civil parish 2,900 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Shefford Road, Meppershall, Beds - geograph.org.uk - 217329.jpg Meppershall Civil parish 1,549 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
Alpacas at Ossory Farm - geograph.org.uk - 154150.jpg Millbrook Civil parish 130 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Lane to Battlesden - geograph.org.uk - 183062.jpg Milton Bryan Civil parish 144 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
The Old Post Office - geograph.org.uk - 82047.jpg Mogerhanger Civil parish 636 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
The Grange, Northill - geograph.org.uk - 625380.jpg Northill Civil parish 2,288 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
Old Warden Post Office - geograph.org.uk - 276259.jpg Old Warden Civil parish 275 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
Potsgrove Village - geograph.org.uk - 371497.jpg Potsgrove Civil parish 44 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Down and out - geograph.org.uk - 623336.jpg Potton Town 4,473 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
Pulloxhill - The Church of St James the Apostle - geograph.org.uk - 871581.jpg Pulloxhill Civil parish 850 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Fence Line - geograph.org.uk - 832262.jpg Ridgmont Civil parish 418 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Ponies near Sandy - geograph.org.uk - 1384074.jpg Sandy Town 10,887 Central Bedfordshire Sandy
Urban District
[34]
[25]
'White Hart' Hotel, Shefford - geograph.org.uk - 530723.jpg Shefford Town 4,928 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
Parish church, Higham Gobion, Beds - geograph.org.uk - 194157.jpg Shillington Civil parish 1,831 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
WrestHouse3.jpg Silsoe Civil parish 1,729 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Slip End, Village Sign and Village Hall - geograph.org.uk - 168744.jpg Slip End Civil parish 1,976 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Cottage on Mill Road, Stanford, Beds - geograph.org.uk - 171204.jpg Southill Civil parish 1,141 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
"The Look-out" Pill Box near Stanbridge - geograph.org.uk - 182685.jpg Stanbridge Civil parish 747 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Between Steppingley and Flitwick from near John Bunyan trail - geograph.org.uk - 430599.jpg Steppingley Civil parish 233 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Baptist Chapel, Stondon, Beds - geograph.org.uk - 217331.jpg Stondon Civil parish 1,821 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
Stotfold Mill, Mill Lane - geograph.org.uk - 159395.jpg Stotfold Town 6,190 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
Old chapel, Streatley. - geograph.org.uk - 113910.jpg Streatley Civil parish 1,707 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Red Lion - Studham - geograph.org.uk - 69221.jpg Studham Civil parish 1,125 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
View from Sundon Hills Country Park - geograph.org.uk - 1874241.jpg Sundon Civil parish 507 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
High Street, Sutton, Beds - geograph.org.uk - 174995.jpg Sutton Civil parish 299 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
Thatched cottages in Tempsford - geograph.org.uk - 1384001.jpg Tempsford Civil parish 564 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
All Saints Church, Tilsworth - geograph.org.uk - 631936.jpg Tilsworth Civil parish 360 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Trees feeling the force of the wind - geograph.org.uk - 431799.jpg Tingrith Civil parish 149 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Footpath west of Toddington, Bedfordshire - geograph.org.uk - 1478863.jpg Toddington Civil parish 4,459 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
St. Giles, Totternhoe - geograph.org.uk - 193383.jpg Totternhoe Civil parish 1,180 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Westoning Baptist Church - geograph.org.uk - 871449.jpg Westoning Civil parish 2,001 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
Rhino Whipsnade.jpg Whipsnade Civil parish 457 Central Bedfordshire Luton
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Antiques centre at Woburn Abbey - geograph.org.uk - 2103896.jpg Woburn Civil parish 945 Central Bedfordshire Ampthill
Rural District
[27]
[25]
St Peter's - geograph.org.uk - 1239922.jpg Wrestlingworth and Cockayne Hatley Civil parish 737 Central Bedfordshire Biggleswade
Rural District
[26]
[25]
LutonCollege.jpg Luton Unparished area 184,371 Luton Luton
County Borough
[35]
[36]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Angus Winchester, 2000, Discovering Parish Boundaries. Shire Publications. Princes Risborough, 96 pages ISBN 978-0-7478-0470-3
  2. ^ RAC Foundation : What Went Wrong? British Highway Development Before Motorways Retrieved 22 August 2009
  3. ^ The Victorian Web : The Poor Law : Introduction Retrieved 22 August 2009
  4. ^ Staffordshire University : Poor Law Unions and Registration Districts Retrieved 22 August 2009
  5. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Status Details for Rural Sanitary District Retrieved 22 August 2009
  6. ^ Robert Tittler, The Reformation and the Towns in England, 1998, Oxford University Press, 395 pages, ISBN 978-0-19-820718-4
  7. ^ a b Modern British Surnames : Selected Events in the History of Civil Registration and Boundary Changes 1801-1996 Retrieved 22 August 2009
  8. ^ Alex MacMorran and T R Colquhoun Dill, The Local Government Act 1894 and the Subsequent Statutes Affecting Parish Councils, 1907, Butterworth and Co, London, 626 pages
  9. ^ a b c d Office of Public Sector Information : Local Government Act 1972 Retrieved 22 August 2009
  10. ^ Office of Public Sector Information : Local Government and Rating Act 1997 Retrieved 22 August 2009
  11. ^ Office of Public Sector Information : Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007 Retrieved 22 August 2009
  12. ^ From 1974 to 2009, Central Bedfordshire was divided into districts: Mid Bedfordshire, formed from Ampthill Rural District, Ampthill Urban District, Biggleswade Rural District, Biggleswade Urban District and Sandy Urban District; and South Bedfordshire, formed from Dunstable Municipal Borough, Leighton–Linslade Urban District and Luton Rural District.
  13. ^ a b A Vision of Britain Through Time : Bedford Municipal Borough Retrieved 15 October 2010
  14. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Castle; Cauldwell (part); De Parys; Goldington (part); Harpur; Kempston East (part); Kempston North (part); Kingsbrook (part); Newnham; Putnoe; Queen's Park; and Wilshamstead (part) wards. Retrieved 15 October 2010
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as A Vision of Britain Through Time : Bedford Rural District Retrieved 15 October 2010
  16. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Bromham (part) ward. Retrieved 15 October 2010
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Bedford Retrieved 15 October 2010
  18. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Brickhill ward. Retrieved 15 October 2010
  19. ^ The Bedford (Parish) Order 2004 Retrieved 15 October 2010
  20. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Bromham (part); and Turvey (part) wards. Retrieved 15 October 2010
  21. ^ a b c The Bedford (Parishes Electoral Arrangements) Order 2007 Retrieved 15 October 2010
  22. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Kempston Urban District Retrieved 15 October 2010
  23. ^ a b Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Roxton (part) ward. Retrieved 15 October 2010
  24. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Ampthill Urban District Retrieved 15 October 2010
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Mid Bedfordshire Retrieved 15 October 2010
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w A Vision of Britain Through Time : Biggleswade Rural District Retrieved 15 October 2010
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac A Vision of Britain Through Time : Ampthill Rural District Retrieved 15 October 2010
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u A Vision of Britain Through Time : Luton Rural District Retrieved 15 October 2010
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : South Bedfordshire Retrieved 15 October 2010
  30. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Biggleswade Urban District Retrieved 15 October 2010
  31. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Dunstable Municipal Borough Retrieved 15 October 2010
  32. ^ http://www.biggleswadetoday.co.uk/news/local-news/historic-moment-for-community-s-parish-council-1-5103001
  33. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Leighton–Linslade Urban District Retrieved 15 October 2010
  34. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Sandy Urban District Retrieved 15 October 2010
  35. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Luton County Borough Retrieved 15 October 2010
  36. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Barnfield; Biscot; Bramingham; Challney; Crawley; Dallow; Farley; High Town; Icknield; Leagrave; Lewsey; Limbury; Northwell; Round Green; Saints; South; Stopsley; Sundon Park; and Wigmore wards. Retrieved 15 October 2010

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