List of collective nouns in English

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from List of collective nouns)
Jump to: navigation, search
A skein of geese

This is a list of traditional or whimsical collective nouns. The large number of collective nouns in English is based on a tradition of terms of venery (words for groups of animals) which arose in the Late Middle Ages.

Standard terms for particular groups are listed first in each group and shown in bold.

Subject Collective noun Notes Sources
A
alligators congregation [1]
antelopes herd [2][3]
ants army [1]
colony [1][2]
nest [1]
swarm [1]
apes shrewdness [3][4][5]
troop [1]
asses herd [1]
drove driven in a group [1]
pace or passe [1][2]
B
baboons troop [1][5]
badgers cete [1][2][5][6]
bats colony [2]
bears sleuth or sloth [1][2][5]
beavers colony [1]
family [1]
bees swarm [5]
drift [5]
erst [5]
grist [2]
bicycle racers peloton [7]
birds flock [5]
dissimulation fanciful [4]
flight [5]
pod [5]
bitterns sedge or sege [2][4][8]
boars (wild boars) sounder 12 or more [6]
boys blush [4][5]
buffalo herd [2][5]
bullfinches bellowing [5]
bullocks drove driven in a group [5]
butlers draught [4]
butterflies flutter [9]
swarm [10]
buzzards wake [1][2]
C
camels caravan [1]
flock [1]
train [1]
capercaillie tok [11][12]
capons mews [11]
caribou herd [11]
cats clowder [1][2][11]
cluster or clutter [1][11]
glaring [1][11]
pounce [1][2]
cats (wild cats) destruction [5]
caterpillars army [1]
cattle herd [1][2]
drove [1][2]
chickens brood [1][5]
clutch [5]
peep [1][5]
choughs chattering or clattering [4][5][6][13][14]
cobblers drunkenship or drunkship [5][6][15]
cockroaches intrusion [1]
colts rag [2][5][6]
rake [5]
cormorants gulp [1][2]
cooks hastiness [4][5]
coots covert [4][5]
coyotes pack [11]
cranes herd [4][5]
sedge or sege [2][8][11]
crocodiles bask [1][2][11]
float [1]
crows murder [1][2][5][6]
curlews herd [4][5][6]
D
deer herd [16]
bunch [16]
mob [16]
parcel [17]
rangale [16]
dogs pack [16]
dogfish troop [16]
dolphins pod [18][19]
school [16]
team [16]
dotterel trip [2][5][16][20]
doves dole or dule fanciful [2][4][5][16]
flight [1][5][16]
piteousness fanciful [5][16]
ducks flock [1]
badling [2]
brace [2]
bunch on water [5][16]
paddling on water [1][2][5][16]
plump [21][22]
raft on water [1][2][5][16]
skein in flight [16]
sord or sore [16]
string in flight [16]
team in flight [2][16]
waddling [16]
dunlins fling [5]
E
eagles convocation [1][2]
eels bed [1]
swarm [1]
elephants herd [1][2]
memory [1]
elk gang [1][5][6]
herd [1][5]
emus mob [1]
F
ferrets business corruption over time of 'busyness' [1][2][6]
busyness [4]
fesnyng [3]
finches charm or chirm [1][2][5]
fish school [1][2]
shoal [1][2]
flamingoes stand [1][2]
flies business [1][2]
cloud [1]
swarm [1]
foresters stalk [5][15]
foxes leash [1][2]
skulk [1][2]
frogs army [1][2]
G
geese flock on land [2][23]
gaggle on land [1][2][23]
plump flying close [23]
skein in flight [1][2][23]
team in flight [23]
wedge in flight [23]
giraffes herd [23]
corps [23]
tower [2][23]
gnats cloud [1][2][5][23]
horde [1][2][23]
rabble [23]
swarm [1][23]
goats flock [23]
herd [23]
tribe [23]
trip or trippe [23]
goldfinches charm [23]
goosanders dopping [23]
gorillas band [23]
whoop [23]
goshawks flight [4][23]
grasshoppers cloud [2][23]
swarm [23]
grouse covey [5][23]
pack [5][23]
guineafowl rasp [24]
H
hares down [25]
drove [25]
flick [25]
husk [25]
hawks boil two or more spiralling in flight [1][2]
cast [1][2][4][5]
kettle flying in large numbers [1][2]
lease [4]
harts herd [25]
hedgehogs array [25]
herons sedge or sege [1][2][4][6][8][25]
siege [1][2][5][25]
hermits observance [5][15]
hippopotamuses bloat [1][2][25]
hogs parcel See also boars, pigs, swine [26][27]
horses team in harness [1][2][25]
band [1]
haras or harrase [2][25]
herd [1][25]
stable [1][25]
string [1][2][25]
stud [2][25]
hounds pack [25]
cry [25]
hunt [25]
meet [25]
mute [25]
stable [25]
hyenas cackle [1][2]
I
ibex herd [28]
ibises colony [28]
iguanas mess [28]
insects flight [28]
horde [28]
plague [28]
rabble [28]
swarm [28]
J
jackdaws train [29]
clattering [30]
jays band [1]
party [1][2]
scold [1][2]
jellyfish fluther [5]
smack [1][2][5]
K
kangaroos mob [1]
troop [1][2]
kittens kindle [5]
L
lapwings deceit or desert [2][4][5][6][31]
larks bevy [5]
exaltation [4][5][6]
leopards leap or lepe [1][2][5]
lions pride [1][2][5]
sawt [5]
M
mackerel shoal [32]
magpies charm [2]
congregation [32]
gulp [2]
murder [2]
tiding [2][4][5][32]
tittering [32]
mallards brace [2]
flush [32]
puddling [32]
sord [2][5][32]
suit or sute [5][32]
mares stud [5][6][32]
martens richesse or richness [2][5][32]
mice nest [1][32]
mischief [33]
trip [32]
minnows shoal [32]
moles company [32]
labor or labour [1][2][5][32]
monkeys barrel [1][2]
cartload [32]
tribe [32]
troop [2][5][32]
moorhens plump [32]
moose herd [1][32]
mosquitoes scourge [32]
mudhens fleet [32]
mules barren [1][2][5][6][32]
pack [2][32]
rake [32]
span [1][2][32]
N
nightingales watch [4][5]
nuns superfluity [4][5]
O
owls parliament [1][2][6]
oxen drove [1]
team [1][2]
yoke [1][2]
P
parrots company [1][2]
pandemonium [1]
partridges covey [2][5]
peacocks muster [2][5][6]
ostentation [1][2]
pride [1]
pelicans pod [1]
pheasants bouquet [1][2]
head [5]
nest [2]
nide [2]
nye [1][2][5][6]
pigs drift See also boars, hogs, swine [1][2]
drove [1][2]
pipers poverty [15][34]
pigeons kit flying together [5]
plovers congregation [4][5]
stand [5]
wing [5]
Q
quail bevy [1][2][4][5]
covey [1][2]
drift [5]
R
raccoons gaze [1]
ravens unkindness [4][5]
rhinoceroses crash [1][2][5]
rooks building [4][5]
parliament [5][6]
S
salmon bind [35]
draught [35]
run [35]
sandpipers fling [35]
seals herd [35]
pod [35]
club [35]
sea urchins herd [36][37]
sheep flock [1][2][35]
down [35]
drift when driven in a group [35]
drove when driven in a group [2][35]
herd [2][35]
hurtle [1][35]
meinie [35]
mob [1]
parcel [35]
trip [35]
sheldrake dopping [35][38]
snails escargatoire [35]
rout [35]
walk [35]
snakes bed [1]
den [1]
knot [1]
nest [2]
pit [1]
snipes walk [5][6][35]
whisp or wisp [5][35]
sparrows host [1][2][4][5][35]
meinie [35]
tribe [35]
spiders cluster or clutter [1][35]
squirrels colony [35]
dray [1][2]
scurry [1][2]
starlings chattering [1][13][35]
clattering [35]
cloud [35]
congregation [35]
murmuration [1][4][5][6][35]
stoats pack [35]
trip [35]
storks flight [35]
mustering [1][2][35]
phalanx when migrating [35]
swallows flight [1][2][35]
gulp [35]
swans bank on the ground [1][35]
bevy [1][2][35]
drift [35]
eyrar [35]
flight [1]
game [5][35]
herd [1][35]
lamentation fanciful [35]
sownder [35]
team [35]
wedge in flight [1][2][5][35]
whiting [35]
swifts flock [35]
scream [39]
swine doylt See also boars, hogs, pigs [35]
drift [6][35]
trip [35]
T
teal spring [2][4][5]
tigers ambush [1]
streak [1][2]
toads knot [1][2]
nest [1]
trout hover [1][2]
turkeys gang [2]
rafter [1][2]
turtles bale [1][2]
dole [1]
nest [2]
turtle doves dole or dule [4]
pitying [2]
U
V
vipers nest [2]
W
walruses herd [2]
pod [2]
waterfowl bunch [5]
knob [5]
raft [5]
weasels colony [1]
pack [1]
whales gam [1][2]
herd [2]
mob [1]
pod [1][2]
wigeons company [2][5]
trip [5]
wildfowl bunch [5]
knob fewer than 30 [5]
plump [5]
trip [5]
wolves pack [1][2]
rout or route when in movement [1][2]
wombats wisdom [40]
woodcocks fall [2][4][5]
woodpeckers descent [1][2][5]
wrens herd [4][5]
X
Y
Z
zebras herd [1][41]
cohort [41]
dazzle [42]
zeal [1][41]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek "San Diego Zoo". archived copy of Animal group names. Zoological Society of San Diego. Retrieved 2014-04-22. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr "Animal Congregations, or What Do You Call a Group of.....?". U.S. Geological Survey Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  3. ^ a b c Pepper, Elizabeth (2003). Witches all (Revised, Illustrated ed.). Tiverton, Rhode Island: Witches' Almanac Limited. p. 41. ISBN 9781881098263. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae Berners, Dame Juliana (1881 reproduction) [First published 1486]. The Boke of Saint Albans. Introduction by William Blades. London: Elliot Stock. Retrieved 2011-05-27. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs "What do you call a group of ...?". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Schott, Ben (2002). Schott's Original Miscellany. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 0-7475-6320-9. 
  7. ^ Miller, John W. (23 July 2010). "When the Middle of the Pack Is Good". Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c Definition of Sege by the Free Online Dictionary
  9. ^ http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/bugs/monarch-butterfly/
  10. ^ http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i "AskOxford: C". Collective Terms for Groups of Animals. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2009-02-16. [dead link]
  12. ^ British Trust for Ornithology - BirdFacts - Capercaillie
  13. ^ a b Definition of Chattering by the Free Online Dictionary
  14. ^ Definition of Clattering by the Free Online Dictionary
  15. ^ a b c d The Sports and Pastimes of the People of England p. 19 (Methuen & Co., 1801).
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "AskOxford: D". archived copy of Collective Terms for Groups of Animals. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-05-27. 
  17. ^ Full text of "Days of deer-stalking in the Scottish Highlands; including an account of the nature and habits of the red deer, a description of the Scottish forests, and histor...
  18. ^ "Battle to save NY pod of dolphins". BBC News. 17 January 2007. Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  19. ^ A Pod of Dolphins - NASA Mars Collection
  20. ^ British Trust for Ornithology - BirdFacts - Dotterel
  21. ^ http://dictionary.infoplease.com/plump
  22. ^ http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/plump%5B4%5D Plump[4] - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary]
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z "AskOxford: G". archived copy of Collective Terms for Groups of Animals. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  24. ^ Lynn-Allen, Lieut.-Colonel B. G. (1951). Shot-gun and Sunlight - The Game Birds of East Africa. London: Batchworth Press. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "AskOxford: H". archived copy of Collective Terms for Groups of Animals. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  26. ^ Avery Craven (1957). The coming of the Civil War. University of Chicago Press. p. 30. ISBN 0-226-11894-0. 
  27. ^ Schoultz, Lars (1998). Beneath the United States. Harvard University Press. p. 1. ISBN 0-674-92276-X. "They are lazy, dirty, nasty, and in short I can compare them to nothing but a parcel of hogs. (John Quincy Adams, age 12)" 
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h "AskOxford: I". archived copy of Collective Terms for Groups of Animals. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-05-27. 
  29. ^ White, Gilbert (1833). The Natural History of Selborne. London, United Kingdom: N. Hailes. p. 163. 
  30. ^ Skull, Amanda. "Bird Watch - Jackdaw". Bird Watch. British Trust for Ornithology. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  31. ^ British Trust for Ornithology - BirdFacts - Lapwing
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z "AskOxford: M". archived copy of Collective Terms for Groups of Animals. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  33. ^ http://www.bluecross.org.uk/2000-109789/a-mischief-of-mice-found-starved-in-abandoned-pet-shop-need-new-homes.html
  34. ^ Jonson, Ben; Gifford, William (2004). The Works of Ben Jonson with Notes, Critical and Explanatory and a Biographical Memoir Part Three. Kessinger Publishing. p. 152. ISBN 1-4179-4469-2. 
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb "AskOxford: S". archived copy of Collective Terms for Groups of Animals. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  36. ^ ""Balancing Act: Otters, Urchins and Kelp"". Retrieved 2014-06-25. 
  37. ^ "Blue Planet: The Deep". 
  38. ^ Definition of Dopping by the Free Online Dictionary
  39. ^ British Trust for Ornithology - BirdFacts - Swift
  40. ^ "Animal Encounters - Nat Geo Wild". 
  41. ^ a b c "AskOxford: Z". Retrieved 2010-06-22. 
  42. ^ van der Post, Laurens (1958). The Lost World of the Kalahari. Harcourt Brace & Company. p. 196.