List of college bowl games

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The following is a list of current, defunct, and proposed College football bowl games. Six bowl games are currently part of the College Football Playoff, a selection system that creates five bowl match-ups involving ten of the top ranked teams in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision. There are also a number of other College football postseason invitationals, as well as several all-star games. The number of team-competitive (versus all-star) bowl games increased to 39 in 2014-15, allowing 78 teams to participate, requiring an easing of bowl eligibility rules to include teams with losing seasons to ensure 78 teams can be deemed eligible for invitations. Community College Bowl games are also listed.

College Football Playoff games[edit]

Name Season Started Venue
(Permanent Seating)
City Most Recent
Per Team
Payout[1]
Title Sponsor Previous Name(s)
Rose Bowl 1901 Rose Bowl
92,542
Pasadena, California
(1941: Durham, North Carolina*)
$17,000,000 Vizio^ Tournament East-West football game; Rose Bowl Game presented by: AT&T^, Sony PlayStation 2^, Citi^
Orange Bowl 1934 Sun Life Stadium
75,540
Miami Gardens, Florida
(1934-1995, 1998: Miami, Florida)
$17,000,000 Discover FedEx Orange Bowl
Sugar Bowl 1934 Mercedes-Benz Superdome
73,208
New Orleans, Louisiana
(2005: Atlanta, Georgia**)
$17,000,000 Allstate USF&G Sugar Bowl, Nokia Sugar Bowl
Cotton Bowl 1936 AT&T Stadium
(80,000)
Arlington, Texas

(1937–2009: Dallas, Texas)
$22 million AT&T Cotton Bowl Classic, Mobil Cotton Bowl Classic, Southwestern Bell Cotton Bowl Classic, SBC Cotton Bowl Classic
Chick-fil-A Peach Bowl 1968 Georgia Dome
(71,228)
Atlanta, Georgia $23 million Chick-fil-A Peach Bowl, Chick-fil-A Bowl[2]
Fiesta Bowl 1971 University of Phoenix Stadium
63,400
Glendale, Arizona
(1971-2005: Tempe, Arizona)
$17,000,000 Tostitos Sunkist Fiesta Bowl, IBM OS/2 Fiesta Bowl

^Since the 1998 season, the inaugural season of the BCS system, the Rose Bowl has only had a presenting sponsor after its title. Prior to that year, the Rose Bowl had no sponsor attached to its name.
*One-time move due to World War II travel restrictions after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
**One-time move due to damage to the Superdome from Hurricane Katrina.

Other current bowl games[edit]

Besides the six bowl games a part of the College Football Playoff, there are a number of other postseason invitationals. Generally, two conferences will agree to send teams of a particular standing to a game beforehand. For instance, the Rose Bowl traditionally features the Big Ten and Pac-12 conference champions. Generally, the payout to the participating teams in a Bowl Game is closely correlated to its prestige. For comparison, each of the BCS bowls (including the National Championship) has a payout of $18 million.

Name Season Started Venue
(Permanent Seating)
City Most Recent
Per Team
Payout[1]
Title Sponsor(s) Previous Name(s)
Sun Bowl 1934 Sun Bowl Stadium
(51,500)
El Paso, Texas $2,000,000 Hyundai John Hancock Sun Bowl, John Hancock Bowl, Norwest Sun Bowl, Wells Fargo Sun Bowl, Vitalis Sun Bowl, Brut Sun Bowl
Gator Bowl 1945 EverBank Field
(76,867)
Jacksonville, Florida

(1994: Gainesville, Florida)
$3,500,000 TaxSlayer.com[3] Mazda Gator Bowl, Outback Steakhouse Gator Bowl, Toyota Gator Bowl, Konica Minolta Gator Bowl, Progressive Gator Bowl
Capital One Bowl 1946 Florida Citrus Bowl Stadium
(65,438)
Orlando, Florida

(1973: Gainesville, Florida)
$4,550,000 Capital One Tangerine Bowl, Florida Citrus Bowl, CompUSA Florida Citrus Bowl, Ourhouse.com Florida Citrus Bowl, Capital One Florida Citrus Bowl
Liberty Bowl 1959 Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium
(61,008)
Memphis, Tennessee

(1959–1963, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;
1964, Atlantic City, New Jersey)
$1,437,500 AutoZone St. Jude Liberty Bowl, AXA Liberty Bowl
Independence Bowl 1976 Independence Stadium
(53,000)
Shreveport, Louisiana $1,150,000 Duck Commander Poulan Weed-Eater Independence Bowl, Sanford Independence Bowl, MainStay Independence Bowl, PetroSun Independence Bowl, AdvoCare V100 Independence Bowl, AdvoCare V100 Bowl
Holiday Bowl 1978 Qualcomm Stadium
(70,561)
San Diego, California $2,075,000 National University SeaWorld Holiday Bowl, Thrifty Car Rental Holiday Bowl, Plymouth Holiday Bowl, Culligan Holiday Bowl, Pacific Life Holiday Bowl, Bridgepoint Education Holiday Bowl
Outback Bowl 1986 Raymond James Stadium
(65,908)
Tampa, Florida $3,500,000 Outback Hall of Fame Bowl
Buffalo Wild Wings Bowl 1989 Sun Devil Stadium
(71,706)
Tempe, Arizona

(1989-99: Tucson, Arizona;
2000-2005: Phoenix, Arizona)
$3,350,000 Buffalo Wild Wings Domino's Pizza Copper Bowl, Weiser Lock Copper Bowl, Insight.com Bowl, Insight Bowl, Valley of the Sun Bowl
Russell Athletic Bowl 1990 Florida Citrus Bowl Stadium
(65,438)
Orlando, Florida

(1990-2000: Miami Gardens, Florida)
$2,275,000 Russell Athletic Tangerine Bowl, Blockbuster Bowl, Carquest Bowl, MicronPC Bowl, MicronPC.com Bowl, Visit Florida Tangerine Bowl, Mazda Tangerine Bowl, Champs Sports Bowl
Las Vegas Bowl 1992 Sam Boyd Stadium
(36,800)
Whitney, Nevada

(1981-91: Fresno, California)
$1,100,000 Royal Purple California Bowl, California Raisin Bowl, EA Sports Las Vegas Bowl, Sega Sports Las Vegas Bowl, Pioneer PureVision Las Vegas Bowl, MAACO Bowl Las Vegas
Alamo Bowl 1993 Alamodome
(65,000)
San Antonio, Texas $3,175,000 Valero[4] Builders Square Alamo Bowl, Sylvania Alamo Bowl, MasterCard Alamo Bowl
Little Caesars Pizza Bowl 1997 Ford Field
(65,000)
Detroit, Michigan

(1997-2001: Pontiac, Michigan)
$750,000 Little Caesars Motor City Bowl (1998–2008), Ford Motor City Bowl (1997)
Famous Idaho Potato Bowl 1997 Bronco Stadium
(37,000)
Boise, Idaho $325,000 Idaho Potato Commission Humanitarian Bowl, Crucial.com Humanitarian Bowl, MPC Computers Bowl, Roady's Truck Stops Humanitarian Bowl, uDrove Humanitarian Bowl
Music City Bowl 1998 LP Field
(69,143)
Nashville, Tennessee $1,837,500 Franklin American Mortgage Company American General Music City Bowl, homepoint.com Music City Bowl, Gaylord Hotels Music City Bowl presented by Bridgestone
GoDaddy Bowl 1999 Ladd Peebles Stadium
(33,471)
Mobile, Alabama $750,000 Go Daddy Mobile Alabama Bowl, GMAC Bowl, GoDaddy.com Bowl
New Orleans Bowl 2001 Mercedes-Benz Superdome
(73,208)
New Orleans, Louisiana

(2005: Lafayette, Louisiana)
$500,000 R+L Carriers Wyndham New Orleans Bowl
Fight Hunger Bowl 2002 AT&T Park[a 1]
(41,915)
San Francisco, California $837,500 None San Francisco Bowl, Diamond Walnut San Francisco Bowl, Emerald Bowl, Kraft Fight Hunger Bowl
Hawaii Bowl 2002 Aloha Stadium
(50,000)
Honolulu, Hawaii $650,000 Sheraton ConAgra Foods Hawaiʻi Bowl.
Belk Bowl 2002 Bank of America Stadium
(73,778)
Charlotte, North Carolina $1,700,000 Belk Continental Tire Bowl, Queen City Bowl, Meineke Car Care Center Bowl
Armed Forces Bowl 2003 Amon G. Carter Stadium
(45,000)
Fort Worth, Texas

(2010-2011: University Park, Texas)
$600,000 Lockheed Martin Fort Worth Bowl, PlainsCapital Fort Worth Bowl, Alltel Wireless Bowl (temporary name), Bell Helicopter Armed Forces Bowl
Poinsettia Bowl 2005 Qualcomm Stadium
(70,561)
San Diego, California $500,000 San Diego County Credit Union None previous
Texas Bowl 2006 Reliant Stadium
(71,054)
Houston, Texas $1,700,000 AdvoCare galleryfurniture.com Bowl, EV1.net Houston Bowl,[5] Texas Bowl, Meineke Car Care Bowl of Texas
Birmingham Bowl 2006 Legion Field
(71,594)
Birmingham, Alabama $1,000,025 (SEC); $900,000 (Big East) None Birmingham Bowl, Papajohns.com Bowl, BBVA Compass Bowl
New Mexico Bowl 2006 University Stadium
(39,224)
Albuquerque, New Mexico $456,250 Gildan None previous
Military Bowl 2008 Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium
(34,000)
Annapolis, Maryland

(2008–2012: Washington, D.C.)
$1,000,000 Northrop Grumman Congressional Bowl, EagleBank Bowl
St. Petersburg Bowl 2008 Tropicana Field
(42,735)
St. Petersburg, Florida $537,500 None St. Petersburg Bowl, magicJack St. Petersburg Bowl, Beef 'O' Brady's St. Petersburg Bowl, Beef 'O' Brady's Bowl
Pinstripe Bowl[6] 2010 Yankee Stadium
(54,251)
Bronx, New York $1,800,000 New Era None previous
Heart of Dallas Bowl 2010 Cotton Bowl
(92,100)
Dallas, Texas $1,100,000 PlainsCapital Bank Dallas Football Classic, TicketCity Bowl
Bahamas Bowl 2014 Thomas Robinson Stadium
(15,023)
Nassau, Bahamas TBD TBD None previous
Boca Raton Bowl 2014 FAU Stadium
(29,419)
Boca Raton, Florida TBD TBD None previous
Camellia Bowl 2014 Cramton Bowl
(25,000)
Montgomery, Alabama TBD TBD None previous
Miami Beach Bowl 2014 Marlins Park
(36,742)
Miami, Florida TBD TBD None previous
  1. ^ The 2013 edition will be the last played in San Francisco. The game will move to the new Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara, California (capacity 68,500) starting in 2014.

Future (proposed) games[edit]

Name Year to start Venue
(permanent seating)
City Payout Sponsor(s) Previous name(s)
Cure Bowl[7][8] 2015 Florida Citrus Bowl Stadium
(65,438)
Orlando, Florida TBD TBD None previous
Christmas Bowl Los Angeles[9][10][11] TBD Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
(93,607)
Los Angeles, California TBD TBD None previous
Unnamed Detroit bowl game[12] TBD Ford Field
(65,000)
Detroit, Michigan TBD TBD None previous
Unnamed Dubai bowl game[11] TBD TBD Dubai, United Arab Emirates TBD TBD None previous
Unnamed Ireland bowl game[11] TBD TBD Ireland TBD TBD None previous
Unnamed Little Rock bowl game[11] TBD War Memorial Stadium
(53,000)
Little Rock, Arkansas TBD TBD None previous
Unnamed Toronto bowl game[11] TBD Rogers Centre
(54,000)
Toronto, Ontario, Canada TBD TBD International Bowl

Note: The 'Christmas Bowl Los Angeles' would be a partial throwback to the one-time 1924 Los Angeles Christmas Festival Bowl Game.[13]

Two proposed games, the Cure Bowl and Christmas Bowl, were turned down by the NCAA for 2010. There are currently 35 licensed college bowls, which just about maxes out the possible eligible teams (the four-year average of bowl-eligible squads is 71.8).[14] If one of the current games folds or loses its certification, however, the Cure or Christmas Bowls could step in.

The planned Detroit game, to be operated by the NFL's Detroit Lions, would replace the current Little Caesars Pizza Bowl. The Lions' home of Ford Field, which hosts the current bowl game, would remain as host of the rebooted bowl. The Little Caesars Pizza Bowl has tie-ins with the Big Ten and Mid-American Conferences; however, a Big Ten team has not played in the bowl in most of its editions. The rebooted Detroit bowl would retain its Big Ten affiliation, but would no longer be tied in with the MAC. An ESPN report in May 2013 indicated that the most likely candidate for the second conference tie-in is the ACC.[12]

The BCS has announced that a four-team playoff, to be officially known as the College Football Playoff, will begin in the 2014 season. Teams in the past have been left out of the championship game causing some backlash toward the BCS. The BCS has also stated that it wishes to remove AQ conferences from its bowl games starting with the 2014 season. Over the past couple of years there have been some incidents in which AQ teams surpassed more worthy teams for bowl spots.

In June 2013, ESPN.com reported that the so-called "Group of Five" conferences—the American Athletic Conference, Conference USA, MAC, Mountain West Conference, and Sun Belt Conference—were considering adding one or more new bowl games once the NCAA's current moratorium on new bowls expires after the 2013 season. This move was driven by a trend for the "Power Five" conferences (ACC, Big Ten, Big 12, Pac-12, and SEC) to play one another in bowl games. The 2013 season, the last of the current four-year bowl cycle, will have 16 bowls that involve two teams from "Power Five" leagues. The 2014 season, the first of a new six-year bowl cycle, will have at least 19, and possibly more, matchups of "Power Five" teams. The "Group of Five" was apparently concerned that this trend would mean that its teams might not have available bowl slots.[11]

According to the report, the aforementioned Christmas Bowl would involve a Mountain West team against an opponent from either the Pac-12 or The American. As for The American, it is seeking to start a bowl game, most likely at Marlins Park in Miami. Two other venues of "Group of Five" schools in Florida—Bright House Networks Stadium (UCF, Orlando) and FAU Stadium (Florida Atlantic, Boca Raton)—are being considered for other potential bowls. A possible bowl in Little Rock would pit C-USA and the Sun Belt. Finally, the director of the current Little Caesars Bowl indicated that he had been in contact with officials from all of the "Group of Five" about starting new bowl games in Ireland (most likely Dublin), Dubai, and either Toronto or Nassau.[11] Recently, though, reports have indicated the proposed games in Ireland and Dubai would be unworkable.[15]

The first new bowl to be confirmed for 2014 was the Camellia Bowl, a game created by ESPN that will be played in Montgomery, Alabama. It will have tie-ins with the MAC and Sun Belt, and the contract for the game will run through the 2019 season. ESPN was also reported to be in negotiations to take over ownership of the existing Heart of Dallas Bowl and establish a new bowl game in Boca Raton.[16]

Another ownership group interested in starting a Montgomery-based bowl at Alabama State's stadium has reportedly switched focus to Charleston, SC. In the face of obstacles related to a NCAA ban on playing postseason games at predetermined locations in South Carolina due to the Confederate battle flag being flown at a civil war monument on the State House grounds, the ownership group instead chose to stage the Medal of Honor Bowl all-star game at Johnson Hagood Stadium beginning in 2014. [17]

Map of Bowl Games[edit]


Number of Current Bowl Games by State[edit]

State Number Bowls
Florida* 8 Boca Raton, Capital One, Gator, Miami Beach, Orange, Outback, Russell Athletic, St. Petersburg
Texas* 6 Alamo, Armed Forces, Cotton Bowl Classic, Heart of Dallas, Texas, Sun
California* 4 Fight Hunger, Holiday, Poinsettia, Rose
Louisiana* 3 Independence, New Orleans, Sugar
Alabama Birmingham, Camellia, GoDaddy
Arizona* 2 Buffalo Wild Wings, Fiesta
Tennessee Liberty, Music City
Georgia* 1 Chick-fil-A
Hawaii Hawai'i
Idaho Famous Idaho Potato
Maryland Military
Michigan Little Caesars Pizza
Nevada Las Vegas
New Mexico New Mexico
New York Pinstripe
North Carolina Belk

*State also hosts College Football Playoff semifinals in rotation under current CFP format.

All-Star games[edit]

Regular season rivalries called bowls[edit]

Games played outside of the US[edit]

Non-Division I FBS bowl games[edit]

Division I FCS[edit]

Division II[edit]

Division III[edit]

Soup Bowl- Greensboro, North Carolina, Started in1994 between cross town rivals Greensboro College and Guilford College

NAIA bowl games[edit]

There is a large list of bowl games for NAIA available at [19] -- You can help Wikipedia by expanding this section.

  • College Fanz First Down Classic, 2007–2011
  • NAIA national football championship (1956–present); previously called Aluminum Bowl (1956), Holiday Bowl (1957–1960), Camellia Bowl (1961–1963), Championship Bowl (1964-1976 Division I), Apple Bowl (1977 Division I), Palm Bowl (1978-1979 Division I), and Championship Bowl (1980-1996 Division I)

Junior College bowl games[edit]

NCCAA bowl games[edit]

Defunct bowl games[edit]

Name Seasons Active City Notes
Alamo Bowl 1947 San Antonio, Texas Not to be confused with the modern Alamo Bowl
All-American Bowl 1977–1990 Birmingham, Alabama [20]
Aloha Bowl 1982–2000 Honolulu, Hawaii
Aviation Bowl 1961 Dayton, Ohio
Bacardi Bowl 1907, 1909, 1911–1912, 1921, 1936, 1946 Havana, Cuba Last game in 1946, Southern Mississippi defeated Havana University, 55-0
Bluebonnet Bowl 1959–1987 Houston, Texas
Bluegrass Bowl 1958 Louisville, Kentucky
Boardwalk Bowl 1961–1973 Atlantic City, New Jersey Since 1981, the NCAA Division I FCS Playoff East Regional Championship (National Quarterfinal) is commonly referred to as the Boardwalk Bowl in honor of its College Division heritage.
Boot Hill Bowl 1970–1980 Dodge City, Kansas
California Bowl 1981–1991 Fresno, California
Camellia Bowl 1948, 1961–1980 Lafayette, Louisiana, Sacramento, California One year in Lafayette, 19 in Sacramento; Since 1981, the NCAA Division I FCS Playoff West Regional Championship (National Quarterfinal) is commonly referred to as the Camellia Bowl in honor of its College Division heritage.
Charity Bowl 1937 Los Angeles, California
Cherry Bowl 1984–1985 Pontiac, Michigan
Cigar Bowl 1946–1954 Tampa, Florida
College All-Star Game 1934–1976 Chicago, Illinois Preseason game matching the previous year's NFL champion (Super Bowl Champion starting with the 1967 game) against an all-star squad of the previous year's college seniors
Cosmopolitan Bowl 1951 Alexandria, Louisiana
Delta Bowl 1947–1948 Memphis, Tennessee
Dixie Bowl 1947–1948 Birmingham, Alabama
Dixie Classic 1921, 1924, 1933 Dallas, Texas
Epson Ivy Bowl 1988–1996 Japan
Festival of Palms Bowl 1932–1933 Miami, Florida Would become the Orange Bowl for the 1934 season[21]
Fort Worth Classic 1920 Fort Worth, Texas
Freedom Bowl 1984–1994 Anaheim, California
Garden State Bowl 1978–1981 East Rutherford, New Jersey
Glasnost Bowl Never Played Moscow, USSR An attempt to stage an American college football game in the USSR at the beginning of the 1989 season. The game was named after the policy of glasnost ("openness") introduced by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985. Scheduled for the Dynamo Stadium, the game was similar to the Mirage Bowl, a college football game played annually in Tokyo, Japan, with plans to have it be an annual contest with different participants each year. Organized by Raycom Sports, the game was scheduled between the University of Southern California Trojans and the University of Illinois Fighting Illini to open their regular seasons. Arrangements were made for a network telecast back to the United States, and airplanes were chartered for fans to fly to the Soviet Union. However, due to complications, the game was cancelled and rescheduled for Los Angeles, California as a USC home game at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum instead.
Glass Bowl 1946–1949 Toledo, Ohio
Gotham Bowl 1961–1962 New York City
Great Lakes Bowl 1947 Cleveland, Ohio
Gridiron Classic 1998–2004 Orlando, Florida Revived in 2006 as a Division I FCS game
Harbor Bowl 1946–1948 San Diego, California
Haka Bowl Never played Auckland, New Zealand Was to start in 1996, but NCAA revoked certification before first game
Heritage Bowl 1991–1999 Atlanta, Georgia
Houston Bowl 2000–2005 Houston, Texas Called the galleryfurniture.com Bowl in 2000-2001
International Bowl 2006–2009 Toronto, Ontario
Los Angeles Christmas Festival 1924 Los Angeles, California
Mercy Bowl 1961, 1971 Los Angeles, California
Mirage Bowl 1976–1993 Tokyo, Japan A regular season matchup, originally at Korakuen Stadium, later at Olympic Stadium, and finally at the Tokyo Dome
Missouri-Kansas Bowl 1948 Kansas City, Missouri
North-South Shrine Game 1948–1973 Miami, Florida Post season all star game similar to the East-West Shrine Game
Oahu Bowl 1998–2000 Honolulu, Hawaii
Oil Bowl 1943, 1945–1946 Houston, Texas
Orange Blossom Classic 1933–1978 Miami, Florida The name is now used for an occasional regular season game
Oyster Bowl 1948–1995 Norfolk, Virginia A regular season game called a "bowl", now a Division III game
Pasadena Bowl 1967–1971 Pasadena, California
Patriot Bowl 2007–2009 Cleveland, Ohio A regular season game called a "bowl" that featured a team from the Mid-American Conference and (originally) a United States service academy
Pecan Bowl 1964–1970 Abilene,
Arlington, Texas
First 4 seasons in Abilene, last 2 in Arlington. Since 1981, the NCAA Division I FCS Playoff Midwest Regional Championship (National Quarterfinal) is commonly referred to as the Pecan Bowl in honor of its College Division heritage
Pelican Bowl 1972, 1974–1975 Durham, North Carolina
New Orleans, Louisiana
First game in Durham, last 2 in New Orleans.
Pineapple Bowl 1939–1951 Honolulu, Hawaii
Poi Bowl 1935–1938 Honolulu, Hawaii
Presidential Cup Bowl 1950 College Park, Maryland
Refrigerator Bowl 1948–1956 Evansville, Indiana
Raisin Bowl 1945–1949 Fresno, California
Salad Bowl 1947–1951 Phoenix, Arizona Precursor to current Fiesta Bowl
San Diego East-West Christmas Classic 1921–1922 San Diego, California
Seattle Bowl 2001–2002 Seattle, Washington
Shrine Bowl 1948–1949 Little Rock, Arkansas
Silicon Valley Football Classic 2000–2004 San Jose, California
Sunflower Bowl 1982–1986 Winfield, Kansas
Tobacco Bowl 1935–1941, 1948–1984 South Boston, Virginia, Richmond, Virginia
Vulcan Bowl 1941–1948, 1951 Birmingham, Alabama
Wheat Bowl 1995–2006 Ellinwood, Kansas, Great Bend, Kansas Pre-season NAIA bowl[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2012-2013 College Football Bowl Game Schedule". CollegeFooballPoll.com. Retrieved May 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Chick-fil-A Bowl Volunteers - Chairs & Vice Chairs". Chick-fil-abowl.com. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  3. ^ |http://www.gatorbowl.com/images/_pdfs/GBA_12_14_10.pdf
  4. ^ Valero Energy Corporation Alamo Bowl press release
  5. ^ Gabe DeArmondPowerMizzou.com Publisher (2009-12-07). "PowerMizzou.com - Behind the bowl snub". Missouri.rivals.com. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  6. ^ Bowl Game at Yankee Stadium
  7. ^ "Orlando, Florida :: Be Part of The History :: Be Part of The Game :: Be Part of The Cure". The Cure Bowl. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  8. ^ "Sun Belt, AAC partner with Orlando's new Cure Bowl for 2015". CBSSports.com. 
  9. ^ http://www.christmasbowl.org/
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ a b c d e f g McMurphy, Brett (June 11, 2013). "'Group of Five' look to add bowls". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 11, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b McMurphy, Brett (May 21, 2013). "Sources: Ford Field eyed for bowl". ESPN.com. Retrieved May 23, 2013. 
  13. ^ Keeley, Sean (2010-04-23). "What The Hell Was The Cure Bowl & The Christmas Bowl? - Troy Nunes Is An Absolute Magician". Nunesmagician.com. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  14. ^ "NCAA approves a record 35 bowl games | UTSanDiego.com". Signonsandiego.com. 2010-04-23. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  15. ^ Fowler, Jimmy (August 13, 2013). "Careful, bowl games: You could be without a team". CBS Sports. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  16. ^ McMurphy, Brett (August 19, 2013). "Bowl created for MAC, Sun Belt". ESPN.com. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  17. ^ Hartsell, Jeff (August 10, 2013). "New effort to bring bowl game to Charleston faces familiar obstacles: Confederate flag, NAACP, NCAA". Charleston Post & Courier. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  18. ^ cstv.com - August 24, 2009
  19. ^ "College Division/Minor Bowl Games". Cfbdatawarehouse.com. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  20. ^ There were two separate games played in Birmingham during this time. The original game, the Hall of Fame Bowl, moved to Tampa, Florida, effective with the 1986 game, and several years later changed its name to the Outback Bowl. A second game known as the All-American Bowl was then organized, and was played from 1986 to 1990.
  21. ^ [2][dead link]
  22. ^ The Nation's Home for NAIA Football

Further reading[edit]

  • Oriard, Michael (2009). Bowled Over: Big-Time College Football from the Sixties to the BCS Era. The University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-0-8078-3329-2.