List of colleges and universities in the United States by endowment

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This following is a list of U.S. institutions of higher education with endowments greater than one billion dollars according to National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO).[1]

Since colleges and universities vary greatly in terms of the size of their student bodies, a table with endowment per student figures is included as well. For example, Princeton University's endowment is smaller than Stanford University's, yet Princeton University's endowment per student figure is twice as large as Stanford University's.

Endowments currently greater than $1 billion[edit]

For this list, short scale billions (thousand of millions) are used. [2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

Institution 2014
(billion USD)
2013
(billion USD)
2012
(billion USD)
2011
(billion USD)
2010
(billion USD)
2009
(billion USD)
2008
(billion USD)
2007
(billion USD)
2006
(billion USD)
2005
(billion USD)
Amherst College $2.149[2] $1.823[3] $1.641[4] $1.642[5] $1.386[7] $1.306[8] $1.705[9] $1.662[10] $1.337[11] $1.155[12]
Baylor University $1.154[2] $1.061[3] $0.964[4] $1.004[5] $0.872[7] $0.880[8] $1.060[9] $1.018[10] $0.870[11] $0.750[12]
Baylor College of Medicine $1.021[2] $0.873[3] $0.795[4] $0.838[5] $0.799[7] $0.731[8] $1.091[9] $1.278[10] $1.059[11] $1.008[12]
Berea College $1.137[2] $1.012[3] $0.943[4] $0.979[5] $0.847[7] $0.791[8] $1.023[9] $1.102[10] $0.949[11] $0.862[12]
Boston College $2.131[2] $1.809[3] $1.646[4] $1.726[5] $1.480[7] $1.341[8] $1.631[9] $1.670[10] $1.448[11] $1.270[12]
Boston University $1.616[2] $1.369[3] $1.104[4] $1.160[5] $0.992[7] $0.892[8] $1.145[9] $1.101[10] $0.916[11] $0.777[12]
Bowdoin College $1.216[2] $1.039[3] $0.902[4] $0.904[5] $0.754[7] $0.688[8] $0.831[9] $0.828[10] $0.673[11] $0.578[12]
Brown University $3.000[2] $2.669[3] $2.460[4] $2.497[5] $2.155[7] $2.017[8] $2.747[9] $2.781[10] $2.167[11] $1.844[12]
California Institute of Technology $2.094[2] $1.849[3] $1.747[4] $1.772[5] $1.545[7] $1.398[8] $1.892[9] $1.860[10] $1.581[11] $1.418[12]
Carnegie Mellon University $1.600[2] $1.371[3] $0.987[4] $1.017[5] $0.815[7] $0.754[8] $1.067[9] $1.116[10] $0.941[11] $0.837[12]
Case Western Reserve University $1.759[2] $1.678[3] $1.600[4] $1.703[5] $1.462[7] $1.402[8] $1.766[9] $1.841[10] $1.599[11] $1.516[12]
Columbia University $9.223[2] $8.197[3] $7.654[4] $7.790[5] $6.517[7] $5.893[8] $7.147[9] $7.150[10] $5.938[11] $5.191[12]
Cornell University $5.890[2] $5.272[3] $4.947[4] $5.059[5] $4.379[7] $3.966[8] $5.385[9] $5.425[10] $4.321[11] $3.777[12]
Dartmouth College $4.468[2] $3.733[3] $3.486[4] $3.413[5] $2.998[7] $2.825[8] $3.660[9] $3.760[10] $3.092[11] $2.714[12]
Duke University $7.037[2] $6.040[3] $5.555[4] $5.747[5] $4.824[7] $4.441[8] $6.124[9] $5.910[10] $4.498[11] $3.826[12]
Emory University $6.681[2] $5.816[3] $5.461[4] $5.400[5] $4.694[7] $4.328[8] $5.473[9] $5.562[10] $4.870[11] $4.376[12]
George Washington University $1.577[2] $1.375[3] $1.306[4] $1.331[5] $1.144[7] $1.011[8] $1.256[9] $1.147[10] $0.963[11] $0.823[12]
Georgetown University $1.461[2] $1.286[3] $1.142[4] $1.160[5] $1.010[7] $0.895[8] $1.059[9] $1.059[10] $0.834[11] $0.741[12]
Georgia Institute of Technology $1.889[2] $1.714[3] $1.608[4] $1.620[5] $1.051[7] $0.994[8] $1.344[9] $1.281[10] $1.047[11] $0.937[12]
Grinnell College $1.830[2] $1.553[3] $1.384[4] $1.500[5] $1.265[7] $1.076[8] $1.472[9] $1.718[10] $1.472[11] $1.391[12]
Harvard University $35.883[2] $32.334[3] $30.435[4] $31.728[5] $27.557[7] $25.662[8] $36.556[9] $34.635[10] $28.916[11] $25.473[12]
Indiana University (system-wide)[13] $1.988[2] $1.735[3] $1.577[4] $1.575[5] $1.371[7] $1.227[8] $1.546[9] $1.557[10] $1.276[11] $1.107[12]
Johns Hopkins University $3.452[2] $2.987[3] $2.593[4] $2.598[5] $2.220[7] $1.977[8] $2.525[9] $2.800[10] $2.351[11] $2.177[12]
Lehigh University $1.216[2] $1.103[3] $1.036[4] $1.077[5] $0.940[7] $0.886[8] $1.127[9] $1.086[10] $0.939[11] $0.845[12]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology $12.425[2] $11.005[3] $10.150[4] $9.713[5] $8.317[7] $7.982[8] $10.069[9] $9.980[10] $8.368[11] $6.712[12]
Michigan State University $2.145[2] $1.367[3] $1.407[4] $1.400[5] $1.148[7] $1.047[8] $1.282[9] $1.248[10] $1.048[11] $0.906[12]
Middlebury College $1.082[2] $0.973[3] $0.880[4] $0.908[5] $0.783[7] $0.700[8] $0.885[9] $0.936[10] $0.782[11] $0.722[12]
New York University $3.424[2] $2.949[3] $2.755[4] $2.827[5] $2.370[7] $2.094[8] $2.475[9] $2.162[10] $1.775[11] $1.548[12]
Northwestern University $9.778[2] $7.883[3] $7.119[4] $7.183[5] $5.945[7] $5.445[8] $7.244[9] $6.503[10] $5.141[11] $4.215[12]
Ohio State University $3.548[2] $3.149[3] $2.366[4] $2.121[5] $1.869[7] $1.652[8] $2.076[9] $2.338[10] $1.997[11] $1.726[12]
Pennsylvania State University(system-wide)[13] $3.446[2] $2.956[3] $1.780[4] $1.725[5] $1.368[7] $1.226[8] $1.545[9] $1.590[10] $1.326[11] $1.175[12]
Pomona College $2.101[2] $1.823[3] $1.680[4] $1.700[5] $1.459[7] $1.334[8] $1.794[9] $1.761[10] $1.457[11] $1.299[12]
Princeton Theological Seminary $1.042[2] $0.931[3] $0.869[4] $0.915[5] $0.811[7] $0.755[8] $1.018[9] $1.019[10] $0.945[11] $0.864[12]
Princeton University $20.996[2] $18.200[3] $16.954[4] $17.110[5] $14.391[7] $12.614[8] $16.349[9] $15.787[10] $13.045[11] $11.207[12]
Purdue University (system-wide)[13] $2.443[2] $2.182[3] $1.917[4] $2.002[5] $1.633[7] $1.458[8] $1.736[9] $1.787[10] $1.494[11] $1.341[12]
Rice University $5.528[2] $4.836[3] $4.419[4] $4.451[5] $4.100[7] $3.613[8] $4.610[9] $4.670[10] $3.986[11] $3.611[12]
Rockefeller University $1.986[2] $1.772[3] $1.662[4] $1.746[5] $1.561[7] $1.528[8] $2.021[9] $2.144[9] $1.772[11] $1.557[12]
Saint Louis University $1.077[2] $0.956[3] $0.853[4] $0.880[5] $0.708[7] $0.646[8] $0.880[9] $0.959[10] $0.825[11]
Smith College $1.756[2] $1.557[3] $1.410[4] $1.430[5] $1.244[7] $1.096[8] $1.366[9] $1.361[10] $1.156[11] $1.036[12]
Southern Methodist University $1.466[2] $1.268[3] $1.177[4] $1.197[5] $1.069[7] $1.035[8] $1.368[9] $1.328[10] $1.122[11] $1.014[12]
Stanford University $21.446[2] $18.668[3] $17.036[4] $16.503[5] $13.851[7] $12.619[8] $17.200[9] $17.165[10] $14.085[11] $12.205[12]
Swarthmore College $1.877[2] $1.634[3] $1.499[4] $1.508[5] $1.249[7] $1.129[8] $1.413[9] $1.441[10] $1.245[11] $1.164[12]
Syracuse University $1.183[2] $1.121[3] $0.9401[4] $0.9137[5] $0.8492[7] $0.6756[8] $1.000[9] $1.086[10] $0.9084[11] $0.8183[12]
Texas A&M University System (system-wide)[13] $11.104[2] $8.732[3] $7.639[4] $7.000[5] $5.738[7] $5.084[8] $6.659[9] $6.590[10] $5.643[11] $4.964[12]
Texas Christian University $1.443[2] $1.256[3] $1.180[4] $1.192[5] $1.048[7] $0.975[8] $1.260[9] $1.187[10] $1.016[11] $0.942[12]
Texas Tech University (system-wide)[13] $1.195[2] $0.964[3] $0.869[4] $0.891[5] $0.775[7] $0.680[8] $0.793[9] $0.642[10] $0.540[11] $0.462[12]
Trinity University (Texas) $1.180[2] $1.005[3] $0.908[4] $0.963[5] $0.855[7] $0.851[8] $1.034[9] $0.991[10] $0.814[11] $0.733[12]
Tufts University $1.590[2] $1.440[3] $1.351[4] $1.404[5] $1.214[7] $1.103[8] $1.446[9] $1.452[10] $1.215[11] $0.845[12]
Tulane University $1.184[2] $1.047[3] $0.960[4] $1.014[5] $0.888[7] $0.807[8] $1.035[9] $1.009[10] $0.858[11] $0.780[12]
University of Alabama (system-wide)[13] $1.235[2] $1.055[3] $0.986[4] $0.995[5] $0.854[7] $0.796[8] $0.998[9] $1.000[10] $0.849[11] $0.765[12]
University of California (system-wide regents portions only)[13] $7.384[2] $6.337[3] $5.963[4] $6.342[5] $5.441[7] $4.937[8] $6.217[9] $6.439[10] $5.734[11] $5.222[12]
University of California, Berkeley
(UC Berkeley Foundation only)
$1.496[2] $1.243[3] $1.089[4] $1.055[5] $0.996[7] $0.895[8] $0.872[9] $0.837[10]
University of California, Los Angeles
(UCLA Foundation only)
$1.733[2] $1.526[3] $1.331[4] $1.486[5] $0.996[7] $0.895[8] $1.054[9] $0.975[10] $0.805[11] $0.668[12]
University of Chicago $7.546[2] $6.668[3] $6.571[4] $6.575[5] $5.543[7] $5.578[8] $6.632[9] $6.204[10] $4.867[11] $4.137[12]
University of Cincinnati $1.184[2] $1.045[3] $0.976[4] $1.003[5] $0.886[7] $0.884[8] $1.099[9] $1.185[10] $1.110[11] $1.032[12]
University of Colorado $1.063[2] $0.885[3] $0.771[4] $0.785[5] $0.665[7] $0.593[8] $0.870[9] $0.717[10] $0.590[11] $0.512[12]
University of Delaware $1.310[2] $1.171[3] $1.088[4] $1.138[5] $1.092[7] $1.008[8] $1.340[9] $1.397[10] $1.223[11] $1.077[12]
University of Florida (UF Foundation only) $1.520[2] $1.359[3] $1.263[4] $1.295[5] $1.105[7] $1.011[8] $1.251[9] $1.219[10] $0.996[11] $0.836[12]
University of Illinois system (system-wide)[13] $2.278[2] $1.925[3] $1.667[4] $1.601[5] $1.290[7] $1.112[8] $1.459[9] $1.515[10] $1.252[11] $1.148[12]
University of Kansas (system-wide)[13] $1.471[2] $1.228[3] $1.182[4] $1.250[5] $1.198[7] $0.955[8] $1.218[9] $1.239[10] $1.049[11] $0.955[12]
University of Kentucky $1.137[2] $0.992[3] $0.900[4] $0.916[5] $0.779[7] $0.697[8] $0.909[9] $0.958[10] $0.785[11] $0.577[12]
University of Iowa $1.251[2] $1.094[3] $0.981[4] $1.044[5] $0.792[7] $0.766[8] $0.935[9] $0.982[10] $0.833[11] $0.786[12]
University of Michigan $9.731[2] $8.382[3] $7.691[4] $7.835[5] $6.564[7] $6.001[8] $7.572[9] $7.090[10] $5.652[11] $4.931[12]
University of Minnesota $3.165[2] $2.757[3] $2.494[4] $2.503[5] $2.196[7] $2.086[8] $2.751[9] $2.804[10] $2.224[11] $1.969[12]
University of Missouri (system-wide)[13] $1.441[2] $1.259[3] $1.172[4] $1.119[5] $0.975[7] $0.882[8] $1.025[9] $1.098[10] $0.944[11] $0.849[12]
University of Nebraska[13] $1.547[2] $1.338[3] $1.215[4] $1.242[5] $1.143[7] $0.965[8] $1.221[9] $1.277[10] $1.153[11] $1.042[12]
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill $2.696[2] $2.381[3] $2.179[4] $2.261[5] $1.979[7] $1.905[8] $2.359[9] $2.164[10] $1.149[11] $1.486[12]
University of Notre Dame $8.040[2] $6.856[3] $6.330[4] $6.260[5] $5.235[7] $4.795[8] $6.226[9] $5.977[10] $4.437[11] $3.650[12]
University of Oklahoma $1.493[2] $1.324[3] $1.172[4] $1.212[5] $0.968[7] $0.848[8] $1.155[9] $1.114[10] $0.960[11] $0.777[12]
University of Pennsylvania $9.582[2] $7.741[3] $6.755[4] $6.582[5] $5.669[7] $5.171[8] $6.233[9] $6.635[10] $5.313[11] $4.370[12]
University of Pittsburgh $3.493[2] $2.975[3] $2.618[4] $2.527[5] $2.033[7] $1.837[8] $2.334[9] $2.254[10] $1.803[11] $1.530[12]
University of Richmond $2.313[2] $2.023[3] $1.868[4] $1.877[5] $1.615[7] $1.417[8] $1.704[9] $1.655[10] $1.388[11] $1.208[12]
University of Rochester $2.015[2] $1.730[3] $1.582[4] $1.623[5] $1.368[7] $1.315[8] $1.731[9] $1.726[10] $1.491[11] $1.370[12]
University of Southern California $4.593[2] $3.868[3] $3.489[4] $3.517[5] $2.948[7] $2.671[8] $3.589[9] $3.715[10] $3.066[11] $2.746[12]
University of Tennessee system (system-wide)[13] $1.072[2] $0.919[3] $0.827[4] $0.848[5] $0.729[7] $0.887[9] $0.954[10] $0.811[11] $0.715[12]
University of Texas System (system-wide)[13] $25.426[2] $20.448[3] $18.264[4] $17.149[5] $14.052[7] $12.163[8] $16.111[9] $15.614[10] $13.235[11] $11.610[12]
University of Tulsa $1.015[2] $0.885[3] $0.785[4] $0.801[5] $0.692[7] $0.647[8] $0.837[9] $0.915[10] $0.817[11] $0.770[12]
University of Virginia $5.946[2] $5.116[3] $4.789[4] $4.761[5] $3.707[7] $3.577[8] $4.526[9] $4.370[10] $3.618[11] $3.219[12]
University of Washington $2.833[2] $2.346[3] $2.111[4] $2.154[5] $1.905[7] $1.649[8] $2.262[9] $2.184[10] $1.794[11] $1.490[12]
University of Wisconsin–Madison $2.332[2] $2.020[3] $1.812[4] $1.873[5] $1.551[7] $1.373[8] $1.735[9] $1.645[10] $1.426[11] $1.125[12]
Vanderbilt University $4.086[2] $3.673[3] $3.399[4] $3.415[5] $3.044[7] $2.834[8] $3.524[9] $3.487[10] $2.946[11] $2.628[12]
Virginia Commonwealth University $1.509[2] $1.327[3] $0.438[4] $0.350[5] $0.281[7] $0.253[8] $0.330[9] $0.329[10] $0.266[11] $0.235[12]
Wake Forest University $1.148[2] $1.061[3] $1.000[4] $1.032[5] $0.938[7] $0.887[8] $1.254[9] $1.249[10] $1.042[11] $0.907[12]
Washington and Lee University $1.478[2] $1.345[3] $1.262[4] $1.218[5] $1.008[7] $0.897[8] $1.027[9] $0.693[10] $0.587[11] $0.532[12]
Washington University in St. Louis $6.643[2] $5.651[3] $5.226[4] $5.280[5] $4.473[7] $4.081[8] $5.350[9] $5.658[10] $4.684[11] $4.268[12]
Wellesley College $1.808[2] $1.550[3] $1.445[4] $1.500[5] $1.307[7] $1.266[8] $1.611[9] $1.657[10] $1.412[11] $1.276[12]
Williams College $2.253[2] $1.996[3] $1.799[4] $1.784[5] $1.527[7] $1.409[8] $1.808[9] $1.892[10] $1.462[11] $1.348[12]
Yale University $23.900[2] $20.780[3] $19.345[4] $19.374[5] $16.652[7] $16.327[8] $22.870[9] $22.530[10] $18.031[11] $15.224[12]
Yeshiva University $1.093[2] $1.183[3] $1.054[4] $1.069[5] $1.028[7] $0.979[8] $1.345[9] $1.410[10] $1.273[11] $1.149[12]

Endowments per Student[edit]

For this list, short scale millions (thousand of thousands) are used. [2]

Institution 2014
(billion USD)
2014 Student Body Size
(thousand)
2014 Endowment per Student
(million USD)
Amherst College $2.149[2] 1.785[2] $1.204[2]
Baylor University $1.154[2] 16.263[2] $.071[2]
Baylor College of Medicine $1.021[2] 1.552[2] $.658[2]
Berea College $1.137[2] 1.613[2] $.705[2]
Boston College $2.131[2] 14.359[2] $.148[2]
Boston University $1.616[2] 30.009[2] $.054[2]
Bowdoin College $1.216[2] 1.839[2] $.661[2]
Brown University $3.000[2] 8.619[2] $.348[2]
California Institute of Technology $2.094[2] 2.209[2] $.948[2]
Carnegie Mellon University $1.600[2] 13.155[2] $.122[2]
Case Western Reserve University $1.759[2] 10.325[2] $.171[2]
Columbia University $9.223[2] 29.250[2] $.315[2]
Cornell University $5.890[2] 20.939[2] $.281[2]
Dartmouth College $4.468[2] 6.342[2] $.705[2]
Duke University $7.037[2] 14.600[2] $.482[2]
Emory University $6.681[2] 14.333[2] $.466[2]
George Washington University $1.577[2] 25.264[2] $.062[2]
Georgetown University $1.461[2] 17.849[2] $.082[2]
Georgia Institute of Technology $1.889[2] 23.109[2] $.082[2]
Grinnell College $1.830[2] 1.721[2] $1.063[2]
Harvard University $35.883[2] 21.000[2] $1.709[2]
Johns Hopkins University $3.452[2] 20.871[2] $.165[2]
Lehigh University $1.216[2] 7.070[2] $.172[2]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology $12.425[2] 11.301[2] $1.099[2]
Michigan State University $2.145[2] 50.085[2] $.043[2]
Middlebury College $1.082[2] 2.526[2] $.428[2]
New York University $3.424[2] 53.771[2] $.064[2]
Northwestern University $9.778[2] 19.218[2] $.509[2]
Ohio State University $3.548[2] 57.466[2] $.062[2]
Pennsylvania State University(system-wide)[13] $3.446[2] 98.097[2] $.035[2]
Pomona College $2.101[2] 1.607[2] $1.307[2]
Princeton University $20.996[2] 8.010[2] $2.621[2]
Purdue University (system-wide)[13] $2.443[2] 38.770[2] $.063[2]
Rice University $5.528[2] 6.487[2] $.852[2]
Saint Louis University $1.077[2] 13.505[2] $.080[2]
Smith College $1.756[2] 2.702[2] $.650[2]
Southern Methodist University $1.466[2] 11.000[2] $.133[2]
Stanford University $21.446[2] 15.877[2] $1.351[2]
Swarthmore College $1.877[2] 1.545[2] $1.215[2]
Syracuse University $1.183[2] 21.267[2] $.056[2]
Texas A&M University System (system-wide)[13] $11.104[2] 62.185[2] $.179[2]
Texas Christian University $1.443[2] 10.033[2] $.144[2]
Texas Tech University (system-wide)[13] $1.195[2] 35.134[2] $.034[2]
Tufts University $1.590[2] 10.685[2] $.149[2]
Tulane University $1.184[2] 13.462[2] $.088[2]
University of Alabama (system-wide)[13] $1.235[2] 36.155[2] $.034[2]
University of California, Berkeley
(UC Berkeley Foundation only)
$1.496[2] 36.204[2] $.041[2]
University of California, Los Angeles
(UCLA Foundation only)
$1.733[2] 43.239[2] $.040[2]
University of Chicago $7.546[2] 14.954[2] $.505[2]
University of Cincinnati $1.184[2] 43.691[2] $.027[2]
University of Illinois system (system-wide)[13] $2.278[2] 70.000[2] $.033[2]
University of Michigan $9.731[2] 43.625[2] $.223[2]
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill $2.696[2] 29.135[2] $.093[2]
University of Notre Dame $8.040[2] 11.733[2] $.685[2]
University of Pennsylvania $9.582[2] 24.630[2] $.389[2]
University of Richmond $2.313[2] 4.361[2] $.530[2]
University of Rochester $2.015[2] 10.290[2] $.196[2]
University of Southern California $4.593[2] 43.000[2] $.107[2]
University of Texas System (system-wide)[13] $25.426[2] 216.000[2] $.118[2]
University of Virginia $5.946[2] 14.898[2] $.400[2]
Vanderbilt University $4.086[2] 12.795[2] $.319[2]
Wake Forest University $1.148[2] 7.432[2] $.191[2]
Washington University in St. Louis $6.643[2] 14.117[2] $.471[2]
Wellesley College $1.808[2] 2.204[2] $.820[2]
Williams College $2.253[2] 2.052[2] $1.098[2]
Yale University $23.900[2] 12.223[2] $1.955[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Association of College and University Business Officers". NACUBO. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix iy iz ja jb jc jd je jf jg jh ji jj jk jl jm jn jo jp jq jr js jt ju jv jw jx jy jz ka kb kc "2014 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2014. Retrieved 2015-02-15. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl "2013 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl "2012 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl "2011 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments Results" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2012-01-17. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US News". US News. 2012. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl "2010 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck "2009 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm "2008 NACUBO Endowment Study" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-28. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck "2007 NACUBO Endowment Study" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-08. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck "2006 NACUBO Endowment Study" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-08. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj "2005 NACUBO Endowment Study" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers. 2006-01-23. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Figures are for a university system or other cluster of institutions.