List of colonial governors of Ruanda-Urundi

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German rule[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Military District of Ujiji[edit]

Tenure Incumbent Notes
1896 to 189? Hans von Ramsay, Commander of the Military District of Ujiji  
189? to 1901 Heinrich von Bethe, Commander of the Military District of Ujiji  

Military District of Usumbura in German East Africa[edit]

Tenure Incumbent Notes
1899 to 1902 Heinrich Bethe, Commander of the Military District of Usumbura  
1902 to 1904 Friedrich Robert von Beringe, Commander of the Military District of Usumbura  
1904 to 1906 Werner von Grawert, Commander of the Military District of Usumbura  
Military Residency of Urundi and Ruanda
1906 to 15 November 1907 Werner von Grawert, Resident of Urundi and Ruanda  
15 November 1907 Division into two civil residencies: Ruanda and Urundi

Belgian rule[edit]

Territories south of Lake Victoria, including Northern Ruanda[edit]

Tenure Incumbent Notes
Belgian Suzerainty
Military commanders
May 1916 to 1916 Philippe François Joseph Molitor, Commander of the Northern Brigade  
1916 to 1917 Armand Christophe Huyghé, Commander of the Northern Brigade  

Territories east of Lake Kivu and Lake Tanganyika, including Southern Ruanda and Urundi[edit]

Tenure Incumbent Notes
Belgian Suzerainty
Military commanders
June 1916 to 1917 Frederik Voldemar Olsen, Commander of the Southern Brigade  


Belgian Occupied East African Territories[edit]

Tenure Incumbent Notes
Belgian Suzerainty
1916 to 22 November 1916 Charles Tombeur, Military Governor  
22 November 1916 to May 1919 Justin Prudent François Marie Malfeyt, Royal Commissioner for Occupied East Africa  
May 1919 to 20 October 1924 Alfred Frédéric Gérard Marzorati, Royal Commissioner for Occupied East Africa  
November 1921 to July 1922 Pierre Ryckmans, acting Royal Commissioner for Occupied East Africa  

Ruanda-Urundi Mandate[edit]

Tenure Incumbent Notes
League of Nations Mandated Territory of Ruanda-Urundi
20 July 1922 to 20 October 1924    
20 October 1924 to 1 March 1926 Alfred Frédéric Gérard Marzorati, Royal Commissioner for Ruanda-Urundi  
Administrative union with Belgian Congo
1 March 1926 to 28 August 1926 Alfred Frédéric Gérard Marzorati, Royal Commissioner for Ruanda-Urundi  
15 November 1925 to 13 December 1926 Pierre Ryckmans, acting Royal Commissioner for Ruanda-Urundi  
28 August 1926 to 5 February 1929 Alfred Frédéric Gérard Marzorati, Governor and Deputy Governor-General of the Belgian Congo  
5 February 1929 to 4 July 1930 Louis Joseph Postiaux, acting Governor and Deputy Governor-General of the Belgian Congo  
4 July 1930 to 18 August 1932 Charles Henri Joseph Voisin, Governor and Deputy Governor-General of the Belgian Congo  
18 August 1932 to 5 July 1946 Eugène Jacques Pierre Louis Jungers, Governor and Deputy Governor-General of the Belgian Congo  
5 July 1946 to 13 December 1946 Maurice Simon, Governor and Deputy Governor-General of the Belgian Congo  
United Nations Trust Territory of Ruanda-Urundi
13 December 1946 to 1947 Maurice Simon, Governor and Deputy Governor-General of the Belgian Congo  
1947 to August 1949 Maurice Simon, Governor and Deputy Governor-General of the Belgian Congo  
August 1949 to 1 January 1952 Léon Antoine Marie Pétillon, Governor and Deputy Governor-General of the Belgian Congo  
1 January 1952 to 1 March 1955 Alfred Maria Josephus Ghislencus Claeys Boúúaert, Governor and Deputy Governor-General of the Belgian Congo  
1 March 1955 to 1960 Jean-Paul Harroy, Governor and Deputy Governor-General of the Belgian Congo  
1960 to 1 July 1962 Jean-Paul Harroy, Resident-General  
1 July 1962 Independence as Kingdom of Burundi and Republic of Rwanda

For continuation after independence, See: Rulers and Heads of State of Burundi and Presidents of Rwanda

See also[edit]