List of anti-capitalist and communist parties with national parliamentary representation

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The following is a list of communist and anti-capitalist parties with representation in national parliaments. This list does not contain communist and anti-capitalist parties previously represented in parliament. This list includes only those parties who officially call themselves communist or anti-capitalist (or socialist parties who are declared anti-capitalist) ideologically. 115 communist and anti-capitalist parties have been elected worldwide to parliament in 56 different countries in both recognised and non-recognised states. Of the 66 states listed here, five of them are official socialist states ruled by a communist party, of them four of them espouse Marxism–Leninism (China, Cuba, Laos, and Vietnam) while the fifth (North Korea) espouses Juche, and the ideology of the Workers' Party of Korea (its ruling party) being Kimilsungism–Kimjongilism.[1]

List[edit]

Country Party Electoral Coalition Election Lower house Upper house Official ideology
 Algeria Workers' Party 2012 election
24 / 462
Trotskyism[2]
 Argentina Workers' Party Workers' Left Front 2013 election
2 / 257
0 / 72
Trotskyism
Socialist Workers' Party Workers' Left Front
1 / 257
0 / 72
Trotskyism
 Bangladesh Workers Party of Bangladesh Grand Alliance 2014 election
6 / 300
Marxism–Leninism
 Belarus Communist Party of Belarus 2012 election
3 / 110
17 / 64
Marxism–Leninism
 Belgium Workers' Party of Belgium 2014 election
6 / 313
2 / 150
Marxism–Leninism
 Bolivia Movement for Socialism 2014 election
84 / 130
25 / 36
Socialism of the 21st century[3][4][5]
 Brazil Communist Party of Brazil With the strength of the people 2014 election
10 / 513
1 / 81
Marxism–Leninism[6]
Socialism and Freedom Party
5 / 513
1 / 81
Democratic socialism[6]
 Burma National Unity Party 2010 election
12 / 330
5 / 224
Socialism[7]
 Chile Communist Party of Chile New Majority 2013 election
6 / 120
0 / 38
Marxism–Leninism[8]
Broad Social Movement New Majority
0 / 120
1 / 38
Socialism
 China Communist Party of China United Front 2012–2013 election
2,157 / 2,987
Socialism with Chinese characteristics [9]
 Colombia Revolutionary Independent Labour Movement Alternative Democratic Pole 2014 election
0 / 164
1 / 102
Marxism–Leninism
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Unified Lumumbist Party Alliance of the Presidential Majority 2007 election
2 / 108
Lumumbism
 Croatia Croatian Labourists – Labour Party 2011 election
6 / 151
Democratic socialism
 Cuba Communist Party of Cuba 2013 election
612 / 612
Marxism–Leninism
 Cyprus Progressive Party of Working People 2011 election
19 / 56
Marxism–Leninism
 Czech Republic Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 20132014 elections
33 / 200
1 / 81
Marxism–Leninism
 Denmark Red–Green Alliance 2011 election
12 / 179
Anti-capitalism
 Ecuador PAIS Alliance 2013 election
100 / 132
Socialism of the 21st century
Montecristi Lives Plurinational Unity of the Lefts
1 / 132
Anti-capitalism
Popular Power Plurinational Unity of the Lefts
1 / 132
Trotskyism[citation needed]
Pachakutik Plurinational Unity of the Lefts
1 / 132
Socialism
Party of Revolutionary Socialism Plurinational Unity of the Lefts
1 / 132
Socialism
Democratic People's Movement Plurinational Unity of the Lefts
1 / 132
Socialism
Participa Movement Radical Democracy Plurinational Unity of the Lefts
1 / 132
Socialism
 Finland Left Alliance 2011 election
12 / 200
Democratic socialism
 France French Communist Party Left Front 2012 election
7 / 577
20 / 348
Eurocommunism
Federation for a Social and Ecological Alternative Left Front
2 / 577
0 / 348
Eco-socialism
Left Party Left Front
1 / 577
0 / 348
Democratic socialism
Communist Party of Réunion Alliance of the Overseas
0 / 577
1 / 348
Communism
 Germany The Left 2013 election
64 / 631
Democratic socialism
 Ghana Convention People's Party 2012 election
1 / 275
Nkrumaism
 Greece Coalition of the Radical Left 2015 election
149 / 300
Democratic socialism
Communist Party of Greece
15 / 300
Marxism–Leninism
 Guatemala Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity 2011 election
3 / 158
Revolutionary socialism[10]
 Guyana People's Progressive Party 2011 election
32 / 65
Marxism–Leninism[11]
 Honduras Liberty and Refoundation 2013 election
37 / 128
Democratic socialism
Democratic Unification Party 2013 election
1 / 128
Socialism
 India Communist Party of India (Marxist) United National Progressive Alliance 2014 election
9 / 543
9 / 245
Marxism–Leninism [12]
Communist Party of India United National Progressive Alliance
1 / 543
2 / 245
Marxism–Leninism
Revolutionary Socialist Party United National Progressive Alliance
1 / 543
0 / 245
Marxism–Leninism
 Iraq Iraqi Communist Party Civil Democratic Alliance 2014 election
1 / 328
Marxism–Leninism
 Ireland Sinn Féin 2011 election
14 / 166
3 / 60
Democratic socialism[13][14]
People Before Profit Alliance United Left Alliance
2 / 166
0 / 60
Democratic socialism
Socialist Party
2 / 166
0 / 60
Trotskyism"[15]
Anti-Austerity Alliance
1 / 166
0 / 60
Anti-capitalism
Workers and Unemployed Action Group
1 / 166
0 / 60
Socialism
 Israel Communist Party of Israel Democratic Front for Peace and Equality 2013 election
3 / 120
Marxism–Leninism[16]
 Japan Japanese Communist Party 20132014 elections
21 / 480
11 / 242
Scientific socialism[17]
 Kazakhstan Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan 2012 elections
7 / 108
Marxism–Leninism[18]
 Korea, North Workers' Party of Korea Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland 2009 elections
601 / 687
Juche[19]
 Laos Lao People's Revolutionary Party Lao Front for National Construction 2011 elections
128 / 132
Marxism–Leninism[20]
 Luxembourg The Left 2013 elections
2 / 60
Democratic socialism
 Mali African Solidarity for Democracy and Independence 2013 elections
4 / 160
Marxism–Leninism
 Mexico Labor Party Broad Progressive Front 2012 elections
15 / 500
4 / 128
Democratic socialism
 Moldova Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 2014 elections
21 / 101
Marxism–Leninism[21]
 Morocco Party of Progress and Socialism 2011 elections
18 / 395
Socialism
 Namibia Communist Party of Namibia 2014 elections
2 / 96
Marxism–Leninism
   Nepal Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) 2013 election
175 / 601
People's Multiparty Democracy[22]
Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
80 / 601
Marxism–Leninism–Maoism–Prachanda Path
Janamorcha Nepal
8 / 601
Marxism–Leninism
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist–Leninist) (2002)
5 / 601
Marxism–Leninism
Communist Party of Nepal (United)
5 / 601
Marxism–Leninism
Nepal Workers Peasants Party
4 / 601
Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Communist Party of Nepal (Unified)
4 / 601
Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Rastriya Janamorcha
3 / 601
Marxism–Leninism
 Nicaragua Sandinista National Liberation Front 2011 election
63 / 92
Sandinismo[23]
 Norway Socialist Left Party 2013 election
7 / 169
Democratic socialism
 Palestine Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine Palestine Liberation Organization 2006 election
3 / 132
Marxism–Leninism
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine Palestine Liberation Organization
1 / 132
Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Palestinian People's Party Palestine Liberation Organization
1 / 132
Scientific socialism
 Paraguay Guasú Front 2013 election
1 / 80
5 / 45
Democratic socialism
 Peru American Popular Revolutionary Alliance 2011 election
4 / 130
Democratic socialism
 Philippines New Patriotic Alliance National Democracy Movement 2013 election
7 / 292
0 / 24
Filipino communism[24]
 Portugal Portuguese Communist Party Democratic Unitarian Coalition 2011 election
14 / 230
Marxism–Leninism[25]
Ecologist Party "The Greens" Democratic Unitarian Coalition
2 / 230
Eco-socialism
Left Bloc
8 / 230
Socialism
 Russia Communist Party of the Russian Federation 2011 election
92 / 450
Marxism–Leninism[26]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Polisario Front 2012 election
53 / 53
Democratic socialism
 San Marino United Left Active Citizenship 2012 election
5 / 60
Eurocommunism[27]
 Serbia Movement of Socialists 2014 election
3 / 250
Marxism[28]
 Slovenia Initiative for Democratic Socialism United Left 2014 election
3 / 90
Democratic socialism
Party for Sustainable Development of Slovenia United Left
1 / 90
Eco-socialism
Democratic Labour Party United Left
1 / 90
Democratic socialism
 South Africa Economic Freedom Fighters 2014 election
25 / 400
Left-wing populism[29]
South African Communist Party[note 1] Tripartite Alliance
0 / 400
Marxism–Leninism
 Spain Sortu Amaiur 2011 election
5 / 350
3 / 264
Revolutionary socialism
Communist Party of Spain United Left
4 / 350
2 / 264
Eurocommunism[31]
Republican Left of Catalonia
3 / 350
1 / 264
Democratic socialism
Initiative for Catalonia Greens United Left
2 / 350
2 / 264
Eco-socialism[31]
Galician Nationalist Bloc
2 / 350
0 / 264
Anti-capitalism
Aralar Party Amaiur
1 / 350
0 / 264
Democratic socialism
Chunta Aragonesista United Left
1 / 350
0 / 264
Anti-capitalism
Communist Youth Union of Spain United Left
1 / 350
0 / 264
Eurocommunism
Left Open United Left
1 / 350
0 / 264
Democratic socialism
Party of the Communists of Catalonia United Left
1 / 350
0 / 264
Eurocommunism
 Sri Lanka People's Liberation Front Democratic National Alliance 2010 election
4 / 225
Marxism–Leninism
Communist Party of Sri Lanka United People's Freedom Alliance
2 / 225
Marxism–Leninism
Lanka Equal Society Party United People's Freedom Alliance
2 / 225
Trotskyism
 Sweden Left Party 2014 election
21 / 349
Socialism
 Syria Syrian Communist Party (Bakdash) National Progressive Front 2012 election
8 / 250
Marxism–Leninism[32]
Syrian Communist Party (Unified) National Progressive Front
3 / 250
Marxism–Leninism
People's Will Party Popular Front for Change and Liberation
1 / 250
Marxism–Leninism
 Tajikistan Communist Party of Tajikistan 2010 election
2 / 63
Marxism–Leninism[33]
 Tunisia Workers' Party Popular Front 2011 election
3 / 217
Marxism–Leninism[34]
Democratic Patriots' Movement Popular Front
1 / 217
Socialism[35]
Progressive People's Party Popular Front
1 / 217
Marxism–Leninism[35]
 United Kingdom Sinn Féin 2010 election
5 / 650
Democratic socialism[13][14]
Green Party of England and Wales 2010 election
1 / 650
Eco-socialism
Respect Party 2012 by-election
1 / 650
Democratic socialism
 Uruguay Communist Party of Uruguay Broad Front 2014 election
50 / 99
15 / 30
Marxism–Leninism
Movement of Popular Participation Broad Front Socialism of the 21st century
Popular Assembly 2014 election
1 / 99
0 / 30
Marxism–Leninism
 Venezuela United Socialist Party of Venezuela Great Patriotic Pole 2010 election
97 / 165
Socialism of the 21st century[36]
Communist Party of Venezuela Great Patriotic Pole
3 / 165
Marxism–Leninism
 Vietnam Communist Party of Vietnam Vietnamese Fatherland Front 2011 election
458 / 500
Marxism–Leninism[37]
 Zambia Patriotic Front 2011 election
60 / 157
Democratic socialism[38][39]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Its currently unknown how many seats the South African Communist Party has in the national legislature since its MPs are elected through the African National Congress, a separate political party. In the last election "almost the entire top SACP leadership was absorbed into the government". [30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim Jong-un, Let Us Brilliantly Accomplish the Revolutionary Cause of Juche, Holding the Great Comrade Kim Jong Il in High Esteem as the Eternal General Secretary of Our Party, 6 April 2012.
  2. ^ http://psephos.adam-carr.net/countries/a/algeria/algeria2012.txt
  3. ^ http://internacional.elpais.com/internacional/2008/04/22/actualidad/1208815203_850215.html
  4. ^ http://climateandcapitalism.com/2013/01/15/evo-morales-ten-commandments-against-capitalism-for-life-and-humanity/
  5. ^ http://climateandcapitalism.com/2007/10/03/evo-morales-capitalism-is-the-worst-enemy-of-humanity/
  6. ^ a b The first reference is for the lower house, the second for the upper house.
  7. ^ "Burmese general election, 2010". altsean.org. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "South America: Chile – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "East & Southeast Asia: China – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  10. ^ "Acuerdo No. 1319-2011 – Resultados oficiales" (in Spanish). elecciones2011.tse.org.gt. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  11. ^ http://www.solidnet.org/guyana-peoples-progressive-party/13-imcwp-contribution-of-ppp-of-guyana-en
  12. ^ The first two references are about seats in parliament.
  13. ^ a b http://www.sinnfein.ie/what-sinn-fein-stands-for
  14. ^ a b http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/546134/Sinn-Fein/215121/Policy-and-structure
  15. ^ "National Summary". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. RTÉ.ie. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  16. ^ "Middle East: Israel – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  17. ^ "East & Southeast Asia: Japan – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  18. ^ "Two more Kazakh parties wins parliamentary seats". BBC Online. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  19. ^ "Democratic People's Republic of Korea". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  20. ^ "East & Southeast Asia: Laos – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  21. ^ http://www.parlament.md/StructuraParlamentului/Fractiuniparlamentare/tabid/83/language/en-US/Default.aspx
  22. ^ The first reference is for the first two parties (and its leaders), and the second reference is for the other parties
  23. ^ "Central America and Caribbean: Nicaragua – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  24. ^ "Asia: Philippines – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^ "Europe: San Marino – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  28. ^ "Манифест новог социјализма - Покрет социјалиста - председник Александар Вулин, ОДАБЕРИ БОРБУ" [Manifesto's new socialism - socialist movement - predsednik Alexander Vulin, ODABERI fight]. 
  29. ^ "Red Tide: From 'economic freedom' to 'white genocide', extremism grabs the spotlight (in English)". Daily Maverick. 14 October 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  30. ^ http://mg.co.za/article/2014-05-15-parliamentary-payoff-for-pro-zuma-cosatu-officials.
  31. ^ a b "Europe: Spain – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  32. ^ http://mrzine.monthlyreview.org/2012/waziruddin180612.html
  33. ^ "Central Asia: Tajikistan – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  34. ^
  35. ^ a b "Africa: Tunisia – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  36. ^ "Communist Party of Venezuela" [PCV – Partido Comunista de Venezuela]. Communist Party of Venezuela. Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  37. ^
  38. ^ http://www.elections.org.zm/media/28092011_2011_national_assembly_elections_results.pdf
  39. ^ http://www.elections.org.zm/media/summary-allocationofnationalassemblyseats.pdf