List of municipalities in Prince Edward Island

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Map of Canada showing the location of PEI in red.
A map of Canada, showing Prince Edward Island in red.

Prince Edward Island is the least populous province in Canada with 140,204 residents as of 2011 and is the smallest in land area at approximately 5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi).[1] Prince Edward Islands's 74 municipalities[2] are home to 68% of its population. These municipalities provide local government services to their residents. The remaining unincorporated areas have no local government.

Municipalities may be formed under the Municipalities Act of 1983 by a petition signed by at least twenty-five residents and may incorporate as either a city, town or community.[3] There are 2 cities, 10 towns and 62 communities in Prince Edward Island;[4][5] distributed across three counties: Kings, Prince and Queens.

Municipalities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Prince Edward Island has two cities.[4] Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city by population with 34,562 residents and area with 779.7 km2 (301.0 sq mi). It is part of a large census agglomeration which encompasses the middle of the island and is home to 64,487 residents, or approximately half the island's population. [6] The only other city is Summerside, the principal municipality on the west side of the island.

Towns[edit]

Prince Edward Island has ten towns that are incorporated muncipalities,[7] which had a cumulative population of 21,491 and an average population of 2,385 in the 2011 Census.[8] The province's largest and smallest towns are Stratford and North Rustico with populations of 8,574 and 583 respectively.[8] Cornwall is Prince Edward Island's largest town by area and Georgetown is Prince Edward Island's smallest town by area. The province's newest towns are Borden-Carleton and North Rustico, which both changed from community status to town status on July 31, 2012 and November 16, 2013 respectively.[9][5]

Communities[edit]

Prince Edward Island has 62 communities that are incorporated municipalities[4] of which 31 are recognized as census subdivisions by Statistics Canada.[8][5] These communities were previously designated villages or community improvement committees, but were all changed to communities under the Municipalities Act.[3] The province's largest and smallest communities are Belfast and St. Louis with populations of 1,637 and 51 respectively.[8]

List of municipalities[edit]

Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city
Summerside, Prince Edward Island's only other city
Name County Municipal
status
Population
(2011)[8]
Population
(2006)[8]
Change
(%)[8]
Area
(km²)[8]
Population
density[8]
Charlottetown Queens City 34,562 32,174 7.4 44.33 779.7
Summerside Prince City 14,751 14,500 1.7 28.36 520.1
Alberton Prince Town 1,135 1,081 5 4.5 252.1
Borden-Carleton Prince Town 750 786 −4.6 13.16 57.0
Cornwall Queens Town 5,162 4,677 10.4 28.2 183.1
Georgetown Kings Town 675 634 6.5 1.65 409.6
Kensington Prince Town 1,496 1,485 0.7 3.02 495.4
Montague Kings Town 1,895 1,802 5.2 3.04 622.7
North Rustico Queens Town 583 599 −2.7 2.45 238.1
O'Leary Prince Town 812 861 −5.7 1.6 507
Souris Kings Town 1,173 1,232 −4.8 3.42 342.8
Stratford Queens Town 8,574 7,083 21.1 22.48 381.4
Abrams Village Prince Community 267 266 0.4 1.37 195.1
Afton Queens Community 1,222
Alexandra Queens Community 224
Annandale-Little Pond-Howe Bay Kings Community 262
Bedeque Prince Community 143 139 2.9 0.68 210.5
Belfast Queens Community 1,637[10]
Bonshaw Queens Community 218[11]
Brackley Queens Community 340 336 1.2 8.92 38.1
Breadalbane Queens Community 173 172 0.6 12.57 13.8
Brudenell Kings Community 362
Cardigan Kings Community 332 374 −11.2 5.28 62.9
Central Bedeque Prince Community 167 149 12.1 1.89 88.6
Central Kings Kings Community 329
Clyde River Queens Community 576 618 −6.8 16.05 35.9
Crapaud Queens Community 345 353 −2.3 2.16 159.5
Darlington Queens Community 109
Eastern Kings Kings Community 702
Ellerslie-Bideford Prince Community 357
Grand Tracadie Queens Community 293
Greenmount-Montrose Prince Community 258
Hampshire Queens Community 420
Hazelbrook Queens Community 172
Hunter River Queens Community 294 319 −7.8 6.08 48.4
Kingston Queens Community 794
Kinkora Prince Community 339 326 4 3.82 88.8
Lady Slipper Prince Community 805
Linkletter Prince Community 320 321 −0.3 9.05 35.4
Lorne Valley Kings Community 106
Lot 11 and Area Prince Community 635
Lower Montague Kings Community 665
Malpeque Bay Queens Community 1,029
Meadowbank Queens Community 338 364 −7.1 9.25 36.6
Miltonvale Park Queens Community 1,153 1,163 −0.9 35.32 32.6
Miminegash Prince Community 173 176 −1.7 1.85 93.4
Miscouche Prince Community 869 769 13 3.34 260.4
Morell Kings Community 313 306 2.3 1.4 224.1
Mount Stewart Queens Community 225 261 −13.8 1.22 183.8
Murray Harbour Kings Community 320 358 −10.6 4.01 79.8
Murray River Kings Community 334 430 −22.3 1.43 233.8
New Haven-Riverdale Queens Community 485
North Shore Queens Community 1,112
North Wiltshire Queens Community 182
Northport Prince Community 188
Pleasant Grove Queens Community 496
Resort Municipality (Stanley Bridge, Hope River,
Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico)
Queens Community 266 272 −2.2 37.74 7
Sherbrooke Prince Community 172 168 2.4 8.83 19.5
Souris West Kings Community 399
St. Felix Prince Community 348
St. Louis Prince Community 51 80 −36.3 0.62 82.7
St. Nicholas Prince Community 198
St. Peters Bay Kings Community 253 248 2 4.24 59.7
Tignish Shore Prince Community 73
Tignish Prince Community 779 758 2.8 5.86 132.9
Tyne Valley Prince Community 222 226 −1.8 1.74 127.8
Union Road Queens Community 235 245 −4.1 9.95 23.6
Valleyfield Kings Community 672
Victoria Queens Community 104 77 35.1 1.4 74.2
Warren Grove Queens Community 367 341 7.6 10.32 35.6
Wellington Prince Community 409 401 2 1.8 227
West River Queens Community 741
Winsloe South Queens Community 221 198 11.6 9.63 23
York Queens Community 284
Total towns 21,491 18,780 11.3 79.47 263.1
Total cities 49,313 46,674 5.7 72.69 678.4
Total communities 26,689
Total municipalities 94,854

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning: Municipalities". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. August 15, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Municipalities Act". Legislative Counsel Office. December 6, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c "EC2013-782" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. November 5, 2013. p. 3. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Charlottetown Census agglomeration Census Profile". Statistics Canada. April 14, 2014. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. January 1, 2013. Retrieved May 19, 2013. 
  9. ^ "EC2012-443" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. July 31, 2012. p. 9. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  10. ^ http://www.gov.pe.ca/placefinder/index.php3?cgndb=BAEFL&formattype=&city=Belfast
  11. ^ http://www.gov.pe.ca/placefinder/index.php3?cgndb=BAEDV&formattype=&city=Bonshaw

External links[edit]