List of consorts of Brittany

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Coat of arms of the Dukes of Brittany.

A royal consort is the spouse of a ruling monarch. Consorts of monarchs in the Duchy of Brittany and its predecessor states had no constitutional status or power, but many had significant influence over their spouse. Listed are the wives of the Dukes of Brittany (some of whom claimed the title of King of Brittany) who were styled Duchesses of Brittany. Although there were six suo jure Duchesses of Brittany, the husbands of those duchesses were jure uxoris dukes and not consorts. Brittany is no longer a duchy and the title is currently not being used by the defunct Royal Family of France, so the position of Duchess of Brittany is vacant. Little is known about the duchesses whose husbands reigned prior to the year 900 besides their names.

Not all wives of the monarchs became consorts, as they may have died, been divorced, or had their marriage declared invalid prior to their husband's accession to the throne, or married him after his abdication. Such cases include

Queen and Duchess of Brittany[edit]

Early duchesses and queens[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Argentaela
[1][2]
 ?  ?  ? 846
husband's accession
7 March 851
husband's death
 ? Nominoe
Marmohec
[2][3]
 ?  ?  ? 7 March 851
husband's accession
before 857 Erispoe
Wembrit
[2][3][4]
 ?  ?  ? November 857
as Duchess
868
as Queen
25 June 874
husband's death
877 Salomon
Prostlon of Brittany
[1][3]
Salomon of Brittany  ?  ? 874
husband's accession in opposition with Gurvand
876
husband's death
877 Pasquitan
Lotitia of Brittany
[2]
Erispoe of Brittany  ?  ? 874
husband's accession in opposition with Pasquitan
876
husband's death
 ? Gurvand
Unnamed
[2]
 ?  ?  ? 877
husband's accession in opposition with Alan I
888
husband's death
 ? Judicael
Oreguen of Rennes
[1][3]
Gurvand, Duke of Brittany  ?  ? 876
as Duchess
890
as Queen
907
husband's death
 ? Alan I

The succession was interrupted by the Norman occupation (907–937)

House of Nantes[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Roscille of Anjou
[1][3][4]
Fulk I, Count of Anjou
(Anjou)
 ? 925 937
husband's accession
948 Alan II
 ? of Blois
[1][3][4][5]
Theobald the Ancient, Viscount of Blois and Tour
(Blois)
 ? 943/8 952
husband's death
 ?
954 958
husband's accession?
960
husband's death
Fulk II of Anjou
Unnamed
[1][3]
 ?  ?  ? 960
husband's accession
981
husband's death
 ? Hoel I
Aremburge, Lady of Ancenis
[1][3]
 ?  ?  ? 981
husband's accession
988
husband's death
 ? Guerech

House of Rennes[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Ermengarde of Anjou
[2][3]
Geoffrey I, Count of Anjou
(Anjou)
- 973 after 982 Conan I
Hvaiza.jpg Hawise of Normandy
[2]
Richard I, Duke of Normandy
(Normandy)
- 996 20 November 1008
husband's death
21 February 1034 Geoffrey I
Bertha of Blois
[2]
Odo II, Count of Blois
(Blois)
- - 1 October 1040
husband's death
11/13 April 1085 Alan III

House of Cornouaille[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Constance of Normandy.jpg Constance of Normandy
[2][6]
William I of England
(Normandy)
1061 1086 13 August 1090 Alan IV
Ermengarde of Anjou
[2][3][6]
Fulk IV, Count of Anjou
(Anjou)
1068 1093 13 October 1119
husband's death
1 June 1146
Maud FitzRoy
[2][3][6]
Henry I of England
(Normandy)
 ? before 1113 17 September 1148
husband's death
after 1128 Conan III

House of Penthièvre[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Margaret of Huntingdon
[2][7]
Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon
(Dunkeld)
1140 1160 20 February 1171
husband's death
1201 Conan IV

House of Dreux[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Sceau de Blanche de Navarre - Duchesse de Bretagne.png Blanche of Navarre
[7][8]
Theobald I of Navarre
(Champagne)
1226 16 January 1236 11/12 August 1283 John I
Sceau de Yolande d'Ecosse - Duchesse de Bretagne.png Yolande de Dreux, Countess of Montfort-l'Amaury
[8]
Robert IV, Count of Dreux
(Dreux)
1263 May 1292/4 18 November 1305
husband's accession
27 August 1312
husband's death
2 August 1330 Arthur II
Escudo Corona de Castilla.png Isabella of Castile Sancho IV of Castile
(Anscarids)
1283 21 June 1310 27 August 1312
husband's accession
24 July 1328 John III
Hrobka.jpg Joanna of Savoy
[7][9]
Edward, Count of Savoy
(Savoy)
1310 21 March 1330 30 April 1341
husband's death
29 June 1344

House of Montfort[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Jeanne flamme.jpg Joanna of Flanders
[7][9]
Louis, Count of Nevers
(Dampierre)
1295 March 1329 30 April 1341
husband's accession
16 September 1345
husband's death
September 1374 John IV
Mary Plantagenet of Brittany.jpg Mary of England
[9]
Edward III of England
(Plantagenet)
10 October 1344 summer of 1361 1362 John V
Armoiries Holland.png Joan de Holland
[7][9]
Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent
(Holland)
1350 May 1366 after 25 December 1384
Joan of Navarre, queen of England.jpg Joanna of Navarre
[7][9]
Charles II of Navarre
(Évreux)
1370 2 October 1386 1 November 1399
husband's death
9 July 1437
Joan of France (1391–1433).jpg Joan of France
[9][10]
Charles VI of France
(Valois)
24 January 1391 19 September 1396 1 November 1399
husband's accession
27 September 1433 John VI
Isabella of Scotland.jpg Isabella of Scotland
[9][10]
James I of Scotland
(Stewart)
autumn of 1426 30 October 1442 18 July 1450
husband's death
13 October 1494/5 March 1499 Francis I
Fcse d amboise.jpg Françoise d'Amboise
[9][10][11]
Louis d'Amboise, Viscount of Thouars and Prince of Talmond
(Amboise)
29 May 1427 June 1441/2 18 July 1450
husband's accession
22 September 1457
husband's death
4 November 1485 Peter II
Blason Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise.svg Catherine of Luxembourg-Saint-Pol
[9][10][12]
Peter of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol
(Luxembourg-Saint-Pol)
 ? 2 July 1445 22 September 1457
husband's accession
26 December 1458
husband's death
1492 Arthur III
Renaut et Clarice - Loyset Liédet - Roman de Renaut de Montauban - Arsenal 5073 f117v.png Margaret of Brittany
[9][13][14]
Francis I, Duke of Brittany
(Montfort)
1443 16 November 1455 26 December 1458
husband's accession
25 September 1469 Francis II
Marketafoix.jpg Margaret of Foix
[9][13][14]
Gaston IV, Count of Foix
(Foix)
1453 27 June 1471/4 15 May 1486
Catherine de medicis.jpg Catherine de' Medici
[9][15][16][17]
Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino
(Medici)
13 April 1519 28 October 1533 10 August 1536
husband's accession
31 March 1547
Brittany ceased to exist
5 January 1589 Henry

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Also Countess consort of Vannes.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Also Countess consort of Rennes.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Also Countess consort of Nantes.
  4. ^ a b c Also Countess consort of Poher.
  5. ^ Also Countess consort of Anjou.
  6. ^ a b c Also Countess consort of Cornouaille.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Also Countess consort of Richmond
  8. ^ a b Also Countess consort of Penthièvre
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Also Countess consort of Montfort-l'Amaury.
  10. ^ a b c d Also titular Countess consort of Richmond
  11. ^ Also Countess consort of Guingamp.
  12. ^ Also Countess consort of Ivry.
  13. ^ a b Also Countess consort of Étampes.
  14. ^ a b Also Countess consort of Vertus.
  15. ^ Also Duchess consort of Orléans.
  16. ^ Also Dauphine of Viennois, Countess consort of Valentinois and of Diois.
  17. ^ Also Dauphine of France.

Sources[edit]