List of consorts of Oldenburg

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For the royal consorts of the other states ruled by House of Oldenburg and its scion, see List of Danish consorts, List of Schleswig-Holstein consorts, List of Holstein-Sonderburg consorts, and List of Russian consorts.

A royal consort is the spouse of a ruling monarch. Consorts of monarchs in the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg and its predecessors states have no constitutional status or power but many had significant influence over their spouse.

From the elevation of the County of Oldenburg to a Duchy and later a Grand Duchy, the Monarchy of Oldenburg has had four royal consorts: one duchess and three grand duchesses. Although their husband's were the ruler of the Oldenburg territory, they were not the head of the House of Oldenburg; that honor lies with the Oldenburg Kings of Denmark and later the Glücksburg Dukes of Schleswig-Holstein, descended from Count Christian VI. The Queen consorts of Denmark held the title of Countess (later Duchess) of Oldenburg, but it wasn't until 1667 to 1773 that Denmark control Oldenburg, then it was passed to the Russians, who were rule by another scion of the House of Oldenburg.

All female consorts have had the right to and have held the title of countess, duchess, or grand duchess consort depending on the years. As all rulers of Oldenburg had to be male due to the Salic law of male succession and total exclusion of female succession, there was never a male consort of Oldeburg. Consorts held the titles, Countess consort of Oldenburg (1088-1774), Duchess of consort Oldenburg (1774-1815/1829), and last of all, Grand Duchess consort of Oldenburg (1815/1829-1918). Had their existed a consort from 1815 to 1829, they would have been in the awkward situation of being a Duchess consort reigning in a Grand duchy. Oldenburg had been elevated to a Grand Duchy in 1815 after the Napoleonic War, but William and Peter I never used the title of Grand Duke of Oldenburg. But William and Peter I had no wives living during that period.

Not all wives of monarchs have become consorts, as they may have died, been divorced, had their marriage declared invalid prior to their husbands' ascending the throne, or married after abdication. Such cases include:

From 1774 to the end of the monarchy in 1918, only William, Duke of Oldenburg and Peter I, Duke of Oldenburg have reigned without spouses.

After the Grand Duchy was abolished in 1918, the spouse of the head of the old Grand Ducal family of Oldenburg is the titular Grand Duchess consort of Oldenburg. The current titular grand duchess is Princess Ameli of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg, the wife of Anton-Günther, Duke of Oldenburg, the head of the grand ducal family of Oldenburg.

If Duke Christian of Oldenburg, Anton-Günther's son and heir, ascends to the role of Head of the Grand Ducal Family of Oldenburg, his wife, Countess Caroline zu Rantzau, will become the titular Grand Duchess of Oldenburg.

Countess of Oldenburg, (1088-1774)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Countess Ceased to be Countess Death Spouse
Richenza of Elsdorf Count Dedo, the husband of Ida von Elsdorf 1044  ? 1088
husband's ascension
1108/12
husband's death
 ? Elimar I
Eilika of Werl-Rietberg Henry, Count of Rietberg  ? before 1102 1108
husband's ascension
1142
husband's death
 ? Elimar II
Kunigunde of Versfleth Gerbert, Count of Versfleth
(Versfleht)
 ? before 1102 1142
husband's ascension
1169
husband's death
 ? Christian I
Salome of Hostaden-Wickrath Otto II, Count of Wickrath  ? before 1145 1169
husband's ascension
1209/11
husband's death
 ? Maurice I
Mechthild of Woldenberg Hoier I, Count of Wöltingerode-Woldenberg  ?  ? 1209/11
husband's ascension
1251
husband's death
 ? Otto I
Arms-Isenburg.svg Agnes of Altena-Isenberg Arnold, Count of Altena  ? before 1204 1209/11
husband's ascension
1238
husband's death
 ? Christian II
Hoya-Grafschaft.PNG Richeza of Hoya-Stumpenhausen Henry II, Count of Hoya
(Hoya)
 ? before 1250 1238
husband's ascension
1272
husband's death
 ? John I
Wappen Wildeshausen.png Hedwig of Oldenburg-Wildeshausen Henry IV, Count of Oldenburg-Wildeshausen
(Oldenburg-Wildeshausen)
 ?  ? 1272
husband's ascension
 ? Christian III
Sin foto.svg Jutta of Bentheim  ?  ?  ? 1278
husband's abdication
before 1287
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Elisabeth of Lüneburg John of Brunswick, Duke of Lüneburg
(Lüneburg-Celle)
 ? 1294 1294/1298 John II (aka IX)
Wappen diepholz.png Hedwig of Diepholz Conrad, Count of Diepholz  ?  ? 1305
husband's abdication
 ?
Wappen Bruchhausen.jpg Hedwig of Altbruchausen Hildebold, Count of Altbruchausen
(Oldenburg-Wildeshausen)
 ?  ? 1305
husband's ascension
1324
husband's death
1348 Christian IV
Bronckhorst klein wapen.svg Mechthild of Bronckhorst  ?  ?  ? 1305
husband's ascension
1338 John XI
Holstein Arms.svg Ingeborg of Itzehoe Gerhard IV, Count of Holstein-Itzehoe-Plön
(Schauenburg)
 ?  ? 1344
husband's ascension
1368
husband's death
 ? Conrad I
Sin foto.svg Kunigunde  ?  ?  ? 1368
husband's ascension
1386
husband's abdication
 ? Conrad II
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Elisabeth of Brunswick-Lüneburg Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Brunswick)
1368 1391 1398
husband's abdication
1420 Maurice III or IV
Wappen Hohnstein.svg Agnes of Hohnstein-Heiringen Dietrich V, Count of Hohnstein
(Hohnstein)
 ? 1360 1398
husband's ascension
1404 Christian V
Coat of arms of Schleswig-Holstein.svg Helvig of Schleswig and Holstein Gerhard VI, Count of Holstein-Rendsborg, Duke of Schleswig
(Schauenburg)
1398 23 November 1423 1436 Dietrich
DE Tecklenburg COA.svg Adelheid of Tecklenburg Otto VIII, Count of Tecklenburg
(Schwerin)
1435 1453 2 March 1477 Gerhard VI
Anhalt.PNG Anna of Anhalt-Zerbst George I, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
(Ascania)
 ? 20 June 1498 10 February 1526
husband's abdication
10 October 1531 John V (aka XIV)
Wappen Grafschaft Sachsen-Lauenburg.svg Sofie of Saxe-Lauenburg Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
(Ascania)
1521 1 January 1537 1566
husband's ascension
13 May 1571 Anthony I
Wappen derer von Schwarzburg und derer von Kevernburg.png Elisabeth of Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Gunther XI, Count of Schwarzburg
(Schwarzburg)
13 April 1541 1576 12 November 1603
husband's death
26 December 1612 John XVI
Sophia Catherina of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg.jpg Sophie Katharina of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg Alexander, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
(Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg)
28 June 1617 1635 19 June 1667
husband's death
22 November 1696 Anthony Günther
Sophieamaliedenmark.jpg Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Brunswick-Lüneburg)
24 March 1628 1 October 1643 1667
Oldenburg passed to Denmark
9 February 1670
husband's death
20 February 1685 Frederick III of Denmark
1650 Charlotte.jpg Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
(Hesse-Kassel)
27 April 1650 25 June 1667 9 February 1670
husband's ascession
25 August 1699
husband's death
27 March 1714 Christian V of Denmark
Louisemecklenburgdenmark.jpg Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow Gustav Adolf, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
(Mecklenburg-Güstrow)
28 August 1667 5 December 1695 25 August 1699
husband's ascession
15 March 1721 Frederick IV of Denmark
Annasophiereventlow.jpg Anne Sophie Reventlow Conrad, Count Reventlow
16 April 1693 4 April 1721 12 October 1730
husband's death
7 January 1743
SophieMagdalenevonBrandenburg-Kulmbach01.jpg Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach Christian Heinrich of Brandenburg-Bayreuth-Kulmbach
(Hohenzollern)
28 November 1700 7 August 1721 12 October 1730
husband's ascession
6 August 1746
husband's death
27 May 1770 Christian VI of Denmark
1724Louise 2.jpg Louise of Great Britain George II of Great Britain
(Hanover)
7 December 1724 11 December 1743 6 August 1746
husband's ascession
19 December 1751 Frederick V of Denmark
Julianemariedenmark.jpg Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
(Brunswick-Bevern)
4 September 1729 8 July 1752 13 January 1766
husband's death
10 October 1796
Dronning Caroline Mathilde.jpg Caroline Matilda of Great Britain Frederick, Prince of Wales
(Hanover)
11 July 1751 8 November 1766 1773
Oldenburg passed to Russia
10 May 1775 Christian VII of Denmark
Natalia Alexeievna of Russia by A.Roslin (1776, Hermitage).jpg Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
(Hesse-Darmstadt)
25 June 1755 29 September 1773 1773
ceased to be countess
15 April 1776 Paul I of Russia
Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Ulrike Friederike Wilhelmine of Hesse-Kassel Landgrave Maximilian of Hesse-Kassel
(Hesse-Kassel)
31 October 1722 21 November 1752 1773
husband's ascension
1774
became Duchess
28 February 1787 Frederick Augustus I

Duchess of Oldenburg, (1774-1829)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Ulrike Friederike Wilhelmine of Hesse-Kassel Landgrave Maximilian of Hesse-Kassel
(Hesse-Kassel)
31 October 1722 21 November 1752 1774
became Duchess
6 July 1785
husband's death
28 February 1787 Frederick Augustus I

Grand Duchess of Oldenburg, (1829-1918)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Grand Duchess Ceased to be Grand Duchess Death Spouse
1807 Cacilie.JPG Cecilia of Sweden Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden
(Holstein-Gottorp)
22 June 1807 5 May 1831 27 January 1844 Augustus I
Joseph Stieler - Elisabeth von Sachsen-Altenburg (1826–1896).jpg Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
(Saxe-Altenburg)
26 March 1826 10 February 1852 27 February 1853
husband's ascension
2 February 1896 Peter II
Elisabethmecklenburg.jpg Elisabeth of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
(Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
10 August 1869 24 October 1896 13 June 1900
husband's ascension
11 November 1918
husband's abdication
3 September 1955 Frederick Augustus II

Titular Grand Duchess of Oldenburg (since 1918)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Titular Grand Duchess Ceased to be Titular Grand Duchess Death Spouse
Elisabethmecklenburg.jpg Elisabeth of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
(Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
10 August 1869 24 October 1896 11 November 1918
husband's abdication
24 February 1931
husband's death
3 September 1955 Frederick Augustus II
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Fürstentum Waldeck und Pyrmont.png Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont Friedrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont
(Waldeck and Pyrmont)
22 December 1899 26 October 1921 24 February 1931
husband's ascension
18 February 1948 Nikolaus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Anne-Marie von Schutzbar gennant Milchling Rudolf von Schutzbar gennant Milchling
(Schutzbar genannt Milchling)
3 July 1903 20 September 1950 3 April 1970
husband's death
1 January 1991
Löwenstein-Wertheim-count.PNG Ameli of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg Udo, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg
(Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg)
4 March 1923 7 August 1951 3 April 1970
husband's ascension
Incumbent
Heir:
Countess Caroline zu Rantzau
Anton-Günther, Duke of Oldenburg

References[edit]

External links[edit]