List of consorts of Provence

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Queen of Provence[edit]

See: List of Frankish queens and List of Burgundian queens.

After the division of the Carolingian Empire by the Treaty of Verdun (843), the first of the fraternal rulers of the three kingdoms to die was Lothair I, who divided his middle kingdom in accordance with the custom of the Franks between his three sons. Out of this division came the Kingdom of Provence, given to Lothair's youngest son, Charles. A heritage of royal rule was thus inaugurated in Provence that, though it was often subsumed into one of its larger neighbouring kingdoms, it was just as often proclaiming its own sovereigns.

Carolingian Dynasty, 855–879[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Engelberga of Parma Adelchis I, Count of Parma
(Supponids)
830 5 October 851 24 January 863
husband's accession
12 August 875
husband's death
896-901 Louis II
Richildaof Provence.gif Richilde of Provence Bivin of Gorze, Count of the Ardennes
(Bosonid)
845 870 12 August 875
husband's ascession
6 October 877
husband's death
2 June 910 Charles III
Adela hlava.jpg Adelaide of Paris Adalard of Paris
(Girardids)
850/853 February 875 6 October 877
husband's accession
10 April 879
husband's death
10 November 901 Louis III

Bosonid Dynasty, 879–933[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Ermengard of Italy Louis II
(Carolingian)
835/852/855 June 876 10 April 879
husband's accession
11 January 887
husband's death
22 June 896 Boso I
Anna of Constantinople
[1]
Leo VI the Wise
(Macedonian)
885 around 900 912 Louis IV
Adelaide of Upper Burgundy Rudolph I
(Elder Welf)
- 902-914 28 June 928
husband's death
943
Alda (or Hilda) - - after 924 5 June 928
husband's accession
before 932
marriage annulled
- Hugh I
Marozia of Tusculum, Senatrix and Patricia of Rome Theophylact I, Count of Tusculum
(Tusculani)
890 932 December 932
933
Provence ceases to be a separate kingdom.
932/937

In 933, Provence ceases to be a separate kingdom as Hugh exchanged it with Rudolph II of Upper Burgundy for the Iron Crown of Lombardy, that is, rule of Italy.

Welf Dynasty, 888–1032[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Reine Berthe et les fileueses, 1888.jpg Bertha of Swabia Burchard II, Duke of Swabia
(Hunfridings)
907 922 933
husband's accession
11 July 937
husband's death
after 2 January 966 Rudolph I
Adelane - 935/40 950s? 23 March 963/4 Conrad III
Mathilde de France.jpg Matilda of France Louis IV of France
(Carolingian)
943 964 26/27 January 981/2
Aldiud - - after 981/2 19 October 993
husband's death
-
Agaltrudis - - before 12 January 994 21 March 1008
or
18 February 1011
Rudolph II
Ermengarde of Savoy Humbert I, Count of Savoy
(Savoy)
- 24 April/28 July 1011 6 September 1032
husband's death
25/27 August 1057

In 1032 the kingdom of Burgundy and Provence was incorporated into the Holy Roman Empire as a third kingdom, the Kingdom of Arles, with the King of Germany or Emperor as King of Burgundy.

Countess of Provence[edit]

House of Provence, 961–1127[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Countess Ceased to be Countess Death Spouse
Arsinde probably Arnold of Comminges - before April 970 after 17 April 979 William I
Adelaide of Anjou Fulk II, Count of Anjou
(Angevins)
947 984/6 993, after 29 August
husband's death
29 May 1026
Gerberga of Mâcon Otto-William, Count of Burgundy
(Ivrea)
985 1002 1019
husband's death
1020/3 William II
Eldiarde Eveza - - before 23 April 1040 27 April 1051
husband's death
- Fulk Bertrand
Stephanie or Douce probably William II, Viscount of Marseille or not - before 27 January 1040 February 1061-63
husband's death
after 1 April 1080 Geoffrey I
Theresa of Aragon Ramiro I of Aragon
(Jiménez)
1037 - 27 April 1051
husband's accession
- William Bertrand
Adelaide of Cavenez - - - 28 July 1094
husband's death
after 1110
Ermengarde - - 13 July 1065 13 February 1065/7
husband's death
after April 1077 Geoffrey II
Matilda - - before February 1061 1063
husband's accession
29 April 1090
or
28 July 1094
husband's death
- Bertrand II

House of Barcelona, 1127–1267[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Countess Ceased to be Countess Death Spouse
Beatrice, Countess of Melgueil Bernard IV, Count of Melgueil 1124 1135 March 1144
husband's death
after 1190 Berenguer Ramon
Richeza of Poland Władysław II the Exile
(Piast)
1130/40 17 November 1161 1166
husband's death
16 June 1185 Ramon Berenguer II
Ermesinda de Rocaberti Jofré I, Viscount of Rocaberti
(Rocaberti)
- before 1184 before 1185 Sancho
Gersenda.jpg Garsenda, Countess of Forcalquier Renier de Sabran, Lord of Caylar and Ansouis 1180 July 1193 1 December 1209
husband's death
1242 Alfonso II
Beatrix4.jpg Beatrice of Savoy Thomas I, Count of Savoy
(Savoy)
1205 December 1220 19 August 1245
husband's death
4 January 1267 Ramon Berenguer IV

Capetian House of Anjou, 1267–1382[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Countess Ceased to be Countess Death Spouse
Marie Uhry neapol.jpg Maria of Hungary Stephen V of Hungary
(Árpád)
1257 May/June 1270 5 May 1309
husband's death
25 March 1323 Charles II
Sanchamallorka.jpg Sancha of Majorca James II of Majorca
(Barcelona)
1285 20 September 1304 5 May 1309
husband's ascession
20 January 1343
husband's death
28 July 1345 Robert

House of Valois-Anjou, 1382–1481[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Countess Ceased to be Countess Death Spouse
Louis Marie.jpg Marie of Blois-Châtillon Charles of Blois-Châtillon, Duke of Brittany
(Châtillon)
1343/5 9 July 1360 12 May 1382
husband's accession
20 September 1384
husband's death
12 November 1404 Louis I
Yolandadearagon.jpg Yolande of Aragon John I of Aragon
(Barcelona)
11 August 1384 2 December 1400 29 April 1417
husband's death
14 November 1442 Louis II
DH-Ulrich der Vielgeliebte Gattinnen.jpg Margaret of Savoy Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoy
(Savoy)
1410s or 7 August 1420 1424/31 August 1432 12 November 1434
husband's death
30 September 1479 Louis III
IsabelaLorraine.jpg Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine Charles II, Duke of Lorraine
(Lorraine)
c. 1400 24 October 1420 12 November 1434
husband's accession
28 February 1453 René
Jana di anjova.jpg Jeanne de Laval Guy XIV, Count of Laval
(Laval)
10 November 1433 10 September 1454 10 July 1480
husband's death
19 December 1498
Armoiries Comtes Lorraine-Vaudémont.svg Jeanne de Lorraine Frederick II of Vaudémont
(Lorraine)
1458 21 January 1474 10 July 1480
husband's accession
25 January 1480 Charles III

Courtesy title[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Countess Ceased to be Countess Death Spouse
Filleul Comtesse de provence.jpg Marie Joséphine of Savoy Victor Amadeus III of Savoy
(Savoy)
2 September 1753 16 April 1771 8 June 1795
became titular
Queen of France,
called:
Madame de Provence
13 November 1810 Louis Stanislas Xavier de France,
called:
Louis XVIII
of France

Margravine of Provence[edit]

See: List of Toulousain consorts.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Some historians believed that Anna never married Louis the Blind. Although there are proves that they were betrothed to one another, Anna was buried in Constantinople showing that she never left her father's court. The main reason some believe that she was his wife was because of Louis' son, Charles-Constantine's second name.

Source[edit]