List of continents by GDP (nominal)

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World map showing nominal GDP of countries for the year 2010 according to the IMF.
Legend: (in billions of U.S. dollars)
  > 1,000
  200-999
  10-199
  < 10
  no data

This article includes a list of continents of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the market value of all final goods and services from a continent in a given year. The GDP dollar estimates presented here are calculated at market or government official exchange rates.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations may change a continents ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population. Therefore these figures should be used with caution.

Comparisons of national wealth are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP).) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem, but has its own drawbacks; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

The first list includes 2010 data estimatesn1 for members of the International Monetary Fund. The second list shows the World Bank's mostly 2010 estimates, and the third list includes mostly 2010 estimates from the CIA World Factbook.

Area and population[edit]

Comparison of area and population

The following table summarises the area and population of each continent using the seven continent model, sorted by decreasing area.[1]

Continent Area (km²) Area (mi²) Percent of
total landmass
Total population Percent of
total population
Density
People per
km²
Density
People per
mi²
Most populous
city (proper)
Asia 43,820,000 16,920,000 29.5% 4,164,252,000 60.5% 95.0 246 Shanghai, China
Africa 30,370,000 11,730,000 20.4% 1,022,234,000 14.8% 33.7 87 Lagos, Nigeria
North America 24,709,000 9,540,000 16.5% 542,056,000 7.9% 21.9 57 Mexico City, Mexico
South America 17,840,000 6,890,000 12.0% 392,555,000 5.7% 22.0 57 São Paulo, Brazil
Antarctica 13,720,000 5,300,000 9.2% 1,000 0.00002% 0.00007 0.00018 Villa Las Estrellas, Chilean claim
Europe 10,180,000 3,930,000 6.8% 738,199,000 10.7% 72.5 188 Moscow, Russia
Oceania 9,008,500 3,478,200 5.9% 29,127,000 0.4% 3.2 8.3 Sydney, Australia

The total land area of all continents is 148,647,000 square kilometres (57,393,000 sq mi), or 29.1% of earth's surface (510,065,600 square kilometres or 196,937,400 square miles).

A rough estimate of the total population of all the continents is 7,000,000,000.

GDP (nominal) by continents[edit]

The following table summarises the GDP (nominal) of each continent by adding GDP (nominal) of each nations within the seven continent model, sorted by USD.

In this table, the sovereign states and dependent territories are classified according to the geoscheme created by the United Nations Statistics Division.[2] According to the UN, the assignment of countries or areas to specific groupings is for statistical convenience and does not imply any assumption regarding political or other affiliation of countries or territories.[3]

For more information please see List of sovereign states and dependent territories by continent.


List by the International Monetary Fund (2013)[4] List by the World Bank (1990-2010)[5] List by the CIA World Factbook (2000-2010)[6]
Rank Continent GDP (trillions of $) Year
 World 73.98 2013
1 Europe 24.4 2013
2 North America 20.3 2013
3 Asia 18.5 2013
4 South America 4.2 2013
5 Africa 2.6 2013
6 Oceania 1.8 2013
7 Antarctica N/A 2013
Rank Continent GDP (millions of $) Year
 World 53,175,396 2010
1 Europe 18,799,894 2010
2 North America 17,506,458 2010
3 Asia 10,574,581 2010
4 South America 3,632,841 2010
5 Africa 1,594,777 2010
6 Oceania 1,066,845 2010
7 Antarctica N/A 2010
Rank Continent GDP (millions of $) Year
 World 55,044,725 2010
1 Europe 18,806,370 2010
2 North America 17,587,792 2010
3 Asia 12,084,604 2010
4 South America 3,535,527 2010
5 Africa 1,638,404 2010
6 Oceania 1,392,028 2010
7 Antarctica N/A 2010

GDP per capita (nominal) by continents[edit]


List by the International Monetary Fund (2010)[7] List by the World Bank (1990-2010)[5] List by the CIA World Factbook (2000-2010)[6]
Rank Continent GDP per
capita (US$)
Year
 World Average 18,351[8] 2010
1 Oceania 39,052 2010
2 North America 32,077 2010
3 Europe 25,434 2010
4 South America 9,024 2010
5 Asia 2,941 2010
6 Africa 1,576 2010
7 Antarctica N/A 2010
Rank Continent GDP per
capita (US$)
Year
 World Average 16,837 2010
1 North America 32,296 2010
2 Oceania 29,909 2010
3 Europe 25,467 2010
4 South America 9,254 2010
5 Asia 2,539 2010
6 Africa 1,560 2010
7 Antarctica N/A 2010
Rank Continent GDP per
capita (US$)
Year
 World Average 18,409 2010
1 Oceania 39,025 2010
2 North America 32,446 2010
3 Europe 25,476 2010
4 South America 9,006 2010
5 Asia 2,902 2010
6 Africa 1,603 2010
7 Antarctica N/A 2010

Notes[edit]

1. ^ Estimated by IMF staff.
2. ^ Figures exclude Taiwan, and special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
3. ^ The Eurozone in 2010 was 16 of 27 European Union countries: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
4. ^ Data include the French overseas departments of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, and Réunion.
5. ^ Excludes Kosovo.
6. ^ Hyperinflation and the plunging value of the Zimbabwean dollar makes Zimbabwe's nominal GDP a highly inaccurate statistic.
7. ^ Excludes data for Transnistria.
8. ^ Includes Former Spanish Sahara.
9. ^ Data are for the area controlled by the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.
10. ^ Covers mainland Tanzania only.
11. ^ Excludes Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Total Population – Both Sexes". World Population Prospects, the 2010 Revision. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 28 June 2011. Retrieved 24 October 2011. (Per linked individual article definitions, North America includes UN population estimates for North America, Central America and Caribbean; Australia includes Australia and Papua New Guinea.)
  2. ^ "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings". United Nations Statistics Division. 
  3. ^ "Standard country or area codes and geographical regions for statistical use". United Nations Statistics Division. 
  4. ^ "IMF Data Mapper". International Monetary Fund. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Data refer mostly to the year 2010. World Development Indicators database, World Bank. Accessed on September 29, 2011.
  6. ^ a b Field listing - GDP (official exchange rate), CIA World Factbook. Accessed on September 26, 2011.
  7. ^ Nominal GDP list of countries for the year 2010. World Economic Outlook Database-September 2011, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on September 26, 2011.
  8. ^ "Nominal 2010 GDP for the world and the European Union.". World economic outlook database, September 2011. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2011-09-21.