List of converts to Christianity from Islam

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This is a list of notable people who have converted to Christianity from from Islam.

Abo of Tiflis, a Christian activist and the Patron AMR Saint of the city of Tbilisi, Georgia.[1]
Nonie Darwish, an Egyptian American writer and public speaker.[2]
Italian journalist Magdi Allam converted to Roman Catholicism during the Vatican's 2008 Easter vigil service presided over by Pope Benedict XVI.[4]
Born into a Muslim Batak family, Indonesian Prime Minister Amir Sjarifuddin converted to Christianity in 1931, upon which his fervently Islamic mother committed suicide.[5]

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  • Joseph Fadelle – (born Mohammed al-Sayyid al-Moussawi), is a Roman Catholic convert from Islam and a writer born in 1964 in Iraq in a Shiite family.[76]
  • Donald FareedIranian Christian tele-evangelist and minister.[77]
  • Hazem Farraj – An Palestinian-American writer, minister, and televangelist.[78]
  • Jacob Frank – 18th-century Jewish religious leader who claimed to be the reincarnation of the self-proclaimed messiah Sabbatai Zevi, and also of King David. Frank publicly converted to Islam in 1757 and later to Christianity at Poland in 1759, but actually presented himself as the Messiah of a syncretic derivation of Shabbatai Zevi's Messianism now referred to as Frankism.[79]

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  • Sabatina James – (1982 in Dhedar, Pakistan) Is an Austrian-Pakistani book author. She started a new life in Vienna, changing her name and converting to Catholicism where she was baptized in 2006.[108]
  • Esther John – A Pakistani Christian nurse.[109] She is counted in ten most famous Christian martyrs of the present day.
  • Lina Joy – A Malay convert from Islam to Christianity. Born Azlina Jailani in 1964 in Malaysia to Muslim parents of Javanese descent, she converted at age 26. In 1998, she was baptized, and applied to have her conversion legally recognized by the Malaysian courts.[110]
  • Don Juan of Persia – (1560–1604) A late 16th- and early 17th-century figure in Iran and Spain. He is also known as Faisal Nazary. He was a native of Iran, who later moved westward. He settled in Spain where he became a Roman Catholic.[111]

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  • Malika Oufkir – A Moroccan writer and daughter of General Mohamed Oufkir. She and her siblings are converts from Islam to Catholicism, and she writes in her book, "Stolen Lives": "we had rejected Islam, which had brought us nothing good, and opted for Catholicism instead."[159]

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Queen Nazli Sabri of Egypt who converted to Christian-Catholicism from Sunni Islam.

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  • Francis Verney – Verney spent two years in the Sicily slave galleys. He was then rescued by an English Jesuit in 1614 and converted to Catholicism shortly before his death.

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  • Muley Xeque – (Arabic: مولاي الشيخ Mawlay al-Shaykh) was a Moroccan prince, born in Marrakech in 1566. Exiled in Spain, he was converted to Roman Catholicism in Madrid and was known as Philip of Africa or Philip of Austria.[227]

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See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Collected Papers in Greek And Georgian Textual Criticism, pg. 174.[1]; January 8th Saints
  2. ^ Friedman, Lisa. "Ex-Muslim calls on her people to reject hatred", Los Angeles Daily News, 5 June 2005. (reproduced)
  3. ^ Kabeer Gbaja-Biamila
  4. ^ a b Pope baptizes one of Italy's most prominent Muslims at Easter vigil service
  5. ^ a b Vickers (2005), page 86
  6. ^ George Sanikidze and Edward W. Walker (2004), Islam and Islamic Practices in Georgia. Berkeley Program in Soviet and Post-Soviet Studies., p. 12, University of California, Berkeley Institute of Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies.
  7. ^ http://www.tokohindonesia.com/biografi/article/285-ensiklopedi/877-melukis-300-potret-diri Biografi Basuki Abdullah
  8. ^ Former terrorist trades weapons for olive branch
  9. ^ http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/12/19/rev-saeed-abedini-american-christian-imprisoned-preaching-christianity_n_2332690.html Rev. Saeed Abedini, American Christian, Imprisoned In Iran For Preaching Christianity, Thrown In Notorious Prison
  10. ^ http://www.rnw.nl/arabic/article/467965
  11. ^ http://www.hdhod.com/%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%A6%D9%82-%D8%B9%D8%B1%D9%81%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D9%8A%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%AC-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D9%83%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%A9-%D8%B9%D8%B1%D9%81%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A8%D8%B7%D9%84%D9%8A-%D9%84%D9%81%D9%83%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D8%A8-%D8%A3%D8%B9%D8%B7%D9%89-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%84%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%87%D9%88%D8%AF_a34209.html
  12. ^ Michael Walsh, A New Dictionary of Saints: East and West, Liturgical Press, 2007, ISBN 0-8146-3186-X, Google Print, p. 3.
  13. ^ Grammy awards (25 August 2007). ""All hail The chieftain", Independent News". Independent.ie. Retrieved 16 February 2012. 
  14. ^ Holweck, F. G. (1924). A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints. St. Louis: B. Herder Book Co. p. 84. 
  15. ^ http://books.google.ca/books?id=qxcFAAAAQAAJ&pg=RA1-PA125&dq=%22safdar+ali%22+church+missionary+intelligencer&hl=en&ei=271tTce5F4rHgAeHhtjzAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false THE CHURCH MISSIONARY INTELLIGENCER
  16. ^ http://m.famousfix.com/p8886275/safdar-ali/ Safdar Ali
  17. ^ Post (29 February 2012). "'Messiah' Mehmet Ali Agca hopes to cash in on Pope attack". The Times. 
  18. ^ The Human Side In The Hajjah Of The Messenger of Allah
  19. ^ Inside Islam: A Guide for Catholics, with Robert Spencer, Ascension Press, 2003, ISBN 0-9659228-5-5.
  20. ^ "CBC Radio – The Current – Whole Show Blow-by-Blow". [dead link]
  21. ^ He saved me – The story of Hussain Andaryas from Afghanistan
  22. ^ http://www.voa-islam.com/read/aqidah/2010/06/23/7361/musibah-besarmuslimah-murtad-supaya-dinikahi-pemuda-kafir/#sthash.g9eyZQJZ.dpbs Musibah Besar! Muslimah Murtad Supaya Dinikahi Pemuda Kafir
  23. ^ http://www.sangpencerah.com/2014/03/fenomena-artis-murtad-nikah-beda-agama.html Fenomena Artis Murtad: Nikah Beda Agama dan Kristenisasi
  24. ^ Petre, Jonathan (8 October 2005). "'Wealth' church leader practised what he preached". Telegraph. Retrieved 2007-08-04. the charismatic Mr Ashimolowo, a Nigerian-born convert from Islam 
  25. ^ http://www.korabel.ru/persones/detail/9.html Авраамий Богданович Асланбегов
  26. ^ Christian Martyrs in Muslim Spain
  27. ^ Biography of Johannes Aveteranian
  28. ^ Hutchison, Robert A. (1999). Their Kingdom Come: Inside the Secret World of Opus Dei. St. Martin's Press. p. 7. ISBN 0312193440.  – "Sister Josephine Bakhita had been converted by force to Islam and then, freedom restored, had chosen Christianity".
  29. ^ [2][dead link]
  30. ^ "Fla. police: No credible threat to runaway convert, AP". miamiherald.com. 14 November 2009. Retrieved 16 February 2012. [dead link]
  31. ^ The Kurdish Minority Problem, p.11, December 1948, ORE 71-48, CIA "The first of the major Barzani revolts took place in 1931 after Sheikh Ahmed Barzani, one of the most prominent Kurdish leaders in Iraqi Kurdistan, announced his conversion to Christianity and succeeded in defeating a number of other Kurdish tribes as well as regular Iraqi troops." [3].
  32. ^ a b c d e (Tatar) "Үтәмешгәрәй". Tatar Encyclopaedia. Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002. 
  33. ^ Massie, Robert K. (1981). Peter the Great. Soviet Union: Ballantine Books. p. 469. ISBN 0345298063. 
  34. ^ J.S. Clarke. "History". Linda Haggin Peck. Retrieved 30 September 2008.
  35. ^ http://www.maghrebchristians.com/2012/08/12/algerian-muslim-convert-talks-about-christ/#ixzz247YeaG8y
  36. ^ Beale, Lewis. "Precious Freedom. USA Weekend Magazine. November 9, 2003.
  37. ^ I Love Jeddah in the Springtime Time magazine
  38. ^ Benin's new president announced
  39. ^ [4]
  40. ^ [5]
  41. ^ http://www.trendmalaya.com/2014/09/6-kes-melayu-murtad-dalam-sejarah.html Saya percaya tindakan ibubapa, abangnya dan bapa saudaranya telah melanggar hak kebebasan Nur Aisyah menganut agama pilihannya iaitu Kristian Khatolik”.
  42. ^ http://eglasie.mepasie.org/asie-du-sud-est/malaisie/1998-02-16-la-conversion-au-catholicisme-dune-musulmane La conversion au catholicisme d'une musulmane provoque un mouvement de colère chez ses compatriotes malais
  43. ^ "KapanLagi.com: Rianti Cartwright: JOMBLO Dekat Dengan Realitas"
  44. ^ http://img408.imageshack.us/img408/2461/pamfletrianticartwright.jpg perkawinan katolik
  45. ^ http://christoperlee.blogspot.fr/2011/12/kassian-cephas-pelopor-foto-pertama.html Ia masik agama Kristen Protestan pada usia remaja, sekitar 15 atau 16 tahun
  46. ^ http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/arch_0044-8613_1981_num_22_1_1669 Un exemple d'assimilation à Java
  47. ^ http://www.oldies.com/artist-biography/Chamillionaire.html artist biography of Chamillionaire
  48. ^ http://www.philadelphiaweekly.com/music/whats_up_with-38403029.html On religion: "I go to church every Sunday I'm in Houston. Now I have people asking for autographs in church. It's crazy, but yeah, I still do that and I still pay tithes and all that stuff."
  49. ^ "Djibril Cisse Biography". Netglimse.com. Retrieved 16 February 2012. 
  50. ^ Mondial : ces joueurs de foot ont la foi !, Benoît Fidelin, Pèlerin N° 6654, June 10, 2010[dead link]
  51. ^ Muslim to Catholic Convert Hansen Hashem Clarke Member of US Congress.
  52. ^ "New York Times obituary". nytimes.com. 2 May 1998. Retrieved 16 February 2012. 
  53. ^ Africana Online[dead link]
  54. ^ Constantine the African
  55. ^ Constantine the African, or Constantinus Africanus (medieval medical scholar)
  56. ^ Stallaert, C. 1998
  57. ^ Rudnytsky, Peter L.(1987). Essays in modern Ukrainian history. Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies. p. 186
  58. ^ http://www.lefaso.net/spip.php?article38255 Et Moussa devint Moïse
  59. ^ http://www.paperblog.fr/3582150/burkina-faso-guinee-dadis-camara-devient-chretien-au-pays-des-hommes-integres/ "Dadis Camara devient chrétien au « Pays des hommes intègres"
  60. ^ http://romojost.blogspot.com/2013/02/djamin-alias-imin-alias-darmoyuwono.html
  61. ^ http://www.loonwatch.com/2010/02/nonie-darwish-caught-in-a-pool-of-lies/ Nonie Darwish Caught in a Pool of Lies
  62. ^ http://www.wnd.com/2007/02/40047/ DESCENDANT OF MUHAMMAD CONVERTS TO CHRISTIANITY
  63. ^ http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/the-right-rev-hassan-dehqanitafti-exiled-anglican-bishop-in-iran-832817.html The Right Rev Hassan Dehqani-Tafti: Exiled Anglican Bishop in Iran
  64. ^ http://www.pravoslavie.ru/english/51878.htm "IN THE HOLY NAME OF GOD WHO IS OUR LIFE AND EXISTENCE"
  65. ^ http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-mehdi-dibaj-1412186.html Obituary: Mehdi Dibaj
  66. ^ http://theperspective.org/articles/0617200501.html Religion And Power in Liberia
  67. ^ http://www.liberianobserver.com/editorials/tolerance-key-protecting-liberia%E2%80%99s-christian-muslim-harmony Tolerance: The Key To Protecting Liberia’s Christian-Muslim Harmony
  68. ^ http://www.manastir-lepavina.org/arhiva/novosti/index.php/engtext/detaljnije/orthodoxy_in_indonesia_an_interview_with_archimandrite_daniel_bambang_dwi_b/ Interview with Archimandrite Daniel
  69. ^ http://www.orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/articles/church_history/byantoro_indonesia.htm The birth of the Orthodox Church in Indonesia
  70. ^ Egypt: Christian convert from Islam jailed – Compass Direct News, 18 October 2006
  71. ^ Paul Hofmann, Pope Bans Marriage of Princess to Shah, The New York Times, 24 February 1959, p. 1.
  72. ^ http://migranteinternational.org/2014/08/06/factsheet-on-antonio-espares-ofw-beheaded-in-libya/ FACTSHEET ON ANTONIO ESPARES, OFW BEHEADED IN LIBYA
  73. ^ http://www.adobotalkph.com/2014/09/binay-attends-wake-ofw-beheaded.html Vice President Jejomar Binay has visited the wake of Antonio Espares
  74. ^ Estevanico (aka Estevan, Esteban, Estebanico, Black Stephen, Stephen the Moor)
  75. ^ Gulshan Esther, Alistair Mark Dean, Thelma Sangster, The Torn Veil: The Best-selling Story of Gulshan Esther, Zondervan (1992), pg.46, ISBN 0-551-01153-X
  76. ^ The price to pay (autobiography), published on 25 March 2010, The Work Editions , ISBN 978-2-35631-060-6
  77. ^ Donald Fareed's testimony on the Persian ministries website
  78. ^ http://www.trunews.com/ex-muslim-preaches-the-gospel/ ‘Ex-Muslim’ preaches the Gospel
  79. ^ Gershom Scholem, 'Shabtai Zvi (1626–1676)', 'Frank, Jacob, and the Frankists', from Encyclopedia Judaica
  80. ^ Against the Tides in the Middle East, International Academic Centre for Muslim Evangelism in South Africa, 1997 (published under the name "Mustafa").
  81. ^ Prison Radicalization: Are Terrorist Cells Forming in U.S. Cell Blocks? Government testimony (PDF)
  82. ^ Daveed Gartenstein-Ross biography on his website
  83. ^ Nadir Shah and the Afsharid Legacy, The Cambridge history of Iran: From Nadir Shah to the Islamic Republic, Ed. Peter Avery, William Bayne Fisher, Gavin Hambly and Charles Melville, (Cambridge University Press, 1991) , 11.
  84. ^ http://soref.tv/the-death-of-a-forgotten-princess/, The Death of a Forgotten Princess.
  85. ^ http://www.royalark.net/Egypt/egypt13.htm, The Muhammad 'Ali Dynasty
  86. ^ http://answerparty.com/question/answer/how-was-muslims-world-weakened-and-dominated-by-the-seljuk-turks-christian-crusaders-mongols-and-ottoman-turks How was Muslims world weakened and dominated by the Seljuk Turks, Christian crusaders, Mongols, and ottoman Turks?
  87. ^ Ruffa Gutierrez reaffirms her Christian faith
  88. ^ http://www.mb.com.ph/ruffa-gutierrez-on-men-and-calculated-love/ “He has to be God-fearing. I’ve been with someone of different religion and while I accept all religions, it would be nice if me and my man could go to Church together,” she said.
  89. ^ http://www.yowmomma.com/ruffa-gutierrez/ruffa-gutierrez-visited-baclayon-church-one-of-the-oldest-churches-in-the-philippines-built-in-the-1500s-it-was-devastated-by-the-7-2-magnitude-earthquake-that-hit-bohol-last-oct-15-2013-heart/ Ruffa Gutierrez: Visited Baclayon Church
  90. ^ Damien Simonis, Sarah Andrews, Spain, Lonely Planet, 2005, ISBN 1-74059-700-1, Google Print, pp. 743.
  91. ^ Gutierrez, Scott (28 July 2006). "Shooting suspect was baptized". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 2006-08-01. 
  92. ^ http://www.answering-islam.org/Testimonies/hassan.html I was a minister in the Nation of Islam
  93. ^ http://www.markmaranga.com/rajah-humabon-park-in-cebu/ Rajah Humabon was given the name Carlos in honor of King Charles V of Spain and his wife Queen Juana after King Charles’ mother
  94. ^ http://www.hawaii.edu/cps/magellancross.html Magellan's Cross, on the Island of Cebu
  95. ^ [6]
  96. ^ L. P. Harvey, Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614: 1500 to 1614, University of Chicago Press, 2005, ISBN 0-226-31963-6, M1 Google Print, pp. 223 Various Christian sources including the Christian historian, Marmol claim that with his dying breath Aben Humeya declared himself a Christian and said that what he had done was in the prosecution of a family feud.
  97. ^ "Marriages of the Holy Prophet". Al-islam.org. Retrieved 16 February 2012. 
  98. ^ Faith in Sports
  99. ^ http://www.minutodigital.com/2014/05/08/nasir-isiaku-ex-miembro-de-boko-haram-nuestros-jefes-nos-ensenaban-que-cuantos-mas-cristianos-matasemos-mas-probabilidades-habia-de-que-entrasemos-en-el-paraiso/ Nasir Isiaku, ex terrorista de Boko Haran ha hablado para la prensa occidental tras dejar el grupo musulmán y convertirse al Cristianismo
  100. ^ http://actualitechretienne.wordpress.com/2013/08/21/nous-recueillions-le-sang-des-chretiens-que-nous-egorgions-et-le-buvions/ « Nous recueillions le sang des chrétiens que nous égorgions et le buvions »
  101. ^ http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-27586067 A Sudanese woman awaiting the death penalty for abandoning her religious faith has given birth in jail near the capital, Khartoum, her lawyer has said.
  102. ^ http://www.omnilexica.com/?q=r.+iskak Biography of R.Iskak
  103. ^ http://www.indonesianfilmcenter.com/cc/raden-iskak.html Biografi Singkat:
  104. ^ http://www.nonstop-online.com/2014/02/artis-pesbukers-lecehkan-islam/ Artis Pesbukers ‘Lecehkan’ Islam …
  105. ^ http://www.tribunnews.com/seleb/2014/05/22/kata-keluarganya-jessica-iskandar-sudah-menikah-setahun-lalu Kata Keluarganya, Jessica Iskandar Sudah Menikah Setahun Lalu
  106. ^ Qadry Ismail's bio on TheGoal.com
  107. ^ Article on Raghib Ismail: Rocket shows strong path
  108. ^ [7]
  109. ^ in Catholic community
  110. ^ Note: Sharia, the Arabic term for Islamic law, is typically spelled "Syariah" in Malaysian English
  111. ^ Don Juan of Persia: A Shi'ah Catholic
  112. ^ {{cite web + |url = http://www.rosconcert.com/common/arc/story.php/26928 + |script-title=ru:Кабаеву не пустили в мечеть + |quote = + |date = 28 November 2002 + |accessdate = 2013-01-09 + |language = ru + |archiveurl = http://hiyo.jp/cache/of/2013-01-09-20-36-54/http://www.rosconcert.com/common/arc/story.php/26928+%7Carchivedate = 9 January 2013+}}
  113. ^ Религия в жизни спортсмена: вера или суеверие? Телепрограмма «Православная энциклопедия», прямой эфир на канале ТВЦ 22.01.05
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  115. ^ Allen, W.E.D. (1932). A history of the Georgian people; from the beginning down to the Russian conquest in the nineteenth century. London: Routledge & K. Paul. p. 383. ISBN 0-7100-6959-6. 
  116. ^ http://www.geneagraphie.com/getperson.php?personID=I670984&tree=1 Family all over the world
  117. ^ (Russian) Alexander Kazembek: Light from the East by Alexei Pylev. 13 April 2003. Retrieved 9 October 2006
  118. ^ Okanla, Karim (20 August 2003). "Benin's 'magical' leader". BBC news. 
  119. ^ Потребность быть настоящей // «Фома» № 6, 2008
  120. ^ «Кино в деталях» на СТС (05.11.2005)
  121. ^ http://www.hrw.org/legacy/campaigns/sudan98/testim/house-01.htm Background To The War In Sudan
  122. ^ http://www.hraicjk.org/apostasy_and_prophet_muhammad.html Sudan has the death penalty for "deserting Islam."
  123. ^ "Article about Kusturica's religion on". Pionirovglasnik.com. Retrieved 16 February 2012. 
  124. ^ "News of Kusturica's baptism on passagen.se". Hem.passagen.se. Retrieved 16 February 2012. 
  125. ^ Heirs of the Prophets: An account of the clergy and Priests of Islam, Samuel Marinus Zwemer, Moody press, 1946, p. 127 – "There are some examples which could easily be multiplied. Dr. Imad-ud-Din was a leading Sufi and theologian in the Punjaub. He was appointed to preach against Dr. Pfander in the royal mosque at Agra; he read the Scriptures, believed and was baptised, and with another great theologian and Sufi, Safdar Ali, became a missionary to his people. Afterwards he received a doctorate from Oxford University. His baptism took place New Year's Day, 1868, together with his aged father and brother. Other distinguished converts in the Punjab, such as Imam Shah, were also from the clergy."
  126. ^ Cryer, Neville Barker (1979). Bibles Across the World. United States of America: Mowbrays. p. 94. ISBN 0264664175. 
  127. ^ http://www.theawl.com/2012/07/the-slave-who-circumnavigated-the-world The Slave Who Circumnavigated The World
  128. ^ http://www.voaindonesia.com/content/sejarawan-harvard-penjelajah-bumi-pertama-putera-melayu/1711514.html Sejarawan Universitas Harvard: Penjelajah Bumi Pertama adalah Putera Melayu
  129. ^ http://forgottennewsmakers.com/2013/12/29/sake-dean-mahomed-1759-1851-first-indian-to-publish-a-book-own-a-restaurant-and-do-shampooing-in-england/ SAKE DEAN MAHOMED (1759 – 1851) First Indian to Publish a Book, Own a Restaurant and Do “Shampooing” in England
  130. ^ http://www.criterion-quarterly.com/sake-dean-mahomet-1759-1851/ Sake Dean Mahomet (1759-1851)
  131. ^ http://www.tribunnews.com/seleb/2010/09/20/zakat-pinkan-mambo-pindah-ke-gereja Pinkan Mambo move to church
  132. ^ http://www.cekricek.co.id/nama-peristiwa/item/10413-pinkan-mambo-menikah-di-gereja-secara-sederhana.html Pinkan Mambo married in a church in Los Angeles
  133. ^ http://metrotangsel.com/2013/10/wawancara-eksklusif-dengan-deetje-ibunda-pinkan-mambo-2/ Pinkan Mambo confirms be married to Steve Wantania
  134. ^ Majumdar, Margaret (2002). Francophone Studies: The Essential Glossary. United States of America: Oxford University Press. p. 4. ISBN 0340806966. 
  135. ^ http://books.google.fr/books?id=oQ8BFk9K0ToC&pg=PA1&lpg=PA1&dq=Abdul+Masih+convert&source=bl&ots=_7XbdQhzi-&sig=2luk_37vvutE0dAKu8urs3gyXns&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=T44tVJCmNq-BsQSQuoGACw&ved=0CD8Q6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=Abdul%20Masih%20convert&f=false Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions
  136. ^ http://www.faith2share.net/Mission/Missionaries/AbdulMasih/tabid/287/language/en-GB/Default.aspx Abdul Masih (1765 - 1827) An infleuntial indigenous Indian missionary
  137. ^ In Tibet and Chinese Turkestan: Being the Record of Three Years' Exploration, Henry Hugh Peter Deasy, pg. 284
  138. ^ "Carlos Menem" Encyclopædia Britannica
  139. ^ Berend, Nora. At the Gate of Christendom: Jews, Muslims and Pagans in Medieval Hungary, c. 1000–c. 1300. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-02720-5.
  140. ^ http://m.christianpost.com/news/vom-documents-severe-persecution-in-rural-ethiopia-15478/ VOM Documents Severe Persecution in Rural Ethiopia
  141. ^ http://www.refworld.org/pdfid/4b6fe1d20.pdf Ethiopian Orthodox Church - Refworld
  142. ^ http://st-takla.org/zJ/index.php?option=com_icopts&task=&sm=3-2&c=&dbl=en&tht=1309039200
  143. ^ http://www.wiscopts.net/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=153&Itemid=97
  144. ^ http://st-takla.org/Saints/Coptic-Orthodox-Saints-Biography/Coptic-Saints-Story_794.html
  145. ^ Brad Biggs (20 May 2005). "Muhammad all about giving as well as receiving". Chicago Sun-Times. p. 148. 
  146. ^ Jarrett-Kerr, Martin (1972). Patterns of Christian Acceptance. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. p. 196. 
  147. ^ http://www.christianpost.com/news/watchdog-said-musa-released-from-afghan-prison-no-longer-on-death-row-49156/ "I'm so thankful to the Lord that he is free and know it was a concerted effort on the part of so many people,"
  148. ^ Merica, Dan (1 October 2011). "Iranian pastor faces death for rape, not apostasy – report". CNN. 
  149. ^ http://www.thehansindia.com/posts/index/2013-12-12/Nagma-in-trouble-over-religious-conversion-79244 Nagma in trouble over religious conversion
  150. ^ http://www.jeevanmarg.com/testimonies/nagma-testimony-of-bollywood-actress/ NAGMA: TESTIMONY OF BOLLYWOOD ACTRESS
  151. ^ http://manado.tribunnews.com/2013/10/04/pesan-terakhir-diana-nasution-jangan-lupa-pelayanan-gereja "Mama benar-benar minta jangan sampai lupa pelayanan gereja,"
  152. ^ http://life.viva.co.id/news/read/449316-rita-nasution-dan-minggus-tahitoe-berduet-di-depan-peti-diana Walau saya Muslim, Hajah saya tetap bisa menyanyikan semua lagu.
  153. ^ Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-14-051312-4.
  154. ^ Flight from Iran
  155. ^ "African Studies Quarterly". Africa.ufl.edu. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  156. ^ Catlos, Brian A. The Victors and the Vanquished: Christians and Muslims of Catalonia and Aragon, 1050–1300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-521-82234-3.
  157. ^ http://www.islamnews.ru/news-8292.html Какие традиции продолжает глава МВД Рашид Нургалиев
  158. ^ http://survincity.com/2011/12/the-priests-said-interior-minister-nurgaliyev/ The priests said Interior Minister Nurgaliyev
  159. ^ Malika Oufkir: the American Making of a Moroccan Star
  160. ^ Hussein Fardust, The Rise and Fall of the Pahlavi Dynasty:, Motilal Banarsidass, 1999, ISBN 81-208-1642-0, Google Print, pp. 122–123.
  161. ^ Hamid Pourmand: Imprisonment due to religious belief
  162. ^ http://oktavita.com/foto-agni-pratistha-menikah-di-gereja.htm Foto Agni Pratistha Menikah di Gereja
  163. ^ http://www.tribunnews.com/seleb/2013/12/15/agni-pratistha-baru-resepsi-meski-menikah-juni-di-amrik Agni Pratistha, Baru Resepsi Meski Menikah Juni di Amrik
  164. ^ http://www.jpnn.com/read/2014/01/16/211141/Kehamilan-Agni-Pratistha-Disebar-di-Instagram-# Kehamilan Agni Pratistha Disebar di Instagram
  165. ^ "Vers la sobriété heureuse : interview exclusive de Pierre Rabhi pour la sortie de son livre". Femininbio.com. 24 March 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-25. 
  166. ^ http://www.thefridaytimes.com/tft/tracking-down-daud-rahbar/ Tracking down Daud Rahbar
  167. ^ http://www.themuslimtimes.org/2013/10/countries/united-states/exiled-writer-educator-dr-daud-rahbar-passed-away-in-florida Exiled writer, educator Dr Daud Rahbar passed away in Florida
  168. ^ http://english.aljazeera.net/news/archive/archive?ArchiveId=21687
  169. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gj3YL-yrf9I
  170. ^ Western Journalism: "Watch: This Former Muslim Just Sent Obama A Wake Up Call On ISIS That Is An Absolute Must-See" by Tom Hinchey September 4, 2014
  171. ^ Norge IDAG – Norwegian language newspaper – Friday 7 May 2010
  172. ^ Istoria şi tradiţiile minorităţii rromani, p.28, 2005, Sigma, Bucharest, Delia Grigore, Petre Petcuţ and Mariana Sandu – "Born to a Rom Muslim slave father and a free Romanian Christian mother, Razvan converted to Christianity, thereby, attracting the wrath of the Ottomans."
  173. ^ http://infoindonesiakita.com/2014/04/05/jokowi-dan-james-riady/ Jokowi dan James Riady
  174. ^ http://www.voa-islam.com/read/indonesiana/2014/01/30/28880/james-riyadi-mengkristenkan-indonesia-dengan-rumah-sakit/#sthash.VzezE23Q.dpbs James Riyadi Mengkristenkan Indonesia Dengan Rumah Sakit
  175. ^ Emily Ruete, (1888): Memoirs of an Arabian Princess from Zanzibar
  176. ^ Emily Ruete, Ulrich Haarmann (Editor), E. Van Donzel (Editor), Leiden, Netherlands, (1992): An Arabian Princess Between Two Worlds: Memoirs, Letters Home, Sequels to the Memoirs, Syrian Customs and Usages. Presents the reader with a picture of life in Zanzibar between 1850 – 1865, and with an intelligent observer's reactions to life in Germany in the Bismarck period. Emily Ruete's writings describe her attempts to recover her Zanzibar inheritance and her homesickness. ISBN 90-04-09615-9
  177. ^ Publisher's review for Memoirs of an Arabian Princess from Zanzibar – ("Despite strictures confining Islamic women, she trysted with a German who is thought to have impregnated her, fled to Germany where she converted to Christianity")
  178. ^ http://www.lemonde.fr/europe/article/2006/01/26/l-adieu-du-kosovo-a-son-premier-president-ibrahim-rugova_734723_3214.html "Jean Paul II et Mère Teresa sont les deux personnalités qui ont le plus influencé sa vie"
  179. ^ http://progressive.org/mag_apb012405 Albanian Gandhi Dies
  180. ^ http://www.gazetatema.net/web/2013/09/21/don-shan-zefi-kam-dilema-nese-ibrahim-rugova-eshte-konvertuar-ne-katolik/ Don Shan Zefi: Kam dilemma nëse Ibrahim Rugova
  181. ^ http://www.thefreelibrary.com/L'enigme+de+la+reine+Nazli.-a0322366394 L'enigme de la reine Nazli.
  182. ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=5970854 converted to Catholicism in 1950 and took the name Mary Elizabeth.
  183. ^ http://agama.kompasiana.com/2010/12/25/kyai-sadrach-dari-pesantren-menuju-gereja-327221.html Kyai Sadrach, Dari Pesantren Menuju Gereja
  184. ^ http://biokristi.sabda.org/kiai_sadrach Makna Sumbangan Komunitas Sadrach bagi Upaya Kontekstualisasi Gereja
  185. ^ http://maumurtad.wordpress.com/2010/07/29/murtad-lantaran-menyaksikan-penampakan-yesus/ Because Watching Apostate Apparitions of Jesus ?
  186. ^ The Indian Mutiny and the British Imagination by Gautam Chakravarty · Cambridge, 242 pp ISBN 0-521-83274-8
  187. ^ "Argentine ex-army colonel who led uprisings dies". Taiwan News. Associated Press. 2 September 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-15. 
  188. ^ Michael Khodarkovsky, Russia's Steppe Frontier, Indiana University Press, 2002, ISBN 0-253-21770-9, M1 Google Print, p. 265.
  189. ^ http://www.goodreads.com/author/show/56767.Bilquis_Sheikh I Dared to Call Him Father: The Miraculous Story of a Muslim Woman's Encounter with God
  190. ^ http://www.khazen.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=620&Itemid=185
  191. ^ Ivan Mannheim, Syria & Lebanon handbook, Footprint Travel Guides, 2001, ISBN 1-900949-90-3, Google Print, p. 567.
  192. ^ Biography of Walid Shoebat
  193. ^ Is the 'prosperity gospel' prospering?
  194. ^ "Il Gaito Pietro"
  195. ^ Rendina, Claudio (2000). La grande enciclopedia di Roma. Rome: Newton Compton, 1136. ISBN 88-8289-316-2.
  196. ^ Prabhu, Alan Machado (1999). Sarasvati's Children: A History of the Mangalorean Christians. p. 196
  197. ^ Schwaner, Birgit (1 June 2007). "Der Abenteurer aus Ober St. Veit" (in German). Weiner Zeitung. Retrieved 2008-01-19. He was absolved by the Pope for his conversion, which he reversed 
  198. ^ Aritonang, Jan S.; Steenbrink, Karel A., eds. (2008). A History of Christianity in Indonesia. Studies in Christian Mission. 35. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-17026-1.
  199. ^ Islam, the West and the need for honesty
  200. ^ http://www.afrik.com/article26951.html Le FN nomme une Algérienne drectrice de cabinet de Marine Le Pen
  201. ^ http://www.terrafemina.com/societe/societe/articles/17992-de-lump-au-fn-qui-est-charlotte-soula-directrice-de-cabinet-de-marine-le-pen-.html .... qui est Charlotte Soula, directrice de cabinet de Marine Le Pen ?
  202. ^ http://www.beautifulnetwork.de/august/seiten/maetressen/fatima.html Fatima Maria Anna von Spiegel
  203. ^ TURKEY: CONVERTS SUBJECTED TO OFFICIAL HARASSMENT
  204. ^ http://www.corakwarna.com/suara2-keberatan-ke-ht-yg-cina-murtad-prabowo-yg-berontak-pramono-edhi-yg-muallaf.html Hary Tanoe Akui Ayahnya Muslim Taat. Ustadz Shabri: Berarti dia Murtad
  205. ^ http://www.orangterkayaindonesia.com/profil-hary-tanoesoedibjo-orang-super-kaya-di-indonesia/ Profil Hary Tanoesoedibjo dan Perjalanan Kesuksesannya
  206. ^ Troyat, Henri Ivan le Terrible. Flammarion, Paris, 1982
  207. ^ St. Casilda – Saint of the Day – American Catholic
  208. ^ Diplomats Concerned About Killing of Iranian Pastor
  209. ^ http://www.hraicjk.org/apostasy_and_prophet_muhammad.html Theologians from Chechnya and Dagestan ordered Muslims to carry out the death sentence against Gov. Aman Tuleyev "at the first possible opportunity"
  210. ^ http://books.google.fr/books?id=gUt5v8ET4QYC&pg=PA78&lpg=PA78&dq=Rajah+Tupas&source=bl&ots=gw-jRGVa4A&sig=g8eCZ5ELpw-n3WpUuOlmWT5ujCY&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=24r1U5P3MebC0QXj94HACw&ved=0CHMQ6AEwDQ#v=onepage&q=Rajah%20Tupas&f=false Philippine History - Page 78
  211. ^ http://topicalphilippines.com/People_Individuals/Tupas_Rajah.html Rajah Tupas was the king of Cebu and was the first Filipino to sign a treaty with Spain in 1565
  212. ^ http://www.kapanlagi.com/showbiz/selebriti/nafa-urbach-karirnya-meredup-gara-gara-pindah-agama-6oach5x.html Nafa Urbach, career dimmed Move Because Of Religion ?
  213. ^ http://showbiz.liputan6.com/read/217333/nafa-urbach-pindah-agama Nafa Urbach Pindah Agama
  214. ^ http://www.mimitmamat.blogspot.nl/2008/10/al-murtadin-nafa-urbach.html Al Murtadin Nafa Urbach
  215. ^ Мусульманская община Ярославля встретилась со знаменитой спортсменкой Ляйсан Утяшевой — Муслим-пресс, 21/05/2006
  216. ^ Ляйсан Утяшева пишет стихи — Комсомольская правда, 29 мая 2009
  217. ^ Ляйсан Утяшева, рожденная в раю — Советский спорт, 22 февраля 2003, №33(15978)
  218. ^ You quizzed George Weah – BBC.com
  219. ^ http://www.kapanlagi.com/showbiz/selebriti/jelang-natal-ari-wibowo-beri-kesaksian-di-medan-nmbmfx5.html Ari yang mendapat mukjizat dengan bisikan berupa Amsal 1:7, yang hingga kini menjadi pedoman dalam hidupnya.
  220. ^ http://www.renunganhariankristen.net/kesaksian-ari-wibowo/ Kesaksian Wibowo di City Harvest Church
  221. ^ http://hot.detik.com/read/2009/11/09/150358/1238207/230/sigi-wimala-dinikahi-sutradara-film-di-gereja Sigi Wimala married with Timo Tjahjanto in a Catholic church
  222. ^ http://celebrity.okezone.com/read/2009/11/11/33/274295/nikah-diam-diam-sigi-wimala-digosipkan-hamil Sigi Wimala pregnant before wedding ?
  223. ^ http://www.theasiamag.com/people/where-are-the-tiananmen-leaders-now-part-1 Where Are the Tiananmen Leaders Now? (Part 1)
  224. ^ http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/4f970144-e658-11e3-9a20-00144feabdc0.html#axzz3F03pEKFY Tiananmen Square: the long shadow
  225. ^ http://fr.scribd.com/doc/36690616/Pendiri-Gereja-Kristen-Jawa Pendiri Gereja Kristen Jawa
  226. ^ http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/arch_0044-8613_1979_num_17_1_1463 Karangjoso revisité: aux origines du christianisme à Java central
  227. ^ Ahmed Mohamed Mgara: http://ecodetetuan.blogspot.com.br/2011/05/mulay-ech-cheij-el-llamado-don-felipe.html
  228. ^ Catherine Elsworth&Carolynne Wheeler (24 August 2008). "Mosab Hassan Yousef, son of Hamas leader, becomes a Christian". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2010-03-04. 
  229. ^ Catholic Online (10 December 2007). "Did Ramzi Yousef Really Convert to Christianity?". Catholic Online. Retrieved 2008-03-19. 
  230. ^ 60 minutes (10 December 2007). "Supermax: A Clean Version Of Hell". 60 minutes. Retrieved 2008-03-19. 
  231. ^ http://ebahana.com/warta/1714-nania-kurniawati-yusuf “Sudah satu tahun terakhir saya mengakui bahwa Yesus adalah Tuhan dan juruselamat,”
  232. ^ http://www.jawaban.com/index.php/health/detail/id/249/news/120214102912/limit/0/Nania-Idol-Jadi-Garam-Dan-Terang-Lewat-Musik-Rock.html Nania yang kini telah memeluk agama Kristen, datang ke Manado untuk ikut serta dalam ibadah raya Kebaktian Kebangunan Rohani
  233. ^ http://russiapedia.rt.com/prominent-russians/history-and-mythology/nikolay-yusupov/ In the 17th century their descendants converted to Russian Orthodoxy, adopted the name Yusupov
  234. ^ Canal Sánchez-Pagín; Montaner Frutos; Palencia; Salazar y Acha
  235. ^ http://www.slidegossip.com/2013/12/asmirandah-pindah-agama-atau-keyakinan-demi-bisa-menikah-lagi-dengan-jonas-rivanno.html Asmirandah come to the church once a week.
  236. ^ http://www.kapanlagi.com/showbiz/selebriti/soal-foto-ibadah-di-gereja-asmirandah-agamaku-adalah-hakku-db1e5f.html My religion is my own right.
  237. ^ http://manado.tribunnews.com/2014/03/30/kkr-pendeta-gilbert-di-manado-oc-kaligis-dan-asmirandah-bersaksi I myself may be new to the Lord Jesus.
  238. ^ http://kesaksian-life.blogspot.fr/2014/04/kesaksian-asmirandah-artis-indonesia.html Testimony Asmirandah "Indonesian Artist."
  239. ^ Burns, Robert E. Prince and Almohad conversation Mudejar: New documentation about Abu Zayd. Sharq al-Andalus: Arabs Studies, 4 (Alicante: University, 1987), p. 109-122
  240. ^ Saye Zerbo, président of the republic from 1980 to 1982 (article in French) "At once stopped, Saye Zerbo is thrown in prison. Since his imprisonment, the deposed president contemplates and reads the Qu'ran through whole nights. He also asks so that the Bible be brought to him that the archbishop of Ouagadougou, the cardinal Paul Zoungrana, had offered to him at the time of first Christmas following his takeover. At this point in time it will have the revelation which will change its life. In a mystical dash, Saye Zerbo is brought to his knees, returns thanks to God and converts to Christianity. His entire family will do the same thing thereafter."