List of converts to Islam from Christianity

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Eisha was the first human has ever converted to Islam

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Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha was Ottoman Empire's mightiest Grand Vizier

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See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Wilkes Wants Name Changed to Jamaal Abdul-Lateef". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Associated Press. July 26, 1975. Retrieved March 29, 2012. 
  3. ^ William Wan, Imam serves as public face of an embattled mosque 
  4. ^ "MAHMOUD ABDUL-RAUF'S SUSPENSION FOR REFUSING TO STAND FOR THE NATIONAL ANTHEM: A "FREE THROW" FOR THE NBA AND DENVER NUGGETS, OR A "SLAM DUNK" VIOLATION OF ABDUL-RAUF'S TITLE VII RIGHTS?" Washington University Law Quarterly.
  5. ^ The Conversion of Chris Jackson 
  6. ^ "Tariq Abdul-Wahad Bio". NBA.com. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  7. ^ Interview at Bayweekly "Q: Am I right that you became a Moslem in the mid-1960s? Answer: I think it was '65 or '66."
  8. ^ "Abidal become Muslim with a name Bilal". Internetspor.com. Archived from the original on 24 February 2008. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  9. ^ Roald, Anne Sofie (2004). New Muslims in the European Context: The Experience of Scandinavian Converts . Brill Publishers. pg.28
  10. ^ Aguéli Museum states "He changed his name to Ivan Aguéli. Later he converted to Islam."
  11. ^ Global Noise, By Tony Mitchell, pg. 72
  12. ^ Ibrahim Khalil Ahmed (Ibrahim Khalil Phiobus) Former Coptic priest and missionary. (Egypt) (PDF) 
  13. ^ A priest who found the truth in Islam, Arab News 
  14. ^ "NBA great Kareem Abdul-Jabbar wants NFL player to stop using name — the former Sharmon Shah, Miami Dolphin running back being sued by former basketball player" Jet Online. 1 December 1997. Johnson Publishing Co.
  15. ^ Hagai Erlikh, The Cross and the River: Ethiopia, Egypt, and the Nile, p. 28 
  16. ^ Nabila Ramdani, Nicolas Anelka talks football, discrimination, and his Islamic faith 
  17. ^ Khaled Abou Toameh. "Hamas forced professor to convert." Jerusalem Post. 5 August 2007.
  18. ^ On the Other Side of Oddville By Dwight A. Moody, Ike Moody, pg. 122
  19. ^ Muhammad Ali & Company By Thomas Hauser, pg. 18
  20. ^ Interview by Deborah Caldwell. "Muhammad Ali has embraced Sufi Islam and is on a new spiritual quest". Beliefnet.com. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  21. ^ History of the London Central Mosque and the Islamic Cultural Centre 1910–1980, A. L. Tibawi, Die Welt des Islams, New Ser., Bd. 21, Nr. 1/4 (1981), pp. 193–208
  22. ^ Loyal Enemies: British Converts to Islam, 1850-1950, p. 130 
  23. ^ "Ryan Anderson convicted". The Niqabi Paralegal. 3 September 2004. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  24. ^ Font size Print E-mail Share By Lauren Johnston (2 September 2004). "Soldier Guilty of Al Qaeda Aid, Spc Anderson Convicted of Trying To Give Terrorists Info". CBS News. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  25. ^ Giant leap of faith for failed Bush assassin 
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  28. ^ Aminah Assilmi, Ex-Christian, USA 
  29. ^ "Former German MTV host promotes Islam with new autobiography". Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  30. ^ Your Daily Muslim: Yasin Abu Bakr, Your Daily Muslim 
  31. ^ Trinidad marks 1990 coup attempt, BBC, Led by Yasin Abu Bakr, Afro-Trinidadian convert to Islam 
  32. ^ Gary Fine, Shared Fantasy: Role Playing Games As Social Worlds, University of Chicago Press (Chicago, IL), 1983. Reprinted in 2002.
  33. ^ Lauren Booth, Lauren Booth: I'm now a Muslim. Why all the shock and horror? 
  34. ^ Paul Bentley, 'Grown men look like they want to hit me': Tony Blair's Muslim convert sister-in-law Lauren Booth speaks of her fear in wake of Lee Rigby killing, Daily Mail 
  35. ^ The making of the Georgian nation By Ronald Grigor Suny, pg.56
  36. ^ Silverman, Ira (7 January 2009). "Annals of Crime: An American Terrorist". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  37. ^ The Islamic World and the West, Christoph Marcinkowski, pg. 99
  38. ^ Bejart and Islam, Mediterranean Memory 
  39. ^ Roald, Anne Sofie (2004). New Muslims in the European Context: The Experience of Scandinavian Converts . Brill Publishers. pg.130
  40. ^ Inquisitr 
  41. ^ Ezzat El Kamhaw, House of the Wolf: An Egyptian Novel, p. 163 
  42. ^ Charles E. Cobb, This Nonviolent Stuff'll Get You Killed, p. 155 
  43. ^ Art Blakey official site In 1948, Art told reporters he had visited Africa, where he learned polyrhythmic drumming and was introduced to Islam, taking the name Abdullah Ibn Buhaina.
  44. ^ German footballer Danny Blum converted to Islam, The News Tribe 
  45. ^ Subjects of the Sultan: culture and daily life in the Ottoman Empire By Suraiya Faroqhi, pg. 92–93
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  48. ^ "Pagones v. Maddox et al". Nycourts.gov. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  49. ^ "court TV becomes truTV". Courttv.com. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  50. ^ Pipes, Daniel (7 March 2006). "If Michael Jackson Converts to Islam". Cybercast News Service. Archived from the original on 17 March 2006. 
  51. ^ Brigitte terrorism trial nears ABC News
  52. ^ Mahdi Bray,Executive Director, Muslim-American Society Freedom Foundation (PDF) 
  53. ^ Ron Geaves, Islam in Victorian Britain: The Life and Times of Abdullah Quilliam, p. 269 
  54. ^ M. Sıddık Gümüş, Why did they become muslims? 
  55. ^ Catherine Cossy (2013-01-27). "A Real-Life Indiana Jones Who Converted To Islam And Discovered An Ancient City". Catherine Cossy. LE TEMPS. p. 1. Retrieved January 28, 2013. 
  56. ^ [Rome's Envoy to Saudi Arabia Converts to Islam by Luke Baker, CNN, 26 November 2001]
  57. ^ "Islam Convert seeks a seat in Congress". Washingtontimes.com. 16 February 2008. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  58. ^ "Catching up: Indiana's Carson will replace his grandmother in Congress". Blogs.usatoday.com. Retrieved 7 April 2010. [dead link]
  59. ^ Banu Kasi, Casius, Kasi and Qasi in the Spanish-language Auñamendi Encyclopedia.
  60. ^ Yusuf Islam
  61. ^ Bella Enveeus, Marion Caunter & SM Nasarudin are no longer available 
  62. ^ May. 15, 2005 (15 May 2005). "On the Beach With Dave Chappelle". TIME. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  63. ^ Muslim Belal 
  64. ^ Endah 2007, p. 221.
  65. ^ "Famous London Muslims". Masud.co.uk. 10 December 1953. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  66. ^ Facey, William (2008). "Mayfair to Makkah", Saudi Aramco World, Vol. 59, No. 5, pages 18-23.
  67. ^ http://dir.salon.com/story/books/review/2002/07/17/myjihad/index.html
  68. ^ a b c "Al Qaeda exploits 'blue-eyed' Muslim converts". Financialexpress.com. 15 October 2005. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  69. ^ php?Article=217105
  70. ^ Embassy plot offers insight into terrorist recruitment, training – The Advocate[dead link]
  71. ^ Guest CV – Dr. Robert (Farooq) D. Crane, Islam Online
  72. ^ Nas 
  73. ^ Some Historical Events of the Muslim World 
  74. ^ Arnoud van Doorn: from anti-Islamic film-maker to hajj pilgrim 
  75. ^ The Collected Works by Ian Dallas, Budgate Press, 2005, ISBN 0-620-34379-6
  76. ^ Von Michael Scharenberg (November 11, 2009). "Muslime in Uniform: Sicherheits-Risiko für unsere Armee? - Schweiz - News - Blick.ch" (in German). Blicko. Retrieved December 23, 2010. 
  77. ^ Nigeria's oil militant 
  78. ^ Lewis, Dominic Bevan Wyndham (1931). Charles of Europe. Coward-McCann. pp. 174–175. OCLC 485792029. A new star was now rising in the piratical firmament, Barbarossa's lieutenant Dragut-Reis, a Greek who had been taken prisoner by the corsairs in his youth and had turned Mahometan. 
  79. ^ "Isabelle Eberhardt: Explorer". Enchantedlearning.com. 21 October 1904. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  80. ^ "Muslim cleric guilty of soliciting murder". Special report: Race in the UK (London: The Guardian). 4 February 2003. Archived from the original on 19 December 2007. Retrieved 23 December 2007. 
  81. ^ Postcolonial melancholia, p. 130, Paul Gilroy, Columbia University Press, 2005, ISBN 978-0-231-13454-5. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  82. ^ Whitlock, Craig (15 September 2007). "Converts To Islam Move Up In Cells". The Washington Post. 
  83. ^ Ellington gets off to a fast start
  84. ^ CNN: Macon, Georgia, mayor converts to Islam[dead link]
  85. ^ Keith Ellison for U.S. Congress[dead link]
  86. ^ Youval Rotman, Jane Marie Todd, Byzantine Slavery and the Mediterranean World, President and Fellows of Harvard College, p. 41, Hence, for example, Theophanes tells how Elpidios, the strategos of Sicily, took refuge in Africa, without mentioning his conversion to Islam. 
  87. ^ "How Did You Accept Islam? by Yahiya Emerick". Islamfortoday.com. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  88. ^ Islamic desk reference By E. J. van Donzel, pg.111
  89. ^ Elizabeth Omara-Otunnu (17 November 2003). "Ramadan Awareness Event Designed To Debunk Negative Images". Advance, University of Connecticut. 
  90. ^ Haldenby, Andrew (1 August 2005). "Lengthy queue to join religion that offers 'sense of direction'". London: Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  91. ^ "Being Muslim One Day at a Time by Adisa Banjoko". Uga.edu. Retrieved 2010-01-02. 
  92. ^ Erik J. Zurcher, The Young Turk Legacy and Nation Building, p. 310 
  93. ^ Emeka converts to Islam
  94. ^ Mort de Mehdi Faria, ancien entraîneur de l’équipe du Maroc de Football, bladi.net 
  95. ^ Islamic Sufism Unbound: Politics and Piety in Twenty-First Century Pakistan By Robert Rozehnal, pg.60
  96. ^ Para Pemain Sepak Bola Mualaf, Mereka Menemukan Kedamaian Saat Ibadah, eramuslim 
  97. ^ The Moslem World, Volume 58, pg.63, Samuel Marinus Zwemer, Christian Literature Society for India, Hartford Seminary Foundation, Published for the Nile Mission Press by the Christian Literature Society for India, 1911
  98. ^ The complete idiot's guide to the Crusades By Paul L. Williams, pg. 73
  99. ^ "Myriam Francois Cerrah, Oxford University DPhil student in Middle East Politics, and regular contributor on current affairs, embraced Islam in 2003 aged 21". http://www.emel.com/. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  100. ^ A Cold By Marin Sorescu, Published 1978, p.16
  101. ^ "Al-Qaeda's New Leadership: Adam Gadahn". The Washington Post. 
  102. ^ "Islamic Arabic Heritage: Connection between Past and Present". http://www.islam.gov.kw. Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs - Kuwait. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 
  103. ^ Ramdane Belamri, French rapper stuns fans, makes first TV appearance wearing hijab 
  104. ^ The Crusade in the Later Middle Ages A. S. Atiya p.256ff
  105. ^ Biography of Cristian Gonzales, Then right on 9th October 2003 Christian Gonzales decided to convert to Islam on the basis of their own accord in the presence of the Great Mosque cleric Mustafa al Akbar Surabaya 
  106. ^ Bill Bole, John Coltrane, His cousin Mary's first husband, Charles Greenlee, had been a devout disciple... 
  107. ^ Rédigé par Amara Bamba, Docteur Philippe Grenier 
  108. ^ Articles
  109. ^ Conversion: Islam, the growing religion
  110. ^ Elliott, Andrea (27 January 2010). "The Jihadist Next Door". New York Times Magazine. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  111. ^ Mehmet Kaplan, Tevfik Fikret: Devir- Şahsiyet- Eser, Dergâh Yayınları, 1987, p. 63., (Turkish) "Ana tarafına gelince: Fikret'in annesi Hatice Refia Hanım, annesi ve babası ihtida etmiş bir Sakızlı Rum ailesinden"
  112. ^ "MyFox Colorado Being Muslim in The Big Leagues". Myfoxcolorado.com. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  113. ^ "Here's Hoping". Emel: Muslim Lifestyle. 28 September 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011. 
  114. ^ About Muhammad Robert Heft 
  115. ^ ’ Journey to Islam – Diary of a German Diplomat’ by Murad Hoffman
  116. ^ http://www.knud-holmboe.com/books/knud_biography.pdf
  117. ^ Steve Bunce (11 November 2001). "Ex-champion Naseem Hamed's comeback battle Special reports | The Observer". London: Observer.guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  118. ^ 27 Indonesian Celebrities Who Prefer So Converts 
  119. ^ "About me". Silma. Push-Button Publishing. 2007. Retrieved 26 September 2007. 
  120. ^ Maverick Guide to Morocco by Susan Searight p.171
  121. ^ "Rex Ingram Embracing Mohammedan Faith; Announces Abandoning Motion-Picture Field", New York Times, 2 July 1933;
  122. ^ Sheila Musaji, Interview with Prof. T. B. Irving 
  123. ^ Bahru Zewde, A History of Modern Ethiopia (London: James Currey, 1991), p. 121.
  124. ^ a b The importance of being Gauhar Jan The Tribune, 26 May 2002.
  125. ^ A history of Arabic literature By Clément Huart, pg.311
  126. ^ Jermaine Jackson (I) – Biography
  127. ^ "Ice Cube on Islam". London: Guardian.co.uk. February 25, 2000. Retrieved November 15, 2008. 
  128. ^ Putting a good glossy on the Muslim lifestyle. Times
  129. ^ Moynihan, Colin (20 July 2010). "Abdul Kadir Denies Role in Kennedy Airport Plot". The New York Times. 
  130. ^ The Muslim World League Journal - Volume 9, p. 14 
  131. ^ Keller, Nu Ha Mim. Becoming Muslim.
  132. ^ Why Women are Accepting Islam, Darussalam, p. 283 
  133. ^ Shah ʹAbbas & the arts of Isfahan, by Anthony Welch, pg. 17
  134. ^ The Iranian constitutional revolution, 1906–1911, by Janet Afary, pg. 26
  135. ^ Marc O'Sullivan, Artist Kingerlee bewitched by the beauty of Beara 
  136. ^ Logged in as click here to log out (19 March 2007). "Comment is free Punk Muslims". London: Commentisfree.guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  137. ^ In memory of Linda Jamilah Kolocotronis 
  138. ^ Norwich, John Julius (1996). Byzantium: The Decline and Fall. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 81–82. ISBN 0-679-41650-1. 
  139. ^ O city of Byzantium: annals of Niketas Choniatēs By Nicetas Choniates, Harry J. Magoulias, pg. xxiv
  140. ^ Dr. Jeffrey Lang (Abdul-Ahad Omar) 
  141. ^ Muslim convert Colleen LaRose, aka Jihad Jane, faces terror charges, The Guardian 
  142. ^ von Leers, Johann, "German Propaganda Archive – The End of Jewish Migration", Calvin College 
  143. ^ Faith and sword: a short history of Christian-Muslim conflict By Alan G. Jamieson, pg.32
  144. ^ Brown, David (29 February 2012). "'I just wanted to marry a Muslim and settle down'". The Times (London). p. 6. Retrieved 29 September 2013. (subscription required)
  145. ^ Tage Lindbom 
  146. ^ Western white woman a suicide bomber – World – Times Online[dead link]
  147. ^ ICT – International Institute for Counter-Terrorism[dead link]
  148. ^ <[1]
  149. ^ "Transcript of John Ashcroft – February 5, 2002". Transcripts.cnn.com. 5 February 2002. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  150. ^ Litvinenko converted to Islam, father says – Times Online[dead link]
  151. ^ "Litvinenko's Father Says Son Requested Muslim Burial – RADIO FREE EUROPE / RADIO LIBERTY". Rferl.org. 5 December 2006. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  152. ^ Rapper star Loon converts to Islam MPACUK (15 July 2009). Retrieved on 2009-08-09.
  153. ^ Yvette Christianse, Castaway, ..Lopez and others had converted to Islam and sided with Moslem resistance to the Portuguese. 
  154. ^ Islamic art and architecture 650–1250 By Richard Ettinghausen, Oleg Grabar, Marilyn Jenkins, pg, 134
  155. ^ "Vinnie Paz". Philaflava.com. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  156. ^ Cindy George (20 June 2007). "Houston man gets 10 years for al-Qaida training". Houston Chronicle. 
  157. ^ "Ruqaiyyah Waris Maqsood Dawah Theology Islam". Ruqaiyyah.karoo.net. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  158. ^ MSBC Article's title says "Raised Catholic, this Muslim professor is bringing the moderate viewpoint to the world."]
  159. ^ Former Miss SA embraces Islam in Gaza 
  160. ^ Dr. Jeremiah D. McAuliffe, Jr., Ph.D. 
  161. ^ "The history of new Muslims". Media ISNET. Retrieved 17 March 2007. 
  162. ^ Hughes, Rob (31 July 2002). "SOCCER : Metsu's magic ride ends". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 7 April 2010. [dead link]
  163. ^ The Last Great Muslim Empires, By H. J. Kissling, Bertold Spuler, F. R. C. Bagley, pg.3
  164. ^ American studies in altaic linguistics, By Denis Sinor, pg.5
  165. ^ Assassin!: The Deadly Art of the Cult of the Assassins By Haha Lung, pg. 29
  166. ^ Another Indian Actress Converts to Islam, quits films 
  167. ^ Idris Muhammad, Drummer Who Crossed Genre Lines 
  168. ^ Christian and Muslim comics show believers that faith sometimes is best shared through laughter – especially when it's at themselves[dead link]
  169. ^ “Allah Made Me Funny!” – A Popular Muslim-American Comedy. IslamOnline.net
  170. ^ Matthew Saad Muhammad
  171. ^ "Peter Murphy". Nndb.com. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  172. ^ Three killed while performing ritual
  173. ^ UU site[dead link]
  174. ^ From the projects to the Capitol, part two 
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  176. ^ Lessing's theological writings: selections in translation By Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Henry Chadwick, pg.12
  177. ^ "Tech N9ne: Deeper Than Rap". HipHopDX. 16 November 2009. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  178. ^ Alizadeh, Saeed; Alireza Pahlavani; Ali Sadrnia. Iran: A Chronological History. p. 137. 
  179. ^ H. J. Kissling, Bertold Spuler, N. Barbour, J. S. Trimingham, H. Braun, H. Hartel, The Last Great Muslim Empires, p. 118 
  180. ^ "Robin Padilla opens school for Muslim kids". Showbizandstyle.inquirer.net. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  181. ^ 10 Things you don't know about Naledi Pandor, Youth Village 
  182. ^ Statement sent on Behalf of Wayne Parnell Cricket South Africa
  183. ^ Klemenčić, Mladen (1993). A Concise atlas of the Republic of Croatia & of the Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina. Michigan: Miroslav Krleža Lexicographical Institute (original from University of Michigan Press). p. 88. 
  184. ^ Walter G. Andrews, Najaat Black, Mehmet Kalpaklı.Ottoman lyric poetry: an anthology. University of Washington Press, 2006. ISBN 978-0-295-98595-4, p. 230.
  185. ^ The decline and fall of the Ottoman Empire By Alan Palmer, pg. 52
  186. ^ Evg Radushev, Svetlana Ivanova, Rumen Kovachev - Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. Orientalski otdel, International Centre for Minority Studies and Intercultural Relations, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture (2003). Inventory of Ottoman Turkish documents about Waqf preserved in the Oriental Department at the St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library. Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. p. 224. ISBN 954-523-072-X. Hasan Pasa (Damad-i- Padisahi), Greek convert from Morea. 
  187. ^ George Gawrych, The Crescent and the Eagle: Ottoman Rule, Islam and the Albanians, 1874-1913, p. 49, ..Marshal Mehmed Ali Pasa (1827-78), originally a German named Karl Detroit who had come to Istanbul at the age of fifteen and converted to Islam. 
  188. ^ Evg Radushev, Svetlana Ivanova, Rumen Kovachev – Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. Orientalski otdel, International Centre for Minority Studies and Intercultural Relations, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture (2003). Inventory of Ottoman Turkish documents about Waqf preserved in the Oriental Department at the St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library. Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. p. 224. ISBN 954523072X. Hasan Pasa (Damad-i- Padisahi), Greek convert from Morea. 
  189. ^ Davidson, Basil. Africa in History. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.
  190. ^ Ethnicity, Cultural Discontinuity and Power Brokers in Northern Iraq: The Case of the Shabak .Amal Vinogradov. American Ethnologist, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Feb. 1974), pp. 207–218
  191. ^ Mohamed, Duse (1911). In the land of the pharaohs: a short history of Egypt from the fall of Ismail to the assassination of Boutros Pasha. D. Appleton and company. p. xii. OCLC 301095947. PRIME MINISTERS * Ragheb Pasha was Prime Minister from July 12, 1882 
  192. ^ Schölch, Alexander (1981). Egypt for the Egyptians!: the socio-political crisis in Egypt, 1878–1882. Ithaca Press. p. 326. ISBN 0903729822. Isma'il Raghib was born in Greece in 1819; the sources differ over his homeland. After first being kidnapped to Anatolia, he was brought as a slave to Egypt in 1246 (1830/1), by Ibrahim Pasha, and there he was 'converted' from Christianity 
  193. ^ Paul Sève. "Biographie". Soliman-pacha.ifrance.com. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  194. ^ The Genoese in Galata: 1453–1682, Louis Mitler, International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 10, No. (Feb. 1979), pp. 71–91.
  195. ^ Philby, H. Saint John. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2 July 2007.
  196. ^ "Dr.Bilal Philips' Official website". Bilalphilips.com. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  197. ^ Islamic Studies : A Research Guide[dead link]
  198. ^ "Me Mauro Poggia ou la course en tandem du battant solitaire". Tribune de Genève. 3 November 2009. Retrieved 29 October 2011. 
  199. ^ Russian Archpriest Viacheslav Polosin Converts to Islam 
  200. ^ Sean Price Interviews Scarface: They Discuss Religion, Emceeing & Ultimate Rap Collaborations 
  201. ^ "Ponke, a human rights hero, is dead". Etan.org. 28 February 2002. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  202. ^ "William Henry ('Sheikh Abdullah') Quilliam, 1856". Isle-of-man.com. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  203. ^ The Historians' History of the World by Henry Smith Williams, p. 137, published 1907
  204. ^ "Ahmad Rashad Bio – Ahmad Rashad Biography – Ahmad Rashad Stories". Tv.com. 2 June 2009. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  205. ^ "Minnesota Vikings Football Tickets – Vikings Football". Vikings Tickets. 19 November 1949. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  206. ^ Elliott, Michael (16 February 2002). "The Shoe Bomber's World". TIME. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  207. ^ Stephen Snelders, The Devil's Anarchy: The Sea Robberies of the Most Famous Pirate Claes G. Compaen, p. 24, After his conversion, Jansz. proselytized actively for his new faith, trying to convert Christian slaves... 
  208. ^ RIBERY HAILS GREAT ZIDANE: Sporting Life 2006 World Cup Finals in Germany, Breaking News, Features, Cannavaro, Zidane, Lippi, Domenech, Buffon, Vieira, Henry[dead link]
  209. ^ "Yvonne Ridley: From captive to convert", By Hannah Bayman, BBC News (online), 21 September 2004
  210. ^ "BBC Inside Out – Yvonne Ridley". Bbc.co.uk. 6 October 2003. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  211. ^ Pirates and the Lost Templar Fleet, By David Hatcher Childress pg. 94
  212. ^ Pop stars of Muslim world continuing rise up charts, Anatolia News Agency, Daily News 
  213. ^ Dr. Umar Rolf Baron Ehrenfels (Austria) 
  214. ^ Religion and Nation: Iranian Local and Transnational Networks in Britain By Kathryn Spellman, pg. 145
  215. ^ "In Philippines, watchful eye on converts". Csmonitor.com. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  216. ^ "Militant Islamic Converts And Terrorism in the Philippines" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 July 2008. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  217. ^ "MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base". Tkb.org. Retrieved 7 April 2010. [dead link]
  218. ^ Winet, Evan Darwin (2007). "Sarumpaet, Ratna (1949 – )". In Cody, Gabrielle. The Columbia Encyclopedia of Modern Drama 2. New York: Columbia University Press. pp. 1190–1191. ISBN 978-0-231-14424-7. 
  219. ^ Arnold, Paul W. (2007-11-18) Scarface interview – AllHipHop.com. Hiphopdx.com. Retrieved on 2011-10-25.
  220. ^ Scarface Digital Biography 
  221. ^ "Europe | Italy prepares for new terrorism". BBC News. 4 August 2005. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  222. ^ "Free Resources – Black History – Biographies – Betty Shabazz". Gale. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  223. ^ Lonnie Shavelson (20 July 2010). "First Muslim College in US to Open in Berkeley". californiareport.org. Retrieved 18 October 2010. 
  224. ^ "New Islamic Directions". New Islamic Directions. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  225. ^ [2] Omar Sharif converts to Islam
  226. ^ [3] Ahmed Ramzi witness the conversion of Omar Sharif
  227. ^ The holy cities, the pilgrimage and the world of Islām: a history from the earliest traditions until 1925 (1344H), pg. 310, by Ghālib ibn ʻAwaḍ Quʻayṭī (al-Sulṭān.), Sultan Ghalib al-Qu'aiti
  228. ^ Marshall Cavendish Reference, Illustrated Dictionary of the Muslim World, p. 59 
  229. ^ Sabey, R. (19 June 2010). "Champ to chump: Muslim who abused troops is ex-British boxing ace". The Sun (London). Retrieved 1 October 2010. 
  230. ^ Jamie Gilham, Loyal Enemies: British Converts to Islam, 1850-1950 
  231. ^ http://news.sky.com/home/showbiz-news/article/16173541
  232. ^ "20 Minuten Online – Ex-SVPler: "Schweiz braucht mehr Moscheen" – Schweiz" (in German). 20 Minuten. 23 November 2009. Retrieved 23 December 2010. 
  233. ^ Hogan, Christine (2006). The Veiled Lands: A Woman's Journey Into the Heart of the Islamic World. Macmillan Publishers Aus. p. 74. ISBN 9781405037013. Kosem was born on the Macedonian island of Tinos, where she was born as Anastasia, the daughter of a Macedonian Orthodox priest. Captured by slavers, she was sent to Istanbul by Bosna beylerbeyi 
  234. ^ Freely, John (1996). Istanbul: the imperial city. Viking. p. 215. ISBN 0-14-024461-1. Then around 1608 Ahmet found a new favourite, a Macedonian girl named Anastasia, who had been captured on the island of Tinos and sent as a slave to the Harem, where she took the name of Kosem 
  235. ^ The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire 
  236. ^ Abdurrahman Sykes 
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