List of cotton diseases

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This article is a list of diseases of cotton (Gossypium spp.).

Bacterial diseases[edit]

Bacterial diseases
Bacterial blight of cotton Xanthomonas citri subsp. malvacearum[1]
Crown gall Agrobacterium tumefaciens
Lint degradation Erwinia herbicola = Pantoea agglomerans

Fungal diseases[edit]

Fungal diseases
Anthracnose

Glomerella gossypii
Colletotrichum gossypii [anamorph]

Areolate mildew

Ramularia gossypii
= Cercosporella gossypii
Mycosphaerella areola [teleomorph]

Ascochyta blight

Ascochyta gossypii

Black root rot

Thielaviopsis basicola
Chalara elegans [synanamorph]

Boll rot

Ascochyta gossypii
Colletotrichum gossypii
Glomerella gossypii [teleomorph]
Fusarium spp.
Lasiodiplodia theobromae
= Diplodia gossypina
Botryosphaeria rhodina [teleomorph]
= Physalospora rhodina
Phytophthora spp.
Rhizoctonia solani

Charcoal rot

Macrophomina phaseolina

Escobilla

Colletotrichum gossypii
Glomerella gossypii [teleomorph]

Fusarium wilt

Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum

Leaf spot

Alternaria macrospora
Alternaria alternata
Cercospora gossypina
Mycosphaerella gossypina [teleomorph]
Cochliobolus spicifer
Bipolaris spicifera [anamorph]
= Curvularia spicifera
= Cochliobolus spicifer
Myrothecium roridum
Rhizoctonia solani
Stemphylium solani

Lint contamination

Aspergillus flavus
Nematospora spp.
Nigrospora oryzae

Phymatotrichum root rot = cotton root rot

Phymatotrichopsis omnivora
= Phymatotrichum omnivorum

Powdery mildew

Leveillula taurica
Oidiopsis sicula [anamorph]
= Oidiopsis gossypii
Salmonia malachrae

Stigmatomycosis

Ashbya gossypii
Eremothecium coryli
= Nematospora coryli
Aureobasidium pullulans

Rust
Cotton rust Puccinia schedonnardii
Southwestern cotton rust Puccinia cacabata
Tropical cotton rust Phakopsora gossypii
...
Sclerotium stem and root rot = southern blight

Sclerotium rolfsii
Athelia rolfsii [teleomorph]

Seedling disease complex

Colletotrichum gossypii
Fusarium spp.
Pythium spp.
Rhizoctonia solani
Thanatephorus cucumeris [teleomorph]
Thielaviopsis basicola
Chalara elegans [synanamorph]

Stem canker Phoma exigua
Verticillium wilt Verticillium dahliae

Nematodes, parasitic[edit]

Nematodes, parasitic
Lance, Columbia nematode Hoplolaimus columbus
Reniform nematode Rotylenchulus reniformis
Root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita
Sting nematode Belonolaimus longicaudatus

Viral diseases[edit]

(Also uncharacterized graft transmissible pathogens [GTP])

Viral diseases
Abutilon mosaic = Malvaceous chlorosis virus* suspect Begomovirus (Bemisia tabaci transmitted)
Anthocyanosis suspect virus
Blue disease suspect virus or phytoplasma
Leaf crumple genus Bigeminivirus, Cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV)
Leaf curl genus Bigeminivirus, Cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV)
Leaf mottle suspect virus (etiology unknown)
Leaf roll suspect virus (etiology unknown)
Mosaic suspect virus (etiology unknown)
Psylosis suspect virus (etiology unknown)
Terminal stunt suspect virus (GTP; Cicadellidae associated)

Phytoplasmal and spiroplasmal diseases[edit]

Phytoplasmal and spiroplasmal diseases
Phyllody suspect phytoplasma
Small leaf suspect phytoplasma

References[edit]