List of countries and territories by maritime boundaries

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This is a list of countries and territories by maritime boundaries with other countries and territories. The list encompasses adjacent maritime nations and territories with a special focus on the boundaries or borders which distinguish them.

For purposes of this list, "maritime boundary" includes boundaries that are recognized by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which includes boundaries of territorial waters, contiguous zones, and exclusive economic zones. However, it does not include lake or river boundaries. "Potential" maritime boundaries are included; that is, the lack of a treaty or other agreement defining the exact location of the maritime boundary does not exclude the boundary from the list.

In numbering maritime boundaries, three separate figures are included for each country and territory. The first number is the total number of distinct maritime boundaries that the country or territory shares with other countries and territories. If the country shares two or more maritime boundaries with the same country or territory and the boundaries are unconnected, the boundaries are counted separately. The second number is the total number of distinct countries or territories that the country or territory borders. In this instance, if the country or territory shares two or more maritime boundaries with the same country or territory and the boundaries are unconnected, the boundaries are only counted once. The final number is the total number of unique sovereign states[1] that the country or territory shares a maritime boundary with.

Footnotes are provided to provide clarity regarding the status of certain countries and territories.

Country or territory
(Territories without full sovereignty[1] in italics)
No. of unique
maritime
boundaries
No. of unique
maritime
neighbours
No. of unique
and sovereign[1]
maritime
neighbours
Maritime boundary neighbours
(Territories without full sovereignty[1] in italics)
(#) = No. of unique maritime boundaries with that country or territory
(J) = boundary settled partially or wholly by arbitration or ICJ judgment
(T) = boundary settled partially or wholly by treaty
 Abkhazia[2] 4 4 4  Georgia
 Russia
 Turkey
 Ukraine
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Adélie Land[3][4] (France) 2 1 1 Australia Australian Antarctic Territory[3] (Australia) (2)
 Afghanistan 0 0 0
United Kingdom Akrotiri and Dhekelia[5] (United Kingdom) 10 3 3  Cyprus (8)
 Egypt
 Lebanon
 Albania 3 3 3  Greece
 Italy (T)[6]
 Montenegro
 Algeria 4 4 4  Italy
 Morocco
 Spain
 Tunisia (T)
 American Samoa[7] (United States) 5 5 5  Cook Islands[8] (New Zealand) (T)[9]
 Niue[10] (New Zealand) (T)[11]
 Samoa
 Tokelau[12] (New Zealand) (T)[13]
 Tonga
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Amsterdam Island and Île Saint-Paul[4] (France) 0 0 0
 Andorra 0 0 0
 Angola 4 3 3  Democratic Republic of the Congo (2)
 Republic of the Congo
 Namibia (T)
 Anguilla[5] (United Kingdom) 4 4 4  Antigua and Barbuda
 Netherlands
 Saint Martin[14] (France) (T)[15]
 United States Virgin Islands[7] (United States) (T)[16]
 Antártica Chilena Province[3] (Chile) 3 3 3  Argentine Antarctica[3][17] (Argentina)
 British Antarctic Territory[3][17] (United Kingdom)
Norway Peter I Island[3] (Norway)
 Antigua and Barbuda 5 5 3  Anguilla[5] (United Kingdom)
 Guadeloupe[18] (France)
 Montserrat[5] (United Kingdom)
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Barthélemy[14] (France)
 Argentina 3 3 3  Chile (J)[19] (T)[20]
 Falkland Islands[5][21] (United Kingdom)
 Uruguay (T)
 Argentine Antarctica[3] (Argentina) 2 2 2  Antártica Chilena Province[3][17] (Chile)
 British Antarctic Territory[3][17] (United Kingdom)
 Armenia 0 0 0
 Aruba[22] (Netherlands) 2 2 2  Dominican Republic
 Venezuela (T)[23]
 Ashmore and Cartier Islands[24] (Australia) 1 1 1  Indonesia (T)
 Australia
→includes:
 Ashmore and Cartier Islands
 Christmas Island
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands
 Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Australia Macquarie Island
 Norfolk Island
11 7 6  East Timor (T)[25]
 Indonesia (4) (T)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Kerguelen Islands[4] (France) (T)[26]
 New Caledonia[27](France) (T)[26]
 New Zealand (2) (T)[28]
 Papua New Guinea (2) (T)
 Solomon Islands (T)[29]
 Australia (excluding outlying island territories) 8 6 6  East Timor (T)[25]
 Indonesia (2) (T)
 New Caledonia[27] (France) (T)[26]
 New Zealand (T)[28]
 Papua New Guinea (2) (T)
 Solomon Islands (T)[29]
Australia Australian Antarctic Territory[3] (Australia) 4 3 3 French Southern and Antarctic Lands Adélie Land[3] (France) (2)
Norway Queen Maud Land[3] (Norway)
New Zealand Ross Dependency[3] (New Zealand)
 Austria 0 0 0
 Azerbaijan 3 3 3  Iran[30]
 Russia[30]
 Turkmenistan[30]
 Azores[31] (Portugal) 0 0 0
 Bahamas 4 4 4  Cuba
 Haiti
 Turks and Caicos Islands[5] (United Kingdom)
 United States
 Bahrain 3 3 3  Iran (T)
 Qatar (J)
 Saudi Arabia (T)
United States Baker Island[7] and Howland Island[7] (United States) 1 1 1  Kiribati
 Bangladesh 2 2 2  Burma
 India
 Barbados 5 5 4  Guadeloupe[18] (France) (T)
 Martinique[18] (France) (T)
 Saint Lucia
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 Trinidad and Tobago (J)[32]
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Bassas da India, Europa Island, and Juan de Nova Island[4][33] (France) 2 2 2  Madagascar
 Mauritius
 Belarus 0 0 0
 Belgium 3 3 3  France (T)
 Netherlands (T)
 United Kingdom (T)
 Belize 3 3 3  Guatemala
 Honduras
 Mexico
 Benin 3 3 3  Ghana
 Nigeria
 Togo
 Bermuda[5] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 Bhutan 0 0 0
 Bolivia 0 0 0
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 1 1  Croatia (T)
 Botswana 0 0 0
 Bouvet Island[34] 0 0 0
 Brazil 2 2 2  French Guiana[18] (France) (T)
 Uruguay (T)
 British Antarctic Territory[3] (United Kingdom) 3 3 3  Antártica Chilena Province[3][17] (Chile)
 Argentine Antarctica[3][17] (Argentina)
Norway Queen Maud Land[3] (Norway)
 British Indian Ocean Territory[5][35] (United Kingdom) 1 1 1  Maldives
 British Virgin Islands[5] (United Kingdom) 2 2 1  Puerto Rico[7] (United States) (T)[16]
 United States Virgin Islands[7] (United States) (T)[16]
 Brunei 2 1 1  Malaysia (2)
 Bulgaria 2 2 2  Romania
 Turkey (T)
 Burkina Faso 0 0 0
 Burma 3 3 3  Bangladesh
 India (T)
 Thailand (T)
 Burundi 0 0 0
 Cambodia 2 2 2  Thailand
 Vietnam
 Cameroon 2 2 2  Equatorial Guinea
 Nigeria (J) (T)
 Canada 6 3 3  Greenland[36] (Denmark) (T)
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon[14] (France) (J)[37] (T)
 United States (4) (J)[38] (T)
 Cape Verde 3 3 3  The Gambia
 Mauritania (T)[39]
 Senegal (T)[40]
 Cayman Islands[5] (United Kingdom) 4 4 4  Colombia
 Cuba
 Honduras (T)[41]
 Jamaica
 Central African Republic 0 0 0
 Chad 0 0 0
 Chile 2 2 2  Argentina (J)[19] (T)[20]
 Peru (J)[42] (T)
 People's Republic of China[43] 9 7 5  Hong Kong[44] (PR China) (2)
 Japan
 North Korea
 South Korea
 Macau[45] (PR China) (2)
 Philippines
 Vietnam (T)
 Christmas Island[24] (Australia) 1 1 1  Indonesia (T)
 Clipperton Island[46] (France) 0 0 0
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands[24] (Australia) 0 0 0
 Colombia 12 10 10  Cayman Islands[5] (United Kingdom)
 Costa Rica (2) (T)
 Dominican Republic (T)
 Ecuador (T)
 Haiti (T)[47]
 Honduras (T)
 Jamaica (T)
 Nicaragua (J)
 Panama (2) (T)
 Venezuela
 Comoros 7 7 5 French Southern and Antarctic Lands Glorioso Islands[4][48] (France)
 Madagascar
 Mayotte[14] (France)
 Mozambique
 Réunion[18] (France)
 Seychelles
 Tanzania
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2 1 1  Angola (2)
 Republic of the Congo 2 2 2  Angola
 Gabon
 Cook Islands[8] (New Zealand) 5 5 3  American Samoa[7] (United States) (T)[9]
 French Polynesia[14] (France) (T)[49]
 Kiribati
 Niue[10] (New Zealand)
 Tokelau[12] (New Zealand)
 Costa Rica 7 4 4  Colombia (2) (T)
 Ecuador (T)
 Nicaragua (2)
 Panama (2) (T)
 Côte d'Ivoire 2 2 2  Ghana
 Liberia
 Croatia 4 4 4  Bosnia and Herzegovina (T)
 Italy (T)
 Montenegro
 Slovenia
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Crozet Islands[4] (France) 0 0 0
 Cuba 8 8 7  Bahamas
 Cayman Islands[5] (United Kingdom)
 Haiti (T)[50]
 Honduras
 Jamaica (T)[51]
 Mexico (T)
 Navassa Island[7][52] (United States)
 United States (T)[53]
 Curaçao[22] (Netherlands) 2 2 2  Dominican Republic
 Venezuela (T)[23]
 Cyprus 14 7 7 United Kingdom Akrotiri and Dhekelia[5] (United Kingdom) (8) (T)
 Egypt (T)
 Greece (T)
 Israel
 Lebanon
 Syria
 Turkey (T)
 Northern Cyprus[54] 4 3 3  Cyprus (2)
 Syria
 Turkey
 Czech Republic 0 0 0
 Denmark[55] 6 5 5  Germany (2) (J) (T)
 Norway (T)
 Poland
 Sweden (T)
 United Kingdom (T)
Denmark Denmark, Kingdom of
→includes:
 Denmark
 Faroe Islands
 Greenland
13 9 7  Canada (T)
 Germany (2) (J) (T)
 Iceland (2) (T)
 Jan Mayen[56] (Norway) (J) (T)
 Norway (T)
 Poland
 Svalbard[56] (Norway) (T)
 Sweden (2) (T)
 United Kingdom (2) (T)
 Djibouti 3 3 3  Eritrea
 Somalia
 Yemen
 Dominica 3 3 2  Guadeloupe[18] (France) (T)[57]
 Martinique[18] (France) (T)[57]
 Venezuela
 Dominican Republic 8 7 6  Colombia (T)
 Haiti (2)
 Aruba[22] (Netherlands)
 Curaçao[22] (Netherlands)
 Puerto Rico[7] (United States)
 Turks and Caicos Islands[5] (United Kingdom) (T)[58]
 Venezuela (T)
 East Timor 4 2 2  Australia (T)[25]
 Indonesia (3)
 Ecuador 3 3 3  Colombia
 Costa Rica (T)
 Peru (T)
 Egypt 10 10 10 United Kingdom Akrotiri and Dhekelia[5] (United Kingdom)
 Cyprus (T)
 Gaza Strip (Palestinian territories)[59]
 Greece
 Israel
 Jordan
 Libya
 Saudi Arabia
 Sudan
 Turkey
 El Salvador 3 3 3  Guatemala
 Honduras (J)
 Nicaragua
 Equatorial Guinea 6 4 4  Cameroon
 Gabon (2) (T)
 Nigeria (T)[60]
 São Tomé and Príncipe (2) (T)[61]
 Eritrea 4 4 4  Djibouti
 Saudi Arabia
 Sudan
 Yemen (J)[62]
 Estonia 4 4 4  Finland (T)
 Latvia (T)
 Russia
 Sweden (T)
 Ethiopia 0 0 0
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Europa Island, Bassas da India, and Juan de Nova Island[4][33] (France) 2 2 2  Madagascar
 Mauritius
 Falkland Islands[5][21] (United Kingdom) 1 1 1  Argentina
 Faroe Islands[36] (Denmark) 3 3 3  Iceland
 Norway (T)
 United Kingdom (T)
 Fiji 6 6 5  New Caledonia[27] (France) (T)[63]
 New Zealand
 Tonga
 Tuvalu
 Vanuatu
 Wallis and Futuna[14] (France) (T)[63]
 Finland 3 3 3  Estonia (T)
 Russia (T)
 Sweden (T)
 France[64] 9 7 5  Belgium (T)
 Guernsey[65] (United Kingdom)
 Italy (T)
 Jersey[65] (United Kingdom)
 Monaco (2) (T)
 Spain (2) (T)
 United Kingdom (J) (T)
 France (including French overseas departments, collectivities, and territories)
→includes:
 Clipperton Island
 French Guiana
 French Polynesia
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands[66]
 Guadeloupe
 Martinique
 Mayotte
 New Caledonia
 Réunion
 Saint Barthélemy
 Saint Martin
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
 Wallis and Futuna
53 39 30  Anguilla[5] (United Kingdom) (T)[15]
 Antigua and Barbuda (2)
 Australia (T)[26]
 Barbados (2) (T)
 Belgium (T)
 Brazil (T)
 Canada (J)[37] (T)
 Comoros (3)
 Cook Islands[8] (New Zealand) (T)[49]
 Dominica (2) (T)[57]
 Fiji (2) (T)[63]
 Guernsey[65] (United Kingdom)
Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands[24] (Australia) (T)[26]
 Italy (T)
 Jersey[65] (United Kingdom)
 Kiribati
 Madagascar (3) (T)
 Mauritius (2) (T)[67]
 Monaco (2) (T)
 Montserrat[5] (United Kingdom) (T)[15]
 Mozambique (2)
 Netherlands
 Norfolk Island[24] (Australia) (T)[26]
 Papua New Guinea
 Pitcairn Islands[5] (United Kingdom) (T)[68]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Lucia (T)[69]
 Samoa
 Seychelles (T)[70]
 Sint Maarten[22] (Netherlands)
 Solomon Islands (T)[71]
 Spain (2) (T)
 Suriname
 Tokelau[12] (New Zealand)
 Tonga (T)[72]
 Tuvalu (T)[73]
 United Kingdom (J) (T)
 Vanuatu
 Venezuela (2) (T)
 French Guiana[18] (France) 2 2 2  Brazil (T)
 Suriname
 French Polynesia[14] (France) 3 3 3  Cook Islands[8] (New Zealand) (T)[49]
 Kiribati
 Pitcairn Islands[5] (United Kingdom) (T)[68]
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands[66][74] (France) 6 6 6  Heard Island and McDonald Islands[24] (Australia) (T)[26]
 Comoros
 Madagascar
 Mauritius
 Mozambique
 Seychelles (T)[70]
 Gabon 4 3 3  Republic of the Congo
 Equatorial Guinea (2) (T)
 São Tomé and Príncipe (T)[75]
 The Gambia 3 2 2  Cape Verde
 Senegal (2) (T)
 Gaza Strip (Palestinian territories)[59] 2 2 2  Egypt
 Israel
 Georgia 3 3 3  Russia
 Turkey (T)
 Ukraine
 Germany 6 5 5  Denmark (2) (J) (T)
 Netherlands (J) (T)
 Poland (T)
 Sweden (T)
 United Kingdom (T)
 Ghana 4 4 4  Benin
 Côte d'Ivoire
 Nigeria
 Togo
 Gibraltar[5] (United Kingdom) 3 2 2  Morocco
 Spain (2)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Glorioso Islands[4][48] (France) 3 3 3  Comoros
 Madagascar
 Seychelles (T)[70]
 Greece 6 6 6  Albania
 Cyprus (T)
 Egypt
 Italy (T)
 Libya
 Turkey (J)
 Greenland[36] (Denmark) 4 4 3  Canada (T)
 Iceland (T)
 Jan Mayen[56] (Norway) (J) (T)
 Svalbard[56] (Norway) (T)
 Grenada 2 2 2  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 Trinidad and Tobago
 Guadeloupe[18] (France) 5 5 5  Antigua and Barbuda
 Barbados (T)
 Dominica (T)[57]
 Montserrat[5] (United Kingdom) (T)[15]
 Venezuela (T)
 Guam[7] (United States) 1 1 1  Federated States of Micronesia
 Guatemala 5 4 4  Belize
 El Salvador
 Honduras
 Mexico (2) (T)
 Guernsey[65] (United Kingdom) 2 2 1  France
 Jersey[65] (United Kingdom)
 Guinea 2 2 2  Guinea-Bissau (J)
 Sierra Leone
 Guinea-Bissau 2 2 2  Guinea (J)
 Senegal (J) (T)
 Guyana 3 3 3  Suriname (J)
 Trinidad and Tobago
 Venezuela
 Haiti 8 7 7  Bahamas
 Colombia (T)[47]
 Cuba (T)[50]
 Dominican Republic (2)
 Jamaica
 Navassa Island[7][52] (United States)
 Turks and Caicos Islands[5] (United Kingdom)
 Heard Island and McDonald Islands[24] (Australia) 1 1 1 French Southern and Antarctic Lands Kerguelen Islands[4] (France) (T)[26]
 Honduras 9 8 8  Belize
 Cayman Islands[5] (United Kingdom) (T)[41]
 Colombia (T)
 Cuba
 El Salvador (J)
 Guatemala
 Mexico (T)
 Nicaragua (2) (J)
 Hong Kong[44] (People's Republic of China) 2 1 0  People's Republic of China (2)
United States Howland Island[7] and Baker Island[7] (United States) 1 1 1  Kiribati
 Hungary 0 0 0
 Iceland 3 3 2  Faroe Islands[36] (Denmark)
 Greenland[36] (Denmark) (T)
 Jan Mayen[56] (Norway) (T)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Île Saint-Paul and Amsterdam Island[4] (France) 0 0 0
 India 7 7 7  Bangladesh
 Burma (T)
 Indonesia (T)
 Maldives (T)
 Pakistan
 Sri Lanka (T)
 Thailand (T)
 Indonesia 17 12 10  Ashmore and Cartier Islands[24] (Australia) (T)
 Australia (2) (T)
 Christmas Island[24] (Australia) (T)
 East Timor (3)
 India (T)
 Malaysia (3) (J) (T)
 Palau
 Papua New Guinea (2) (T)
 Philippines
 Singapore (T)
 Thailand (T)
 Vietnam (T)
 Iran 12 10 10  Azerbaijan[30]
 Bahrain (T)
 Iraq
 Kuwait
 Oman (2) (T)
 Pakistan
 Qatar (T)
 Saudi Arabia (T)
 Turkmenistan[30]
 United Arab Emirates (2) (T)
 Iraq 2 2 2  Iran
 Kuwait (J)
 Ireland 2 1 1  United Kingdom (T)
 Isle of Man[65] (United Kingdom) 0[76] 0[76] 0[76]
 Israel 5 5 5  Cyprus
 Egypt
 Gaza Strip (Palestinian territories)[59]
 Jordan (T)
 Lebanon
 Italy 11 11 11  Albania (T)[6]
 Algeria
 Croatia (T)
 France (T)
 Greece (T)
 Libya
 Malta
 Montenegro (T)
 Slovenia (T)
 Spain (T)
 Tunisia (T)[77]
 Jamaica 5 5 5  Cayman Islands[5] (United Kingdom)
 Colombia (T)
 Cuba (T)[51]
 Haiti
 Navassa Island[7][52] (United States)
 Jan Mayen[56] (Norway) 2 2 2  Greenland[36] (Denmark) (J) (T)
 Iceland (T)
 Japan 6 6 6  People's Republic of China
 North Korea
 South Korea (T)
 Northern Mariana Islands[7] (United States)
 Philippines
 Russia (T)[78]
 Jarvis Island[7] (United States) 1 1 1  Kiribati
 Jersey[65] 2 2 1  France
 Guernsey[65] (United Kingdom)
 Johnston Atoll[7] (United States) 0 0 0
 Jordan 3 3 3  Egypt
 Israel (T)
 Saudi Arabia
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Juan de Nova Island, Bassas da India, and Europa Island[4][33] (France) 2 2 2  Madagascar
 Mauritius
 Kazakhstan 2[30] 2[30] 2[30]  Russia[30]
 Turkmenistan[30]
 Kenya 2 2 2  Somalia
 Tanzania (T)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Kerguelen Islands[4] (France) 1 1 1  Heard Island and McDonald Islands[24] (Australia) (T)[26]
 Kingman Reef[7] and Palmyra Atoll[7] (United States) 1 1 1  Kiribati
 Kiribati 9 9 6  Cook Islands[8] (New Zealand)
 French Polynesia[14] (France)
United States Howland Island[7] and Baker Island[7] (United States)
 Jarvis Island[7] (United States)
 Kingman Reef[7] and Palmyra Atoll[7] (United States)
 Marshall Islands
 Nauru
 Tokelau[12] (New Zealand)
 Tuvalu
 North Korea 5 4 4  People's Republic of China
 Japan
 South Korea (2)
 Russia (T)
 South Korea 4 3 3  People's Republic of China
 Japan (T)
 North Korea (2)
 Kosovo[79] 0 0 0
 Kuwait 3 3 3  Iran
 Iraq (J)
 Saudi Arabia (T)
 Kyrgyzstan 0 0 0
 Laos 0 0 0
 Latvia 3 3 3  Estonia (T)
 Lithuania
 Sweden (T)
 Lebanon 4 4 4 United Kingdom Akrotiri and Dhekelia[5] (United Kingdom)
 Cyprus
 Israel
 Syria
 Lesotho 0 0 0
 Liberia 2 2 2  Côte d'Ivoire
 Sierra Leone
 Libya 5 5 5  Egypt
 Greece
 Italy
 Malta (J) (T)
 Tunisia (J) (T)
 Liechtenstein 0 0 0
 Lithuania 4 4 4  Latvia
 Poland (T)
 Russia (T)
 Sweden (T)
 Luxembourg 0 0 0
 Macau[45] (People's Republic of China) 2 1 0  People's Republic of China (2)
 Macedonia 0 0 0
Australia Macquarie Island[24] (Australia) 1 1 1  New Zealand (T)[28]
 Madagascar 6 6 4  Comoros
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands[74][80][81][82] (France)
 Mayotte[14] (France)
 Mozambique
 Réunion[18] (France) (T)
 Seychelles
 Madeira[31] (Portugal) 2 2 2  Morocco
 Spain (T)
 Malawi 0 0 0
 Malaysia 10 6 6  Brunei (2)
 Indonesia (3) (J) (T)
 Philippines
 Singapore (J) (T)[83]
 Thailand (2) (T)
 Vietnam
 Maldives 3 3 3  British Indian Ocean Territory[5][35] (United Kingdom)
 India (T)
 Sri Lanka (T)
 Mali 0 0 0
 Malta 2 2 2  Italy
 Libya (J) (T)
 Marshall Islands 4 4 4  Kiribati
 Federated States of Micronesia (T)[84]
 Nauru
 Wake Island[85] (United States)
 Martinique[18] (France) 4 4 4  Barbados (T)
 Dominica (T)[57]
 Saint Lucia[69]
 Venezuela (T)
 Mauritania 3 3 3  Cape Verde (T)[39]
 Senegal
 Western Sahara[86] (T)[87]
 Mauritius 3 3 2  Réunion[18] (France) (T)[67]
 Seychelles (T)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Tromelin Island[4][82] (France)
 Mayotte[14] (France) 2 2 2  Comoros
 Madagascar
 Mexico 7 5 5  Belize
 Cuba (T)
 Guatemala (2) (T)
 Honduras (T)
 United States (2) (T)
 Federated States of Micronesia 4 4 4  Guam[7] (United States)
 Marshall Islands (T)[84]
 Palau (T)
 Papua New Guinea
 Midway Atoll[7] (United States) 0 0 0
 Moldova 0 0 0
 Monaco 2 1 1  France (2) (T)
 Mongolia 0 0 0
 Montenegro 3 3 3  Albania
 Croatia
 Italy (T)
 Montserrat[5] (United Kingdom) 4 4 4  Antigua and Barbuda
 Guadeloupe[18] (France) (T)[15]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Venezuela
 Morocco 8 5 4  Algeria
 Madeira[31] (Portugal)
 Portugal
 Spain (4)
 Western Sahara[86]
 Mozambique 6 6 5  Comoros
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands[74][88] (France)
 Madagascar
 Réunion[18] (France)
 South Africa
 Tanzania (T)
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic[89] 0 0 0
 Namibia 2 2 2  Angola (T)
 South Africa (T)
 Nauru 2 2 2  Kiribati
 Marshall Islands
 Navassa Island[7][52] (United States) 3 3 3  Cuba
 Haiti
 Jamaica
   Nepal 0 0 0
 Netherlands[90] 10 9 6  Anguilla[5] (United Kingdom)
 Belgium (T)
 Germany (J) (T)
 United Kingdom (T)
 Venezuela (T)[23]
 Saint Barthélemy[14] (France)
 Saint Martin[14] (France) (2)
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 United States Virgin Islands[7] (United States)
 Netherlands, Kingdom of the
→includes:
 Aruba
 Curaçao
 Netherlands
 Sint Maarten
12 11 8  Anguilla[5] (United Kingdom)
 Belgium (T)
 Dominican Republic
 Germany (T)
 Guadeloupe[18] (France)
 Saint Barthélemy[14] (France)
 Saint Martin[14] (France) (2)
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 United Kingdom (T)
 United States Virgin Islands[7] (United States)
 Venezuela (T)[23]
 New Caledonia[27] (France) 6 6 5  Australia (T)[26]
 Fiji (T)[63]
 Norfolk Island (Australia) (T)[26]
 Papua New Guinea
 Solomon Islands (T)[71]
 Vanuatu
 New Zealand[91] 4[92] 5[92] 3  Australia[92] (T)[28]
 Fiji
Australia Macquarie Island[24] (Australia) (T)[28]
 Norfolk Island[24][92] (Australia) (T)[28]
 Tonga
New Zealand New Zealand, Realm of
→includes:
 Cook Islands
 New Zealand
 Niue
 Tokelau
11[92] 10[92] 7  American Samoa[7] (United States) (3) (T)[9][11][13]
 Australia[92] (T)[28]
 Fiji
 French Polynesia[14] (France) (T)[49]
 Kiribati
Australia Macquarie Island[24] (Australia) (T)[28]
 Norfolk Island[24][92] (Australia) (T)[28]
 Samoa
 Tonga
 Wallis and Futuna[14] (France)
 Nicaragua 6 4 4  Colombia (J)
 Costa Rica (2)
 El Salvador
 Honduras (2) (J)
 Niger 0 0 0
 Nigeria 5 5 5  Benin
 Cameroon (J) (T)
 Equatorial Guinea (T)[60]
 Ghana
 São Tomé and Príncipe (T)[93]
 Niue[10] (New Zealand) 3 3 2  American Samoa[7] (United States) (T)[11]
 Cook Islands[8] (New Zealand)
 Tonga
 Norfolk Island[24] (Australia) 2 2 2  New Caledonia[27] (France) (T)[26]
 New Zealand (T)[28]
 Northern Mariana Islands[7] (United States) 1 1 1  Japan
 Norway[94] 5 5 4  Denmark (T)
 Faroe Islands[36] (Denmark) (T)
 Russia (T)
 Sweden (T)
 United Kingdom (J) (T)
 Norway, Kingdom of (plus dependent Norwegian territories)
→includes:
 Bouvet Island
 Jan Mayen
 Norway
 Svalbard
7 7 5  Denmark (T)
 Faroe Islands[36] (Denmark) (T)
 Greenland[36] (Denmark) (J) (T)
 Iceland
 Russia (T)
 Sweden (T)
 United Kingdom (J) (T)
 Oman 7 4 4  Iran (2) (T)
 Pakistan (T)
 United Arab Emirates (3)
 Yemen (T)
 Pakistan 3 3 3  India
 Iran
 Oman (T)
 Palau 3 3 3  Indonesia
 Federated States of Micronesia (T)
 Philippines
 Palestinian territories[59] 2 2 2  Egypt
 Israel
United States Palmyra Atoll[7] and Kingman Reef[7] (United States) 1 1 1  Kiribati
 Panama 4 2 2  Colombia (2) (T)
 Costa Rica (2) (T)
 Papua New Guinea 7 5 5  Australia (2) (T)
 Indonesia (2) (T)
 Federated States of Micronesia
 New Caledonia[27] (France)
 Solomon Islands (T)[95]
 Paraguay 0 0 0
 Peru 2 2 2  Chile (J)[42] (T)
 Ecuador (T)
Norway Peter I Island[3] 1 1 1  Antártica Chilena Province[3] (Chile)
 Philippines 6 6 6  People's Republic of China
 Indonesia
 Japan
 Malaysia
 Palau
 Vietnam
 Pitcairn Islands[5] (United Kingdom) 1 1 1  French Polynesia[14] (France) (T)[68]
 Poland 4 4 4  Denmark
 Germany (T)
 Russia (T)
 Sweden (T)
 Portugal[96] 5 2 2  Morocco (2)
 Spain (3) (T)
 Puerto Rico[7] (United States) 3 3 3  British Virgin Islands[5] (United Kingdom)
 Dominican Republic
 Venezuela (T)[97]
 Qatar 6 4 4  Bahrain (J)
 Iran (2) (T)
 Saudi Arabia (2) (T)
 United Arab Emirates (T)
Norway Queen Maud Land[3] (Norway) 2 2 2 Australia Australian Antarctic Territory[3] (Australia)
 British Antarctic Territory[3] (United Kingdom)
 Réunion[18] (France) 4 4 4  Comoros
 Madagascar (T)
 Mauritius (T)[67]
 Mozambique
 Romania 3 3 3  Bulgaria
 Turkey
 Ukraine (J)[98]
New Zealand Ross Dependency[3] (New Zealand) 1 1 1 Australia Australian Antarctic Territory[3] (Australia)
 Russia 15 15 15  Azerbaijan[30]
 People's Republic of China
 Estonia
 Finland (T)
 Georgia
 Japan (T)[78]
 Kazakhstan[30]
 North Korea (T)
 Lithuania (T)
 Norway (T)
 Poland (T)
 Sweden (T)
 Turkey (T)
 Ukraine
 United States (T)[99]
 Rwanda 0 0 0
 Saint Barthélemy[14] (France) 4 4 3  Antigua and Barbuda
 Netherlands
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Sint Maarten[22] (Netherlands)
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha[5] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 5 5 5  Antigua and Barbuda
 Montserrat[5] (United Kingdom)
 Netherlands
 Saint Barthélemy[14] (France)
 Venezuela
 Saint Lucia 4 4 4  Barbados
 Martinique[18] (France) (T)[69]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 Venezuela
 Saint Martin[14] 3 3 2  Netherlands
 Anguilla[5] (United Kingdom) (T)[15]
 Sint Maarten[22] (Netherlands)
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon[14] (France) 1 1 1  Canada (J)[37] (T)
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5 5 5  Barbados
 Grenada
 Saint Lucia
 Trinidad and Tobago
 Venezuela
 Samoa 4 4 4  American Samoa[7] (United States)
 Tokelau[12] (New Zealand)
 Tonga
 Wallis and Futuna[14] (France)
 San Marino 0 0 0
 São Tomé and Príncipe 4 3 3  Equatorial Guinea (2) (T)[61]
 Gabon (T)[75]
 Nigeria (T)[93]
 Saudi Arabia 11 10 10  Bahrain (T)
 Egypt
 Eritrea
 Iran (T)
 Jordan
 Kuwait (T)
 Qatar (2) (T)
 Sudan
 United Arab Emirates (T)[100]
 Yemen (T)
 Senegal 5 4 4  Cape Verde (T)[40]
 The Gambia (2) (T)
 Guinea-Bissau (J) (T)
 Mauritania
 Serbia 0 0 0
 Seychelles 5 5 5  Comoros
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Glorioso Islands[4][48] (France) (T)[70]
 Madagascar
 Mauritius (T)
 Tanzania (T)
 Sierra Leone 2 2 2  Guinea
 Liberia
 Singapore 2 2 2  Indonesia (T)
 Malaysia (J) (T)[83]
 Sint Maarten[22] (Netherlands) 1 2 2  Saint Barthélemy[14] (France)
 Saint Martin[14] (France)
 Slovakia 0 0 0
 Slovenia 2 2 2  Croatia
 Italy (T)
 Solomon Islands 4 4 4  Australia (T)[29]
 New Caledonia[27] (France) (T)[71]
 Papua New Guinea (T)[95]
 Vanuatu
 Somalia 3 3 3  Djibouti
 Kenya
 Yemen
 Somaliland[101] 3 3 3  Djibouti
 Somalia
 Yemen
 South Africa 2 2 2  Mozambique
 Namibia (T)
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands[5] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 South Ossetia[102] 0 0 0
 Spain 14 8 7  Algeria
 France (2) (T)
 Gibraltar[5] (United Kingdom) (2)
 Italy (T)
 Madeira[31] (Portugal) (T)
 Morocco (4)
 Portugal (2) (T)
 Western Sahara[86]
 Sri Lanka 2 2 2  India (T)
 Maldives (T)
 Sudan 3 3 3  Egypt
 Eritrea
 Saudi Arabia
 Suriname 2 2 2  French Guiana[18] (France)
 Guyana (J)
 Svalbard[56] (Norway) 2 2 2  Greenland[36] (Denmark) (T)
 Russia[103] (T)
 Swaziland 0 0 0
 Sweden 10 9 9  Denmark (2) (T)
 Estonia (T)
 Finland (T)
 Germany (T)
 Latvia (T)
 Lithuania (T)
 Norway (T)
 Poland (T)
 Russia (T)
  Switzerland 0 0 0
 Syria 3 3 3  Cyprus
 Lebanon
 Turkey
 Taiwan[104] 3 3 3  People's Republic of China
 Japan
 Philippines
 Tajikistan 0 0 0
 Tanzania 4 4 4  Comoros
 Kenya (T)
 Mozambique (T)
 Seychelles (T)
 Thailand 7 6 6  Burma (T)
 Cambodia
 India (T)
 Indonesia (T)
 Malaysia (2) (T)
 Vietnam (T)
 Togo 2 2 2  Benin
 Ghana
 Tokelau[12] (New Zealand) 5 5 4  American Samoa[7] (United States) (T)[13]
 Cook Islands[8] (New Zealand)
 Kiribati
 Samoa
 Wallis and Futuna[14] (France)
 Tonga 6 6 5  American Samoa[7] (United States)
 Fiji
 New Zealand
 Niue[10] (New Zealand)
 Samoa
 Wallis and Futuna[14] (France) (T)[72]
 Transnistria[105] 0 0 0
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Tromelin Island[4][82] (France) 2 2 2  Madagascar
 Mauritius
 Trinidad and Tobago 4 4 4  Barbados (J)[32]
 Grenada
 Guyana
 Venezuela (T)
 Tunisia 3 3 3  Algeria (T)
 Italy (T)[77]
 Libya (J) (T)
 Turkey 9 9 9  Bulgaria (T)
 Cyprus (T)
 Egypt
 Georgia (T)
 Greece (J)
 Romania
 Russia (T)
 Syria
 Ukraine (T)
 Turkmenistan 3[30] 3[30] 3[30]  Azerbaijan[30]
 Iran[30]
 Kazakhstan[30]
 Turks and Caicos Islands[5] (United Kingdom) 3 3 3  Bahamas
 Dominican Republic (T)[58]
 Haiti
 Tuvalu 3 3 3  Fiji
 Kiribati
 Wallis and Futuna[14] (France) (T)[73]
 Uganda 0 0 0
 Ukraine 4 4 4  Georgia
 Romania (J)[98]
 Russia
 Turkey (T)
 United Arab Emirates 7 4 4  Iran (2) (T)
 Oman (3)
 Qatar (T)
 Saudi Arabia (T)[100]
 United Kingdom[106] 9 8 7  Belgium (T)
 Denmark (T)
 Faroe Islands[36] (Denmark) (T)
 France (J) (T)
 Germany (T)
 Ireland (2) (T)
 Netherlands (T)
 Norway (J) (T)
 United Kingdom (plus British overseas territories and Crown dependencies)
→including:
United Kingdom Akrotiri and Dhekelia
 Anguilla
 Bermuda
 British Indian Ocean Territory[35]
 British Virgin Islands
 Cayman Islands
 Falkland Islands
 Gibraltar
 Guernsey
 Isle of Man
 Jersey
 Montserrat
 Pitcairn Islands
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
 Turks and Caicos Islands
42 30 25  Antigua and Barbuda
 Argentina
 Bahamas
 Belgium (T)
 Colombia
 Cuba
 Cyprus (8)
 Denmark (T)
 Dominican Republic (T)[58]
 Egypt
 Faroe Islands[36] (Denmark) (T)
 France (3) (T)
 French Polynesia[14] (France) (T)[68]
 Guadeloupe[18] (France) (J) (T)[15]
 Germany (T)
 Haiti
 Honduras (T)[41]
 Ireland (2) (T)
 Jamaica
 Lebanon
 Maldives
 Morocco
 Netherlands (T)
 Norway (J) (T)
 Puerto Rico[7] (United States) (T)[16]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Martin[14] (France) (T)[15]
 Spain (2)
 United States Virgin Islands[7] (United States) (T)[16]
 Venezuela
 United States[107] 9 5 5  Bahamas
 Canada (4) (J)[38] (T)
 Cuba (T)[53]
 Mexico (2) (T)
 Russia (T)[99]
 United States (including insular areas)
→includes:
 American Samoa
 Baker Island
 Guam
 Howland Island
 Jarvis Island
 Johnston Atoll
 Kingman Reef
 Midway Atoll
 Navassa Island
 Northern Mariana Islands
 Palmyra Atoll
 Puerto Rico
 United States Virgin Islands
 Wake Island
28 21 18  Anguilla[5] (United Kingdom) (T)[16]
 Bahamas
 British Virgin Islands[5] (United Kingdom) (T)[16]
 Canada (4) (J)[38] (T)
 Cook Islands[8] (New Zealand) (T)[9]
 Cuba (2) (T)[53]
 Dominican Republic
 Haiti
 Jamaica
 Japan
 Kiribati (3)
 Marshall Islands
 Mexico (2) (T)
 Federated States of Micronesia
 Netherlands
 Niue[10] (New Zealand) (T)[11]
 Russia (T)[99]
 Samoa
 Tokelau[12] (New Zealand) (T)[13]
 Tonga
 Venezuela (T)[97]
 United States Virgin Islands[7] (United States) 4 4 3  Anguilla[5] (United Kingdom) (T)[16]
 British Virgin Islands[5] (United Kingdom) (T)[16]
 Netherlands
 Venezuela (T)[97]
 Uruguay 2 2 2  Argentina (T)
 Brazil (T)
 Uzbekistan 0 0 0
 Vanuatu 3 3 3  Fiji
 New Caledonia[27] (France)
 Solomon Islands
  Vatican City 0 0 0
 Venezuela 15 15 12  Aruba[22] (Netherlands) (T)[23]
 Colombia
 Curaçao[22] (Netherlands) (T)[23]
 Dominica
 Dominican Republic (T)
 Guadeloupe[18] (France) (T)
 Guyana
 Martinique[18] (France) (T)
 Montserrat[5] (United Kingdom)
 Puerto Rico[7] (United States) (T)[97]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Lucia
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 Trinidad and Tobago (T)
 United States Virgin Islands[7] (United States) (T)[97]
 Vietnam 6 6 6  Cambodia
 People's Republic of China (T)
 Indonesia (T)
 Malaysia
 Philippines
 Thailand (T)
 Wake Island[85] (United States) 1 1 1  Marshall Islands
 Wallis and Futuna[14] (France) 5 5 5  Fiji (T)[63]
 Samoa
 Tokelau[12] (New Zealand)
 Tonga (T)[72]
 Tuvalu (T)[73]
 West Bank (Palestinian territories)[59] 0 0 0
 Western Sahara[86] 3 3 3  Mauritania (T)[87]
 Morocco
 Spain
 Yemen 5 5 5  Djibouti
 Eritrea (J)[62]
 Oman (T)
 Saudi Arabia (T)
 Somalia
 Zambia 0 0 0
 Zimbabwe 0 0 0

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d The concept of state sovereignty is somewhat imprecise and there are disagreements about whether certain territories are sovereign. There are currently 194 states that are generally regarded as "fully" sovereign: this includes the 193 member states of the United Nations plus Vatican City. Some of these states have under their jurisdiction territories, dependencies, or collectivities that are clearly non-sovereign geographical areas. These territories are generally regarded as being subsumed within the overarching sovereignty of the governing state. For example, the United Kingdom holds sovereignty over the territory of Gibraltar, even though Gibraltar is not considered to be part of the United Kingdom. There are a few territories in the world that are neither clearly sovereign nor clearly subsumed under another state's sovereignty. Often, these territories have declared themselves to be sovereign, but they are either not widely recognized as such or lack some of the necessary conditions for sovereign statehood. In these cases, explanatory footnotes indicate how the territory is treated for the purposes of this list.
  2. ^ In 1992, Abkhazia declared sovereignty from Georgia. Georgia disputes the declaration and considers Abkhazia to be part of its territory. The only sovereign states that recognize Abkhazia's sovereignty are Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, and Nauru. Because of the low level of international recognition, Abkhazia is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x This is a territorial claim in Antarctica. Territorial claims in Antarctica have been recognized only between the few countries making claims in the area. Because some of the claims overlap and there is a low number of recognition for these claims, Antarctic territorial claims are not included in this chart when listing countries' neighbouring countries and territories. The specific Antarctic claims are included in this chart, but only in reference to each other.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o This territory is part of the widely dispersed French Southern and Antarctic Lands, an overseas territory of France.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq This territory is not sovereign but is a British overseas territory. Its territory constitutes part of the sovereign territory of the United Kingdom but strictly speaking is not part of the United Kingdom itself.
  6. ^ a b See Albania–Italy Boundary Agreement.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq This territory is not sovereign, but is an insular area of the United States. U.S. territories are considered to be part of the sovereign territory of the United States.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h The Cook Islands is a self-governing country in free association with New Zealand. The Cook Islands controls a portion of its own foreign affairs, including the establishment and regulation of borders. However, the Cook Islands is not a member of the United Nations and is part of the Realm of New Zealand, with Cook Island people being New Zealand citizens. For purposes of this list, the Cook Islands, New Zealand, Niue, and Tokelau are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
  9. ^ a b c d See Cook Islands – United States Maritime Boundary Treaty.
  10. ^ a b c d e Niue is a self-governing country in free association with New Zealand. Niue controls a portion of its own foreign affairs, including the establishment and regulation of borders. However, Niue is not a member of the United Nations and is part of the Realm of New Zealand, with Niuean people being New Zealand citizens. For purposes of this list, Niue, the Cook Islands, New Zealand, and Tokelau are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
  11. ^ a b c d See Niue – United States Maritime Boundary Treaty.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Tokelau is a non-self-governing territory within the Realm of New Zealand. For purposes of this list, Tokelau, the Cook Islands, New Zealand, and Niue are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
  13. ^ a b c d See Treaty of Tokehega.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad This territory is not sovereign, but is an overseas collectivity of France, and as such it is part of the sovereign territory of France.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h See 1996 France – United Kingdom Maritime Delimitation Agreements.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i See 1993 United Kingdom – United States Maritime Boundary Treaties.
  17. ^ a b c d e f Claims to territory overlap.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u This territory is not sovereign but is an overseas department and an overseas region of France. As such, it is sovereign French territory that is an integral part of the French Republic.
  19. ^ a b See Beagle Channel Arbitration.
  20. ^ a b See Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1984 between Chile and Argentina.
  21. ^ a b Argentina claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands, which is a British overseas territory.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j This territory is not sovereign, but is a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. For purposes of this list, Aruba, Curaçao, the Netherlands, and Sint Maarten are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
  23. ^ a b c d e f See Netherlands–Venezuela Boundary Treaty.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p This territory is not sovereign but is part of the sovereign territory of Australia.
  25. ^ a b c See Timor Sea Treaty.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l See Australia–France Marine Delimitation Agreement.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h New Caledonia is not sovereign but is a sui generis collectivity of France and as such it is part of the sovereign territory of France.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j See Australia – New Zealand Maritime Treaty.
  29. ^ a b c See Australia – Solomon Islands Maritime Boundary Agreement.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r The maritime boundary is in the Caspian Sea. Some consider the Caspian Sea to be a lake.
  31. ^ a b c d This territory is not sovereign but is an autonomous region of Portugal. Its territory constitutes a constituent part of the sovereign territory of Portugal.
  32. ^ a b See Barbados v. Trinidad and Tobago.
  33. ^ a b c Madagascar claims sovereignty over Bassas da India, Europa Island, and Juan de Nova Island.
  34. ^ This territory is not sovereign and is a dependent territory of Norway. It is not part of the Kingdom of Norway, but it is considered to be part of the sovereign territory of Norway.
  35. ^ a b c Mauritius claims sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago and does not recognise the British Indian Ocean Territory.
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l This territory is not sovereign, but is a country within the Kingdom of Denmark. For purposes of this list, Denmark, the Faroe Islands, and Greenland are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
  37. ^ a b c See Canada–France Maritime Boundary Case.
  38. ^ a b c See Alaska boundary dispute; Pig War.
  39. ^ a b See Cape Verde – Mauritania Maritime Delimitation Treaty.
  40. ^ a b See Cape Verde – Senegal Maritime Delimitation Treaty.
  41. ^ a b c See Honduras – United Kingdom Maritime Delimitation Treaty.
  42. ^ a b See Case Concerning Maritime Delimitation between the Republic of Peru and the Republic of Chile (Peru v. Chile).
  43. ^ For information on the Republic of China, see the listing in this table under "Taiwan".
  44. ^ a b Hong Kong is not sovereign but since 1997 has been a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Hong Kong has a high degree of autonomy, including separate passports and a defined international boundary within China, but it is not considered a separate sovereign state for the purposes of this list.
  45. ^ a b Macau is not sovereign but since 1999 has been a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Macau has a high degree of autonomy, including separate passports and a defined international boundary within China, but it is not considered a separate sovereign state for the purposes of this list.
  46. ^ Clipperton Island is not sovereign but is property of the government of France; as such, it is part of the sovereign territory of France.
  47. ^ a b See Liévano–Brutus treaty.
  48. ^ a b c Madagascar claims sovereignty over the Glorioso Islands.
  49. ^ a b c d See Cook Islands – France Maritime Delimitation Agreement.
  50. ^ a b See Cuba–Haiti Maritime Boundary Agreement.
  51. ^ a b See Cuba–Jamaica Maritime Boundary Agreement.
  52. ^ a b c d Haiti claims sovereignty over Navassa Island, which is a United States insular area.
  53. ^ a b c Cuba – United States Maritime Boundary Agreement.
  54. ^ Northern Cyprus declared independence in 1983, shortly after Turkey invaded the island in response to a coup d'état by Greek Cypriots that was backed by Greece. Cyprus disputes the declaration of sovereignty and considers Northern Cyprus to be part of its territory. The United Nations and the European Union also do not recognize the sovereignty of Northern Cyprus. The only sovereign state that recognizes Northern Cyprus's sovereignty is Turkey. Northern Cyprus also lacks some of the indicators of legal sovereignty, relying heavily on Turkey for its continuing existence separate from Cyprus. Because of these factors, Northern Cyprus is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  55. ^ Does not include the Faroe Islands and Greenland.
  56. ^ a b c d e f g This territory is not sovereign, but is a constituent part of the Kingdom of Norway.
  57. ^ a b c d e See Dominica–France Maritime Delimitation Agreement.
  58. ^ a b c See Dominican Republic – United Kingdom Maritime Boundary Agreement.
  59. ^ a b c d e In 1988, the Palestinian Liberation Organization declared as sovereign the State of Palestine. Although Palestinian sovereignty is recognized by about 130 countries, Palestine is not a member of the United Nations and lacks other indicators of legal sovereignty. The State of Palestine/Palestinian territories consists of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. In this list, for purposes of counting bordering states, the Palestinian territories are considered to be a single sovereign entity.
  60. ^ a b See Equatorial Guinea – Nigeria Maritime Boundary Treaty.
  61. ^ a b See Equatorial Guinea – São Tomé and Príncipe Maritime Boundary Treaty.
  62. ^ a b See Hanish Islands conflict.
  63. ^ a b c d e See Fiji–France Maritime Delimitation Agreement.
  64. ^ Excluding French overseas departments, collectivities, and territories.
  65. ^ a b c d e f g h i This territory is not sovereign but it a British Crown Dependency. Crown Dependencies are possessions of the British Crown but strictly speaking are not part of the United Kingdom.
  66. ^ a b Excluding Adélie Land.
  67. ^ a b c See France–Mauritius Delimitation Convention.
  68. ^ a b c d See 1983 France – United Kingdom Maritime Boundary Convention.
  69. ^ a b c See France – Saint Lucia Delimitation Agreement.
  70. ^ a b c d See France–Seychelles Maritime Boundary Agreement.
  71. ^ a b c See France – Solomon Islands Maritime Delimitation Agreement.
  72. ^ a b c See France–Tonga Maritime Delimitation Convention.
  73. ^ a b c Provisional agreement only.
  74. ^ a b c This territory is not sovereign but is an overseas territory of France.
  75. ^ a b See Gabon – São Tomé and Príncipe Maritime Border Agreement/
  76. ^ a b c The Isle of Man shares maritime boundaries with countries of the United Kingdom but has no maritime boundaries with other sovereign states.
  77. ^ a b See Italy–Tunisia Delimitation Agreement.
  78. ^ a b See Treaty of Shimoda.
  79. ^ In 2008, Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. Although Kosovo's sovereignty has been recognized by about 65 states, it is not a member of the United Nations and Serbia disputes its sovereignty, claiming that Kosovo remains one of its provinces. The dispute has been referred to the International Court of Justice. For purposes of this list, Kosovo is considered to be a sovereign country.
  80. ^ More specifically, Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island and Tromelin Island
  81. ^ Madagascar claims sovereignty on Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands and Juan de Nova Island
  82. ^ a b c Mauritius claims sovereignty over Tromelin Island.
  83. ^ a b See Straits Settlement and Johore Territorial Waters Agreement of 1927. This treaty was supplemented by a treaty between Malaysia and Singapore in 1995.
  84. ^ a b See Marshall Islands – Federated States of Micronesia Maritime Boundary Treaty.
  85. ^ a b The Marshall Islands claims sovereignty over Wake Island, which is an insular area of the United States.
  86. ^ a b c d Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory. Administration is split between Morocco and the largely unrecognized Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim sovereignty over the entire territory (see Legal status of Western Sahara). For purposes of this list, Western Sahara is considered to be a sovereign country.
  87. ^ a b Treaty is between Mauritania and Morocco. Morocco claims sovereignty over Western Sahara.
  88. ^ More specifically, Bassas da India, Europa Island, and Juan de Nova Island.
  89. ^ The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic declared independence from Azerbaijan in 1991. However, neither Azerbaijan nor any other state or international organization has recognized Nagorno-Karabakh as a sovereign state. For this reason, Nagorno-Karabakh is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  90. ^ Does not include Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten.
  91. ^ Does not include the Cook Islands, Niue, or Tokelau.
  92. ^ a b c d e f g h There is a maritime boundary between Norfolk Island and New Zealand, but it is a continuation of the boundary between Australia proper and New Zealand.
  93. ^ a b See Nigeria – São Tomé and Príncipe Joint Development Zone Treaty.
  94. ^ Not including Bouvet Island, Jan Mayen, or Svalbard.
  95. ^ a b See Papua New Guinea – Solomon Islands Maritime Boundary Treaty.
  96. ^ Includes autonomous regions of Portugal.
  97. ^ a b c d e See United States – Venezuela Maritime Boundary Treaty.
  98. ^ a b See Maritime delimitation between Romania and Ukraine.
  99. ^ a b c See USSR–USA Maritime Boundary Agreement.
  100. ^ a b See Treaty of Jeddah (1974).
  101. ^ Somaliland declared independence from Somalia in 1991. However, neither Somalia nor any other state or international organization has recognized Somaliland as a sovereign state. For this reason, Somaliland is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  102. ^ In 1990, South Ossetia declared sovereignty from Georgia. Georgia disputes the declaration and considers South Ossetia to be part of its territory. The only sovereign states that recognize South Ossentia's sovereignty are Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, and Nauru. Because of the low level of international recognition, South Ossetia is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  103. ^ The maritime boundary between Norway and Russia is continuous from the north edge of the European mainland to the sea between Svalbard and Franz Josef Land. In other words, there are not two separate Russian maritime boundaries for Russia–Norway and Russia–Svalbard. Svalbard therefore acts only to extend the otherwise existing Russia–Norway boundary.
  104. ^ In 1949, during the Chinese Civil War, the government and leaders of the Republic of China (ROC), led by Chiang Kai-shek, retreated from mainland China to the island of Taiwan. In Taiwan, the ROC continues to claim sovereignty over all China, including the mainland and Taiwan. The People's Republic of China (PRC), which has governed mainland China since the ROC government retreated, also claims to be the sole representative of all China, including Taiwan. Even though the ROC government in Taiwan has never asserted that Taiwan's sovereignty is separate from that of China's, for many practical purposes Taiwan is treated by other countries and international organizations as a country that is separate from the PRC. However, Taiwan is not considered to be a sovereign entity that is separate from China for purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  105. ^ In the early 1990, Transnistria attempted to separate itself, first from the Moldavian SSR and then from sovereign Moldova. Moldova disputes Transnistrian sovereignty and considers it to be part of its territory. There are no sovereign states that recognize Transnistria's sovereignty. Because of the lack of international recognition, Transnistria is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  106. ^ The United Kingdom does not include British overseas territories or Crown dependencies.
  107. ^ Excluding U.S. insular areas.

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