List of countries by English-speaking population

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Percentage of English speakers by country.
  80-100%
  60-80%
  40-60%
  20-40%
   0-20%
Population density of people whose native language is English.

This is the year 2000 list of countries of the world sorted by the total English-speaking population in that country. This includes both native speakers and second-language speakers of English.

Methodology[edit]

Statistics on second language speakers are inevitably imprecise; partly because there is no widely agreed definition of second language speakers – there is no differentiation between countries where English is the lingua franca and those where it is not.

Moreover, some numbers have been calculated by Wikipedia editors from data in other sources, so these figures are imprecise and should be treated with great caution.


List in order of total speakers[edit]

Country  % English speakers Eligible population Total English speakers As first language As an additional language Comments
 United States 94.2 316,823,000 298,444,149 255,505,953 42,938,196 Figures are from the year 2007 American Community Survey by the U.S. Census Bureau. English speaker figures are for persons age 5 and older. Total population age 5 and older was 280,950,438 of which 267,444,149 stated that they spoke English "very well" or "well". Second language speakers are respondents age 5 and older who reported they do not speak English at home but know it "very well" or "well".[1]
 India 10.35 1,210,000,000 125,226,449 226,449 125,000,000 2001 figures for native language (first language).[2][3][4] The additional language figure includes English speakers, but not English users.[5][6] Data from the 2005 India Human Development Survey shows that surveyed households reported that among men 72 per cent do not speak English, 28 per cent speak at least some English, and 5 percent are fluent. Among women, the corresponding proportions were 83 per cent, 17 per cent, and 3 per cent.[7]
 United Kingdom 97.74 60,975,000 59,600,000 58,100,000 1,500,000 Source: Crystal (2003),[clarification needed] p. 109.
 Philippines 56.63 92,337,852 52,292,884 36,935 52,255,949 Total population: Census 2010. Proportion of total speakers: Census 2000, text above Figure 7. 63.71% of the then 66.7 million people aged 5 years or more could speak English.[8] Proportion of native speakers: Census 1995, as quoted by Andrew Gonzalez in "The Language Planning Situation in the Philippines", Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 19 (5&6), 487–525, p. 492: .04% of the then 68.4 million people were native speakers of English. (1998).[9]
 Germany 64 80,600,000 51,584,000 272,504 48,000,000 Native speakers: Statistisches Bundesamt (cited here).
Non-native speakers: Eurobarometer report 2006
Does not include foreign military personnel based in Germany.
 Bangladesh 18 163,323,100 29,398,158 29,398,158 Source: Euromonitor International report 2009
 Pakistan 49 188,400,100 92,316,049 63,105 Source: Euromonitor International report 2009 & http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistani_English
 Egypt 35 83,289,500 28,101,325 28,101,325 Source: Euromonitor International Report 2011 [10]
 Canada 85.63 33,121,175 28,360,240 19,424,090 8,936,150 Source: 2011 Census, Population by knowledge of official languages and Population by mother tongue. The 2011 count reported that 22,564,665 people were able to conduct a conversation in English but not French, while 5,795,575 were able to converse in both English and French. The census also asked for the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual: 18,858,980 reported English as their sole mother tongue, 144,685 reported both English and French as mother tongues, 396,330 reported English and a non-official language as mother tongues, and 24,095 reported English, French and a non-official language as mother tongues.
 France 39 65,350,000 25,500,000 25,500,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Italy 34 59,619,290 20,300,000 20,300,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Australia 97.03 21,394,309 17,357,833 15,013,965 2,343,868 Source: 2001 Census. [5] The 2001 census data is subject to multiple interpretations. The data noted that 18,972,350 persons out of 21,394,309 total were speakers of a language, and excluded young children. However, more than a million of those 18,972,350 persons provided no information; 879,778 did not give information on proficiency, and 203,101 were "overseas visitors" who were not asked. Of the 17,889,671 persons for whom an inquiry was made 17,357,833 spoke English only, or "well" or "very well" as a second language; while 531,838 spoke "not well" or "not at all".
 Thailand 27.16 63,038,247 17,121,187 17,121,187 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 The Netherlands 90 16,770,000 15,030,000 15,030,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
   Nepal 46.49 29,890,686 13,896,720 20,000 876,720 Source: Census. (date not verified)
 South Africa 31 52,981,991 16,424,417 4,930,510 11,493,907 Native speakers from 2011 Census: Census in Brief, page 23.
Non-native speakers: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Poland 33 38,501,000 12,700,000 12,700,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Turkey 17 70,586,256 12,000,000 12,000,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2006
 Iraq 35 31,700,000 11,095,000 11,000,000 Source: Euromonitor International report (2011)
 Spain 22 47,190,000 10,400,000 10,400,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 China 0.73 1,200,000,000 10,000,000 10,000,000 Figures are for English users in mainland China only (i.e. excluding Hong Kong where English is an official language and Macau). The oft-cited figure of 300 million is for "learners."[11]
 Brazil 7.9 201,032,700 15,881,583 15,881,583 Source: Target Group Index - IBGE
 Sweden 86 9,517,000 8,200,000 8,200,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Kenya 18.83 43,013,431 8,100,000 7,900,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Cameroon 41.51 18,549,000 7,700,000 7,700,000 Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Malaysia 20.54 27,170,000 5,580,000 380,000 5,200,000 Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Russia 5.48 138,312,535 7,574,303 2,522 7,571,787 Source: Composition by Nationality and Language Ability, Citizenship, Tables 4.5 and 4.1, Russian Census (2010). The "total" figure is the number of residents who reported English as one of the language they knew. The "first language" figure is the number of residents who reported "American" or "English" as their nationality. The "additional languages" figure is the difference. More than 9 million schoolgoers studied English as a foreign language in 2008-2009.
 Belgium 59 10,584,534 6,250,000 6,250,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2006 (the 2012 report seems to have a critical typo)
 Israel 84.97 7,303,000 6,205,000 100,000 6,105,000 Source: Ethnologue (2005)[12]
English is widely spoken, both by the Jewish majority and by minority ethnic groups.[13][14]
 Austria 73 8,415,000 6,150,000 6,150,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Romania 31 19,043,767 5,900,000 5,900,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Zimbabwe 41.58 13,349,000 5,550,000 250,000 5,300,000 Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Greece 51 10,787,690 5,500,000 5,500,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Sierra Leone 83.53 5,866,000 4,900,000 500,000 4,400,000 Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Mexico 4.55 106,682,500 4,855,000 4,855,000 Consulta Mitovsky-Tracking Poll Roy Campos: Las Lenguas Extranjeras en México, April 2007 [6]; and II Conteo de Población y Vivienda, Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI) [7].
 Denmark 86 5,543,000 4,770,000 4,770,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Switzerland 61.28 7,637,300 4,680,000 73,400 4,606,600 Figure for speakers of English as "main language", according to Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel 2008[15] Source for number of non-native English speakers is 1999 publication by Prof. François Grin cited here: http://switzerland.isyours.com/e/countries/uk/language.html
 Morocco 14 32,770,900 4,587,926 4,587,926 Source: Euromonitor International report 2011
 Republic of Ireland 98.37 4,422,100 4,350,000 4,122,100 237,900 Source: Eurobarometer report 2006; Central Statistics Office [8]; Travbla [9]
 Singapore 80 5,076,700 4,822,865 1,097,443 253,835 Source: 2010 Census. Second language speaker figure only includes those literate in English aged 15 or more and does not include third language proficiency. Singapore Census of Population, 2010, Advance Data Release No.1, "Demographic Characteristics, Education, Language and Religion"; Census of Population 2010, Table 47 "Resident Population Aged 5 Years and Over by Age Group and Language Most Frequently Spoken at Home"
 Ghana 21.3 23,478,000 5,000,000 5,000,000 Source: Huber report [16] Note this includes speakers of pidgin English.
 Tanzania 9.89 40,454,000 4,000,000 4,000,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 New Zealand 97.82 4,275,100 3,673,623 3,673,623 There were 4,027,947 responses to 2006 Census: Language spoken. 3,673,679 gave English as a response, 81,936 had no English but another language. The balance of 272,382 were; no language (too young) 75,195, no response 196,221, response unidentifiable 588, response outside scope 378. Hence it is most meaningful to express the English speaking per cent without including the figures for these 272,382. This gives 97.8% English-speaking, 2.2% non-English-speaking (3,673,679 and 81,936 divided by 3,755,565)
Crystal (2003), p. 109, gives figures of 3,700,000 native speakers and 150,000 second language speakers.
 Finland 70 5,410,000 3,800,000 3,800,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Portugal 27 10,623,000 2,900,000 2,900,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Papua New Guinea 49.76 6,331,000 3,150,000 150,000 3,000,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Liberia 82.67 3,750,000 3,100,000 600,000 2,500,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Jordan 45 6,598,000 2,969,370 2,969,370 Source: Euromonitor International report (2009)
 Jamaica 97.64 2,714,000 2,650,000 2,600,000 50,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Iran 42 76,424,000 36,587,000 36,587,000 Source: Euromonitor International report (2009)
 Algeria 7 35,954,000 2,516,780 2,516,780 Source: Euromonitor International report (2009)
 Uganda 8.09 30,884,000 2,500,000 2,500,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Hong Kong 46.07 6,808,433 3,136,784 238,288 2,898,496 According to 2011 population census, Hong Kong has approximately 3.1 million speakers, of whom 238,288 regard English as their "usual" language.[17]
 Czech Republic 27 10,562,214 2,850,000 2,850,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Argentina 6.52 42,192,500 2,752,681 Source:.[18] Percentage of people who state to have a high level of English. Another 19.49% and 16.23% of people said they had an intermediate and low level, respectively, of English.
 Yemen 9 24,800,000 2,232,000 2,232,000 Source: Euromonitor International report 2011
 Croatia 49 4,555,000 2,200,000 2,200,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2006
 Colombia 4.22 47,661,368 2,012,950 75,600 1,937,350 Total was estimated by multiplying projected population for 2014 (DANE) by percentage of Colombian population that speaks English 4.09%[19] then 63,600 was added to that figure witch is the total of American and British residents. Figures for native speakers are as follows: 60,000 U.S. citizens that reside in Colombia[20] 12,000 are Colombian Raizal from San Andrés and Isla de Providencia where they speak San Andrés–Providencia Creole[21] 3,600 British expatriates[22]
 Hungary 20 9,982,000 2,000,000 2,000,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Puerto Rico 48.61 3,991,000 1,940,000 100,000 1,840,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Sri Lanka 9.9 19,299,000 1,910,000 10,000 1,900,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Zambia 16.02 11,922,000 1,910,000 110,000 1,800,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Bulgaria 25 7,640,238 1,900,000 2,605 1,902,605 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012 and 2011 Census[23]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 45 4,000,000 1,800,000 1,800,000 Not verified.
 Kazakhstan 15.4 12,156,705 1,874,583 602 1,873,981 Number of those who understand spoken English, from these 1.9 million: 311,435 (2.6%/16.6%) can only read, 931,444 (7.7%/49.6%) can read and write in English. The number of native speakers is the sum of Americans and Englishmen "by nationality". (Census 2009)
 Lebanon 40 4,265,600 1,706,000 1,706,000 Source: Euromonitor International report (2011)
 Chile 9.53 16,634,603 1,585,027 Source: 2012 Census.[24]
 Rwanda 15 10,137,400 1,520,610 1,520,610 Source: Euromonitor International report 2009
 Cambodia 10 14,250,000 1,500,000 1,500,000 Not verified.
 Slovakia 26 5,397,036 1,400,000 1,400,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Trinidad and Tobago 87.74 1,305,000 1,145,000 1,145,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Slovenia 59 2,050,000 1,210,000 1,210,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Lithuania 38 3,053,800 1,160,000 1,160,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Latvia 46 2,070,371 950,000 950,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Guyana 90.55 751,000 680,000 650,000 30,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Botswana 38.42 1,639,833 630,000 630,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Estonia 50 1,294,236 650,000 650,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Cyprus 73 839,000 610,000 610,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Malawi 3.88 13,931,831 540,209 209 540,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109 and Kayambizinthu.[25]
 Lesotho 27.86 1,795,000 500,000 500,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Suriname 87.09 470,784 410,000 260,000 150,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Malta 89 453,000 400,000 unknown 352,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Namibia 17.24 1,820,916 314,000 14,000 300,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Luxembourg 56 509,000 290,000 290,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Bahamas 87.13 330,549 288,000 260,000 28,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Barbados 98.57 279,000 275,000 262,000 13,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Belize 81.65 301,270 246,000 190,000 56,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Madagascar 18 23,042,300 4,147,614 4,147,614 The main languages are French and Malagasy. Source: http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/madagascar-population/
 Mauritius 15.97 1,264,866 202,000 2,000 200,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Vanuatu 83.55 215,446 180,000 60,000 120,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Fiji 20.62 853,445 176,000 6,000 170,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Solomon Islands 31.68 552,438 175,000 10,000 165,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Ethiopia 0.22 78,254,090 171,712 1,986 169,726 Not Verified.
 Guam 91.09 173,456 158,000 58,000 100,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Brunei 39.07 381,371 144,000 10,000 134,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 95 120,000 114,000 114,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 U.S. Virgin Islands 95.97 108,448 113,000 98,000 15,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Grenada 90.91 110,000 100,000 100,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Netherlands Antilles 50 192,000 96,000 96,000 Not verified.
 Samoa 49.86 188,540 94,000 1,000 93,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Isle of Man 99.93 80,058 80,000 80,000
 Bhutan 11.4 658,000 75,000 75,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Saint Lucia 43.03 165,000 71,000 31,000 40,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Northern Mariana Islands 83.33 84,000 70,000 5,000 65,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Antigua and Barbuda 80 85,000 68,000 66,000 2,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 American Samoa 100 67,000 67,000 2,000 65,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Federated States of Micronesia 57.66 111,000 64,000 4,000 60,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Bermuda 96.92 65,000 63,000 63,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Dominica 94.03 67,000 63,000 3,000 60,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Marshall Islands 59,000 60,000 60,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Swaziland 4.38 1,141,000 50,000 50,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Aruba 42.31 104,000 44,000 9,000 35,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 The Gambia 2.34 1,709,000 40,000 40,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 78 50,000 39,000 39,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Cayman Islands 76.6 47,000 36,000 36,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Seychelles 37.93 87,000 33,000 3,000 30,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Honduras 0.44 7,106,000 31,500 31,500 Not verified.
 Gibraltar 28,875 30,000 28,000 2,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Tonga 30 100,000 30,000 30,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Kiribati 24.21 95,000 23,000 23,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 British Virgin Islands 86.96 23,000 20,000 20,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Palau 92.5 20,000 18,500 500 18,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Andorra 22 81,222 17,869 17,869 Source Census: Linguistic knowledge 2004.
 Anguilla 92.31 13,000 12,000 12,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Nauru 10,000 10,300 800 9,500 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Dominican Republic 0.15 9,760,000 15,000 15,000 Not verified.
 Saint Helena 81.82 6,600 5,400 5,400
 Cook Islands 19.8 20,200 4,000 1,000 3,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Montserrat 67.8 5,900 4,000 4,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 British Indian Ocean Territory 100 3,500 3,500 3,500
 Falkland Islands 95.54 3,140 3,000 1,991 1,009
 Niue 2,160 1,600 78 2,082
 Norfolk Island 79.38 2,114 1,678 1,678
 Turks and Caicos Islands 3.54 26,000 920 920
 Guadeloupe 0.05 408,000 200 200
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 3.07 6,125 188 188
 Pitcairn Islands 92 50 46 46
 Tokelau 2.86 1,400 40 40
  • European Union The European Union is a supranational union composed of 28 member states. The combined total English speaking population (2012) is 256,876,220[26] (out of a total population of 500,000,000,[27] i.e. 51%) including 65,478,252 native speakers and 191,397,968 non-native speakers, and would be ranked 2nd if it were included. English native speakers amount to 13% of the whole Union population, while the percentage of people that speak English "well enough in order to be able to have a conversation", either as first (32%), second (11%) or third (3%) foreign language, was 38%.
  • When taken from this list and added together, the total number of English speakers in the world adds up to around 1,200,000,000. Likewise, the total number of native English speakers adds up to around 350,000,000. This implies that there are approximately 850,000,000 people who speak English as an additional language.


List in order of native speakers[edit]

Pie chart showing the relative numbers of native English speakers in the major English-speaking countries of the world
Rank Country First language
1  United States 225,505,953[1]
2  United Kingdom 58,200,000[28]
3  Canada 18,232,195[29]
4  Australia 15,581,334[30]
5  South Africa 4,892,623[31]
6  Ireland 4,400,000[32]
7  New Zealand 3,500,000+ (approx.)[33]
8  Jamaica 2,600,000+ (approx.)[34]
9  Singapore 1,097,443[35]
10  Spain 990,000[36]
11  Trinidad and Tobago 945,000[citation needed]
12  Nigeria 900,000
13  Guyana 650,000
14  Liberia 600,000
15  Sierra Leone 500,000
16  Malaysia 380,000
17  Germany 272,504
18  Barbados 262,000
19  Bahamas 260,000
20  Zimbabwe 250,000
21  Hong Kong if ranked separately 238,288
22  Belize 190,000
23  Papua New Guinea 150,000
24  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 114,000
25  Zambia 110,000
26  Grenada 100,000
27  Israel 100,000[12]
27  Puerto Rico 100,000
27  U.S. Virgin Islands 98,000
30  Japan >93,500[37]
31  Colombia 75,600
32   Switzerland (Languages) 73,000
33  Pakistan there is some native English Speaker due to British Raj 63,105
34  Antigua and Barbuda 66,000
35  Bermuda 63,000
36  Vanuatu 60,000
37  Guam 58,000
38  Saint Kitts and Nevis 39,000
39  South Korea >38,427[38]
40  Philippines 36,935[9]
41  Cayman Islands 36,000
42  Honduras 31,500
43  Saint Lucia 31,000
44  Gibraltar 28,000
45  British Virgin Islands 20,000
46  Dominican Republic 15,000
47  Namibia 14,000
48  India 13,000
49  Anguilla 12,000
50  Solomon Islands 10,000
50  Sri Lanka 10,000
50  Brunei 10,000
51  Aruba 9,000
52  Fiji 6,000
53  Saint Helena 5,400
54  Northern Mariana Islands 5,000
55  Federated States of Micronesia 4,000
55  Montserrat 4,000
57  British Indian Ocean Territory 3,500
58  Dominica 3,000
58  Seychelles 3,000
60  American Samoa 2,000
60  Mauritius 2,000
62  Falkland Islands 1,991
63  Ethiopia 1,986
64  Russia 1,804
65  Norfolk Island 1,678
66  Cook Islands 1,000
67  Samoa 1,000
68  Turks and Caicos Islands 920
69  Nauru 800
70  Palau 500
71  Guadeloupe 200
72  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 188
73  Niue 78
74  Pitcairn 46
75  Tokelau 40
76  East Timor 30
77  Austria 16

See also[edit]

Non-English:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Language Use in the United States: 2007". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 
  2. ^ Census of India's Indian Census, Issue 25, 2003, pp 8–10, (Feature: Languages of West Bengal in Census and Surveys, Bilingualism and Trilingualism).
  3. ^ FAMILY-WISE GROUPING OF THE 122 SCHEDULED AND NON-SCHEDULED LANGUAGES2001 Census of India
  4. ^ Tropf, Herbert S. 2004. India and its Languages. Siemens AG, Munich
  5. ^ For a credible source pertaining to this data, please see: The Times of India], [1]. Their article explains the difference between the 350 million number mentioned in a previous version of this Wikipedia article and the current number:
    "Wikipedia's India estimate of 350 million includes two categories – "English Speakers" and "English Users". The distinction between the Speakers and Users is that Users only know how to read English words while Speakers know how to read English, understand spoken English as well as form their own sentences to converse in English. The distinction becomes clear when you consider the China numbers. China has over 200 million users that can read English words but, as anyone can see on the streets of China, only handful of million who are English speakers."
  6. ^ An analysis of the 2001 Census of India, published in 2010, concluded that approximately 86 million Indians reported English as their second language, and another 39 million reported it as their third language. No data was available whether these individuals were English speakers or users.
  7. ^ "HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA". OUP. 2005. 
  8. ^ Before mistakenly correcting the percentage again, please note that there are fewer people aged 5 years or more in any country than there are people in that country, because some people are toddlers or infants. In other words, no, the numbers will not automatically add up. 63.71% is what the cited source, text above Figure 7, a report from the 2000 census, really says. This multiplied by the 2010 census's total population over 5 produces the number in the chart. The 2010 number comes from Philippines in Figures, 2013, Chapter 5, Demography, table 5.1 or 5.6
  9. ^ a b From mid-2009 to late 2013 this entry overstated the number of native speakers by roughly 100fold, and inflated the number of total speakers, on the alleged basis of material in "Philippines". Ethnologue. 1999-02-19. Retrieved 2013-10-16. . In fact, Ethnologue as of 24th December 2013 simply repeats the number of native speakers, 20,000, reported in Crystal 2003, on the basis of an old (pre-1995) census, and does not address total speakers at all. This attempt to correct these errors in turn perpetrates both error and original research, by applying the old percentages listed above, 63.71% of people over 5 as total speakers in 2000, and .04% of people as native speakers in 1995, to the 2010 totals from Philippines in Figures, 2013, Chapter 5, Demography, tables 5.1 and 5.6. Andrew Gonzalez passed away in 2006; someone else's attention to the 2010 census figures, which appear not to be online and may not have been printed yet in adequate detail, is needed to produce reliable, more or less current, numbers.
  10. ^ http://www.britishcouncil.org/new/Documents/full_mena_english_report.pdf
  11. ^ Jian Yang (April 2006). "Learners and users of English in China". English Today 22 (2): 3–10. doi:10.1017/S0266078406002021. . Quote: "What this suggests, it seems, is that Yan’s (2004) ten million may after all be a more informed estimate of the actual regular users of English in China." (page 9)"
  12. ^ a b Languages of Israel, Ethnologue.com
  13. ^ Multilingualism in Israel, Bar-Ilan University – Faculty of Humanities : Language Policy Research Center.
  14. ^ http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/custom/portlets/recordDetails/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=ED136607&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=ED136607 English Language Teaching Profile: Israel], Education Resources Information Center.
  15. ^ Resident population according to main language, Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel 2008
  16. ^ http://lingweb.eva.mpg.de/apics/images/0/00/SurveyGhana.pdf
  17. ^ [2] HONG KONG GOVERNMENT'S CENSUS AND STATISTICS DEPARTMENT
  18. ^ "Sociedad :: Los idiomas de los argentinos". Página/12. Retrieved 2013-10-16.  (Spanish)
  19. ^ http://www.colombiestad.gov.co/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=353&Itemid=90
  20. ^ http://travel.state.gov/content/passports/english/country/colombia.html
  21. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/language/icr
  22. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/in_depth/brits_abroad/html/s_america.stm
  23. ^ "2011 census of Bulgaria" (in Bulgarian). National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria. p. 22. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  24. ^ "Síntesis de resultados Censo 2012" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  25. ^ Edrinnie Kayambizinthu (1998). "The Language Planning Situation in Malawi". Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 19 (5&6): 369. doi:10.1080/01434639808666363. 
  26. ^ "European and their languages 2012". Eurobarometer. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  27. ^ "Population at 1 January". Eurostat. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  28. ^ The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language, Second Edition, Crystal, David; Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, [1995] (2003-08-03).
  29. ^ Population by mother tongue and age groups, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories – 20% sample data, Census 2006, Statistics Canada.
  30. ^ [3] Main Language Spoken at Home. The figure is the number of people who only speak English at home.
  31. ^ Census in Brief, page 23 (Table 2.5), 2011 Census, Statistics South Africa.
  32. ^ [4][dead link]
  33. ^ Languages spoken, 2006 Census, Statistics New Zealand. No figure is given for the number of native speakers, but it would be somewhere between the number of people who spoke English only (3,008,058) and the total number of English speakers (3,673,623), if one ignores the 197,187 people who did not provide a usable answer.
  34. ^ David Crystal (28 July 2003). English as a Global Language. Cambridge University Press. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-521-53032-3. 
  35. ^ "Table 47 Resident Population Aged 5 Years and Over by Age Group, Language Most Frequently Spoken at Home" (PDF). General Household Survey 2010 Statistical Release 1: Demographic Characteristics, Education, Language, and Religion (Government of Singapore). Retrieved 2012-08-31. 
  36. ^ Britons in Spain
  37. ^ Maciamo (31 July 2005). "Foreigners in Japan". jref.com. Retrieved 2008-09-21.  (figures are for 2003)
  38. ^ Statistics Korea, 2012

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